Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing

OPEN ACCESS
SEARCH
Search

Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Search
Hae Ja Woo 2 Articles
Effect of Sex Education on Middle School Students' Access to the Obscene Online Computer and Video Film Contents
Hae Ja Woo, Chung Nam Kim, Kyung Min Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(3):795-814.   Published online December 31, 2001
  • 236 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
To evaluate the effect of sex education on middle school students' access to the obscene online computer and video film contents, 154 students were selected as experimental group, and 154 students were selected as control group, sampled randomly from Andong, Kyungbook, Korea. An analysis was performed. A non-equivalent control group pre test-post test research design was used. The data were collected from April 2nd to April 19th, 2001. A pre-survey was done on general characteristics and the condition of accessing obscene online computer and video film contents on both experimental and control group. From the survey results information, sex education contents were put together. The researcher organized 3 ready-made sex education program and explained to the four school health nurses about the ready-made sex education program step by step and they educated their selected students with three classes of 45 minutes lecture. Two weeks after the last lecture, a post-test was conducted. Four weeks from the last lecture, another post-test was conducted. The existing studies by Choi Yongseon(1998) and Kim Hyeok(1998) were reviewed and two professors in the department of community health nursing advised on the study questionnaire writing. An SPSS Win 10.0 was used. The data of respondents' general characteristics were analyzed using frequency and percentage. chi2 test was used to verify the homogeneity of the experimental group and the control group. Repeated Measures ANOVA was used to find out whether sex education had an effect on the awareness of obscene online computer and video film contents and under-age prostitution through the online computer networks, and time and frequency of access to the obscene online computer and video film contents. The results of the study are as follow. 1. The results of the verification of homogeneity between the experimental group and the control group showed that there was no significant difference between the experimental group and the control group. 2. The first hypothesis, 'the experimental group which received sex education would have a higher level of awareness of accessing obscene contents than the control group which did not receive the education' was supported at p<0.0001. 3. The second hypothesis, 'the experimental group which received sex education would have a higher level of awareness of underage prostitution on computer networks than the control group which did not receive the education' was supported at p<0.05. 4. The third hypothesis, 'the experimental group which received sex education would spend time less accessing obscene video and computer contents than the control group which did not receive the education' was rejected at p>0.05. 5. The 4-1 hypothesis, 'the experimental group which received sex education would access obscene computer contents less frequently than the control group which did not receive the education' was supported at p<0.0001. 6. The 4-2 hypothesis, 'the experimental group which received sex education would access obscene video contents less frequently than the control group which did not receive the education' was supported at p<0.0001. In conclusion, a systematic step-by-step sex education program should be developed to protect middle school students from the harmful online computer and video film access. An effective teaching material for sex education should be prepared to decrease middle school students' access to obscene online computer and video film contents.
A Cross Sectional Study on Elementary Students' Access to Computer Online Pornography
Jung Nam Kim, Hae Ja Woo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(1):150-167.   Published online March 31, 2001
  • 151 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
This cross sectional study was done to find out the situation of computer online pornography access by 4th to 6th grade elementary school students. The subjects of this study were three elementary schools in Andong which were selected randomly and 120 students randomly selected from 4 th to 6th grade for a total of 360 students. The questionnaire was composed with the help of a community health nursing professor and through the reference review. The collected data were analysed by a PC SPAA 10.0 according to school grade and sex and chi2-test was implemented to learn what percent of students have computers and softwear which prohibit the viewing of online pornography access motivation and time content viewed attitude after accessing the contents and opinions about somputer online pornography. The results of this study were as follows: 1. A total of 86.1% of students had computers at home. Most students placed computers in their own room. 78.9% of students had computer online communication experience. Higher grade students tended to have more experience of communications on the internet (P<0.001) Most students used computers more than one hour a day(P<0.05). They used computers according to the following priorities: game studying listening to music communications chatting. 2. Regarding the frequency of going computer online more than seven times per week male students showed a higher frequency than female students (P<0.05) Male students used computers more than one hour a day and female students less than half an hour (P<0.001) Male students mostly used computers to play computer games. On the other hand female students used the computer to study listen to music and chat (P<0.001) 3. Regarding software installation to prevent access of computer online pornography a total of 19.4% of students responded they installed one but 80.6% didn't have any 20.3% of students had accessed pornography 46.6% of students responded they first get to know to the computer online pornography through friends. 4. The reasons for accessing computer online pornography were ranked as follows: curiostiy interest to release stress and sex drive (p<0.05) Obscene contents were found in computer games pictures and video among these pictures were the most common. 5. Regarding students' attitude toward online pornography most students responded that they took much pleasure in the contents(P<0.05). 6. Regarding th question 'Does online pornography degarde morals and cause a sex crime' most students responded as 'no'. They also responded positively to the suggestion that the contents would be effective in preventing sex crimes and to release stress 74.7% of students responded that males'n access of the contents as proper but females' access as immoral. Regarding social efforts to protect students from this harmful environment most replied that those efforts were unnecessary (P<0.001).

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing