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Gwi Ryung Son Hong 2 Articles
Predictors of Chewing Discomfort among Community-dwelling Elderly
Seol Hwa Moon, Gwi Ryung Son Hong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(3):302-312.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.3.302
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  • 1 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify associated factors of chewing discomfort among community-dwelling elderly.
METHODS
The study was cross-sectional design and secondary data analysis using the 6th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among the total of 7,550 participants, data was analyzed with 1,126 adults aged 65 years and over. Chewing discomfort was assessed by the perceived chewing discomfort. Multivariate logistic regression analysis was used to find the associated factors of chewing discomfort.
RESULTS
Along with 61.7% of the participants reported having chewing discomfort, 85.2% reported to perceive poor oral health and 35.0% had oral pain. In multivariate logistic regression, perceived oral health (OR 3.22, 95% CI 2.24~4.63), oral pain (OR 2.46, 95% CI 1.76~3.43), activity limitation (OR 1.71, 95% CI 1.05~2.80), teeth requiring treatment (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.14~2.26), number of remaining teeth (OR 1.60, 95% CI 1.22~2.10) and educational level (OR 1.56, 95% CI 1.15~2.12) were the significant predictors of chewing discomfort.
CONCLUSION
The prevalence in chewing discomfort was high in elderly Koreans and various factors were associated with chewing discomfort. To improve chewing ability, it is suggested that the national level of policies offer strategical oral health programs in this population.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Suggestions for the Work of Dental Hygienists and a Reflection of Health Insurance Charges according to Demographic Changes
    Myung-Jin Lee, Sang-Hwan Oh
    Journal of Dental Hygiene Science.2020; 20(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Estimating Lifetime Dental Care Expenditure in South Korea: An Abridged Life Table Approach
    Minsung Sohn, Xianhua Che, Sungwon Lim, Hee-Jung Park
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(9): 3308.     CrossRef
  • Change over a period of 9 years in self-reported oral health of a middle-aged population using 4-6th KNHANES data
    Song-Yi Kim, Nam-Hee Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.2019; 43(2): 50.     CrossRef
The Evaluation of Feasibility and Predictive Validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument: Using the 2008 and 2011 Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Korea
Eun Mi Oh, Gwi Ryung Son Hong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):206-215.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.206
  • 440 View
  • 1 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aimed to verify the predictive validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument (CKFI) among older adults.
METHODS
A secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study was conducted. Frailty was determined in older adults (N=9,188) according to the data in 2008 and the effects of frailty on adverse outcomes (such as institutionalization and death) were evaluated according to the data in 2011. The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) index was used to compare with the predictive validity of CKFI.
RESULTS
The prevalence of frailty was 26.3%. With the CKFI, the frail group had a higher risk of negative health outcomes compared to the robust and pre-frail groups after three years. The two of the highest risks identified using the CKFI and CHS index were institutionalization (5.522 times higher) and mortality (3.210 times higher). For both instruments, the survival analysis revealed that the risk of death increased as the degree of frailty increased.
CONCLUSION
The CKFI consisting of self-report items and multidimensional aspects of frailty can be used as a simple instrument for assessing the frailty of older adults residing in a local community in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Frailty assessment using routine clinical data: An integrative¬†review
    Arum Lim, JiYeon Choi, Hyunju Ji, Hyangkyu Lee
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2022; 99: 104612.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Frailty, Depression, and Loneliness on Ego-Integrity in Community-Dwelling Elderly
    Seon Ju Song, Sung Hee Ko, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim
    STRESS.2022; 30(3): 139.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with frailty among community-dwelling older adults by age group: A multi-dimensional approach
    Lee Seyune, Kim Hongsoo, Jung Young-il, Hong Yun-chul
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2018; 35(2): 89.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing