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Hye Min Kim 1 Article
Effects of Diabetic Foot Care Education for the Aged with Low Health Literacy
Hye Min Kim, Ji Min Seo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(4):560-570.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.4.560
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of diabetic foot care education for the older adults with low health literacy.
METHODS
A quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest was used. The participants who were diagnosed with diabetes, were adults over 65 years old at the welfare center of Y and B city. They were divided into the experimental group (n=32) and the control group (n=31). Inclusion criteria were a score of 5 or under on the Short form of Korean Functional Health Literacy Test and 24 or more on the Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination. Foot care education was conducted in a small group for 40 minutes, once a week, for three weeks. The education materials are composed of an easy term, picture and photographs to understand easily.
RESULTS
The scores of diabetic foot care knowledge (t=4.57, p < .001), foot care self-efficacy (t=6.07, p < .001), and foot self-care behavior (t=4.18, p < .001) were significantly increased in the experimental group compared to the control group. Foot health status was not significantly improved.
CONCLUSION
The findings indicate that this education program can be used as a nursing intervention improving foot care knowledge, foot care self-efficacy, and foot self-care behavior in order to prevent the diabetic foot problems of elderly diabetic persons with low health literacy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Promoting foot self‐care in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients receiving hemodialysis based on the information‐motivation‐behavioral skills model
    Won Hee Jung, Hye Young Kim
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2023; 25(4): 721.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing