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Gyeong Ran Kim 1 Article
Effects of a Stim up Mat Walking Exercise Program on Balance, Gait Function and Joint Motion Range of the Frail Elderly
Gyeong Ran Kim, Mi Sook Song
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(1):47-56.   Published online March 31, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was performed to evaluate effects of a stim-up matt walking exercise program on balance and gait of the frail elderly.
A total of 37 elderly people recruited from S city were randomly assigned to the experimental group (n=22) and control group (n=15). The stim-up matt walking exercise program was offered twice a week for 8 weeks. Data were analyzed by SPSS 21.0.
The dynamic balance ability Timed Up and Go test of the experimental group was significantly faster than that of the control group (t=21.72, p<.001). The static balance ability open-eye standing test (t=44.15, p<.001) and close-eye standing test (t=9.01, p=.005) also showed increase in effects of the experimental group. In the walking ability, gait cycle (t=2.48, p=.018), cadence (t=−2.21, p=.034) and gait speed (t=−2.78, p=.009), positive effects were on. However, no statistically significant differences were found in stride length and double support. At the ankle joint range left ankle plantar flexion (t=3.92, p<.001) and left ankle dorsal flexion (t=4.51, p<.001) were higher in the experimental group than in the control group, and also right ankle plantar flexion (t=2.79, p=.008) and right ankle dorsal flexion (t=2.92, p=.006) increased in the experimental group.
The significance of this study is that the stim-up matt walking exercise program for the frail elderly proves to be useful for improving balance and walking.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Differences in the Gait Pattern and Muscle Activity of the Lower Extremities during Forward and Backward Walking on Sand
    Chae-Won Kwon, Seong Ho Yun, Jung-Won Kwon
    The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy.2022; 34(1): 45.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing