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Hye Min Kim 1 Article
Effects of Diabetic Foot Care Education for the Aged with Low Health Literacy
Hye Min Kim, Ji Min Seo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(4):560-570.   Published online December 31, 2019
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of diabetic foot care education for the older adults with low health literacy.
A quasi-experimental design with a non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest was used. The participants who were diagnosed with diabetes, were adults over 65 years old at the welfare center of Y and B city. They were divided into the experimental group (n=32) and the control group (n=31). Inclusion criteria were a score of 5 or under on the Short form of Korean Functional Health Literacy Test and 24 or more on the Korean version of Mini-Mental State Examination. Foot care education was conducted in a small group for 40 minutes, once a week, for three weeks. The education materials are composed of an easy term, picture and photographs to understand easily.
The scores of diabetic foot care knowledge (t=4.57, p < .001), foot care self-efficacy (t=6.07, p < .001), and foot self-care behavior (t=4.18, p < .001) were significantly increased in the experimental group compared to the control group. Foot health status was not significantly improved.
The findings indicate that this education program can be used as a nursing intervention improving foot care knowledge, foot care self-efficacy, and foot self-care behavior in order to prevent the diabetic foot problems of elderly diabetic persons with low health literacy.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Promoting foot self‐care in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients receiving hemodialysis based on the information‐motivation‐behavioral skills model
    Won Hee Jung, Hye Young Kim
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2023; 25(4): 721.     CrossRef

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