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Most-download articles are from the articles published in 2022 during the last three month.

Original Articles
Factors influencing dementia preventive behaviors of older adults at high risk of dementia: Application of extended health belief model
So Hee Jung, Mee Ock Gu
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):22-36.   Published online March 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00402
  • 1,376 View
  • 39 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing dementia preventive behaviors of older adults at high risk of dementia based on extended health belief model.
Methods
The subjects were 140 older adults at high risk of dementia living in H-gun, Gyeongsangnam-do, Republic of Korea. The data was collected from April 21 to May 28, 2021 by using structured questionnaires. The data was analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and hierarchical multiple regression by SPSS/WIN 24.0 program.
Results
The mean score of dementia preventive behaviors of older adults at high risk of dementia was 3.47±0.49 (range 1-5). The factors influencing dementia preventive behaviors were self-efficacy (β=.82, p<.001), cues to action(β=.17, p=.013), ages 75-79 (β=0.35, p=.003; reference: ages 65-69), ages ≥80 (β=0.27, p=.021; reference: ages 65-69), which together explained 82.0% of total variance in dementia preventive behaviors (F=25.21, p<.001).
Conclusion
Based on the results of this study, it is highly recommended to develop and apply the dementia prevention program that can increase self-efficacy and cues to action for improving dementia preventive behavior of older adults at high risk of dementia.
The Burden Experience of Family Caregiver of Older Adults with Chronic Illness
Nova Yustisia, Titin Aprilatutini, Tuti Anggriani Utama, Mahmasoni Masdar
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):85-95.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00304
  • 3,797 View
  • 236 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study aims to find out further about the burden on families in undertaking caregiving for the elderly with chronic illnesses.
Methods
A qualitative study was developed using in-depth interviews with 12 family caregivers selected by purposive sampling in July 2022. The thematic analysis was then carried out using the Colaizzi method, and N-Vivo 12 Qualitative Data Analysis Software was used to assist with the content analysis.
Results
The result from the experience interview analysis of caregivers participating in this study were 54 codes which were categorized into thirteen categories. Then, they were derived into four themes, as follows: 1) Physical burden of the caregivers for the elderly with chronic illness, 2) Psychological burden of the caregivers for the elderly with chronic illness, 3) Obstacle of caregivers for the elderly with chronic illness, 4) The state of caregivers who perform caregiving for the elderly with chronic illness.
Conclusion
The experience of caregivers in undertaking caregiving for the elderly with chronic disease has many obstacles, such as physical, psychological, and economic burdens. Caregivers often find positive aspects of their experiences while caregiving for the elderly, although their burden also constantly increases. Health facilities should pay serious attention to family caregivers and facilitate programs that can help reduce the burden on family caregivers.

Citations

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  • Relationship between Care Burden and Health Anxiety in the Family Caregivers of the Older Adults with Alzheimer’s Disease
    Mohammad Sadegh Sargolzaei, Daniyal Kohestani, Tahereh Alsadat Khoubbin Khoshnazar, Hossein Asghari Asl
    Ageing International.2024; 49(2): 280.     CrossRef
Bidirectional Relationship Between Depression and Frailty in Older Adults aged 70-84 years using Random Intercepts Cross-Lagged Panel Analysis
Ji Hye Shin, Gyeong A Kang, Sun Young Kim, Won Chang Won, Ju Young Yoon
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):1-9.   Published online February 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00381
  • 1,628 View
  • 44 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Depression and frailty are common health problems that occur separately or simultaneously in later life. The two syndromes are correlated, but they need to be distinguished to promote successful aging. Previous studies have examined the reciprocal relationship between depression and frailty, but there are limitations in the methods or statistical analysis. This study aims to confirm the potential prospective bidirectional and causal relationship between depression and frailty.
Methods
We used data from 887 older adults aged 70 to 84 from the Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study (KFACS) in 2016, 2018, and 2020 (3 waves). We separated the within-individual process from the stable between-individual differences using the random intercepts cross-lagged panel model.
Results
Significant bidirectional causal effects were observed in 2 paths. Older adults with higher depression than their within-person average at T1 had a higher risk of frailty at T2 (β=.22, p=.008). Subsequently, older adults with higher-than-average frailty scores at T2 showed higher depression at T3 (β=.14, p=.010). Autoregressive effects were only significant from T2 to T3 for both constructs (Depression: β=.16, p=.044; Frailty: β=.13, p=.028). At the between-person level, the correlation was significant between the random intercepts between depression and frailty (β=.47, p<.001).
Conclusions
We find that depressed older adults have an increased risk of frailty, which contributes to the onset of depression and the maintenance of frailty. Therefore, interventions for each condition may prevent the entry and worsening of the other condition, as well as prevent comorbidity.
Urban-Rural Differences in Prevalence of Depressive Symptoms and Its Related Factors Among Older Adults: Findings from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging
Bongjeong Kim, Jinseub Hwang, Dohyang Kim, Soo Jin Kang
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):51-63.   Published online March 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00388
  • 1,926 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Many studies exist on factors associated with depressive symptoms in urban and rural older adults; however, studies using a longitudinal design are scarce. This study aimed to determine whether there is a difference in the prevalence of depressive symptoms and their associated risk factors over time between urban and rural areas using a longitudinal sample of Korean older adults.
Methods
Data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging (2006–2020) of older adult participants ≥65 years without depressive symptoms were analyzed. A generalized estimating equation model was employed for repeated measures analysis.
Results
As the time of living in the area increased, the prevalence risk of depressive symptoms in older adults increased in urban areas compared to rural areas in adjusted Model 2. In urban areas, less social contact with neighbors was significantly associated with a higher risk of depressive symptoms. In rural areas, occasional social contact with children was significantly associated with a lower risk of depressive symptoms. The prevalence of depressive symptoms was associated with five components of successful aging with some variations observed based on urban and rural residential areas.
Conclusions
Our findings suggest that understanding the longitudinal impact of residence on depressive symptoms provides valuable insights into the relationship between urban/rural areas and depressive symptoms. This study highlights the need for nursing intervention efforts aimed at promoting successful aging and increasing social contact with children or neighbors.
Influencing Factors for Work Engagement of COVID-19 Response Workers in Public Health Centers: Based on the Job Demands-Resources Model
Songran Park, Yeongmi Ha
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):64-75.   Published online March 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00346
  • 1,426 View
  • 23 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study aimed to identify the influencing factors for work engagement of COVID-19 response workers in public health centers based on the JD-R model.
Methods
The participants were 119 civil servants and professionals of 20 public health centers with at least 6 months of work experience and have experience of COVID-19 response tasks in cities, districts and counties. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression using IBM SPSS 27.0.
Results
The factors influencing work engagement were age, career development opportunity, and person-job fit. The explanatory power of these variables was 61%.
Conclusion
In order to enhance the work engagement of public health center workers in responding to future infectious disease outbreaks, it is necessary to develop various strategies such as assigning job roles that aligned with individual characteristics, providing career growth opportunities even during infectious disease outbreaks, and designing tasks by taking into account age.
Home-based walking intervention for middle-aged migrant women using 360-degree virtual videos and a wearable activity tracker: A mixed-methods pilot study
Duckhee Chae, Keiko Asami, Jaseon Kim, Kukhyeon Kim, Jeeheon Ryu, Ardith Z. Doorenbos
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):10-21.   Published online March 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00339
  • 1,756 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDFSupplementary Material
Purpose
To sustain behavior change, an intervention strategy that considers the contribution of affect to daily physical activity behavior regulation is needed. Although virtual reality-based physical activity interventions have the potential to improve emotional status, interventions using virtual reality videos in a free-living environment are lacking. This pilot study assessed the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of a home-based intervention using 360-degree virtual videos and wearable activity trackers to improve mood and physical activity.
Methods
A one-group pilot study of 12 middle-aged migrant women asked participants to watch virtual reality videos and perform moderate-intensity walking 5 days per week for 4 weeks, then complete surveys and focus group interviews. The intervention’s feasibility and preliminary efficacy were assessed by examining recruitment, retention, adherence, acceptability, mood, physical activity, and exercise self-efficacy.
Results
A word-of-mouth approach was effective for recruiting participants. Although the weekly intervention adherence rate ranged from 53.5% to 83.5%, retention (92.3%) and acceptability (91.7%) were high. Participants were satisfied with the “visual status indicators,” “sense of accomplishment and confidence,” “emotional engagement and sense of presence,” “joy from exercise,” “external motivation through supervision,” “easy to control virtual reality device,” and “extra benefits” of the intervention. Participants had significant decreases in negative affect (p=.016). Positive affect, physical activity, and exercise self-efficacy showed trends toward improvement.
Conclusion
This home-based intervention employing virtual reality videos and Fitbit activity trackers is feasible and shows preliminary efficacy in improving mood. Further research is warranted to evaluate its effectiveness in a more rigorous randomized controlled trial.
Review Article
Optimistic bias: Concept analysis
Miseon Shin, Juae Jeong
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):112-123.   Published online March 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00360
  • 853 View
  • 23 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to analyze and clarify the concept of ‘optimistic bias.’
Methods
A review of the literature was conducted using several databases. The databases were searched using the following keywords: optimistic bias, optimism bias, and concept analysis. The literature on optimistic bias was reviewed using the framework of Walker and Avant’s conceptual analysis process.
Results
Optimistic bias can be defined by the following attributes: 1) underestimation of personal risk, 2) vague confidence, 3) positive future prediction and 4) lack of risk recognition. The antecedents of optimistic bias are as follows: 1) risk perception, 2) self-efficacy, and 3) risk controllability. The consequences of optimistic bias are as follows: 1) reduced anxiety, 2) providing emotional stability, 3) negative consequences for preventive health behavior, 4) lack of attention to risk-related information, and 5) negative consequences for self-protection behavior.
Conclusion
The definition and attributes of optimistic bias identified by this study can provide a common understanding of this concept and help to develop a nursing intervention program effective in preventing, protecting, and improving health of subjects in the field of nursing practice.
Original Articles
Assessment of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Based on Body Size Phenotype in Korean Adults: Analysis of Community-based Cohort Data
Ji Young Kim, Youngran Yang
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):158-170.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00101
  • 1,333 View
  • 58 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Body size phenotypes can be regarded as an indicator of cardiovascular incidence risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of metabolic syndrome among metabolically healthy adults according to body size phenotype using Korean Genome & Epidemiology Study [KoGES]-community based cohort from 2001-2002 to 2014.
Methods
A prospective population-based cohort including 5,068 adults aged 40-69 years free from metabolic syndrome was included and divided into three phenotypes: metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW), metabolically healthy overweight (MHOW), and metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). The time dependent Cox’s proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the incidence of the metabolic syndrome after a follow-up 14 years.
Results
In the demographic, health related variables-adjusted model (Model 3), the hazard ratio of the metabolic syndrome was 1.92 (CI 1.54-2.40) for MHOW, 2.88 (CI 2.32-3.58) for MHO among males, 1.89 (CI 1.51-2.37) for MHOW, 2.34 (CI 1.88-2.90) for MHO for females compared to MHNW, respectively.
Conclusion
In conclusion, MHOW and MHO in both males and females increased the risk of metabolic syndrome compared to MHNW. Obesity management should be considered even in the absence of metabolic syndrome. Programs and resources should be provided for prevention of cardiovascular diseases and better quality of life.
Current Status and Associated Factors of Emotional Distress Due to COVID-19 Among People with Physical Disabilities Living in the Community: Secondary Data Analysis using the 2020 National Survey of Disabled Persons
Bohye Kim, Ju Young Yoon
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):37-50.   Published online February 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00374
  • 1,316 View
  • 30 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study aimed to assess the current situation and factors associated with emotional distress due to COVID-19 among people with physical disabilities living in the community, using a Social-Ecological Model.
Methods
A secondary data analysis was performed using data from the 2020 National Survey of Disabled Persons. The study participants were 1,654 participants aged 19 years or older with physical disabilities. For data analysis, complex sample logistic regression was conducted to identify factors associated with emotional distress due to COVID-19 in people with physical disabilities.
Results
The results showed that 55.7% of people with physical disabilities living in the community experienced emotional distress due to COVID-19. This emotional distress was influenced by various factors, including intrapersonal factors (activities of daily living, difficulty in getting information about COVID-19, difficulty in obtaining and using equipment related to COVID-19), interpersonal factors (satisfaction with the number of friends), and community/policy factor (support related to COVID-19 from national and local governments).
Conclusion
It is recommended to develop tailored interventions to prevent mental health issues among people with physical disabilities by considering the factors related to their emotional distress in the event of future infectious disease disasters.
Factors Affecting the Performance of Infection Control of Multi-drug Resistant Organisms in Intensive Care Unit Nurses of General Hospitals based on the Theory of Planned Behavior: The Mediating Effect of Intention
Nam-Sook Kim, So-Eun Choi
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(3):183-195.   Published online September 27, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00150
  • 1,574 View
  • 96 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to analyze the factors that affect the performance of infection control of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDROs) by nurses in intensive care units (ICU) in general hospitals.
Methods
Participants were 105 ICU nurses from 6 general hospitals. The questions for the survey performed were based on the theory of planned behavior, such as attitude towards infection control of MDROs, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control, intention, and performance.
Results
In the relationship between subjective norms towards infection control of MDROs and performance, intention showed a significant complete mediating effect; and in the relationship between perceived behavioral control and performance, intention showed a partial mediating effect. The attitude towards infection control of MDROs was excluded from the mediating effect verification because there was no significant correlation between intention and performance.
Conclusion
The results of this study suggest that department atmosphere and perceived behavior control promotion programs should be developed to enhance subjective norms in order to promote the performance of infection control of MDROs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Causal Model of Factors Influencing Adherence to Standard Precautions Practices Among Chinese Emergency Nurses: A Cross-sectional Study
    Yanfang Huang, Wanchai Lertwatthanawilat, Pimpaporn Klunklin, Akeau Unahalekhaka
    Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research.2024; 28(3): 525.     CrossRef
Smartphone dependency latent profile classification and association with emotional and behavioral difficulties among high school students in Korea
Eunjoo Kim, Min Kyung Song
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2024;35(1):84-98.   Published online March 29, 2024
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2024.00465
  • 893 View
  • 20 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The pervasive integration of smartphones into adolescents’ daily lives has resulted in a concerning upsurge in smartphone dependency among high school students. Due to the diverse types and severity levels of smartphone dependency, there is a critical need for research to explore its heterogeneity. This study aimed to identify latent profile of smartphone dependency in high school students based on the four subdomains of smartphone dependency: disturbance of adaptive functions, virtual life orientation, withdrawal, and tolerance. In addition, we explored how emotional and behavioral difficulties differ according to the profiles.
Methods
We used data from 2,195 Korean high school students from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey 2018. Latent profile analysis (LPA) was performed to identify smartphone dependency latent profile. Statistical analysis including chi-square test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), and ranked Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) confirmed differences in smartphone use characteristics and emotional-behavioral difficulties according to the classified latent profile.
Results
LPA identified four distinct latent profiles of smartphone dependency among high school students; 1) Underdependent type, 2) Moderate type, 3) Habitual user type, and 4) Virtual space dependent type. The results of ranked ANCOVA, controlling for gender, geographical location, economic status, parental smartphone dependency, and relational variables, revealed that habitual user type exhibited significantly higher rates of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, social withdrawal, and depressive symptoms compared to other types.
Conclusion
The identification of these profiles provides a foundation for developing tailored intervention programs for adolescents with different levels and patterns of smartphone dependency.
The Relation among Uncertainty, Social Support, Care Burden of Mothers having Children with Developmental Disabilities
Kyoung Eun Jeong, Min Hyun Suk
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):117-126.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00346
  • 1,610 View
  • 81 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This descriptive correlation study aimed to confirm the relation among uncertainty, social support, care burden of mothers having children with developmental disabilities.
Methods
The participants were 111 mothers having children with autistic spectrum disorder or intellectual disability. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression using IBM SPSS 23.0 in the study.
Results
Uncertainty and social support were significantly correlated to caregiver burden. As a result of multiple regression analysis, the factors affecting caregiver burden were children’s age, the expense for caring, the period suspected child disabilities, and uncertainty. These factors accounted for 40.8% of caregiver burden.
Conclusion
In order to reduce the burden of caring for mothers with children with developmental disabilities, it is necessary to establish a system that can detect children with developmental disabilities early and to develop and provide an integrated guide suitable for the growth and development stage of children with developmental disabilities.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Spousal support, parent–nurse partnership and caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic diseases: A cross‐sectional study
    Jihye Kim, Heemin Chae, Yoonjung Kim
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2024; 33(7): 2649.     CrossRef
School Nurses’ Perception of Job Performance Difficulties, Job Stress, Job Identity and Job Satisfaction
Eun Kyo Cho, Hyun Jung Moon
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(1):43-51.   Published online March 31, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00010
  • 1,708 View
  • 140 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
To examine school nurses' perception of job performance difficulties, stress, identity, and satisfaction, and to identify the factors that affect job satisfaction. Methods: Data were collected through online survey questionnaires distributed to 189 regular school nurses working in Metropolitan I. The self-report questionnaire consisted of three instruments and demographic questions. The data were collected from June 29 to July 31, 2020, and analyzed using frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple regression statistical techniques. Results: Perception of job performance difficulties showed a significant positive correlation with job stress (r=.20. p=.007), job identity (r=-.55, p<.001) and job satisfaction (r=-.39, p<.001), and each showed a negative correlation. Job stress showed a negative correlation with job satisfaction (r=-.65, p<.001), and job satisfaction and job identity showed a positive correlation (r=.53, p<.001). Job stress (β=-.58, p<.001), job identity (β=.43, p<.001), school-level elementary school (β=.19, p<.001), and middle school (β=.13, p=.011) were found to have a significant effect on job satisfaction. Conclusion: As job stress, job identity, and school level are important factors influencing job satisfaction, interventions are needed to lower the job stress of school nurses and strengthen their job identity. In addition, since the job satisfaction of school nurses can have a great impact on the health and happiness of students as well as the quality of life of future generations, it is necessary to improve policies and systems to increase the job satisfaction of school nurses.
Good subjective health status and health-related quality of life in people with chronic kidney disease: A secondary analysis using the Korea National Health and Nutritional Examination Survey in 2019 and 2020
Jena Lee, Yujin Suh
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(4):255-266.   Published online December 29, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00262
  • 1,378 View
  • 44 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This cross-sectional study aimed to describe subjective health status of people with chronic kidney disease (CKD), identify factors that affect good subjective health status and investigate the relationship between good subjective health status and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in people with CKD.
Methods
This secondary analysis utilized data from the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in 2019-2020. Participants (N=295) had an eGFR of ≤59 mL/min/1.73 m2. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors affecting good subjective health status and examine the association between good subjective health status and HRQOL.
Results
Among all participants, 61.4% had good subjective health status, and the HRQOL index was 0.88 in people with CKD. Household income, activity limitation, stress, and the number of comorbidities in people with CKD were associated with good subjective health status. People with better subjective health status were more likely to be satisfied with self-care, usual activities, and pain/discomfort in HRQOL.
Conclusion
Good subjective health status is associated with better HRQOL. Therefore, subjective health status should be assessed early, and a nursing intervention program should be developed considering factors that can improve subjective health status in people with CKD.
A Study on Outcomes of the Utilization of Visiting Nursing Service at the Integrated Visiting Nursing Center in Bucheon-si
Hyun-Kyung Park, Ae Jung Yoo, Ju Young Yoon, Jae Woo Choi
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):127-134.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00045
  • 1,569 View
  • 69 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The government has implemented a pilot project for community care for older adults and the integrated visiting nursing center in Bucheon-si operated by public fund of government to provide visiting nursing service for older adults. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of the utilization of visiting nursing service at the integrated visiting nursing center in Bucheon-si.
Methods
This study linked the personal data from the pilot project for community care with the National Health Insurance data. The final subjects comprised 30 participants and 110 of the matched control group. The length of home stay, hospitalization, and the admission for long-term care facilities or convalescent hospitals were measured. Statistical analysis was performed through difference-in-differences analysis using generalized estimating equation and Cox proportional hazards model.
Results
The results indicated an increase of 28.2 days for length of home stay and a reduction of 69% in hospitalization from medical institutions and 81% in admission of long-term care facilities or convalescent hospitals among participants compared to the control group.
Conclusion
The visiting nursing service of the integrated visiting nursing center was effective in extending length of home stay and lowering the hospitalization of medical institutions and admission of long-term care facilities or convalescent hospitals.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing