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Hyang Sook Kim 2 Articles
An Analysis of Articles for Health Promotion Behaviors of Korean Middle-Aged
Young Sil Kang, Mi Ja Chung, Yong Sook Park, Yeong Sook Lee, Hyang Sook Kim, Dong Mae Lee, Dong Won Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(1):75-86.   Published online March 31, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study has a purpose to suggest research and intervention directions for health promoting behaviors (HPB) of the Korean middle-aged in the future.
METHODS
Forty four articles on HPB of the Korean middle-aged were reviewed and analyzed. The articles analyzed are theses written for a doctoral or master's degree and published between 1995 and 2007.
RESULTS
1. As for the major characteristics of the subject groups, most of them were between 40 and 60 years old (61.4%), were females (79.5%), and resided in cities (84.1%). 2. The dependent variables adopted were physiological, psychological and cognitive factors (self-efficacy, knowledge of health management, etc.), HPB and factors related to Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile (HPLP). 3. The average scores of HPLP were 1.57~3.08 on a 4-point scale. The highest score was observed in self-actualization, and the lowest score in exercise. 4. Self-efficacy, perceived health status and income had significant correlations with HPB. 5. In regression analysis, self-efficacy, self-esteem and perceived health status were the most powerful predictors.
CONCLUSION
It is necessary to develop intervention tools for more diverse HPB of the Korean middle-aged. The interventions are recommended to focus on increasing exercise and to use strategies for improving self-efficacy and self-esteem.
The Effects of a Calligraphy and Exercise Program on Korean Elders' Self-esteem, Stress, Quality of Life and Physical Health
Young Eun, Sun Hyae Woo, Eun Shim Kim, Hyang Sook Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2008;19(1):76-87.   Published online March 31, 2008
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conduct to develop a calligraphy and exercise program and examine its effects on the self-esteem, stress, quality of life and physical health of the elderly in a community health post in Korea.
METHOD
The subjects consisted of 43 elders (experimental group: 20, control group: 23) who were attending the program of a community health post. The experimental group participated in the calligraphy and exercise program for 12 weeks (3 times a week, 120 minutes a session). Data were collected before and after the program.
RESULTS
1) The experimental group showed significant improvement in self-esteem and quality of life and significant reduction in stress compared to the control group. 2) The experimental group and the control group were not significantly different in muscle strength and flexibility.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that the calligraphy and exercise program for old adults can improve their psychological health and quality of life.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing