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Jung Sun Ann 1 Article
Factors Influencing the Alcohol Consumption Behavior of Adolescents
Jung Sun Ann, Hee Kyung Kim, Eun Sook Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(1):55-65.   Published online March 31, 2003
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose was to investigate the factors influencing the alcohol consumption behavior of adolescents to provide basic data for a nursing intervention program to improve health management and prohibit alcohol consumption.
METHOD
The subjects were 306 university students, living in K city in Chungnam province from April 1 to 20th, 2002. The instruments used were the alcohol consumption behavior scale, that is the drinking intensity score, and developed by Shin(1998)'s scale of drinking problem, refusal self-efficacy scale by Aas et. al.(1995), alcohol expectancy by Goldman et. al.(1989), TPQ scale by Cloninger(1991), depression scale by Zung(1974), family cohesion scale by Olson et. al.(1983). The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression by using SPSS & SAS program.
RESULTS
The multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor of alcohol consumption behavior was the influence of friends(drinking everyday) (17.0%). A combination of alcohol expectancy (8.0%), influence of friends(4.0%), father's influence (2.0%), depression(2.0%), refusal self-efficacy (1.0%), personality of harm avoidance(1.0%), and monthly pocket money (2.0%) accounted for 38.6% of the variance in alcohol consumption behavior.
CONCLUSION
From the results, we recommend to use the database that develops nursing intervention program for decreasing the alcohol consumption behavior including the influencing factors in university students.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing