Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Search
Seon Mi Yeom 1 Article
Concept Analysis of Self-stigma in Patients with Tuberculosis
Seon Mi Yeom, Jeong Hee Kang, Young Ran Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(3):312-324.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.3.312
  • 670 View
  • 32 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Tuberculosis is an infectious condition with a high disease burden, and the stigma in patients with tuberculosis causes negative health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of self-stigma among patients with tuberculosis.
Methods
The analysis was conducted using Walker and Avant’s conceptual approach. Twenty-seven studies met the selection criteria.
Results
Self-stigma in patients with tuberculosis can be defined by the following attributes: 1) self-esteem decrement; 2) fear; 3) negative emotions to oneself; 4) social withdrawal; and 5) discrimination. The antecedents identified were 1) inappropriate knowledge of tuberculosis, 2) spread of improper health information through media and social communications, 3) stereotypes and prejudices, 4) visibility due to symptoms appearing, 5) recognizing the risk of infection, and 6) low financial status. The consequences were 1) concealing the disease, 2) treatment delay, 3) poor treatment adherence, 4) poor quality of life, and 5) deterioration in or lack of social activities. Conclusion: The definition and attributes of self-stigma identified by this study can be applied to enhance the understanding of stigma in tuberculosis patients and to improve communications between healthcare providers and researchers. It can also be used to develop theories and measurements related to stigma in patients with tuberculosis.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing