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Young Go 1 Article
The Effects of a Positive Psychology Improvement Program on Elders' Depression and Death Anxiety
Seung Joo Lim, Hung Sa Lee, Chun Mi Kim, Young Go
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(3):238-247.   Published online September 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.3.238
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  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to investigate the effects of a positive psychology improvement program on elders' depression and death anxiety.
METHODS
This was conducted as a quasi-experimental study with non-equivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The participants were community elders aged over 65 recruited by convenient sampling. A total of 94 elders (32 in the individual experimental group, 32 in the collective experimental group, and 30 in the control group) participated. Data were collected between April and September, 2012 and analyzed by using SPSS/WIN 21.
RESULTS
The individual and group approach experimental groups had significantly lower scores of depression than the control group after the treatment (F=7.50, p=.001). For death anxiety, however, only the individual experimental group had a significantly lower score compared to the control group (F=4.56, p=.013).
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that the positive psychology improvement program was effective in decreasing depression and death anxiety in the elderly. Therefore, the program needs to be applied in a customized way fittingly to the characteristics of the elderly in community, and individually and/or collectively according to its purposes.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Impact study on the Livelihood and Health Program at Workability Skills Training Foundation, Inc.
    Sevillia S Felicen, Leonila M Adarlo
    International Journal of Research Studies in Management.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Aging and Positive Psychology
    Ray Marks
    Journal of Aging Research and Healthcare.2021; 4(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Positive Psychology-Based Program for the Depressed Pregnant Women
    Hyeon Hee Shin, Yeong Hee Shin
    Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health.2021; 25(2): 109.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Positive Psychological Capital and Death Awareness on Terminal Care Performance of Hematooncology Unit Nurses
    Seo Yeon Jung, Jeong Hye Kim
    The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care.2019; 22(2): 77.     CrossRef
  • The Death Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms among Poor Older Women in Rural Areas: The Moderating Effect of Social Support
    Seung Joo Lim, Young Ko, Chunmi Kim, Hung Sa Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(4): 440.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing