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Young Sil Kang 7 Articles
Health Status and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II of North Korean Immigrants
Young Sil Kang, Yeong Mi Ha, Young Eun
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):231-243.   Published online September 30, 2012
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between health status including objective health status and subjective health perception and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II in North Korean immigrants.
During August 2011 to November 2011, a convenience sample of 96 subjects aged 19 to 65 years were recruited from two centers and one public health center in Gyeongnam. The subjects were interviewed face to face by trained people with a survey questionnaire.
Approximately 40% of North Korean immigrants rated their health status as 'poor', and the prevalence of health problems in them was 81.3%. The average level of health-promoting lifestyle profile II was 1.78+/-0.35. Females with normal weight or overweight, and have stayed for over 1 year in South Korea were related to the lower score of health-promoting lifestyle profile II.
Considering North Korean immigrants' health background and health behaviors, customized health care program focusing on musculoskeletal disorder and psychological problems are required, and at the same time health behavior change program to achieve lifetime wellness should be developed.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of diet quality of adults from North Korea: using nutrition quotient (NQ) for Korean adults
    SaeByeol Kwon, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Moon-Kyung Shin
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2023; 56(2): 217.     CrossRef
  • The influence of North Korean defectors’ oral health service experience on oral health behavior
    Siwoo Kim, Yuri Lee, Jae-Sung Kwon, Saran Kim, Jungtae Kim, Steacey Kim, Jae Hoon Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.2022; 46(3): 115.     CrossRef
  • Influence of health promoting lifestyle on health management intentions and behaviors among Chinese residents under the integrated healthcare system
    Chi Zhou, Weijun Zheng, Fang Tan, Sihong Lai, Qi Yuan, Enamul Kabir
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(1): e0263004.     CrossRef
  • The Utilization of Dental Hygienists in Oral Healthcare Exchanges between the South and North Korea
    Eunsuk Ahn, Ji-Hyoung Han, Kyung-Hee Kang, Young-Eun Jang, Ki-Ha Jeon, Jeong-Ran Park
    Journal of Dental Hygiene Science.2021; 21(1): 63.     CrossRef
  • Social networks and health-promoting behaviors among North Korean refugees in South Korea
    Chung Hyeon Jeong, Mee Young Um, Joan P. Yoo, Lawrence A. Palinkas
    Social Work in Health Care.2020; 59(9-10): 738.     CrossRef
  • Influencing factors on purchase intention for smart healthcare clothing by gender and age
    Heejung Han
    The Research Journal of the Costume Culture.2019; 27(6): 615.     CrossRef
  • Health-Promoting Behavior and Influencing Factors in Young North Korean Refugees (NKRs) Living in South Korea
    Jumin Park, Young Dae Kwon, Hyunchun Park, Shi Eun Yu, Jin-Won Noh
    Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.2018; 20(6): 1355.     CrossRef
  • Health‐seeking experience of North Korean women defectors in South Korea
    Chong‐Hee Chung, Hee‐Young Kang, Pamela K. Lake
    Public Health Nursing.2018; 35(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy and Its Related Factors in North Korean Refugees
    Youn Jung Son, Hyun Joon Kim, Hye Jin Jeong, In Young Hwang, Moo Young Kim, Soo Hyoung Lee, Ki Hyun Park, Kee Ho Park, Chae Bong Kim, Hyang Im, Ji Young Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2017; 17(2): 71.     CrossRef
  • The Trends in Research on the Health of North Korean Refugees
    Hyun-Ju Lim, Guna Lee, Sook-Ja Yang
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(2): 144.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Predictive Factors Affecting Health: Promoting Behaviors of North Korean Adolescent Refugees
    Jin-Won Noh, Hyo-Young Yun, Hyunchun Park, Shi-Eun Yu
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2015; 48(5): 231.     CrossRef
  • Importance and Performances of Visiting Nurse Services Provided under the Long Term Care Insurance System for the Elderly
    Do Hwa Byeon, Hye Jin Hyun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2013; 24(3): 332.     CrossRef
  • Influencing Factors on the Health Promotion Behaviors of North Korean Refugee Adolescent in a Specialization School
    Eunkyoung Jun, Jinhwa Lee, Soon-Lae Kim, Min-Jeoung Kang, InSook Kwon
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2013; 30(3): 13.     CrossRef
Customized Home Visiting Nurses' Experiences in Telephone Visiting
Young Sil Kang, Yeong Mi Ha, Young Eun
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(3):223-233.   Published online September 30, 2011
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to explore and understand customized home visiting nurses' experiences in telephone visiting.
Qualitative data were collected from several discussions of 4 focus groups consisting of 20 customized home visiting nurses. All interviews were recorded and transcribed according to thematic content analysis processes.
The five main themes on customized home visiting nurses' experiences of telephone visiting were 'greeting', 'counseling', 'using strategies', 'maintaining attitude for enhancing relations' and 'enduring difficulties'. The category of 'counseling' was composed of confirming, educating, supporting, adjusting, and indicating. And, the category of 'using strategies' included complimenting, scolding, persuading, compensating, and ignoring.
Developing a standardized manual on telephone visiting is needed to guide an effective counseling. In order for a customized home visiting nurse to be a good telephone counselor, training of motivational interviewing is recommended.
An Analysis of Articles for Health Promotion Behaviors of Korean Middle-Aged
Young Sil Kang, Mi Ja Chung, Yong Sook Park, Yeong Sook Lee, Hyang Sook Kim, Dong Mae Lee, Dong Won Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(1):75-86.   Published online March 31, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study has a purpose to suggest research and intervention directions for health promoting behaviors (HPB) of the Korean middle-aged in the future.
Forty four articles on HPB of the Korean middle-aged were reviewed and analyzed. The articles analyzed are theses written for a doctoral or master's degree and published between 1995 and 2007.
1. As for the major characteristics of the subject groups, most of them were between 40 and 60 years old (61.4%), were females (79.5%), and resided in cities (84.1%). 2. The dependent variables adopted were physiological, psychological and cognitive factors (self-efficacy, knowledge of health management, etc.), HPB and factors related to Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP). 3. The average scores of HPLP were 1.57~3.08 on a 4-point scale. The highest score was observed in self-actualization, and the lowest score in exercise. 4. Self-efficacy, perceived health status and income had significant correlations with HPB. 5. In regression analysis, self-efficacy, self-esteem and perceived health status were the most powerful predictors.
It is necessary to develop intervention tools for more diverse HPB of the Korean middle-aged. The interventions are recommended to focus on increasing exercise and to use strategies for improving self-efficacy and self-esteem.
A Study on Disturbing Behaviors of Demented Elderly Staying at Home
Young Sil Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2000;11(2):453-469.   Published online December 31, 2000
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study has a purpose to provide information to help develop nursing intervention for demented elderly staying at home. For this purpose I analysed the relationship of patients' disturbing behaviors with their demographic and social characteristics, premorbid personality, and present environmental characteristics through questionnaire survey on their family members. The survey was performed through direct interview, telephone contact. and mail in the regions of Pusan and Gyeongnam. Among family members contacted. 112 ones made an appropriate response to the survey. The statistical package SAS was utilized for descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, stepwise multiple regression, and cluster analysis. The results of the study were as follows: 1) Demographic and social characteristics of the patients surveyed are female 81.3%, average age 81.4 years, lack of schooling 83.0%, spouse dead 73.2%, having no other disease 58.9%, average duration of dementia 3.8 years, no medical treatment for dementia 84.8%, good married life 40.2%, and primary care given by daughter-in-law 49.1%. 2) Aggressive Psychomotor Behavior(APB) was observed in a way statistically meaningful in case that primary care was given by daughter-in-law, while Nonaggressive Psychomotor Behavior(NPB) was in case of good married life and primary care given by other than daughter-in-law and spouse. Verbally aggressive behavior (VAB) was observed in groups of female, spouse dead, bad married life, and daughter-in-law's primary care. As for Passive Behavior(PB), it was observed in case that patients had educational background of not less high than middle school and that they were having medical treatment. Functionally Impaired Behavior(FIB) was observed in age group of 60-69 and more than 90, in patients' group having no other disease, and in case that the duration of dementia was not less than 5 years. 3) Premobid Neuroticism(N) showed positive correlation with APB and VAB, while Openness (O) did negative correlation with PB. Agreeableness (A) was proved to have positive correlation with PA and FIB, but to have negative correlation with APB and VAB. In addition, Conscientiousness(C) showed negative correlation with APB and VAB. 4) The worse the psychosocial environment was, the more NPB and VAB were observed. 5) APB was explained 24% by C and primary care-giver, while NPB was explained 28% by psychosocial environment, having other disease or not, and married life. VAB was explained 40% by A. sex, and married life. On the other hand PB was explained 33% by O, A. N, and having medical treatment or not. But any significant factor was not found to explain FIB. 6) A cluster analysis was performed on disturbing behaviors of demented elderly staying at home. It enabled to regroup the demented elderly in 5 patterns: high scored in NPB, high scored in FIB. high scored in NPB and VAB, moderately scored in most disturbing behaviors, and low scored in all areas. In conclusion, disturbing behaviors of demented elderly not only reflect their premorbid personality in the past, but also are affected by their present psychosocial environment. Therefore, it is necessary to encourage and respond them with understanding their disturbing behaviors in relation to their past premorbid personality. In addition, it is important to provide them better psychosocial environment in order to reduce their disturbing behaviors.
Changes of Nurse-Teachers' Knowledge and Attitudes toward AIDS by Education
Young Sil Kang, Hyun Sook Oh
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1996;7(2):349-360.   Published online December 31, 1996
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study compares nurse-teachers' knowledge and attitudes toward AIDS after education with those before education. Data were collected by way of questionnaires, made up of two sections: to examine attitudes toward AIDS patients Kelly's prejudicial evaluation scale and social interaction scale was used, and to measure knowledge about AIDS a knowledge evaluation tool developed by the investigators was used. Subjects of the study were 108 nurse teachers participating in a qualifying education program which was held at Education College, Gyeong Sang National University in 1996. The data were analyzed using percentages, means, Pearson correlation coefficients and paired t-test. The results of the study were summarized as follows ; 1. The knowledge on AIDS of nurse teachers was improved considerably after a 2 hour education. The average score was 19.1 over 20.0 after education against 15.3 before education. 2. The prejudicial attitudes of nurse teachers toward AIDS patients were also improved with statistical significance; 33.63 over a total score of 60.00 after education against 31.81 before education. The prejudicial evaluation is performed on 12 items on a scale of 1~5. 3. The social interaction scale of nurse teachers toward AIDS patients improved a little. But this improvement did not show any statistical significance. 4. The prejudicial evaluation scale showed a significant negative correlation with the social in teraction scale before and after education, and the same was true for the knowledge scale but only after education.
A Study on the Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Public Health Management In Industry in Kyeongnam Province
Young Sil Kang, Sun Heoi Woo, Jung Hee Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1993;4(2):146-157.   Published online December 31, 1993
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of the study is to provide basic data on the public health management in the industrial work places, and some implications on the public health education related to workers self care capacity of their own health. To achieve this purpose a questionnaire was provided to 332 workers during February 11-28, 1993. This was do in Changwon-shi Geojeoi-kun, Chungmoo-shi, Jinjoo-shi, of Kyeongnam province. Through the analysis of the survey results, a relationship was deduced between worker's general characteristics and basic elements of health management in the work place. The main results of this study can be summarized as follows : 1. In the knowledge area special health screening received the highest score 3.18. While the educational program scored the lowest .85. In the Attitude area the highest score was achieved in the affirmative attitude to the time consumed by health checks (3.28). The lowest by the management of health checks(1.53). In the Practice area, participation in health checking is the most active (3.44) , and public health education is the least active (0.95). 2. The differences of knowledge by workers' general characteristics is statistically significant in the work sector (P<.05), age (P<.05), sex (p<.001), marital status (P<.001), and prior career(P<.01). But in Attitude general characteristics are not significant factors. In the Practice area, did have a statistical significance, work sector (p<.001), age (p<.001), sex (P<.05), marital status (p<.001) and work career (P<.001). 3. The total difference by workers' general characteristics has a statistical significance only in the case of marital status (P>05). The note of married workers is higher than that of single workers. 4. The correlation between any two of Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice do have a statistical significance (p<.001).
The Status of Occupational Health Nursing Service of Kyung Sang Nam Do
Jung Hee Park, Sun Heoi Woo, Young Sil Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1993;4(1):77-83.   Published online June 30, 1993
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was carried out to idedtify Worker's general health diagnosis and specific health diagnosis state and provide the basic data about occupational health nursing services in Kyung Sang Nam Do. Data was obtained from 36 industry in Chang-won, Jin-joo, Geo-jeoi, Chung-moo area during Dec. 20. 1992-Feb. 18. 1993 through questionaire survey. Data was analyzed into frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation and score sum. The main findings are as follows : 1) 83.3% of subject was manufactures. The factory which have over 1000 Worker's are 41.7% and 500-999 are 36.1%. 2) Health managers are composed of 5 man power. Doctors occupied in 44.4% of factories, average age of them are 43.9 years, average careers are 4.0 years. Nurses occupied in all factories and their average ages are 27.6, average careers are 3.0 years. Industrial hygienist occupied in 33.3% of factories, environmental hygienist occupied 69.4% of industries, and nurse aids occupied in 19.4%. 3) 99.9% of workers are received general health diagonosis. And 10.8% of workers are received elaborate health diagnosis. Among them 30.9% are C class and 23.4% are D class. Among D class, 50% of workers are treated as work time shortening, work replacement, being under treatment. Total specific health diagnosis' subject are 19.3% of workers but 79.9% of them are received specific health diagnosis. Among them 18.6% are needed follow up treatement. Only 44.9% of them are received follow up treatement. 4) 69.4% of industries have their referral hospital and 97.2% have their clinics. Among Occupational health services, health diagnosis are carried out first. of all and the next, environmental management, industrial diagnosis, health education are carried out.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing