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Ggo Me Yi 1 Article
The Influences of Visual and Hearing Impairment on Activities of Daily Living for the Community Dwelling Elderly
Eun Ok Park, Kyung Ja June, Eun Young Kim, Hee Girl Kim, Ae Young So, Ggo Me Yi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(2):417-427.   Published online September 30, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of this study is to identify the influence of visual and hearing impairment on the activities of daily living of community dwelling elderly.
METHODS
Data were collected by home visiting interviewers from 452 older people aged 65 years or older living in community. Resident Assessment Instrument MDS-HC(2.0version) was used for data collection. Data analysis for descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and multiple regression was made by SAS 6.2.
RESULTS
34.7% of the subject had hearing impairment and 64.3% had visual impairment Among IADL, one half of them were dependent in ordinary house work and meal preparation. In the case of ADL, 13.9% of subjects were dependent in bathing and 8.9% in personal hygiene. There was significant difference in IADL performance by visual and hearing impairment On the other hand, ADL performance showed the significant difference only in the case of hearing impairment. As the result of input of visual and hearing impairment in the process of regression, variances were increased from 3% to 11%.
CONCLUSIONS
Large proportions of older people living in the community have visual and hearing impairment. It could be confirmed that hearing and vision were significant factors influencing on IADL performance of older people. Intervention and support policy for elderly needs to focus on improvement of visual and hearing impairment.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing