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Hyun Kyung Choi 2 Articles
Factors Influencing Happiness among Pregnant Women in the Ecological Systems Theory
Gyu Ree Lee, Hyun Kyung Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(1):11-24.   Published online March 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.1.11
  • 1,233 View
  • 19 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study tries to systematically understand factors that explain levels of happiness among pregnant women in the Ecological systems theory.
METHODS
A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted with 169 pregnant women in Korea. Collected data from self-report questionnaires were analyzed by hierarchical regression analysis using the SPSS statistics 23 program.
RESULTS
A total of 5 models were examined according to individual, microsystem, mesosystem, exosystem, and macrosystem in the Ecological systems theory. In the first model including individual factors, extraversion, neuroticism, and physical and psychological change constitute significant factors explaining happiness. In the second model with microsystem factors and in the third one with mesosystem factors, marital intimacy appears to be a significant factor. In the fourth model including exosystem factors, community service is a significant factor. In the final model with social atmosphere, personality (β=.15 for extraversion; β=−.30 for neuroticism), physical and psychological change (β=−.15), marital intimacy (β=.35), and community service (β= .18) turn out to be significant. These factors explain 59% of the variance of happiness in the pregnant women in Korea.
CONCLUSION
Considering the fact that pregnant women's happiness is explained by microsystem and exosystem factors as well as individual factors, developing intervention programs that can promote influencing factors such as marital intimacy and community service is necessary to improve levels of happiness among pregnant women in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Trajectories of subjective health status among married postmenopausal women based on the ecological system theory: a longitudinal analysis using a latent growth model
    Eun Jin Kim, Ju-Hee Nho
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2022; 28(2): 123.     CrossRef
  • The Mediating Effect of Marital Intimacy on the Relationship between Spouse-Related Stress and Prenatal Depression in Pregnant Couples: An Actor–Partner Interdependent Model Test
    Miyoung Lee, Yeon-Suk Kim, Mi-Kyoung Lee
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(2): 487.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Positive Psychology-Based Program for the Depressed Pregnant Women
    Hyeon Hee Shin, Yeong Hee Shin
    Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health.2021; 25(2): 109.     CrossRef
The Relationships between Sexual Intercourse and Health Risk Behaviors in Korean and US Adolescents
Yeong Mi Ha, Seung Jin Lee, Hyun Kyung Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):173-181.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.173
  • 632 View
  • 2 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Early sexual intercourse is associated with poor health outcomes in adolescents. It is known that sexual intercourse coincides with other health risk behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and using drugs. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationships between sexual intercourse and health risk behaviors among Korean and US adolescents using nationally representative data.
METHODS
Data were collected from the 2011 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (29,676 students) and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (10,135 high school students). Logistic regression analysis was performed.
RESULTS
In Korea, students who had sexual intercourse accounted for 7.0% in total. Among these, 9.7% were male and 4.2% were female students. In the US, a total of 51.3% students had sexual intercourse, and the proportion of the US male (49.3%) and female (53.4%) students who had sexual intercourse was similar. Korean and US students who experienced sexual intercourse were more likely to smoke, drink alcohol, and use drugs.
CONCLUSION
Since the results of this study show the relationships between sexual intercourse and health risk behaviors, it is necessary to develop comprehensive sex education programs with effective strategies to reduce health risk behaviors in adolescents.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Relationship Between Sexual Intercourse Before the age of 13 and Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug use among High School Students
    Michael Dunn, John Yannessa
    Journal of Drug Education.2022; 51(1-2): 3.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Sexual Intercourse Among Korean Middle and High School Students
    Joohee Shim, Jihyun Baek, Seungwoo Han
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Gender Differences and Relationships among Lifestyle and Reproductive Health in University Students
    Ju-Hee Nho, Hee Sun Kim
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2019; 25(4): 446.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing