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Volume 27 (1); March 2016
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Original Articles
Depression and Cognitive Function of the Community-dwelling Elderly
Seong Ok Seo, Ae Young So
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):1-8.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.1
  • 969 View
  • 6 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the depression and cognitive function of community-dwelling older adults.
METHODS
243 aged over 65 in Won-Ju in South Korea participated in this study. Data were collected from April to June 2013 through interviews. This study utilized the Geriatric Depression Scale Short Form, the Korean version of MMSE-DS (MMSE for Dementia Screening), and infirmity testing for basic health status. Descriptive statistics, χ2, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé's test, and Pearson's correlation coefficient were used.
RESULTS
75.3% of the participants belonged to the depression group, and the prevalence of cognitive impairment was 17.3%. There were significant differences in depression and cognitive function according to gender, educational level, type of insurance, subjective health, frailty, and whether to be a client of home care service. The level of depression was significantly higher and the level of cognitive functions was significantly lower in older adults in home care services than in community-dwelling older adults.
CONCLUSION
This study is meaningful in that it included older adults in home care services to provide information to develop effective prevention programs for improving cognitive functions. The results of this study can be used to develop future community prevention and intervention.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk Factors for Depressive Symptoms among Older Adults with Mild Cognitive Impairment: An Analysis of Data from the Eighth Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging 2020
    Mijung Cho
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2023; 30(2): 236.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Longitudinal Relationship between Changes in Depression and Cognitive Function among Older Adults Living Alone
    Soyoung Park, Kyuhyoung Jeong, Seoyoon Lee
    Healthcare.2023; 11(20): 2712.     CrossRef
  • Gender differences in the association between multimorbidity and depression in older Korean adults: an analysis of data from the National Survey of Older Koreans (2011-2017)
    SeoYeon Hwang, Jin Young Nam, Jeong Hyun Ahn, Soojin Park
    Epidemiology and Health.2022; 44: e2022049.     CrossRef
  • A Longitudinal Analysis of the Cognitive Function and Related Factors in Older Adults Using a Multilevel Growth Model
    Eunha Jo, Jee Eun Sung, Youngmee Lee
    Communication Sciences & Disorders.2021; 26(3): 601.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Cognition, Daily-living Stress, and Health-promotion Behavior on Subjective Memory Complaints by Community-dwelling Elders
    Eun Hee Hwang, Kon Hee Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2019; 21(3): 135.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Depressive Symptoms among Korean Older Adults with Chronic Illnesses: Using the 2014 National Survey on Older Adults
    Sujin Shin, Eunhee Hwang
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2018; 30(6): 577.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors to Cognitive Function and Life Satisfaction in Elderly Living Alone
    Jee Young Lee
    Stress.2018; 26(4): 259.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Vitamin D and Calcium on Cognitive Function and Depression in the Elderly Living in a City
    Yu-Jin Lee, Yun-Su Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(3): 251.     CrossRef
  • Converged Factors Influencing Depression of Community Dwelling Elderly
    Jong-Wook Lee
    Journal of the Korea Convergence Society.2016; 7(5): 237.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Cognitive Improvement Program on Cognition, Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Depression, Life Satisfaction, and Grasping Power in Small Groups
    Seo Young Kang, Chong Mi Lee
    Journal of muscle and joint health.2016; 23(3): 169.     CrossRef
Survey Study of Current Status of and Need for Mental Health Education Enhancing Protective Factors in the Elementary Schools
Ji Hyun Lee, Hyeoun Ae Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):9-20.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.9
  • 986 View
  • 21 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to survey the current status of mental health education and need for mental health education enhancing protective factors in the elementary schools.
METHODS
We surveyed 10 school health teachers and 328 fifth- and sixth-grade students using 19- and 20-item questionnaires, respectively.
RESULTS
All of the teachers and 65.2% of the students replied that they were either teaching or being taught mental health in school. Topics covered suicide, depression, school violence, and Internet addiction. All of the teachers and 84.1% of the students expressed the need for mental health education enhancing protective factors in school. Both groups replied that two sessions are enough. The teachers preferred role play and discussion as teaching methods, and audiovisual materials and computer as instructional media. The students preferred lecture and role play as teaching methods, and audiovisual materials and smartphone as instructional media. Both groups ranked self-esteem, parent-child relationship, peer relationship, and emotional regulation as the most important topics to be covered in the education.
CONCLUSION
There is a high demand for mental health education enhancing protective factors. Therefore, it is recommended to develop educational programs enhancing protective factors by enabling formal and informal learning using smartphone.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • School Nurses’ Perception of Job Performance Difficulties, Job Stress, Job Identity and Job Satisfaction
    Eun Kyo Cho, Hyun Jung Moon
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 43.     CrossRef
  • The educational needs of alcohol media literacy and related factors among high school students in the Republic of Korea
    Sunhee Park, Junghee Kim, Jiwon Baik
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2023; 40(1): 61.     CrossRef
  • The Relations among Attitude, Competency, and Appropriateness of Work on Student Suicide in Health Teachers
    Jae Soon Yoo, Dallong Han, Chul-Gyu Kim
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2016; 22(4): 473.     CrossRef
Assessment of Long-Term Care Service Needs in the Baby Boom Generation
Song Yi Han
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):21-30.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.21
  • 702 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This research was conducted to identify long-term care service needs in the baby boom generation.
METHODS
Data were collected from September 3 to October 9, 2012 targeting 196 baby boomers residing in Seoul and Gyeonggi-do with the measurement of long-term care service needs having five domains. Collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program.
RESULTS
Demand for long term care service in those who preferred nursing homes was highest as 4.40±0.69 in the safe environment domain. In case of those preferring home care services, demand was highest as 4.37±0.56 in the social interaction domain. People who preferred nursing homes had higher needs in personal health care and improvement of the service quality domains. Those who preferred home care services showed diverse needs according to their characteristics.
CONCLUSION
The baby boom generation had high needs in all the domains of long-term care services and such needs were diverse according to their characteristics. However, long-term care services had limitations that they provided standardized and uniformed services only. Therefore, health care services and improved quality services should be provided in a way of meeting the users' needs, and tailored services should be provided in consideration of the users' characteristics.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • An Analysis of the Effects of the Income Level of the Family Caregivers for the Recipients in Long-Term Care facilities on the Willingness to Pay for Use of Better Services: A cross-sectional study
    Jinhee Kwon, Eun-Jeong Han, Hyun Ki Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2023; 25(2): 103.     CrossRef
The Impacts of Job Stress and Job Embeddedness on Presenteeism among Container Terminal Workers
Ji Hyun Lee, Eun Kyung Choi, Hyang Ok Oh, Hye Kyung Moon, Sang Min Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):31-42.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.31
  • 1,051 View
  • 10 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the impacts of job stress and job embeddedness on presenteeism among container terminal workers.
METHODS
The participants were 299 workers at the S Harbor in P City. Data were collected from April 22 to June 5, 2015. The data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé's test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and logistic regression.
RESULTS
These workers on presenteeism were affected by the department of work, annual pay, and exercise of more than 30 minutes per day, revealing a statistically significant difference according to these variables. In other words, when job stress was high, job embeddedness was less, the extent of work impairment was higher, and in turn perceived productivity was lower. Work impairment was 3.11 times higher in workers with above-average job stress than those with lower job stress. Perceived productivity was 2.31 times higher in workers with above-average job embeddedness than those with lower job embeddedness.
CONCLUSION
To reduce work impairment and increase productivity among container terminal workers, it is necessary to decrease their job stress, to increase their job embeddedness, and especially to do exercise for more than 30 minutes a day.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Structure equation modeling of job embeddedness in general hospital nurses
    Kyoung Mi Kim, So Yeun Jun, Hyeon Jeong Ju, Youn Hyang Lee, Kyung Mi Woo
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2022; 28(2): 204.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Job Demand and Recovery Experience from Job Stress on Job Embeddedness among Workers in the Service Industry
    So Yeun Jun, Youn Hyang Lee, Eun Kyung Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2018; 29(2): 143.     CrossRef
The Effect of Depression and Smartphone Dependency on Female College Students' Career Decision-making Self Efficacy
Hee Jung Choi, Jang Hak Yoo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):43-50.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.43
  • 618 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship of depression and smartphone dependency with female college students' career decision-making self efficacy.
METHODS
This was a descriptive study. The survey participants were 497 female college students in M City and S City. Data were collected from November 16 to December 4, 2015 using self-report questionnaires including BDI (Beck Depression Inventory), Smartphone Dependency Scale, and CDMSES-SF (Career Decision-Making Self Efficacy Scale-Short Form). Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, independent-samples t-test, ANOVA, and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
Career decision-making self efficacy showed significant differences according to religion. Smartphone dependency was found to have a statistically significant negative correlation with career decision-making self efficacy and a positive correlation with depression. Depression was found to have a statistically significant negative correlation with career decision-making self efficacy. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the predictors of career decision-making self efficacy were depression (7.1%), religion (1.8%), and smartphone dependency (1.3%), accounting for a total of 10.6% of the variance.
CONCLUSION
This study suggests that interventions to promote female college students' career decision-making self efficacy should consider their depression, religion, and smartphone dependency.
The Effect of a Comprehensive Intervention Program on the Functional Status and Bone Density of the Socially-Vulnerable and Frail Elderly
In Sook Lee, Kwang Ok Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):51-59.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.51
  • 702 View
  • 8 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to provide a disease management, nutrition education, and group exercise program for three months to the moderately frail elderly whose physical functions have deteriorated, and to investigate its effects in order to develop an intervention program.
METHODS
As a quasi-experiment, this study was conducted based on non-equivalence studies designed as a similar experiment. The milk intake group and calcium intake group participated in the disease education, individual nutrition education, and group exercise program for three months, and the control group was visited once in the three months by a nurse who provided disease education, nutrition education, and oral instruction of exercise, and asked them to exercise on their own every day. For the data analysis, χ2-test, ANOVA and Scheffé test were used.
RESULTS
After three months of intervention, there was a significant difference in the frailty level (p=.029) and bone density (p=.001) between the groups.
CONCLUSION
The comprehensive intervention program had an effect on the bone density and the frailty level of the socially-vulnerable and moderately frail elderly, suggesting that the program can be used as a nursing intervention to prevent functional deterioration and damage of the moderately frail elderly.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of Calcium/Vitamin D Intake and Taekkyeon Exercise on the Elderly's Frailty
    Kwang Ok Lee
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2016; 18(3): 185.     CrossRef
Nursing Missionary Elizabeth J. Shepping's Education and Holistic Care for Koreans
Me Ok Yoon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):60-71.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.60
  • 854 View
  • 11 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to present education and holistic care of Elizabeth J. Shepping (1880~1934), a nursing missionary and a founder of the Chosun Nursing Association who visited Korea during the Japanese colonial period.
METHODS
Primary and secondary sources were collected and analyzed.
RESULTS
This study provides important implications regarding Shepping's holistic nursing as follows: First, she came to Korea after studying nursing and bibliology and being trained for nursing missionary works. Second, she cared for many Koreans, especially Korean women, to protect them from poverty, oppression, ignorance, and illnesses. Third, she continued to spread holistic care in hospitals and other local communities. She trained nurses, developed nursing education, and produced a large number of domestic nursing leaders by establishing women's Bible school. Fourth, she founded the Chosun Nursing Association, serving as its first president for 10 years and applied to join the International Council of Nurses (ICN).
CONCLUSION
Finally, suggestions were provided for future research, and it will be necessary to study thoroughly nursing achievements by nurses from other countries who practiced their nursing activities in Korea, and such studies are expected to lead to analysis of nursing missionaries' experiences.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Study on the Gongjungwisaeng Kanhohak, the First Korean Textbook for Public Health Nursing
    Kyung Ja June, Ggodme Yi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2022; 33(1): 84.     CrossRef
The Effect of Subjective Xerostomia and Salivary pH in Salivary Glands Stimulated by Laughter Therapy in Frail Elderly Women
Sun Young Lim, Kyem Ju Lee, Su Jin Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):72-80.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.72
  • 810 View
  • 6 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of subjective xerostomia and salivary pH in salivary glands stimulated by laughter therapy in frail elderly women.
METHODS
The research used a one-group pretest-posttest design. Data were collected from July 2, 2015 to September 30, 2015. A sample of 41 frail female elderly patients was recruited at A Nursing Home in K City, Korea. We measured xerostomia and salivary pH using a questionnaire and BCP test paper (pH 5.6~7.2). Laughter therapy was given once a week for four weeks (3 items). Data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, paired t-test and Cronbach's using the SPSS 18.0 program.
RESULTS
There were significant differences in salivary pH according to oral health (t=-2.06, p<.05). There were significant differences in xerostomia (t=4.41, p<.001) and salivary pH (t=-7.94, p<.001) after salivary glands stimulated by laughter therapy.
CONCLUSION
Salivary glands stimulated by laughter therapy improved xerostomia and salivary pH of the frail elderly. Therefore, salivary glands stimulated by laughter therapy may be useful in promoting and maintaining oral health among the frail elderly in the rapidly increasing population of old people.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Affecting the Intention to Participate in Healthcare Programs among Elders Living Alone
    Mi Sook Song, Sunjoo Boo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2016; 27(4): 319.     CrossRef
Exploring Psycho-social Determinants to Child Neglect and Abuse among Caregivers with Young Children
Ah Rim Kim, Young Ran Tak
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(1):81-94.   Published online March 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.1.81
  • 958 View
  • 6 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The objective of this study was to investigate the relations among psycho-social factors regarding child neglect and abuse using the data from the 2013 Korea National Survey on Children and Youth.
METHODS
Data from a sample of 1,062 primary caregivers with young children were analyzed with the SPSS and AMOS programs to examine the interrelationships among depression, parenting stress, marital satisfaction, parent-child attachment, and child neglect or maltreatment.
RESULTS
Depression, stress, and attachment had a direct influence on child neglect and abuse. Satisfaction with marital relationship, parenting stress, and attachment were found to play mediating roles in accounting for child neglect and abuse, explaining 12% of the variance. The results of multi group path analysis showed that some coefficients were different according to the age group of the children. For caregivers with infants, parenting stress did not predict either attachment or child maltreatment, whereas for caregivers with toddlers, depression did not have a significant effect on attachment.
CONCLUSION
In order to prevent child maltreatment, efforts should be made to develop community-based psycho-social support interventions focused on marital relationship as well as parent-child dyads and to provide practical child care support.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Risk factors for child maltreatment in South Korea: An investigation of a nationally representative sample
    Jaejin Ahn, Joan P. Yoo
    Asian Social Work and Policy Review.2019; 13(3): 282.     CrossRef
  • Validation of the Korean Version of the Maternal Postpartum Attachment Development Scale for Mothers of Children who were in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
    Ah Rim Kim, Young Ran Tak
    Korean Journal of Child Studies.2018; 39(1): 129.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing