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Jung Eun Kim 1 Article
Factors Related to Diabetes Self-Care among Immigrants in the United States: A Scoping Review
Jung Eun Kim
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):171-182.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00094
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this scoping review was to explore related factors in diabetes self-care among immigrants in the U.S. Diabetes is one of the fastest-growing chronic illnesses, but little is known about factors in self-care among minority immigrants in the U.S.
Methods
The Arksey and O’Malley (2005) methodological framework guided this review, which examined 16 articles, including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods designs. PRISMA guidelines were used with five Databases. Search terms included: immigrants in the U.S., type 2 diabetes, self-care, and self-management.
Results
Factors related to diabetes self-care among immigrants were identified: (1) changed dietary lifestyle, (2) low economic and health insurance, (3) social support and resources, (4) low English proficiency, (5) psychological contexts, and (6) gender roles.
Conclusion
Given the culturally unique related factors in diabetes self-care among immigrants, healthcare professionals must be knowledgeable and responsive to the ethnic minority immigrants’ needs to promote effective diabetes self-care.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing