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Eun Ju Kim 9 Articles
Factors affecting Weight-Control Behavior Intention in Female College Students: Based on the Theory of Planned Behavior
Eun Ju Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(2):195-204.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.2.195
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was carried out to find factors affecting weight-control behavior intention in female college students based on the theory of planned behavior.
METHODS
The subjects were 453 female students from everywhere other than the Gangwon Province and Jeju Island. Data were collected by using a questionnaire.
RESULTS
The factors affecting weight-control behavior intention in female college students within 2 weeks were attitudes and subjective norms. These two factors accounted for 20.0% of weight-control behavior intention. Also, when body shape satisfaction and BMI were added to variables of the theory of planned behavior like attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavior control, these 5 factors accounted for a total of 34.1%.
CONCLUSION
Due to their distorted perception in preferring skinny body shapes, female college students are likely to attempt at inappropriate weight control behavior. Through intervention with such factors as attitudes and body image satisfaction, which have been derived from the results of this study, healthy weight control behavior should be pursued in practice.

Citations

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  • Understanding Body Image and Appearance Management Behaviors Among Adult Women in South Korea Within a Sociocultural Context: A Review
    Kathy L. Lin, Vaishali V. Raval
    International Perspectives in Psychology.2020; 9(2): 96.     CrossRef
  • Self-Control, Depression and Eating Attitude according to Weight Control Behavior in College Women
    Sunkyung Cha, Geunmyun Kim, Eunmi Lee
    Stress.2019; 27(2): 152.     CrossRef
  • The Relationships among Experiences of Traumatic Events, Post-traumatic Stress and the Needs for Health Promotion Programs of 119 Paramedics
    Mi Suk Kang, Young Im Kim, Hyo Geun Geun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(4): 524.     CrossRef
  • Body Weight Control Behavior and Obesity Stress of College Women
    Yang-Hee Kang, Kyung-Hee Kim
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association.2015; 15(2): 292.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Weight Control Behavior and Health Behaviors in Korean Young Women: 2013 Community Health Survey
    Jae-Hee Kim
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(7): 4734.     CrossRef
  • Predictive Factors on Blood donation Intention and Behavior in College Students: Base on the Theory of Planned Behavior
    Yu-Jeong Kim, In-Hee Choi
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2014; 15(6): 3789.     CrossRef
The Effects of Exercise Program for the Elderly
Tae Im Kim, Kang Yi Lee, Young Im Park, Myung Hee Jun, In Ja Kim, Eun Ju Kim, Dong Ok Kim, Ji Hyun Kim, Yun Jung Kwon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2006;17(3):335-345.   Published online September 30, 2006
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Analysis of Researches on Nursing Intervention for Elderly Health Promotion from 1994 to 2004
Tae Im Kim, Kang Yi Lee, Young Im Park, Myung Hee Jun, In Ja Kim, Eun Ju Kim, Dong Ok Kim, Yun Jung Kwon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005;16(4):446-457.   Published online December 31, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to analyse researches on nursing intervention for elderly health promotion.
METHOD
A literature review of 38 researches was carried out using guidelines developed by the present researchers.
RESULT
The research papers studied in this research were theses written for doctoral or master's degree and published between 1994 to 2004. These researches applied nursing intervention for health promotion of elders and used experimental study design. The average period of nursing intervention was about 9 weeks and the average frequency was three times per week. As for major characteristics of subject groups, most of them were over 65 years old (76.3%) and resided in community (65.8%), and each group consisted of 10 to 29 elders. The dependent variables used in these studies included physiological variables (blood pressure, blood cholesterol level, pulmonary function, fasting blood sugar, blood cortisol level, body mass etc.), psychologic variables (depression, quality of life, life satisfaction, loneliness, anxiety etc.), cognitive variables (perceived benefits, perceived barriers, self-efficacy, self-concept, subjective health status etc.), activities of daily livings, health promotion behavior, pain, risks of fall, and variables related to Trans Theoretical Model. The majority of these studies (78.9%) applied exercise programs for health promotion including exercise motivating programs (15.8%).
CONCLUSION
We suggest that more various nursing interventions must be applied to promote elders' health and to take care of their chronic diseases.
The Changes in Gender-Egalitarianism after Sexuality Education in Middle School Students
Eun Ju Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(4):717-725.   Published online December 31, 2003
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PURPOSE
In an attempt to measure the changes in gender-egalitarianism after sexuality education based on the gender-egalitarianism in middle school students, this study was carried out.
METHODS
The subjects were 137 students (67 boys and 70 girls) in 4 classes that were randomized from among 8 classes of first graders in a coeducational middle school, in Seoul. By the school nurse with the assistance of an advisory committee on sex education by the MOE, sexuality education was implemented based on gender-egalitarianism. The content was presented over 18 hours during 16 weeks, from September, 2001 to December, 2001. For the pre and post check on gender-egalitarianism, a Gender Egalitarianism Scale modified by the researcher was used.
RESULTS
After the sexuality education based on the gender-egalitarianism, there was a significant elevation in gender-egalitarianism(t=4.378, p=0.000). There were no significant differences in the mean changes in gender-egalitarianism according to religion, economy level, educational level of parents, and openness of parents. And little experiences in adult video, no experience in masturbation, and being without the opposite sex were related to significant elevations in gender-egalitarianism. The case of the having the positive sexual attitudes showed a significant elevation in gender-egalitarianism as compared with the case of having negative sexual attitudes.
CONCLUSIONS
Based on these results, sexuality education based on gender-egalitarianism for youth was effective in elevating gender-egalitarianism scores. Because the case of the wide experiences with sexual behaviors showed a tendency to make low gender-egalitarianism, the education program would be effective to implement early in the school as childhood is a period in which children have a non-established sex-role.
Scoliosis Progression according to the Growth of Middle School Students
Eun Ju Kim, Juk Hyang Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(3):479-487.   Published online September 30, 2003
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PURPOSE
This study was conducted to investigate the progression of Cobb's angle of middle school students according to the Risser grade changes during a one-year follow up period, and to identify the prevalence rate and related factors regarding scoliosis.
METHOD
A total of 2,124 middle school students were preliminarily screened by the Adam's forward bending test. Among them, 21 adolescents diagnosed with scoliosis (above 5Cobb's angle) by X-Raying were the subjects and followed up for checking Cobb's angle and the Risser grade for one year.
RESULTS
The overall prevalence of scoliosis in middle school students was 2.13% and the prevalence in girls was higher than in boys. The Cobb's angle was significantly high in seniors and girls. The cases in low angle and low Risser grade demonstrated significant changes in progressive Cobb's angle compared to the cases in high angle and high Risser grade after one-year. But gender and pattern of curvature were not significantly different from the changes scoliosis angle after one-year.
CONCLUSION
Based on these study results, juniors in low Risser grade were inclined to aggravate scoliosis despite the low degree of curvature at the first measurement.
Factors Influencing Osteoporosis
Jin Kyung Lee, Eun Ju Kim, Min Hyun Suk, Eun Young Kim, La Il Hwang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(2):253-262.   Published online June 30, 2003
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PURPOSE
This study was carried out to identify factors influencing osteoporosis in women at pre- and post-menopausal state.
METHODS
The subjects of this study were 52 pre-menopausal and 125 post-menopausal women who were assessed of bone density in one general hospital. The data were collected through review of clinical records and telephone interviews using a questionnaire.
RESULTS
In the pre-menopausal women, the factors influencing osteoporosis were regular exercise (protective factor) and age (risk factor). Regression analysis showed that the factors attributable to osteoporosis included educational level, weight, age and number of pregnancy, accounted for 41.89% of the total variance. In the post-menopausal women, the factors influencing osteoporosis were age (risk factor), low educational level (risk factor), low economical state (risk factor), high parity (risk factor), and intake of coffee (protective factor). Regression analysis also showed that factors attributable to their osteoporosis included age, educational level, number of delivery, intake of the coffee, regular exercise, number of pregnancy and duration of oral pill intake, accounted for 37.41% of the total variance.
CONCLUSION
In pre-menopausal women, regular exercise was one of the most powerful determinant of their bone mass. Therefore, it is necessary to participate in a regular exercise program to maintain peak bone mass density prior to the onset of menopause. In post-menopausal women, increased age was the most influencing factor of their bone mass. Therefore, it is essential to establish early diagnosis and management of osteoporosis after menopause.
Factors influencing the Farmers Syndrome
Eun Ju Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(4):817-825.   Published online December 31, 2002
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PURPOSE
This study was carried out to investigate the prevalence and the main factors influencing the farmer's Syndrome in farmers in Korea. PURPOSE: A survey questionnaire was completed by 238 farmers who lived in 8 agricultural districts in Seosan City. the data were collected from April 10 to May 5 2002.
RESULTS
The prevalence of the farmer's syndrome was 42.6% and its prevalence rate in woman was higher than that in main. The prevalence of the farmers syndrome proportionally increased with advanced age. Variables that were positively correlated with the farmer's syndrome were age duration of farming days of resting and the number of the agricultural chemical's poisoning. On the other hand variables that were negatively correlated with the farmers syndrome were smoking sleeping hours economic conditon and level of educational. In a regression analysis the factors influencing the farmers syndrome were age sex sleeping hours day of resting and the number of the agricultrual chemical's poisoning which accounted for 25% of the total variance.
CONCLUSION
Based on these study results older age and woman gender are the remarkable risk factors influencing the farmer's syndrome. Sleeping hours days of resting and the number of the agricultural chemical's poisoning were also the significant attributable variables to the farmers syndrome.
The Needs of Sexuality Education in High School Students
Jin Kyung Lee, Eun Ju Kim, Young Hee Yom
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(1):71-80.   Published online March 31, 2001
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In an attempt to measure the needs of sexuality education according to sex, grade, type of school, this study was carried out. For this study, the questionnaires were given to 600 students of 4 high-schools in Seoul from March to April, 1999. Students never being received sexuality education were 32.5%. Even though in students being received sex education, the answer of being very instructive was only 2.2%. The needs of sexuality education in boy-student was high in sexual behavior and relationship domain as compared with the girl-student, especially high in masturbation and sexual dysfunction. In girl-student, the needs of sexuality education were high in abortion, sexual damage. In third-grade, the needs of sexuality education were high in personal skill domain as compared with the first and second-grade. And the second-grade's needs were high in sexual behavior domain. In academic school students, the needs of sexuality education were high in sexual behavior and sexual health domain as compared with vocational school. In conclusion, a variety of systematic sex education programs suitable for each characteristic of adolescence should be in need of being developed to the base on the sex educational needs of the students.
A Study for Risk Factors of Mild and Moderate.Severe Hypertension
Eun Ju Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1998;9(2):350-361.   Published online December 31, 1998
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In an attempt to examine the risk factors and analyze an odds ratio for risk factors associated with mild and moderate. severe hypertension, this study was carried out from August, 1987 to September, 1997. From periodic health examinations of insured adults, 747 subjects were assigned to nomotensives, mild hypertensives and moderate.severe hypertensives. Major findings obtained from the study are as follows: 1. The Body mass index(BMI) was revealed a significant difference among the 3 groups. Also, there was a significant positive correlation between the BMI and systolic, dyastolic blood pressure. 2. Cholesterol was revealed to be significantly different among the 3 groups. Also, there was a significant positive correlation between the cholesterol and systolic, dyastolic blood pressure. 3. Urine protein and a cardiovascular family history was revealed to be significantly different among the 3 groups. The presence of urine protein and cardiovascular family history were significantly higher in hypertensives than nomotensives. 4. A preference for salty food, a preference for flesh and the frequency of flesh eating were not significantly different among the 3 groups. 5. Smoking habits, frequency and duration of cigarette smoking were not significantly different among 3 groups. 6. The habit of alcohol consumption and the frequency and duration of alcohol consumption were not significantly different among the 3 groups. 7. The habit of exercise and its frequency and duration were not significantly different among the 3 groups. 8. Statistically significant elevated odds ratios were noted in the following BMI(mild hypertensives; 2.48, moderate.severe hypertensives ; 4.65), urine protein(mild hypertensives ; 2.37, moderate.severe hypertensives; 6.77), cholesterol(moderate.severe hypertensives ;1.64), cardiovascular family histoy(moderate.severe hypertensives; 4.77). Based on these results, the significant risk factors of mild, moderate. severe hypertension were BMI, cholesterol, urine protein, and family history, but diet, smoking, alcohol consumption, and exercise had no significant association.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing