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HOME > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > Volume 25(1); 2014 > Article
Original Article
Gender Differences in Oral Health Literacy related Factors among Elderly People
Kyu Eun Lee, Young-Hee Yom, Sang Suk Kim, Jung Hee Han
Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing 2014;25(1):54-64.
Published online: March 31, 2014

1Department of Nursing, Kwnadong University, Gangneung, Korea.

2Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

3Graduate School, Department of Nursing, Graduate School, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

• Received: September 26, 2013   • Revised: March 17, 2014   • Accepted: March 24, 2014

© 2014 Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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  • Purpose
    This study is to measure oral health literacy levels and to identify oral health literacy related factors in elders.
  • Methods
    The research design for this study was a descriptive survey design using convenience samples. Data collection was done by using a self-report questionnaire with 321 elders from three welfare centers for the aged and two senior centers located in three cities. Data were analyzed by using percentage, mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé, Pearson's Correlation Analysis and hierarchical multiple regression with the SPSS Win 18.0 Program.
  • Results
    The oral health literacy scores of male elders were higher than those of female elders (t=9.73, p=.002). In hierarchical multiple regression analysis, education levels, smoking and oral health statuses were significant predictors and accounted for 29.8% of the male elders' oral health literacy. For female elders, education levels, health statuses and oral health statuses were significant predictors and accounted for 47.7%.
  • Conclusion
    These results suggest that interventions for improving oral health literacy are necessary to enhance elders' ability of self-care management. Also, these results could be used in developing oral health literacy programs.
Table 1
Knowledge of Oral Health Literacy of Subjects (N=321)
Table 2
Oral Health Literacy Levels by REALM

REALM=rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine.

Table 3
Difference of Oral Health Literacy (N=321)
Table 4
Means and Correlations among Variables

OH=oral health.

Table 5
Results of Hierarchical Regression on Oral Health Literacy
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