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Eun Ok Park 14 Articles
Influence of Emotional Intelligence, Communication, and Organizational Commitment on Nursing Productivity among Korean Nurses
Hyo Geun Geun, Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(2):226-233.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.2.226
  • 1,042 View
  • 30 Download
  • 15 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Improving productivity in nursing practice is an important issue. This study investigated factors affecting nursing productivity of Korean clinical nurses.
METHODS
A structured survey tool was used in a cross-sectional design with a convenience sample of 239 nurses working in university hospitals. Stepwise multiple regressions were done to identify influential factors.
RESULTS
The level of nursing productivity was at a moderate level (3.3 out of 5). Those nurses who were over 36, married, over master-graduated, regularly employed, on day duty, and with experiences as a charge or head nurse reported better achievements in nursing productivity than the other groups of nurses. All three independent variables, age, and employment status explained 55.4% of the variance in nursing productivity.
CONCLUSION
The leaders and managers of nursing organizations should develop educational programs aimed at increasing nurses' competencies in relation to emotion controls and communication skills, which consequently should improve nursing productivity.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • How do organizational culture and leadership style affect nurse presenteeism and productivity?: A cross sectional study of Hong Kong acute public hospitals
    Juliana Nga Man Lui, Ellie Bostwick Andres, Janice Mary Johnston
    International Journal of Nursing Studies.2024; 152: 104675.     CrossRef
  • Emotional Intelligence among Nurses and Its Relationship with Their Performance and Work Engagement: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Fatimah Turjuman, Bayan Alilyyani, Majed Alamri
    Journal of Nursing Management.2023; 2023: 1.     CrossRef
  • The Mediating Role of Work Satisfaction in the Relationship between Organizational Communication Satisfaction and Organizational Commitment of Healthcare Professionals: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Helmy Jameel Abu Dalal, Vimala Ramoo, Mei Chan Chong, Mahmoud Danaee, Yousef I. Aljeesh, Veshaaliini Uma Rajeswaran
    Healthcare.2023; 11(6): 806.     CrossRef
  • “Now I Understand You”: Changes in the Communication of Professionals in Nursing Homes After Receiving Training in the Validation Method
    Iván Sánchez-Martínez, Montserrat Celdrán, Javier Jerez-Roig
    The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing.2023; 54(4): 157.     CrossRef
  • Attitudes towards Communication in Nursing Students and Nurses: Are Social Skills and Emotional Intelligence Important?
    Lucía Sanchis-Giménez, Laura Lacomba-Trejo, Vicente Prado-Gascó, María del Carmen Giménez-Espert
    Healthcare.2023; 11(8): 1119.     CrossRef
  • Pathway Analysis on the Effects of Nursing Informatics Competency, Nursing Care Left Undone, and Nurse Reported Quality of Care on Nursing Productivity among Clinical Nurses
    Mi Yu, Se Young Kim, Ji Min Ryu
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2023; 53(2): 236.     CrossRef
  • THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PAIN MANAGEMENT SELF-EFFICACY AND EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE IN NURSES OF BANEH CITY HOSPITALS IN 2021
    Bigard Ghadrnezhad, Ronak Shahoei, Bijan Nouri, Marya Kalhor
    Nursing and Midwifery Journal.2023; 21(4): 260.     CrossRef
  • Beneath the Surface: Uncovering the relationship between ego states, organizational commitment, and productivity among Indian bankers
    Habeeb Ur Rahiman, Rashmi Kodikal
    Asia Pacific Management Review.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Association between the Nurses` Productivity and Quality of Work Life in Covid-19 Referral Hospital: Evidence from Iran
    Peivand Bastani, Ali Reza Yusefi, Sudabeh Ahmadidarrehsima, Mahsa Mashayekhi
    The Open Public Health Journal.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The impact of organisational communication satisfaction on health care professionals' work engagement
    Helmy Jameel Abu Dalal, Vimala Ramoo, Mei Chan Chong, Mahmoud Danaee, Yousef I. Aljeesh
    Journal of Nursing Management.2022; 30(1): 214.     CrossRef
  • Person-centred care among intensive care unit nurses: A cross-sectional study
    Hyuna Youn, Miyoung Lee, Sun Joo Jang
    Intensive and Critical Care Nursing.2022; 73: 103293.     CrossRef
  • HEMŞİRELERİN VERİMLİLİK TUTUMLARININ FARKLI VARDİYALAR İLE BİREYSEL VE MESLEKİ ÖZELLİKLERİNE GÖRE KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI
    Saide DURMAZ, Arzu HARMANCI SEREN
    Verimlilik Dergisi.2022; (4): 771.     CrossRef
  • İŞLETMELERDE DUYGUSAL ZEKANIN ROLÜ, ÖNEMİ VE POTANSİYELİ: UYGULAMALAR VE ÖRNEKLER
    Erdoğan KOÇ
    Bandırma Onyedi Eylül Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Araştırmaları Dergisi.2021; 4(2): 21.     CrossRef
  • Communication and humanization of care: Effects over burnout on nurses
    María del Mar Molero Jurado, Iván Herrera-Peco, María del Carmen Pérez-Fuentes, Nieves Fátima Oropesa Ruiz, África Martos Martínez, Diego Ayuso-Murillo, Jose Jesús Gázquez Linares, César Leal-Costa
    PLOS ONE.2021; 16(6): e0251936.     CrossRef
  • A multilevel analysis of the impact of group organisational citizenship behaviour on nurse–patient relationship: The mediating effect of work engagement and the moderating effect of emotional intelligence
    Li Gou, Guofeng Wang, Li Feng, Yuxia Zhang
    Journal of Nursing Management.2021; 29(2): 342.     CrossRef
Effects of Visiting Laughter Therapy on Depression and Insomnia among the Vulnerable Elderly
Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(2):205-213.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.2.205
  • 621 View
  • 7 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of visiting laughter therapy on depression and insomnia in the vulnerable elderly.
METHODS
A quasi-experimental nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used for this study. The participants were 87 elderly who were registered in the Tailored Visiting Health Program of public health centers. Data were collected from September to November 2010. The experimental group received visiting laughter therapy froma visiting nurse who had taken laughter training provided by laughter therapy experts. The experimental group received 10~15 min of laughter therapy once a week for 8 weeks. The instruments included Geriatric Depression Scale and Insomnia Severity Index to measure depression and sleep problems before and after the laughter therapy.
RESULTS
The results showed that visiting laughter therapy was effective in decreasing depression and insomnia among the vulnerable elderly.
CONCLUSION
These findings indicate that laughter therapy may be an effective nursing intervention to improve depression and insomnia Further studies would be needed to identify the difference of effects according to time, interval, or period of visiting laughter therapy and to evaluate the lasting effect of visiting laughter therapy.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • GELENEKSEL VE TAMAMLAYICI TIP UYGULAMALARININ GÜLEN YÜZÜ: KAHKAHA YOGASI
    Zülfünaz ÖZER, Sebahat AKBAL ATEŞ
    Journal of Anatolia Nursing and Health Sciences.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of laughter yoga on hemodialysis patients’ plasma-beta endorphin levels, pain levels and sleep quality: A randomized controlled trial
    Zülfünaz Özer, Sebahat Ateş
    Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice.2021; 43: 101382.     CrossRef
  • Animal‐Assisted Therapy as an Intervention for Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis to Guide Evidence‐Based Practice
    Sun Ju Chang, Jongeun Lee, Hyeran An, Woi‐Hyun Hong, Joo Yun Lee
    Worldviews on Evidence-Based Nursing.2021; 18(1): 60.     CrossRef
  • Laughter-inducing therapies: Systematic review and meta-analysis
    C. Natalie van der Wal, Robin N. Kok
    Social Science & Medicine.2019; 232: 473.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression and Sleep among Patients at Long-term Care Hospitals
    Ji Hyoung Han, Kyung Min Park, Heeok Park
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2017; 29(5): 560.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Laughter Therapy on Arthralgia, Ankylosis, Depression, and Sleep of Elderly Housebound Women with Osteoarthritis
    Chung Soon Kim, Sook Hi Jang, You Young Cho
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2015; 17(2): 123.     CrossRef
  • Sleep Disorder Experience in Older Patients with Depression
    Seong-Sook Jun, Su-Jung Ha
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2014; 44(3): 270.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Laughter Therapy on Depression in elderly
    Mi Young Chang
    Journal of Digital Convergence.2014; 12(6): 501.     CrossRef
A Comparison of Community Health Status by Region and an Investigation of related Factors using Community Health Indicators
Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(1):31-39.   Published online March 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.1.31
  • 681 View
  • 0 Download
  • 17 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this paper was to compare community health status by region and to investigate related factors using community health and social indicators.
METHODS
Data were collected from statistics of local districts that were provided by KNSO and KCDC. ANOVA and correlation were analyzed using PASW 18.0.
RESULTS
The standardized cancer mortality rate was higher in metropolitan areas than in other areas. On the contrary, the mortality of respiratory disease, traffic accident, and suicide were higher in rural areas. Small cities and county districts showed higher prevalence in obesity prevalence than metropolitan areas. Metropolitan areas presented higher prevalence in alcohol drinking during the previous month, perceived stress, and seat belt use. The age-adjusted standardized mortality rate was correlated with higher prevalence of smoking, obesity, percentage of the elderly, number of beds, number of social welfare facilities, number of registered cars, lower percentage of financial independence, number of doctors, and percentage of water supply service & sewage.
CONCLUSION
Since significant differences in mortality rate and prevalence of health risk behaviors exist between regional areas and the mortality rate was correlated with other social indicators and health indicators, health policies and social policies considering these differences should be develop and implemented to the communities.

Citations

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  • Measuring Regional Social Cohesion by Objective Indices: The Case of Korea
    Kim Sung-Geun
    International Journal of Community Well-Being.2022; 5(3): 587.     CrossRef
  • Effect of High Temperature on Walking among Residents of Rural and Urban Communities
    Mi-Ji Kim, Joo Hyun Sung, Ki-Soo Park
    Yonsei Medical Journal.2022; 63(12): 1130.     CrossRef
  • Regional Prevalence of Dyslipidemia, Healthcare Utilization, and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in South Korean: A Retrospective Cohort Study
    Kyu-Tae Han, SeungJu Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(2): 538.     CrossRef
  • Income-Related Mortality Inequalities and Its Social Factors among Middle-Aged and Older Adults at the District Level in Aging Seoul: An Ecological Study Using Administrative Big Data
    Minhye Kim, Suzin You, Jong-sung You, Seung-Yun Kim, Jong Heon Park
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 19(1): 383.     CrossRef
  • Development of the Korean Community Health Determinants Index (K-CHDI)
    Dun-Sol Go, Young-Eun Kim, Seok-Jun Yoon, Kennedy Otwombe
    PLOS ONE.2020; 15(10): e0240304.     CrossRef
  • Multilevel Analysis of Factors Associated with Perceived Good Health and Multimorbidity among Older Adults: Using the 2017 Community Health Survey
    Sunjoo Boo, Young Ran Han, Hye Young Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(Suppl): 549.     CrossRef
  • Do Where The Elderly Live Matter? Factors Associated with Diet Quality among Korean Elderly Population Living in Urban Versus Rural Areas
    Sohyun Park, Hyun Ja Kim, Kirang Kim
    Nutrients.2020; 12(5): 1314.     CrossRef
  • Subnational Burden of Disease According to the Sociodemographic Index in South Korea
    Dun-Sol Go, Young-Eun Kim, Seok-Jun Yoon
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(16): 5788.     CrossRef
  • Effect of Geographic Area on Dietary Quality across Different Age Groups in Korea
    Hyun Ja Kim, Kirang Kim
    Korean Journal of Community Nutrition.2019; 24(6): 453.     CrossRef
  • Associations between Social and Physical Environments, and Physical Activity in Adults from Urban and Rural Regions
    Bongjeong Kim, Hye Sun Hyun
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(1): 16.     CrossRef
  • Visual Analysis of Regional Variations in Antidepressant Use and Suicide Rate
    Ho-Jung Kim, Iyn-Hyang Lee
    Korean Journal of Clinical Pharmacy.2018; 28(4): 308.     CrossRef
  • Regional Disparity of Cardiovascular Mortality and Its Determinants
    Hyeon Jin Kang, Soonman Kwon
    Health Policy and Management.2016; 26(1): 12.     CrossRef
  • Analysing the Effects of Regional Factors on the Regional Variation of Obesity Rates Using the Geographically Weighted Regression
    Da Yang Kim, Jin-Mi Kwak, Eun-Won Seo, Kwang-Soo Lee
    Health Policy and Management.2016; 26(4): 271.     CrossRef
  • Changes and determinants affecting on geographic variations in health behavior, prevalence of hypertension and diabetes in Korean
    Yoo-Mi Kim, Sung-Hong Kang
    Journal of Digital Convergence.2015; 13(11): 241.     CrossRef
  • An ecological study on factors associated with community mortality rates
    Tae-Keun Chi, Kyung Hwa Kwag, Jung Jekarl, Min Su Park, Kwang Kee Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(3): 11.     CrossRef
  • Trends in Colorectal Cancer Incidence in Daejeon and Chungcheongnam-do, South Korea (2000-2012)
    Soon-Young Kim, In-Sun Kweon, Jung-A Kim, Tae-Yong Lee, Hae-Sung Nam
    Journal of agricultural medicine and community health.2015; 40(3): 115.     CrossRef
  • Regional Disparities of Suicide Mortality by Gender
    Eun-Won Seo, Jin-Mi Kwak, Da-Yang Kim, Kwang-Soo Lee
    Health Policy and Management.2015; 25(4): 285.     CrossRef
Validation of Instruments to Classify the Frailty of the Elderly in Community
In Sook Lee, Young Im Park, Eun Ok Park, Soon Hee Lee, Ihn Sook Jeong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(3):302-314.   Published online September 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.3.302
  • 633 View
  • 2 Download
  • 16 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aimed to validate instruments to classify the frailty of Korean elderly people in community.
METHODS
For this study, 632 elders were selected from community-based elderly houses and home visiting registries, and data on frailty were collected using three instruments during November, 2008. The Korean Frail Scale (KFS) was composed of 10 domains with the maximum score of 20. The Edmonton Frail Scale (EFS) had 10 domains with the maximum score of 17. The 25_Japan Frail Scale (25_JFS) was composed of 6 domains with the maximum score of 25. Internal consistency was measured with Cronbach's alpha. Sensitivity, specificity and area under the curve (AUC) of ROC were measured to see validity with long-term care insurance grade as a gold standard.
RESULTS
The Cronbach's alpha was .72 for KFS, .55 for EFS, and .80 for 25_JFS. Sensitivity, specificity, and AUC were 70.0%, 83.2%, and .83, respectively, at cutting point 10.5 for the KFS, 50.0%, 80.9%, and .66, respectively, at 8.5 for EFS, and 80.0%, 85.9%, and .86, respectively, at 12.5 for 25_JFS.
CONCLUSION
KFS and three JFS showed favorable internal consistency and predictive validity. Further longitudinal studies are recommended to confirm predictive validity.

Citations

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  • Effects of Social Interaction and Depression on Homeboundness in Community-Dwelling Older Adults Living Alone
    You-Ri Kim, Hye-Sun Jung
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(6): 3608.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors for Frailty in Critical Care Survivors: A secondary analysis
    Jiyeon Kang, Yeon Jin Jeong, Jun Hee Jang, Minju Lee
    Intensive and Critical Care Nursing.2021; 64: 102981.     CrossRef
  • Development and validation of a questionnaire to measure post-intensive care syndrome
    Yeon Jin Jeong, Jiyeon Kang
    Intensive and Critical Care Nursing.2019; 55: 102756.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with frailty among community-dwelling older adults by age group: A multi-dimensional approach
    Lee Seyune, Kim Hongsoo, Jung Young-il, Hong Yun-chul
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2018; 35(2): 89.     CrossRef
  • Co-occurrence Network Analysis of Keywords in Geriatric Frailty
    Youngji Kim, Soong-nang Jang, Jung Lim Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2018; 29(4): 429.     CrossRef
  • The Evaluation of Feasibility and Predictive Validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument: Using the 2008 and 2011 Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Korea
    Eunmi Oh, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(2): 206.     CrossRef
  • Korean version of the Fatigue, Resistance, Ambulation, Illnesses and Loss of weight questionnaire versus the Modified Kihon Checklist for Frailty Screening in Community‐Dwelling Older Adults: The Aging Study of PyeongChang Rural Area
    Il‐Young Jang, Hee‐Won Jung, Chang Ki Lee, Kwang Ho Jang, Eun‐Il Cho, Ju Jin Jung, Euna Park, Juyoung Kim, Young Soo Lee, Eunju Lee, Dae Hyun Kim
    Geriatrics & Gerontology International.2017; 17(11): 2046.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of a Comprehensive Intervention Program on the Functional Status and Bone Density of the Socially-Vulnerable and Frail Elderly
    In Sook Lee, Kwang Ok Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2016; 27(1): 51.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Calcium/Vitamin D Intake and Taekkyeon Exercise on the Elderly's Frailty
    Kwang Ok Lee
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2016; 18(3): 185.     CrossRef
  • Predictors and Frailty Level in the Frail Elderly Receiving Home Visiting Health Care Services
    Jeong Sook Park, Yun Jung Oh
    Journal of agricultural medicine and community health.2016; 41(3): 129.     CrossRef
  • Frailty and its related Factors in Vulnerable Elderly Population by Age Groups
    Eunok Park, Mi Yu
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2016; 46(6): 848.     CrossRef
  • Self-rated Health of Frail Elders
    Jihyun Kim, Hwa-Mi Yang, Purum Kang, Jung Eun Choi
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2015; 17(2): 98.     CrossRef
  • Evidence-based Prevention of Frailty in Older Adults
    Yunhwan Lee
    Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society.2015; 19(3): 121.     CrossRef
  • Validity of Instrument Development Research in Korean Nursing Research
    Kyunghee Lee, Sujin Shin
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2013; 43(6): 697.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Health Characteristics on Depression of Elderly Beneficiaries of the National Basic Livelihood Scheme
    Jungyi Hur, Yunjeong Yi, Keum-Jae Lee, Hee Gerl Kim
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2013; 27(2): 327.     CrossRef
  • Frailty Level and Health-related Characteristics among Participants of a Tailored Home Visiting Service
    Insook Lee Ph.D., Ihn Sook Jeong Ph.D.
    Journal of the Korean Geriatrics Society.2012; 16(2): 74.     CrossRef
The Prevalence of Depression and Related Factors among Adults
Eun Ok Park, Moon Doo Kim, Young Ju Son, Hyo Jeong Song, Seong Chul Hong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(3):277-284.   Published online September 30, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to investigate depression prevalence and related factors of depression in Jeju Province.
METHODS
The study sample selected using randomized cluster sampling method, and the unit of cluster was 25 households. Data were collected from 1275 adults in 723 households through home visit interview. The response rate was 89.4%. The instrument used for measuring depression was CES-D, the cut-off score was 21. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test and logistic regression.
RESULTS
The prevalence of depression in Jeju was 18.1%. The significant differences were found with depression prevalence rate by the group of gender, age, inhabited area, marital status, educational status, monthly household income, life satisfaction, socioeconomic status, perceived health status, morbidity during last 2 weeks, perceived stress, perceived fatigue, participation in social activities, and family life satisfaction. The most predictive factors among those variables were perceived fatigue with 17.93 of odds ratio, family life satisfaction with 9.86 odds ratio, and perceived stress with 9.66 of odds ratio.
CONCLUSION
The prevention and management of depression program development was suggested and mental health promotion program for the prevention of depression was suggested.
Analysis of Working Time of Nurses in Urban Public Health Center Branches in South Korea.: Focused on Nurses for Visiting Health Service and Chronic Disease Management
Kyung Ja June, Hee Gerl Kim, Souk Young Kim, Ae Young So, Shin Young Sohn, Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2008;19(4):649-659.   Published online December 31, 2008
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  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to investigate working time of nurses in urban public health center branch, especially for nurses for visiting health service and chronic disease management.
METHOD
Daily note, which was developed by this research team, was distributed to nurses at 7 urban public health center branches to be filled out them for 2 weeks during 2 month from June 2007 to August 2007. We analyzed 121 daily notes recorded by visiting nurses and 65 daily notes written by chronic disease management nurses were analyzed.
RESULTS
The total working time for visiting nurses at urban public health center branches was 589.85 minutes per day on the average. They spent 147.13 min in actual visiting nursing services, 149.36 min in documenting, 66.94 in preparing, 77.69 min in transferring, and 11.84 min in referring. The total working time for chronic disease management nurses at urban public health center branches was 582.92 minutes per day on the average. They spent 148.77 min in actual chronic disease management services, 120.62 min in documenting, 42.46 min in group education, 37.38 in preparing, and 10.38 min in referring.
CONCLUSION
Based on the results of this study, it is recommended to improve documenting systems and to increase community resources linkage were recommended through the results of this study. The results of this study are expected to be used to plan staffing at urban public health center branches in the future.
Analysis of Community Health Status and Related Factors Using Community Health and Social Indicators
Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2008;19(1):13-26.   Published online March 31, 2008
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this paper was to investigate community health status and related factors using community health and social indicators.
METHOD
Data sources were reviewed and data for 10 categories, 75 indicators were collected. Community health status and health-related factors were categorized, and the means and standard deviation of individual indicators were obtained and standardized scores were calculated. In addition, through factor analysis of individual indicators by category using the scores and using the resultant factor coefficients as weights, indexes were calculated by area. Correlation and regression were analyzed.
RESULT
Each indicator was highly correlated with each index, and the indexes were highly correlated with one another. Correlation coefficients were above 0.8 between community health index and population, education, housing, and economy, between population and education, housing and economy, between education and housing and economy, and between housing and economy, environment and industry. But multicollinearity was not found in the result. Significant factors on community health index were population, health personnel and facilities, education, housing and economy, and R-square were 92.4%.
CONCLUSION
Health determinants such as population, health personnel and facilities, education, housing and economy could be influencing factors on community health in community level. These results showed the importance of intersectoral collaboration within a local government. Overall community health can be enhanced by intersectoral collaboration.
Functional Status and Related Factors of Disabled Persons Using WHODAS II
Eun Ok Park, Min Young Kim, Ji Yun Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):651-661.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was performed to identify factors affecting the functional status in disabled persons in the Jeju Province.
METHOD
Data were collected from 318 disabled persons in the Jeju province during the period from the 6th of July to the 11th of October in 2006. The functional status was assessed by the disability assessment schedule II(Whodas II) of the World Health Organization and collected data were analyzed using the SAS 8.0 program.
RESULT
The mean score of WHODAS II was 29.9. According to the results of multiple regression, factors affecting the functional status were perceived health condition(t=3.44, p<.001), brain disorder disability(t=2.55, p<.001), treatment status(t=-1.95, p=.05), drinking(t=2.09, p=.04), stress(t=-2.72, p=.01), depression(t=-2.70, p=.01), heart disease(t=2.62, p=.01) and anemia(t=2.20, p=.03).
CONCLUSION
The functional status was affected by health behaviors, diseases, and the type of disability. Thus, future efforts to promote the functional status of disabled persons may need to take into account all these factors.
A Descriptive Study on the Health Status of University Students and School Personnel for the Development of a University Health Promotion Center
Eun Joo Lee, Jeong Hee Kim, Jung Hee Yeo, Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(2):306-320.   Published online June 30, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify health problems and health behaviors of university students and school personnel based on the PRECEDE model, which will be used as basic data for developing a health promotion center.
METHOD
Data were collected from a convenient sample of 878 university students and school personnel at C-university located in Jeju. The data were collected from May to June 2001 using a self report questionnaire. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics.
RESULT
1. 17.2% of the school personnel and 36.7% of the university students reported that they were not satisfied with their life. 2. 44.0% of the school personnel and 42.1% of the university students described that they consider themselves healthy in terms of perceived health status. 3. The smoking and drinking rates of the school personnel were 30.4% and 78.5%, respectively. For university students, their smoking and drinking rates were 27.3% and 89.9%, respectively. 4. 91.3% of the school personnel and 88.8% of the university students responded that they were distressed.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study showed that the university students and school personnel had various types of health problems, and poor health behavior practices, despite their satisfaction for life. They were vulnerably exposed to unhealthy practices. Therefore, it is suggested that a health promotion program should be provided for university students and school personnel in order to help them maintain healthy lifestyles.
A Structural Equation Modeling on Quality of Social Roles and Health for Married Working Mothers
Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(2):450-458.   Published online September 30, 2001
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  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to establish a structural equatios model on social roles and health for married working mothers. to determine the effects of social roles on Korean women's health and to explore the mediating role of self-esteem in the relationship between social roles qualities and health.
METHOD
Data were collected from 323 employed women with partner and children, lived in Seoul and near Seoul. Response rate was 62.3%. The instruments for measurements were Role Quality Scale developed by Park et al. (1999), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, and 31 items from SF-36 developed by Ware & Sherboune(1992).
RESULTS
The effect of marital role quality on self-esteem and the effect of parental role quality on health were not significant. Modification model fitted with the collected data very well, as evidenced by the small chi-square(0.58). the very high goodness-of-fit (GFI=1.00). and adjusted goodness-of-fit(AGFI=0.99). and very small root mean square residual(RMSR=0.0072). and the slope of Q-plot is over 1.41% of the variance in self-esteem and 21% of the variance in health were accounted for by these variables CONCLUSION: Further research concerned with the mediating effects of self-esteem in the role and health relationship should be covered the issue of various role combinations. And it is necessary to examine the influence of subfactor of quality of social roles on health.
The Influences of Visual and Hearing Impairment on Activities of Daily Living for the Community Dwelling Elderly
Eun Ok Park, Kyung Ja June, Eun Young Kim, Hee Girl Kim, Ae Young So, Ggo Me Yi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(2):417-427.   Published online September 30, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of this study is to identify the influence of visual and hearing impairment on the activities of daily living of community dwelling elderly.
METHODS
Data were collected by home visiting interviewers from 452 older people aged 65 years or older living in community. Resident Assessment Instrument MDS-HC(2.0version) was used for data collection. Data analysis for descriptive statistics, Chi-square test and multiple regression was made by SAS 6.2.
RESULTS
34.7% of the subject had hearing impairment and 64.3% had visual impairment Among IADL, one half of them were dependent in ordinary house work and meal preparation. In the case of ADL, 13.9% of subjects were dependent in bathing and 8.9% in personal hygiene. There was significant difference in IADL performance by visual and hearing impairment On the other hand, ADL performance showed the significant difference only in the case of hearing impairment. As the result of input of visual and hearing impairment in the process of regression, variances were increased from 3% to 11%.
CONCLUSIONS
Large proportions of older people living in the community have visual and hearing impairment. It could be confirmed that hearing and vision were significant factors influencing on IADL performance of older people. Intervention and support policy for elderly needs to focus on improvement of visual and hearing impairment.
Literature Review on Community Health Assessment based on the Concept of "Community as Client"
Kyung Ja June, Young Sook Kwon, Jin Ju Oh, Eun Ok Park, Eun Young Kim, Hee Girl Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2000;11(1):3-20.   Published online June 30, 2000
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The purpose of this study was to compare the concept of community and community health, community health assessment tool, and community health nursing diagnosis based on the concept of "Community as Client". The method for this purpose was to search the articles and textbooks related to community assessment and review the contents by the researchers who were 5 community health nursing faculties and 1 doctoral candidate. The sources of articles were limited in Public Health Nursing and the Journal of Community Health Nursing. As the result, three types of conceptual model were classified: epideiological model. fuctional model. system model. System model by Newman and Helvie included more comprehensive concept of community health than others. Helvie model suggested the most specific indicators among them. The components of nursing diagnosis in the system model had the subjectives. problems and the related factors. It makes the nursing care plan related to the nursing diagnosis. But there was no nursing diagnosis system among the three model. It is needed to compare the nursing intervention based on the concept of "Community as Client". It will be helpful to the community health nursing practice to develop the nursing diagnosis system based on the system model. For the community health nursing education, it is suggested to try the case study by the using three types of model. Finally, it is needed to validate the community assessment tool in Korean setting.
A critic review on the 'medical knowledge of menopausal syndrome'
Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1996;7(1):129-137.   Published online June 30, 1996
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The purpose of this study is to examine the medicalizing process of menopanse with literature review, and then is to explore the knowledge of 'menopausal syndrome' critically, focused on four critics on the biomedical model which were suggested by Mishler. Although menopause is a natural biological phenomenon, the view of many medical researchers and practitioners is that menopause is a disease. After synthetic estrogen was developel in 1938, physicians did agree on two basic assumptions : menopausal women should be managed by physicians, and medical intervention should be given. Menopouse was defined as a deficiency disease (estrogen difficiency) by Wilson in 60's and is redefined as a cause of disease(for example, osteoporosis, heart disease) at the present. But the other view of non-medical researcher is that 'menopausal syndrome' as a disease is constructed medically. It was reported that Only hot flush and sweating of physical symptoms experienced by menopausal women, were associated with menopause. Symptoms of menopausal syndrome are also related with symptons of aging. So, it cann't conclude that menopausal syndrome is resulted from menopause, and it cann't be only explained that menopausal syndrome is related causally to estrogen deficiency, and only treatment by ERT or HRT is best relevant. It cann't assume that menopausal syndrome is a common phenomenon to all menopause women, because culture affected on women's experience of menopause.
Effects of Employment and Marital Status on Health Status of Women and Men
Eun Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 1995;6(1):84-97.   Published online June 30, 1995
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There is a widespread concern that women's increasing involvement in dual role (job plus family role) may harm their physical health. Longevity of women is longer than that of men. By contrast, prevalence rate is higher in women than men, and No. of prevalence days, No. of days in bed and No. of days with treatment are more in women. Generally, women live longer, but women are worse in health status than men. Rate of labor participation in women is increasing gradually in Korea. This study presents an analysis of the relationships between employment. marital status and health for both Korean women and men to examine how women's increasing involvements in dual role affect their physical health. The data used in this analysis were collected by The National Statistical Office in the spring of 1992. Households, which were sampled by using a three-stage stratified cluster sampling method, were interviewed. Response rate was 99.43%. Of these, student or widowed or divorced people were excluded. 47,552 women and men aged 21-50 were available for the analysis. Health status was measured by self-assessed health status (1=excellent, 5=poor), No. of prevalent days, No. of days with treatment, and No. of days in bed in two previous weeks. And control variables are age, and education. Research findings are as follows : 1. Men have better self-rated health, fewer prevalent days, fewer days in bed, and fewer days with treatment than women. 2. The employed are more healthier than the non-employed. 3. Unmarried people are more healthier than married people. 4. Interaction effects of sex, marital status, employment are significant. This finding shows that effects of empolyment, marital status on health status is not same for women and men. 5. For male, employed people are more healthier than non-employed people. Unmarried people are more healthier than married people. This differences are significant. For female, The employed are more healthier than the non-employed. However, no differences are noticed between the married and the unmarried in health status. In conclusion, there is no evidence that women's involvements in dual role affect their physical health negatively.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing