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Chul-Woung Kim 4 Articles
Factors Related to Smoking Relapse Within Six-Months of Smoking Cessation Among Inpatients
Ji Eun Bae, Chul-Woung Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Myungwha Jang
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(4):307-319.   Published online December 29, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00213
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  • 33 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with smoking relapse within 6 months after quit attempts among inpatients of a university hospital.
Methods
The subjects of this study were 572 inpatients of the National University Hospitals in Daejeon & Sejong who had enrolled in the smoking cessation service provided by the Daejeon·Sejong Tobacco Control Center and attempted to quit smoking. The data used in the study were extracted from the Smoking Cessation Service Integrated Information System. The Kaplan-Meier method and Cox Proportional hazards model were used to identify variables associated with smoking relapse within 6 months.
Results
The smoking relapse rate within 6 months was 76.7%, and variables associated with relapse included the absence of supporters for quitting smoking (hazard ratio [HR]=1.42, 95% confidence interval [CI]=1.00-2.02), nicotine dependence (HR=1.09, 95% CI=1.03-1.15), the use of prescription medications (including varenicline or bupropion) (HR=3.99, 95% CI=1.83-8.71), and the number of consultations (HR=0.67, 95% CI= 0.63-0.70).
Conclusion
As a result of the study, the number of consultations showed the strongest correlation with abstinence within 6 months. This implies that it is necessary to increase the counseling participation rate of the subjects so that smoking cessation counseling can be continued after discharge, and it is also required to provide support education to guardians during hospitalization for effective smoking relapse prevention.
The Relationship between 5-year Overall Survival Rate, Socioeconomic Status and SEER Stage for Four Target Cancers of the National Cancer Screening Program in Korea: Results from the Gwangju-Jeonnam Cancer Registry
Jeong Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim, Sun Seog Kweon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):237-246.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.237
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the 5-year survival rate, socioeconomic status, and SEER (Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results) stage of stomach, colorectal, breast and cervical cancer patients. Methods A total of 11,770 cases of four target cancers, which were diagnosed during 2005-2007, were extracted from the database of Gwangju-Jeonnam Regional Cancer Registry. The subjects of the study were 11,770 including stomach (n=5,479), colorectal (n=3,565), breast (n=1,516) and cervical cancers (n=710). Cox’s proportional hazards model was used to obtain the hazards ratio (HR) according to the SEER stage and socioeconomic status. Results Stomach cancer had a significantly higher HR in the medical aid recipients (HR=1.39), and the group below 20% (HR=1.20) compared to the group with the highest income level. Colorectal cancer had a significantly higher HR in the medical aid recipients (HR=1.26) than in the group with the highest income level. In addition, stomach, colorectal, breast and cervical cancers had a significantly higher HR according to the SEER stage in regional direct (stomach=4.10, colorectal=1.76, breast=12.90, cervical=3.10), regional lymph only(stomach=2.58, colorectal=2.33, breast=4.32, cervical= 4.43), regional both (stomach=6.74 colorectal=3.04, breast=15.57 cervical=6.50), and regional NOS (Not Otherwise Specified)/distant (stomach=17.53, colorectal=11.53, breast=25.34, cervical=26.51) than in situ and localized only. Conclusion In order to increase the cancer survival rate, a support system for early detection and early treatment of cancer should be established for groups with low individual income levels, and regular health checkups and management measures should be actively implemented through the National Cancer Screening Program.
The Relationship between Unmet Healthcare Needs Due to Financial Reasons and the Experience of Catastrophic Health Expenditures
Jeong Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(1):95-106.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.1.95
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  • 16 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to investigate the association between unmet healthcare needs due to financial reasons and catastrophic health expenditures. Methods: This study used secondary data from the 2014~2015 Korean Health Panel survey. The subjects of this study were 21,495 people aged 20 or older, and of them, there were 16,227 people aged 20 to 64 and 5,268 people aged 65 or older, which were surveyed between 2014 and 2015. The association between unmet healthcare needs due to financial reasons and catastrophic health expenditures was analyzed through logistic regression. Results: In 2015, 1.7% of people aged 20~64 years and 7.9% of those aged 65 or older experienced unmet healthcare needs due to financial reasons. In the 20~64 age group, people who repeatedly experienced catastrophic health expenditures (=10%,=20%) were less likely to experience unmet healthcare needs due to financial reasons than those who did not experience catastrophic health expenditures for two years (OR=0.50, OR=0.41). However, in the 65-or-older group, people who repeatedly experienced catastrophic health expenditures (=20%) were more likely to experience unmet healthcare needs due to financial reasons than those who did not experience catastrophic health expenditures for two years (OR=1.68). Conclusion: A greater percentage of the elderly repeatedly faced both catastrophic health expenditures and unmet healthcare needs due to financial reasons compared to the non-elderly.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Satisfaction with local healthcare services and medical need among hypertensive patients: a nationwide study
    Woorim Kim, Yeong Jun Ju, Soon Young Lee
    BMC Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
Factors Related to Smoking Recurrence within Six-months Smoking Cessation among Employees in Enterprises with Smaller than 300 Workers
Byung Jun Jin, Chul-Woung Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Hyo Bin Im, Tae Yong Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(1):107-115.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.1.107
  • 702 View
  • 13 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to identify factors associated with smoking relapse within six months after quit attempts among workers in small and medium-sized enterprises in South Korea.
Methods
The analysis was conducted for a total of 194 people who attempted to quit smoking by applying for a smoking cessation support service at the Regional Tobacco Control Center. The data used in the study were extracted from the Smoking Cessation Service Integrated Information System. Kaplan-Meier estimator and Cox proportional hazards regression model were used to identify variables associated with smoking relapse within six months’ time period.
Results
Smoking relapse rate within six months was 66.0%, and variables associated with relapse included the cases such as carbon monoxide (CO) at the time of registration (HR: 2.15, 95% CI: 1.10~4.22 for CO ≥20 ppm or more vs.CO <10 ppm), the average number of cigarettes smoked per day (HR: 1.04, 95% CI: 1.00~1.07), and the number of counseling(HR: 0.60, 95% CI: 0.54~0.67).
Conclusion
Smoking characteristics and counseling showed one of the strongest correlations with relapse within six months. This implies that it is necessary to understand the smoking characteristics and patterns of workers and to provide continuous smoking cessation counseling tailored to individual characteristics for effective smoking relapse prevention.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Related to Smoking Relapse Within Six-Months of Smoking Cessation Among Inpatients
    Ji Eun Bae, Chul-Woung Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Myungwha Jang
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 307.     CrossRef
  • Factors related to the smoking relapse of out-of-school adolescents
    Ji Eun Bae, Chul-Woung Kim, Seung Eun Lee, Hyo-Bin Im, In Young Kim, Tae-Yong Lee, Sang-Yi Lee, Myungwha Jang
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2021; 38(3): 13.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing