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Hyo Jeong Song 1 Article
The Prevalence of Depression and Related Factors among Adults
Eun Ok Park, Moon Doo Kim, Young Ju Son, Hyo Jeong Song, Seong Chul Hong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(3):277-284.   Published online September 30, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to investigate depression prevalence and related factors of depression in Jeju Province.
METHODS
The study sample selected using randomized cluster sampling method, and the unit of cluster was 25 households. Data were collected from 1275 adults in 723 households through home visit interview. The response rate was 89.4%. The instrument used for measuring depression was CES-D, the cut-off score was 21. Data were analyzed using Chi-square test and logistic regression.
RESULTS
The prevalence of depression in Jeju was 18.1%. The significant differences were found with depression prevalence rate by the group of gender, age, inhabited area, marital status, educational status, monthly household income, life satisfaction, socioeconomic status, perceived health status, morbidity during last 2 weeks, perceived stress, perceived fatigue, participation in social activities, and family life satisfaction. The most predictive factors among those variables were perceived fatigue with 17.93 of odds ratio, family life satisfaction with 9.86 odds ratio, and perceived stress with 9.66 of odds ratio.
CONCLUSION
The prevention and management of depression program development was suggested and mental health promotion program for the prevention of depression was suggested.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing