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HOME > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > Volume 23(4); 2012 > Article
Original Article
An Exploratory Study of Factors associated with the Health Behavior of Working Elderly with Chronic Diseases
Dong Ok Kim, Soon-Nyung Yun
Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing 2012;23(4):395-404.
Published online: December 31, 2012

1Graduate School, College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

2College of Nursing, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

• Received: November 12, 2012   • Accepted: December 20, 2012

Copyright © 2012 Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing

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  • Purpose
    This study aimed to identify the health behaviors of working elderly Koreans aged 65 over and examined the socio-demographic and disease-related factors by health behaviors.
  • Methods
    This study used data obtained from the 2nd basic survey of the 2008 Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing. We selected 381 working elderly having one or more of the diseases hypertension, diabetes, heart disease or cerebrovascular disease.
  • Results
    78.9% out of the subjects have hypertension, 31.2% have diabetes, 12.3% have heart disease, and 6.3% have cerebrovascular disease. Compared to the health behaviors of the general elderly, the rate of the practice of regular exercise among the subjects was lower, but the smoking and drinking rate were higher. The significant variables associated with health behavior practice rates were gender, type of work, subjective health status and chronic diseases.
  • Conclusion
    The type of work of the elderly with chronic diseases was significantly associated with health behaviors. Consequently, this study found that continuous care programs for the working elderly with chronic diseases should be developed and provided as an occupational health service when the jobs are offered to them.
Table 1
General Characteristics and Health Behaviors Practice Rate of Research Subjects (N=381)

Excluded 2 no respondents and 17 non-wage labor respondents below 18 hours per week.

Table 2
Differences of Health Behaviors Practice Rate by General Characteristics

Elem. school=Elementary school; SD=strongly disagree.

Excluded 2 no respondents and 17 non-wage labor respondents below 18 hours per week.

Table 3
Factors Affecting Health Behaviors Practice using Logistic Regression Analysis

OR=odds ratio; CI=confidence interval; Elem. school=Elementary school.

Excluded 2 no respondents and 17 non-wage labor respondents below 18 hours per week.

Table 4
Frequencies and Percentage of Work Type and Marital Status by Gender (N=381)
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    Citations to this article as recorded by  
    • The Relationship between Health Belief and Exercise Compliance among Elderly Adults at Senior Centers
      Kyung Im Lee, Young Eun
      Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(2): 79.     CrossRef
    • The Effect of Health Behavior, Resilience, and Recognition of Well-dying on the Depression of Elderly with Chronic Disease
      Jeong-Hyeon Kong, Hyeon-Hwa Hong, Eun-Young Jung
      Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(10): 7146.     CrossRef

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