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Yu Jin Suh 1 Article
The Effects of Emotional Labor and Job Satisfaction on Organizational Commitment in Staffs by the Size of Facility
Hye Young Jang, Eun Ok Song, Yu Jin Suh
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(1):1-12.   Published online March 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.1.1
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing organizational commitment of staffs according to the size of long-term care facility.
Methods
A cross-sectional descriptive study was designed. Data collection was conducted for a total of 315 employees in long-term care facilities located in Seoul, Gyeonggi, Gangwon, Gyeongbuk, and Chungnam. Data were collected from July 2018 to October 2018 using questionnaires which included emotional labor, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and general characteristics. In order to confirm the differences in the size of the facility, the facilities with less than 30 beds, those with 30-99 beds, and those with more than 100 beds were analyzed. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U test, Kruskal-Wallis H test, Pearson's correlation analysis, and multiple regression.
Results
The job satisfaction and organizational commitment were significantly different according to the size of long-term care facility. Organizational commitment was influenced by ‘external job satisfaction’ in less than 30 beds, was influenced by ‘external job satisfaction, and attentiveness to required display rules of emotional labor’ in 30~99 beds, and then was influenced by ‘type of job, and internal job satisfaction’ in more than 100 beds. The predict variables accounted for 23.0%, 41.0%, and 34.0% of organizational commitment respectively.
Conclusion
These findings show that tailored interventions should be provided depending on the size of facility in order to increase organizational commitment. In addition, organizational commitment programs should be developed by considering strategies to reduce the emotional labor and to increase job satisfaction.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing