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Won Ock Kim 1 Article
The Effects of Danjeon Breathing Exercise on Vital Capacity, Physical Fitness, Anxiety and Depression among Older Adults
Kyung Sun Hyun, Jeong Sook Won, Won Ock Kim, Sang Sook Han, Ji A Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(4):474-482.   Published online December 31, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of Danjeon Breathing Exercise (DBE) on vital capacity, physical fitness, anxiety and depression among older adults.
METHODS
This study employed the nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The experimental group participated in a 12-week DBE program. Vital capacity and physical fitness were measured with a health measurement system (HELMAS). Anxiety and depression were measured with SCL-90-R-K. Data were collected from 37 community-dwelling older adults (experimental group=21, control group=16) in the Seoul metropolitan area. The data were analyzed by chi2-test, Mann-Whitney test and ANCOVA.
RESULTS
The experimental group taking DBE reported significant increases in flexibility than the control group, but differences in vital capacity and balance were not significant. Older adults taking DBE showed significant decreases in the anxiety and depression levels.
CONCLUSION
A DBE program may be a useful nursing intervention for older adults to improve their flexibility and to reduce anxiety and depression.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing