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Jung Soon Kim 26 Articles
Factors Influencing Quality of Caregiving by Caregivers for Elders with Dementia
Chan Mi Kang, Jung Soon Kim, Jeong Hee Jeong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(3):193-201.   Published online September 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.3.193
  • 647 View
  • 4 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of the study is to determine factors influencing quality of caregiving by caregivers for the elderly with dementia.
METHODS
Data were collected from 87 caregivers for elders with dementia who had visited in Busan Metropolitan Center for Dementia and D-University hospital outpatient center from July 10 to September 30, 2015. A self-reported questionnaire was used to assess the severity of the elders' dementia and knowledge of dementia, burdens and quality of caregiving by the caregivers. The SPSS 21.0 version program was used for data analysis. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation, t-test, ANOVA and multiple regression.
RESULTS
Significant predictors of quality of caregiving by caregivers included caregivers' burdens (explanation power 25%), knowledge of dementia (explanation power 4%) and levels of education (explanation power 3%). These factors explained 32.3% of the variances in quality of caregiving.
CONCLUSION
Burdens on caregivers were a major factor that decreased quality of caregiving, and knowledge of dementia was a factor that increased it. These findings show that educational programs and intervention for reducing burdens and improving knowledge of dementia are necessary to improve quality of caregiving by caregivers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Depression, Anxiety and Associated Factors in Family Caregivers of People With Dementia
    Su-Jeong Hong, Eyohan Ko, Malrye Choi, Nam-Ju Sung, Myeong-Il Han
    Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association.2022; 61(3): 162.     CrossRef
  • Informal Caregiving and Alzheimer’s Disease: The Psychological Effect
    Emily Hellis, Elizabeta B. Mukaetova-Ladinska
    Medicina.2022; 59(1): 48.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Self-care on Burnout in Primary Family Caregiver of Person with Dementia
    Jeong Hwa Kwon, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2021; 51(2): 217.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Caring Burden and Caring Behavior among Family Caregivers of Elderly with Dementia in Community-Dwelling: Mediating Effects of Caring Self-Efficacy and Social Support
    Young Ju Oh, Myung Ha Lee, Hee Sun Kim
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(2): 186.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting the Care Burden of Nurses Caring Elderly Patients with Dementia
    Doo Ree Kim, Eun-Kyoung Han
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(3): 368.     CrossRef
The Effect of Sleep Duration and Relief of Fatigue after Sleep on the Risk of Injury at School among Korean Adolescents
Jung Ok Yu, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(2):100-107.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.2.100
  • 726 View
  • 9 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
To explore the association between sleep and the risk of accidental injury at school among Korean adolescents.
METHODS
From the database of the Ninth Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (KYRBS), the researcher selected 63,307 adolescents who responded to a survey on sleep hours. We conducted logistic regression with sleep duration and fatigue after sleep as independent variables, the risk of injury at school as a dependent variable, and gender, grade, school type, economic status, parents' education level, number of participations in physical education, and current smoking and drinking as control variables.
RESULTS
Using 9 hours of sleep as the reference, the adjusted injury risk (odds ratio) was 1.74 for those sleeping less than 5 hours a day, 1.61 for 5 hours, 1.45 for 6 hours, 1.31 for 7 hours, 1.13 for 8 hours, and 1.40 for 10 hours or longer. The difference between each pair of groups was statistically significant. In this study, injury risk increased as sleep duration decreased and fatigue after sleep increased.
CONCLUSION
The findings suggest that a short nightly duration of sleep and fatigue after sleep can be considered potential risk factorsfor unintentional injuries at school among Korean adolescents.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Mediating effect of sleep satisfaction on the relationship between stress and self-rated health among Korean adolescents: A nationwide cross-sectional study
    Jaeyoung Lee
    Children and Youth Services Review.2020; 109: 104717.     CrossRef
  • Structural Equation Model for the Subjective Happiness of Adolescents : Focused on Perceived Stress, Activities and Practices
    Ok-Youn Wi, Ji-Hyun Lee
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2016; 17(7): 585.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with Unintentional Injuries to Korean Adolescents at School: A Multilevel Study
    Jung-Ok Yu, Myo-Sung Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2016; 27(4): 337.     CrossRef
The Effect of Abuse Experience and Coping Styles on Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly
Jeong Hee Jeong, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(1):42-51.   Published online March 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.1.42
  • 666 View
  • 3 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of this study is to determine the impact of abuse experience and coping styles on suicidal ideation in Korean elders.
METHODS
Data were collected from the 2011 Korean National Survey on the Elderly. The participants were 10,537 elders aged 65 or older who had replied to the question on suicidal ideation. Socio-demographic and health related factors, abuse experience, and coping style were included as the influence factors of suicidal ideation. Data were analyzed using x2-test and logistic stepwise regression with the SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
RESULTS
The prevalence of abuse experience among the elders was 12.7% and that of suicidal ideation was 11.2%. Elders with abuse experience (OR=2.79, 95% CI=2.39~3.26) were more likely to have suicidal ideation but those with an active coping style (OR=0.69, 95% CI=0.57~0.84) were less likely to have suicidal ideation even with other influence factors controlled.
CONCLUSION
Abuse experience of the elderly was a major risk factor that increased suicidal ideation, and active coping style was a protective factor that reduced suicidal ideation. These findings show that careful attention to elderly abuse and education for active coping style are necessary to reduce suicidal ideation among the elderly.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation in Community-dwelling Older Adults: A Gender Comparison in Old-Old Adults
    Jeong Eun Yang, SeolHwa Moon
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(3): 248.     CrossRef
  • Protective factors against suicidal ideation among community-dwelling older adults with experience of spousal physical abuse: focusing on direct and indirect protections
    Sukyung Yoon, Sherry Cummings, William R. Nugent, Shandra Forrest-Bank
    Aging & Mental Health.2020; 24(11): 1854.     CrossRef
  • Factors Protecting against Suicidal Ideation in South Korean Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Literature Review
    Sukyung Yoon, Sherry Cummings
    Journal of Gerontological Social Work.2019; 62(3): 279.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with suicidal ideation: Comparisons between elderly living alone and living with others using
    Myong Sun Cho
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2019; 36(2): 53.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Suicidal Ideation in Community-dwelling Older Men: A Comparison between Young-old and Old-old
    Si Eun Lee, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(3): 217.     CrossRef
Health Literacy, Health Risk Perception and Health Behavior of Elders
Jeong Hee Jeong, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2014;25(1):65-73.   Published online March 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.1.65
  • 915 View
  • 26 Download
  • 25 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of this study is to clarify the level of health literacy, health risk perception and health behavior of Korean elders and to determine the impact of their health literacy and health risk perception on their health behavior.
METHODS
A descriptive correlation study was conducted with 188 elders aged 65 or older in senior welfare centers in Busan. Questionnaires were used to measure levels of health literacy, health risk perception, and health behavior. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Kruskal Wallis test, Pearson's correlation, and hierarchical regression were performed.
RESULTS
43.6% of the subjects had low levels of health literacy. There was a negative relation between health literacy and health risk perception, and between health risk perception and health behavior. There was a positive relation between health literacy and health behavior. Health concern, health literacy affected health behavior. Health literacy independently accounted for 24% of health behavior. Health risk perception didn't affect health behavior.
CONCLUSION
Many of the Korean elders had low levels of health literacy and health literacy was independently associated with health behavior. These findings show that interventions for improving health literacy are necessary to enhance health behavior of the elderly.

Citations

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  • The Relation Between eHealth Literacy and Health-Related Behaviors: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Keonhee Kim, Sangyoon Shin, Seungyeon Kim, Euni Lee
    Journal of Medical Internet Research.2023; 25: e40778.     CrossRef
  • Association Between Health Literacy and Health Promoting Behavior (Eating Habits, Physical Activity, and Stress) of University Students
    Yoon-Sun Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2022; 27(2): 94.     CrossRef
  • The effects of COVID-19 campaign perception on respiratory infection preventive behavior: A Health Belief Model mediator
    Wee Kyung Lee, Sung Rae Shin
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2022; 39(2): 27.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Health Literacy and Knowledge, Compliance with Bowel Preparation, and Bowel Cleanliness in Older Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy
    Minju Gwag, Jaeyong Yoo
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(5): 2676.     CrossRef
  • Risk Perception and Coping Behavior of Construction Workers on Occupational Health Risks—A Case Study of Nanjing, China
    Hui Liu, Jie Li, Hongyang Li, He Li, Peng Mao, Jingfeng Yuan
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(13): 7040.     CrossRef
  • Environmental Factors Related to Non-compliant Health Behaviors in Urban-Dwelling Elderly
    Minkyung Park, Jisu Park, Sunhye Moon, Heejung Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2021; 23(4): 361.     CrossRef
  • Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of Assessment of Health Literacy in Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening
    Hye Sook Shin, Eunlim Chi, Hae-Ra Han
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2021; 51(6): 769.     CrossRef
  • Structural Equation Modeling Analysis on Health Literacy and Cancer Prevention Behaviors among Medically-Underserved, Low-Income Populations
    Eun Jin Kim, Su Hyun Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2021; 28(1): 83.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Hearing Handicaps and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living on Hearing-Handicap-Related Quality of Life in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
    Hayoung Park, Oksoo Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2021; 23(4): 342.     CrossRef
  • Reliability and Validity of the Korean version of Short-Form Health Literacy Scale for Adults
    Young Joo Seo, Eun-Mi Kwak, Mirae Jo, A-Ra Ko, Soon Hwan Kim, Heeyoung Oh
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(4): 416.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Health Behavior Related to Particulate Matter in Older Adults
    Min Kyung Park, Gwang Suk Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2020; 50(3): 431.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Health Behavior of Patients with Stroke: Focusing on Health Literacy of Patients and Family Caregivers
    Jimin Jeong, Jieun Cha
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(6): 632.     CrossRef
  • Concept Analysis of Health Literacy for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease using Hybrid Model
    Jeong Eun Sim, Seon Young Hwang
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(4): 494.     CrossRef
  • Effects of the Health Literacy and Knowledge on Adherence to Self-care Behavior among Elderly with Ischemic Stroke Visiting Local General Hospitals
    Young-Nam Park, Chul-Gyu Kim
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2019; 31(5): 573.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between Uncertainty in Illness, Subjective Health Status, and Compliance with Sick Role Behavior according to Levels of Health Literacy in Hemodialysis Patients
    Young-Mun Cho, Yon-Hee Seo, Mee-Jeong Park
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2018; 30(4): 437.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Helmet Use of Elderly Bicycle Riders
    Sungeun Lee
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2018; 29(3): 391.     CrossRef
  • Relationship among Physical Activity, Social Capital and Quality of Life in Elderly Participating in Physical Activity
    Sung-Jee Yang
    The Korean Journal of Physical Education.2018; 57(1): 23.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy and Participation Among Older Adult Patients With Heart Failure in Korean Culture
    Chiyoung Lee, Yeon-Hwan Park
    Journal of Transcultural Nursing.2018; 29(5): 429.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of Colorectal Cancer Knowledge and Health Literacy on Self-management Behaviors among Elderly Women in Rural Areas
    Hyenam Hwang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2017; 29(5): 527.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy and Health Promoting Behaviors in adolescents
    Ji Young Kim, Min Hyun Suk
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2016; 30(3): 570.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy, Cancer Knowledge, and Cancer Preventive Behaviors among Rural Older Adults
    Hyenam Hwang
    Asian Oncology Nursing.2016; 16(4): 234.     CrossRef
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    Ji Eun Lee, Seo Young Lee, Hyun Kyung Noh, Eunjoo Lee
    Journal of the Korean Data and Information Science Society.2015; 26(6): 1427.     CrossRef
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    Soo Jin Kang, Mi Sook Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(4): 93.     CrossRef
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    Byeong-Joo Jeon, Ae-Kyeong Han
    Journal of Digital Convergence.2014; 12(8): 19.     CrossRef
  • Development and Evaluation of the Korean Health Literacy Instrument
    Soo Jin Kang, Tae Wha Lee, Michael K. Paasche-Orlow, Gwang Suk Kim, Hee Kwan Won
    Journal of Health Communication.2014; 19(sup2): 254.     CrossRef
A Study on Factors Influencing Elders' Suicidal Ideation: Focused on Comparison of Gender Differences
Chun Young Koo, Jung Soon Kim, Jung Ok Yu
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2014;25(1):24-32.   Published online March 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.1.24
  • 1,092 View
  • 14 Download
  • 29 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence of suicidal ideation and to investigate related factors contributing to suicidal ideation in elderly people with focus on comparison of gender differences.
METHODS
From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 3,164 old adults aged over 65. The original study was a population-based epidemiological survey of health and nutrition in a stratified multistage clustered probability design. Data were analyzed by using chi2-test and t-test and multiple logistic regression with the SPSS/WIN18.0program.
RESULTS
Suicidal ideation in women (37.5%) occurred more frequently than men (17.5%). Depression, stress, restriction on activities and quality of life were significant variables of suicidal ideation in both the men and women aged 65 over. Low educational levels and economic states were significantly associated with suicidal ideation in men but not in women.
CONCLUSION
The development of a suicide prevention program for elders requires different approaches to the genders respectively. It is also recommended that programs be developed that can help control the variables identified in this study along with a follow-up study for verifying the model.

Citations

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    Changsook Lee, Sun-Young Heo
    Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development.2023; 33(2): 101.     CrossRef
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    Syeda Beenish Bareeqa, Syeda Sana Samar, Yasir Masood, Mustafa M. Husain
    OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying.2023; : 003022282311763.     CrossRef
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    Eun Young Kim, Yong Whi Jeong, Jihye Lim, Dae Ryong Kang
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the Suicide Rate of Older Adults According to Gender, Age, and Region in South Korea from 2010 to 2017
    Kyu-Hyoung Jeong, Ji-Yeon Yoon, Seoyoon Lee, Sunghwan Cho, Hyun-Jae Woo, Sunghee Kim
    Healthcare.2022; 10(11): 2333.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Suicidal Ideation and Prediction of High-Risk Groups among Youngest-Old Adults in South Korea
    Eungyung Kim, Jee-Seon Yi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(16): 10028.     CrossRef
  • A comparison of health-related quality of life and personal, social, and environmental factors of older adults according to a residential area: a propensity score matching analysis
    Jungmi Yun, Yeongsuk Lee, Hyun-Ju Lee
    Quality of Life Research.2022; 31(9): 2631.     CrossRef
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    Ji-Young Hwang, Il-Su Park
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2021; 12(5): 314.     CrossRef
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    Young Ko, Song Yi Han, Hye-Young Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(4): 1852.     CrossRef
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    OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying.2020; 82(2): 214.     CrossRef
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    Jeong Eun Yang, SeolHwa Moon
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(3): 248.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors of Suicide Ideation in Younger-Old and Older-Old Persons: Using Data from the Korea Health Panel Survey
    Sun Mi Kim, Gyungjoo Lee
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2020; 22(4): 281.     CrossRef
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    Jiyoung Lyu, Yeon Ok Lim, Young Bum Kim
    SAGE Open.2020; 10(3): 215824402095702.     CrossRef
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    Jinhee Shin, Hyebeen Sim, Eunhee Cho
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(3): 279.     CrossRef
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    Eun Hee Hwang, Kon Hee Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2019; 21(3): 135.     CrossRef
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    Sehoon Hong, Dongwon Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(2): 130.     CrossRef
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    Doeun Lee, Soyoung Irene Lee, Jeewon Lee, Shin-Gyeom Kim, Han-yong Jung
    Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association.2018; 57(3): 252.     CrossRef
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    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2018; 15(8): 1580.     CrossRef
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    Sounghoon Chang, E. Eunyoung Suh, Heejung Choi
    The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing.2017; 20(2): 111.     CrossRef
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    Sun Hee Park, Jung JeKarl, Kwang Kee Kim
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2017; 42(3): 250.     CrossRef
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    Kyung-Sook Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(1): 78.     CrossRef
  • Predictors of Suicidal Ideation in Community-dwelling Older Men: A Comparison between Young-old and Old-old
    Si Eun Lee, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(3): 217.     CrossRef
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    J. Byun, D. Jung
    International Nursing Review.2016; 63(3): 482.     CrossRef
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    Hyunjoo Na, Sun Hyoung Bae, Minju Kim
    Journal of muscle and joint health.2015; 22(2): 138.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Abuse Experience and Coping Styles on Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly
    Jeong Hee Jeong, Jung Soon Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(1): 42.     CrossRef
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    Eun-Won Seo, Jin-Mi Kwak, Da-Yang Kim, Kwang-Soo Lee
    Health Policy and Management.2015; 25(4): 285.     CrossRef
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    Hyun Ju Lee, Hye-Sun Jung
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    Hee Chong Baek, Jinhwa Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2014; 25(3): 180.     CrossRef
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    Ryoung Choi, Byung-Deog Hwang
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2014; 31(5): 45.     CrossRef
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    Young Eun Oh, Jeong Hwa Lee, Hyo Yeon Shin
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2014; 25(4): 511.     CrossRef
Factors Contributing to the Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Elderly Smokers
Jung Soon Kim, Jung Ok Yu, Myo Sung Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(4):358-365.   Published online December 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.4.358
  • 736 View
  • 2 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate factors associated with the intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling elderly smokers.
METHODS
From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 448 elderly smokers over the age of 65. Data were analyzed with the chi2 test and multiple logistic regression using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program.
RESULTS
Of the respondents, 45.5% intended to quit. The factors associated with the intention to quit were relative youth, having limit of activity day living and having past attempts to quit.
CONCLUSION
Population-based smoking cessation programs, especially those targeted at the elderly, should take these predictors into consideration in the design of interventions.

Citations

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    Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.2016; 25(4): 352.     CrossRef
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    Hye-Ran Ahn
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(4): 364.     CrossRef
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    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2014; 21(1): 48.     CrossRef
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    Kyung-Yeon Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2014; 21(3): 253.     CrossRef
Factors Contributing to Low Weight in Community-Dwelling Older Adults
Jung Soon Kim, Yun Hee Kim, Jung Ok Yu
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(4):429-437.   Published online December 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.4.429
  • 605 View
  • 1 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to describe the prevalence of low weight and to investigate related factors contributing to low weight in community-dwelling older adults.
METHODS
From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 2,964 older adults aged over 65. The original study was a population-based epidemiological survey of health and nutrition with a stratified multistage clustered probability design. Data were analyzed using chi2-test and multiple logistic regression with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program.
RESULTS
The prevalence of low weight in older adults was 4.7%. The prevalence of low weight was different according to demographic characteristics. That is, the rate was higher in male elders, older ones, and rural residents. In the cases of current smoking, frequent alcohol consumption and no chronic disease, the prevalence of low weight was higher. Age, gender, area of residence, and current smoking were found to be contributing factors to low weight in community-dwelling older adults.
CONCLUSION
The result of this study provides important insights into possible reasons for low weight in community-dwelling older adults and suggests that low weight should be considered in promoting older adults' health.

Citations

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    In Ae Chun, So Yeon Ryu, Jong Park, Mi Ah Han, Seong Woo Choi, Dae Sik Ko
    The Korean Journal of Obesity.2014; 23(4): 274.     CrossRef
  • Body Mass Index (BMI)-Related Factors of Community-Dwelling Elders: Comparison between Early and Late Elderly People
    Hye Sun Hyun, In Sook Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2013; 24(1): 62.     CrossRef
  • The Development of Infants from Low-Income Families, Parenting Characteristics, and Daily Routines
    Hanna Kang, Hyewon Park
    Family and Environment Research.2013; 51(6): 613.     CrossRef
Analysis of Service Occupation Types and Training Programs of Services for the Aged in Busan
Jung Soon Kim, In Sook Jung, Myoung Soo Kim, Yun Hee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(2):152-160.   Published online June 30, 2009
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to analyze service occupation types and to develop training programs for the aged.
METHODS
This study used descriptive study design. The research process consisted of three stages: first, identified the demand of service manpower for the aged; second, investigated present jobs and education programs in Korea and Japan; and last, developed service jobs and education programs for the aged.
RESULTS
Potential users considered "health management" to be the most important area. They thought "providing job" as second most important. According to the result of analyzing Korean policies, there were 9 service occupations in 5 domains. So, we derived 10 occupations such as 'daily living manager', 'care manager', 'care worker', 'health manager', 'education specialist', 'leisure manager', 'good manager', 'housing manager', 'financial specialist' and 'retirement consultant' in 5 domains as healthcare, leisure, goods, housing and finance. Finally, we developed their tailored training programs.
CONCLUSION
According to this study, there should be various occupations qualified by the government, and training programs should be settled. And healthcare providers must included in developing standardized training programs.
Factors Influencing Dementia Caregivers' Health-related Quality of Life
Jung Soon Kim, Myoung Soo Kim, Soo Ok Kim, Youn Ja Yoo, Dae Young Won
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(2):232-241.   Published online June 30, 2007
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PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to explore the health-related quality of life of caregivers for demented elders.
METHOD
The subjects of this study were 170 pairs of demented elders and their caregivers. Socio-demographic characteristics of the demented elders and the caregivers, Barthel index and SF-36 were used in this study. Data analysis procedure included t-test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression.
RESULTS
The score of overall health-related quality of life (HRQoL) was 288.62 in norm-based scoring. The major factors that affect HRQoL of the demented elders' caregivers were burden, the age of the caregiver, ADL and gender of the demented elder, and these factors explained 34.5% of HRQoL.
CONCLUSION
The factors significantly affecting the caregivers' HRQoL were burden, the age of the caregiver and ADL. The effective social support system should be considered in respective nursing interventions to decrease the level of burden and to increase HRQoL in demented elders' caregivers. Further studies and efforts will be needed to investigate preceding factors of burden and HRQoL.
A Study on the Development of Self-help Program with Care Burden for Families with Demented Elderly Persons
Jung Soon Kim, Su Ill Lee, Ki Tae Kim, Nam Hee Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005;16(3):260-269.   Published online September 30, 2005
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PURPOSE
This study were to understand the caregiving situation of families with the demented elderly and to develop a self-help program for them.
METHODS
A self-help program was designed to increase caregivers' confidence and skills in problem solving. In addition, it was designed to provide information about the demented elderly. The self-help program of this study was composed of nine sessions.
RESULTS
Family caregivers of elderly patients with dementia obviously experience high level of stress. which often leads the caregivers to negative outcomes such as depression, interference with social activities and health difficulties. That is, caring is stressful for caregivers because the demands of the caregiving situation tend to overwhelm the caregivers' coping resources. Therefore, families with demented elderly persons need assistances in order to be relieved from their care burden.
CONCLUSION
The self-help program includes the understanding of dementia, the family caregiving experiences of the demented elderly persons, the time for self-care, the search for helping, the improving of interpersonal relations and communications.
Development of a Korean Senile Dementia Management Model
Jung Soon Kim, Myoung Soo Kim, Nam Hee Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2004;15(3):450-459.   Published online September 30, 2004
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to grasp the welfare service for the demented people staying at home and the service that caregivers want to use. Therefore, we are going to develop a Korean senile dementia-care management model.
METHOD
It analyzed the data of 185 demented people and caregivers, who registered in 16 public dementia-care centers in B city since June 2002.
RESULTS
1) The types of services used by the aged people with dementia staying at home were, in the order of frequency of use, the day-care center (26.5%), and home-help service (21.6%). 2). The types of services according to the degree of dementia were as follows; mild cases: home-care service (5.4%), moderate cases: day-care service (40.0%) and severe cases: day-care service (26.0%). 3). The caregivers who want to use senile welfare institutions accounted for 23.3%, and the major reason they could not use the institutions was due to their economic situation. 4) The Korean senile dementia care management system must be executed, considering caregivers' economic state and severity of dementia. Since the system was actively operated, many small sized welfare service institutions showed development.
CONCLUSION
The welfare services appropriate to the severity of dementia should be provided. With the model developed in this study, the dementia management requires sufficient care and should be achieved to reduce the caregivers' burden.
The Effects of Sophrologic Prenatal Education Program in Community Health Centers
Jung Soon Kim, Myoung Soo Kim, Yoon Hee Kim, Young Seon Kim, Bock Ja Kim, Jung Hee Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(4):598-607.   Published online December 31, 2003
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the Sophrologic Prenatal Education Program.
METHOD
The subjects of this study were 16 antepartum women who had been registered at community health centers at S-gu in Pusan. Data were collected from women who visited for antenatal care during the period from the 7th of May to 28th of June in 2003. Participants were evaluated before and on completion of the 8 weeks' educational program using 3 instruments: Breast-feeding knowlege, Maternal-fetal attachment and Antenatal stress. The Wilcoxon Signed-Ranks Test was conducted for data analysis using SPSS/WIN 10.0.
RESULTS
Statistically significant difference was found between the pretest and posttest in the mean score of the Breast-feeding knowledge. The mean scores of the experiment group and the control group were 31.44+/-5.51 and 37.06+/-4.27 respectively (p=.001). No statistically significant difference was found between the pretest and posttest in the mean score of the Maternal-fetal attachment (p=.315, p=.578).
CONCLUSIONS
Community health care providers must consider the emotional needs of Korean people and make efforts to adapt the Sophrologie Prenatal Education Program for a larger number of antepartum women in community.
An Investigation on the Status of Care-giving for the Demented Elderly and Desire for In-house Care Services
Jung Soon Kim, Sui Il Lee, Ki Tae Kim, Ihn Sook Jeong, Nam Hee Park, Kyung Nam Lee, Mung Soo Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(3):385-396.   Published online September 30, 2003
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine the status of care-giving for the demented elderly and to find out the need of community in-house care services- day care services, short-term care services, home help services, and home care services.
METHOD
It analyzed the data of 186 old people having dementia, and caregivers. Data were collected for five days, in September 2002.
RESULTS
The caregivers were mostly women and the burden for the care giving was high (87.5%). They used community care services, that is, day care services (26.5%), home care services (21.6%), home help services (10.8%), short-term care services (6.2%). Caregivers' age and education level were significant factors in the demand for day care services. Caregivers' education level was a statistically significant factor in the demand for short-term care services and home help services. Caregivers' age and education level were significant factors in the demand for home care services.
CONCLUSIONS
It is necessary to expand the financial aid for the active implementation of daytime protection for dementia-patients under medical treatment at home and to promote patients' recovery. It is necessary to enhance home help services and home care services, and to establish many day care centers and short term care centers. Through this, it will prevent caregivers from becoming burnt out due to the burden of care giving.
A Comparative Study on the Self-Efficacy and Health Promoting Behavior between Obese and Normal Weight Middle School Students
Na Yeon Kim, Ihn Sook Jeong, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(3):828-837.   Published online December 31, 2001
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PURPOSE
This study was aimed to identify the difference of the self-efficacy and the health promoting behaviors between obese and normal-weight middle school students.
METHOD
Data were collected from a convenient sample of 360 middle school students (180 normal-weight students and 180 obese students) in Pusan from November 22nd to December 20th, 2000, based on self-report questionnaires. The following instruments were used in the study after being reconstructed by the researcher with the consultation of experts and the literature review: General Self Efficacy Scale(Sherer et al., 1982), and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (Walker, Sechrist & Pender, 1987). The data were analyzed with descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and t-test and Pearson's correlation coefficient.
RESULTS
1. There were significant differences in father's obesity (p=.014), mother's obesity (p=.007), sibling's obesity (p=.001), and school record (p=.001) between obese and normal-weight students. 2. There were statistically significant differences in the score of self-efficacy between the obese and normal-weight students (p=.000). 3. There were statistically significant differences in health promoting behavior (p=.000) and in six sub-items: personal relationship (p=.000), exercise (p=.001), responsibility for health (p=.003), stress management (p=.015), self-actualization (p=.043) between the obese and normal weight students. 4. There were very statistically significant negative correlations between obesity and the self-efficacy (r=-.19, p<.001), health promoting behavior (r=-.18, p<.001), specifically personal relationship(r=-.20, p<.001), stress management (r=-.12, p<.05), responsibility for health (r=-.15, p<.01), and self-actualization (r=-.14, p<.01).
CONCLUSION
According to the above results it is concluded that self-efficacy and health promoting behavior influence the obesity of middle school students. Therefore I recommend adding programs that can lead to improve self-efficacy and health promoting behavior to the obesity prevention programs for middle school students.
A Study on the Recognition and Attitude on the Home Health Care Program by Inpatients in Pusan
Jung Soon Kim, Young Hee Ko, Dae Suk Kim, Jeung Hwa Kim, Jae Shin Shin, Gil Za Lee, Ihn Sook Jeong, Sun Kyung Hwang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(3):620-626.   Published online December 31, 2001
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PURPOSE
This study was aimed at investigating the recognition and attitude of inpatients for the purpose of facilitating the implementation of the home health care program in relation to the opening of the Home Care Department in P University Hospital in Pusan.
METHOD
Data were collected from the questionnaires returned by 293 patients, who were admitted at P University Hospital, from May 1 to May 15, 2001 and analyzed using descriptive statistics and the Fisher exact test.
RESULTS
In regard to the previous information about the home health care program, 55.6% of the inpatients heard about the name through the advertisement in the hospital, the mass communication, and from acquaintances. The percentage of right answers regarding the knowledge of home health care program was 43.9%. In regard to the acceptance of the home health care program, 97.1% of patients agreed with the implementation of the home care program. The reasons for acceptance were: the maintenance of the continuity of care, the alleviation of the family burden of time.
CONCLUSION
For the stabilization and successful implementation of a home health care system, it should be accompanied not only by advertisement but also education for patients about the home health care program, and a post-evaluative study after the implementation.
A Study on the Health Status and Health Promoting Behavior of Older Adults in a Rural Area
Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(1):187-201.   Published online March 31, 2001
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This study was conducted to investigate the health status and health promoting behavior of older adults in rural area. The design of research was descriptive study. 883 older adults over sixty years living in the rural area of Pusan city were surveyed from July 9, 1999 to July 20, 1999 through direct interview using a questionnaire and physical examination. The collected data were analyzed for percentage, mean, Chi square-test, ANOVA using the SPSS computerized program. The main results were as follows: 1. 43.4% of subjects lived alone or with only partner. 2. 37.13% of subjects had perceived own health condition as bad. 3. Major chronic diseases that the subjects were suffered were diabetes(25.94%) and hypertension(9.11%). 4. The mean score of perceived depression was 17.71 of 44. 5. 87.98% of subjects replied that they had good relationship with their family and friends. 6. 8.57% of subjects were identified as over weight, while 10.85% were low weight. 7. 29.93% of subjects replied that they were smoking. By the group, the rate of smoking of man was significantly higher than women, and lower age group than higher age group, and higher education group than lower education group. 8. 70.38% of subjects didn't practice exercise. By the group, the rate of exercise of woman was significantly lower than man, and higher age group than lower age group, and lower education group than higher education group. 9. 12.33% of subjects replied for the frequency of drinking as more three times a week. By the groups, man showed significantly more frequency than woman, the lower age group than higher age group, the lower education group than the higher education group. 11. The mean score of nutrition state was 3.73 which means moderate risk state. 12. The 57.53% of subjects replied their sleeping time as below 7 hours. 13. The 15.75% of subjects had experience a periodical inspection. In conclusion, older adults in rural area were identified having various health risk factor. Looking at the results, It is necessary to develope health promotion program which enhances older adults to practice health promoting behavior and to manage their chronic disease.
A Study on Urinary Incontinence of Elderly Communities
Young Hee Ju, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2000;11(2):441-452.   Published online December 31, 2000
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The purpose of this study was to identify the prevalence of urinary incontinence and its relating factors elderly communities. Subjects of this survey consisted of 877 elderly women and men in one Kun. Korea, who were over 60 years old. The design for this study was descriptive: the subjects were interviewed by well trained investigators from July 9. 1999 to July 20. 1999. During that survey period, the subjects were interviewed with a structured questionnaire. The data were analyzed by frequency, percentage, chi2-test. T-test using an SAS program. The results of the study were the following: 1. The prevalence rate of urinary incontinence was 20.1%. of the total. The types of urinary incontinence were mixed incontinence 44.3%. stress incontinence 38.1%. and urge type incontinence 17.6%. 2. The relating factors of urinary incontinence were as follows: 1) 33.5% of UI(urinary incontinence) subjects reported urine loss once a month. twice or three times a week 23.3%. one or two times a day 17.0% 2) 38.1% of elderly reported only 1 to 2 drops. 1 t-spoon 36.9%. 1 T-spoon 15.9% 3) The volume of urine loss registered by changing underwear was 63.1 %. no necessity of changing underwear was 22.1 %. or using some type of pads was 13.1%. 4) 62.5% of UI subjects never discussed their UI problem with other people. 73.9% of the total had never experienced any treatment for their UI problem. The reasons for not receiving medical cure were their typical conception about urinary incontinence taking UI as a normal part of aging 76.2% and due to their bad financial situation 9.2%. 3. Women had more prevalence of UI than men (p=0.01), and it was found that the worse the subjective health state. the higher the prevalence of UI (p=0.001). However. there was no statistical difference in daily frequency of UI (p>0.05). The more nocturnal incontinence (p=0.001), the more intermittent stream experience (p=0.01), the more retention experience (p=0.01), and the more incomplete the emptying experience (p=0.001), the higher the prevalence of UI. 4. UI groups had lower ADL scores than non UI groups(p=0.01). The level of depression in the group of urinary incontinence was significantly higher than that of non incontinence group (p=0.0001). As shown above, the elderly people suffering from UI haven't been treated properly: their subjective health state and their ADL competence was lower, and their depression level was higher than non UI groups. Therefore, the development of a proper urinary incontinence management program are required so that they can lead more healthy lives. Also continual case studies for the elderly people with UI are necessary.
A Study on the Powerlessness of Elderly Adults in Nursing Homes
Jung Soon Kim, Mi Sook Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2000;11(1):146-157.   Published online June 30, 2000
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The purpose of this study is to provide basic data necessary for the establishment of a nursing intervention program to relieve the powerlessness of elderly adults in nursing homes by investigating the degree of such powerlessness and factors affecting it. For the study, 353 elderly adults from S. A. D. J and Y free nursing homes located in Pusan were sampled as the subjects. The data were collected through direct interviews using a questionnaire survey and recorded by observation for a month from September 1. 1999. Data were analyzed using the statistical package SAS. The main results were as follows; 1. The mean score of the degree of perceived powerlessness of the subject were 30.4 point out of 64 point. 2. The level of powerlessness showed significant differences among the subjects in terms of educational background and monthly allowance both of which belong to socio-demographic characteristics. 3. Concerning the level of powerlessness based on health conditions. it showed significant differences in terms of the situation of common activity and the subjective perception of health condition. 4. Based on social support. the level of powerlessness was found significantly different in terms of close friends. 5. According to social activity. the level of powerlessness showed a significant difference in religious and leisure activities. In conclusion, it would be more effective in reducing powerlessness in elderly adults and in dealing with chronic diseases and physical discomfort. if we operated programs through which elderly adults can make friends and develop a nursing intervention program focusing on a variety of leisure activities.
A Study on the Stress and Stress Coping Behavior of Elementary School Children
Ju Youn Kim, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1999;10(1):252-261.   Published online June 30, 1999
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the daily stress and stress coping behavior of elementary school children. The subjects for this study were 372 children fourth, fifth and sixth graders from an elementary school in Pusan. We adopted Won-Joo Chung's research instrument (1997) for measuring stress and coping behavior in this study. Statistical techniques such as frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, order, and Pearson correlation were used to examine the research questions of this study. The results of this study were as follows: 1. The most common instance of stress to be experienced by all children was the stress from school life, followed by social pressures, individual pressures and family environment. 2. A positive revaluation was the most commonly used stress-coping behavior, followed by behavioral mood conversion, spiritual support, problem-facing behavior, an information search for problem-solving, physical separation for emotional relaxation, avoidance, emotional aggressiveness and emotional expression. 3. Stress-coping behavior had a positive and significant correlation with the stress score(r=.4391, p=.000). In conclusion, the stress from school life was the most common experienced by all children. While independent effort in problem-solving was unsufficient, stress coping behavior had positive results. Therefore, this study verified the necessity of minimizing the stress children experience from school life and of helping them attain desirable stress-coping behaviors.
The Effects of Music Therapy on Cognitive Function and Depression in Demented Old Adults
Ja Youn Gwon, Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1998;9(2):336-349.   Published online December 31, 1998
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The purpose of this study was to test the effects of music therapy on cognitive function and depression in demented old adults. This study was made with one-group in a pre- and post-test design. The subjects were seven demented old adults over, sixty-five years and with mild to moderate cognitive impairment, residing at a nursing home. Music therapy was given by one researcher and one research assistant for thirty to forty minutes twice a week for 4 months. Music therapy was conducted with the subjects both listening and singing with a cassette player and a double-handed drum. In order to evaluate the effects of music, we measured the level of cognitive function and depression at the beginning and at the end of the music therapy session by means of an MMSE-K developed by Kwon and Park and the Depression Inventory developed by Chon. The Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a paired t-test analysis using a SPSS PC package. The results are as follows: 1) The subjects of the music therapy showed improvement in cognitive function. The MMSE-K score was significantly increased after music therapy. Especially, memory recall was very significantly. 2) The subjects of the music therapy showed a slight decrease in depression. However, there was no significant difference in the degree of depression between mean scores measured before and after music therapy. The results suggest that music therapy is effective in improving and maintaining cognitive function in demented old adults. And we suggest that long-term music therapy will be required to improve depression in demented old adults. These findings are encouraging the idea that music therapy may improve cognitive impairment.
The Effect of Cognitive Stimulation Training on Elderly Persons with Dementia
Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1997;8(2):197-210.   Published online December 31, 1997
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This study was conducted to test the effect of cognitive stimulation training on elderly persons with dementia. The design of the research was one group in pre-test-post-test design. The subjects were nine demented persons over sixty years, with mild to moderate cognitive impairment. Training was administered by research assistants on a one to one basis for thirty to forty minutes, three times a week for eight weeks. In order to evaluate the effect of cognitive stimulation training, we measured cognitive function before and after three training sessions each. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and a paired t-test analysis using a spss pc package. The results are as follows: 1) The recipients of the training program showed improvement in overall cognitive functioning. The MMSK - K score, recall levels of concepts, daily tasks, personal past history and performance of word fluency were significantly increased after training. 2) There was a significant improvement in cognitive functioning over the training period: recall levels of concepts, daily tasks, past personal history and performance of word fluency significantly increased over the training period progessively. The results suggest that cognitive stimulation training is effective in improving and maintaining overall cognitive function of elderly persons with dementia.
A Study on Physical, Cognitive, and Social Functioning Levels in Institutionalized elderly
Jung Soon Kim, Ja Youn Kwon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1996;7(2):216-228.   Published online December 31, 1996
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The purposes of this study were to investigate levels of physical, cognitive, and social functioning in institutionalized elderly. The subjects were 78 residents of a nursing home for the elderly in Pusan. The data were collected from June 24th to July 8th, 1996 using interview and observational method. The structured questionnaires developed by Kim, by Kwon & Park, and by researcher were adopted to measure physical, cognitive, and social function, respectively. The data were analyzed using percentages, means, t test, ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficient, Cronbach's alpha with the SPSS PC programs. The results were summarized as follows: 1. 34.2% of the subjects had a paralysis, strokes 26.3%, hearing impairment 15.9%, vision impairment 11.8%, mental disturbance 11.8%, cognitive disturbance 10.5%. 2. The mean score on the physical function for the subjects was 73.14, and the items with low functioning levels were 'ascending the stairs', 'bathing' in that order. There was no significant difference in physical function according to the following demographic characteristics: sex, age, and education level. 3. 50.0% of subjects was categorized 'definite dementia', 'questionable dementia' 11.5%, 'definite non-dementia' 38.5%. There was a significant difference in cognitive function according to sex, but were no significant differences according to following demographic characteristics: age and education level. 4. The mean score on the social function for the subjects was 17.60. The items with comparatively high score were in simple activities such as 'enjoying talking with his friends', 'watching TV or listening to the radio', and the items with low score were in complex activities such as 'enjoying a hobby',. 'enjoying a game', 'reading the newspaper or book'. There were no significant differences in social function according to sex and age, but was a significant difference according to education level. 5. Social function was positively correlated with both physical function and cognitive function.
The Study on the Attitude about Drugs, the Actual Conditions on Drug Abuse and Drug Education of Primary School Students
Jung Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1995;6(2):286-298.   Published online December 31, 1995
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The purposes of this study were to suggest the need for drug prevention program in primary school and to provide basic data for preventing the youth from their drug abuse. A total of 680 students of primary school in Pusan were selected to answer this questionnair. The data was collected from July 1 to July 15, 1994. The major findings of this study were as follows : 1) The attitude about drugs of primary school students was desirable. By groups, girl students showed more desirable attitude than boy students. 2) 5.9% of subjects had smoking experience, and for the motives of smoking 77.5% of them, the largest numbers, was with curiosity. 3) 39.8% of subjects had experienced alcohol use, and for the motives alcohol use 50.5% of them, the largest numbers, was with curiosity. 4) 1.8% of subjects had experienced inhalants (gas, butane gas), and for the motives of inhalants use 58.4% of them, the largest numbers, was also with curiosity. 5) The rates of smoking, alcohol use and inhalants use were higher in boy students than girl students. 6) The attitude points about drugs in case of smoking, alcohol use and inhalants use were lower than the points in case of not using them. 7) Knowledge level about .drugs of subjects was appeared poor. 8) For the need of drug education 65.9% of subjects responded "necessary", and they responded most suitable educator as school nurse. 9) The students had received drug education from school in 38.2%, from their parents in 8% and from mass media in 63.5%.
Phenomenological Study of the Lived Experience of Elderly People
Bo Sun Huang, Yu Sun Shin, Suk Ok Yun, Ji Hyun Lee, Kyung Yim Jung, Jung Soon Kim, Lee Soon Kim, Bok Yong Kim, Young Mee Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1995;6(2):133-160.   Published online December 31, 1995
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The purpose of this study was to understand the structure of the lived experience by poor elderly people. The research question was "What is the structure of the lived experience of life of a poor elderly people." The sample consisted of 21 single poor elderly persons in Pusan. The unstructured interviews were audio-recorded and analyzed using the Van Kaam method. This study was 368 responses which yielded of descriptive expressions and priority classifications. The result generated 74 common elements, 18 syntheses of hypothetical definitions and 5 identifications of the structural definition. The structural definitions and hypothetical definitions were as follows; 1. physical discomfort ; complaints of severe pain ; dysfunction of physical organs 2. emotional cognition ; despair ; resignation ; attitude toward death 3. support system ; interaction with family ; thinking about God ; economical difficulties ; expectancy of social services ; opinions about health service ; leisure ; interaction with neighborhood ; dissatisfaction due to inadequate environment 4. past reminiscence ; negative reminiscence of one's past ; past regret ; positive reminiscence of one's past 5. desire ; desire of unrealization life ; self satisfaction The significance of this study for nursing are; Comprehension of the lived experience of client and identification' of nursing approach method concerning the lifestyle of client.
A Study of Industrial Workers' Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Health Care Services in Busan City
Bo Sun Huang, Yu Sun Shin, Suk Ok Yun, Ji Hyun Lee, Jung Soon Kim, Lee Soon Kim, Bok Yong Kim, Young Mee Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1993;4(2):100-108.   Published online December 31, 1993
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The purpose of this study was to identify the workers the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of industrial health care services. The study was conducted from Dec 10, 1992 to Jan 20, 1993. The data was collected from 849 workers in 56 companies in Busan City. The data was analyzed by using the mean, S.D>, T-test, ANOVA. The tool for measuring the degree of Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of industrial health care of workers was developed by community health nursing academy and the reliability an of the tool was 0.82810. The results were as follows : 1. The general characteristics of workers : Distribution of workers consisted of laborer(55.0%), office workers(45.0%), in an age range from 25-39(55.0%), male employees were(69.7%), married employees were(62.4%), the educational level with the highest percentage was high school graduates(54.2%). The present work force had a career for 7 years or more with an income of 300-700 thousand won monthly(43.2). 2. The degree of Knowledge Attitude and Practice about industrial health care services of workers : The total score of the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice was 49.09 points out of a possible 80(mean Score=2.46) 1) The total score of the Knowledge was 15.73 points out of 24. (Mean score=2.62) The following are the Knowledge scores: The necessity examination of occupational disease was(3.34) The knowledge of occupational disease was (3.12) The knowledge of health education was(1.29) 2) b. The total score of the Attitude was 26.01 point out of 44(mean score=2.36) The following are the Attitude scores: The necessity of health education for health examination was (3.14). The importance of health examination was(3.08) The necessity of measurement for working environment was(2.99). The satisfaction of the content in the periodic health examination was low(1.81). 3) The total score of the Practice was 7.35 points out of 12(mean score=2.45) The following are the orders of Practice scores: The participation in health examination was higher than in health education(1.33). 3. The general characteristics and the degree of knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of workers of industrial health care. 1) The level of worker's knowledge was significantly related by working part(t=2.54 P=0.000), marital status(F=4.35 P=0.029), educational level(F=3.91 and P=0.020), monthly income(F=2.98 P=0.029) 2) There were no significant difference between the general characteristics and the attitude of workers. 3) The practice was significantly related with working part(T=2.52 P=0.012), sex(T=2.28 P=0.23), marital status(F=4.25 P=0.012), monthly income (F=2.76 P=0.034) 4) The total score had a significant difference with working part(T=2.39 P=0.017), sex (T=3.84 P=0.000), marital status (F=3.18 P=0.032). Educational level (F=3.20 P=0.033), and monthly income(F=3.05 P=0.022).
A Study on The Periodic Medical Examination, and Health Care Management Programs of Industries: Busan City Province
Bo Sun Huang, Yu Sun Shin, Suk Ok Yun, Ji Hyun Lee, Jung Soon Kim, Lee Soon Kim, Bok Yong Kim, Young Mee Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1993;4(1):14-24.   Published online June 30, 1993
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The Purpose of this study was to explore the condition of periodic medical examination and the health care services of industries in order to offer some basic data on developing industrial nursing care. To achieve this goal a self - administered questionnaire (developed by the academic affairs of community health nursing) was provieded to the nurses in 56 industries from Dec. 10, 1992 to Jan. 20, 1993. The statistical computer package, SPSS, was used to manipulate the data along with T-test and ANOVA. The results were as follows : 1. General characteristics: The greater part of the industries were manufacturing company, and below 300 employees of industry were 55.4%. The shift system was mostly one shift(66.1%) and three shift(23.2%), and 50.0% them organized the Industrial Safety and Health Commitee. Average a number of employees was 631 person. 2. Periodic Medical Examination: Most of the workers were receiving periodic medical examination from the designated hospital (95.71%). From the about 12.89% were gone through a colse medical examination. In colse medical examination 58.41% were decided 'C' and 36.73% were decided 'D'. About 6.23% off those who had any clinical findings were work-time shortening(7.84%), work-transition(8.12%), recoverating at home. The majority of the workers receive the result of the periodic medical examination individually (78.5%). 3. Special medical examination: The rate of those who are receiving special medical examination were 76.82% and about 8.24% were decided 'C' and 1.23% were decided 'D' Those who had any health problems were receiving follow-up checking (9.10%) and medical treatment while working (15.04%). The health managers in the company can consult (85.7%) those who had any suspicious sign and symptoms of occupational disease. 4. Health care services: The average score of health care services were 17.57 point out of 28 point, and the score was lower in health assessment and environmental hygiene than medical diagnosis and health education. There were significant differences in environmental hygine (F=3.72, P=0.017), health care services(F=3.94, P=0.013) according to the size of the size of the industries The other's significancy is not shown by any type of industrial nurse. The level of health care services were higher in the wokers who had better health and showed no singificant differences(T=-0.73, P=0.470).

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing