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Hyeon Sik Chu 2 Articles
Family and Community Factors Associated with Life Satisfaction of the Urban Community-dwelling Elderly across Age Groups: Focusing on the Importance of Social Capital
Hyeon Sik Chu, Han Yi Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):207-216.   Published online June 30, 2022
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study was to identify differences and influencing factors in the level of life satisfaction among the urban community-dwelling elderly by age group. Methods The study was conducted utilizing the secondary data of 2017 Seoul Survey in a cross-sectional design. Of 42,688 participants in total, the data of 7,927 adults aged 65 or older were analyzed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, chi-square test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression. Results There were significant differences between age groups, and it was found that the old elderly groups had significantly higher life satisfaction than the oldest elderly group (t=8.37, p<.011). In common, family and community factors influencing life satisfaction in the two age groups were companion animals (old elderly: β=.03, p=.002; oldest elderly: β=.06, p=.021), social network (old elderly: β=.10, p<.001; oldest elderly: β=.08, p=.008), and social support (old elderly: β=.05, p<.001; oldest elderly: β=.08, p=.005). Conclusion Based on these results, social welfare and nursing care services focusing on social capital and age group-specific interventions are needed to improve life satisfaction of the elderly. This study might provide the possibility and evidence for a program to improve life satisfaction for the urban community-dwelling elderly, including social capital elements.
Effects of Social Capital on Subjective Health in the Community Indwelling Elderly
Hyeon Sik Chu, Young Ran Tak
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2018;29(2):184-193.   Published online June 30, 2018
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  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
The aim of this study is to examine a path model on the relationship among social capital, physical activity and subjective health status in the community indwelling elderly.
The study was conducted utilizing the 2014 Seoul Survey, in the method of analyzing cross-sectional design and secondary data. Among 45,497 participants in total, the data of 4578 adults aged 65 or above was analyzed. Social capital was measured by social trust and social participation. Physical activity was measured by regular exercise. Additionally, a numerical rating scale was used to assess subjective health status. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficients and path analysis.
Social participation and physical activity showed a direct effect on subjective health status in community indwelling elderly while social trust and physical activity showed an indirect effect on their subjective health status. The hypothetical path model of community indwelling elderly's subjective health status was proved correct.
Findings from this study indicate that health-promoting intervention for community indwelling elderly should consider social trust and participation.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Buffering Effects of Social Capital on Inequalities in Subjective Well-Being Among Older People
    Bomi Choi, Hey Jung Jun
    Social Indicators Research.2022; 160(2-3): 565.     CrossRef
  • Relationships between Social Capital, Social Capital Satisfaction, Self-Esteem, and Depression among Elderly Urban Residents: Analysis of Secondary Survey Data
    Lee, Lee, Song
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 16(8): 1445.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing