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Jeong Lim Ryu 1 Article
Gender Differences in the Effects of Weight, Weight Perception, and Weight Satisfaction on Depression in Adolescents
Jin Suk Ra, Hye Sun Kim, Jeong Lim Ryu
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(4):359-365.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.4.359
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aims to investigate gender differences in the association between depressive symptoms and weight, weight perception, and body satisfaction among Korean adolescents.
METHODS
A secondary data analysis was performed on data from 33,374 adolescents who participated in the 2015 Adolescent Health Behavior Online Survey. They were classified as underweight, normal weight, or overweight/obese; weight perception was classified into perception of being underweight, normal weight, or overweight/obese; and weight satisfaction into desire to gain weight, satisfied, and desire to lose weight.
RESULTS
Among boys, perception of being underweight (adjusted odds ratio [AOR]: 1.20, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.07~1.35) and desire to gain weight (AOR: 1.45, 95% CI: 1.30~1.62) were associated with depression. Among girls, perception of being overweight or obese (AOR: 1.18, 95% CI: 1.07~1.29) and a desire to lose weight (AOR: 1.30, 95% CI: 1.18~1.42) were associated with depression.
CONCLUSION
Gender differences were observed in the association between weight perception and depression in adolescents. The perception of being underweight among boys and the perception of being overweight/overweight among girls were associated with depression. Thus, gender-specific intervention programs to correct weight perception and weight satisfaction are needed in order to relieve depressive symptoms in adolescents.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Moderating Effects of Student Engagement on the Relationship Between Weight Bias Internalization and Depressive Symptoms Among Adolescent Girls With Higher Weight
    Jin Suk Ra
    The Journal of Early Adolescence.2024; 44(3): 365.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of body weight dissatisfaction among adolescents: a systematic review
    Mariana Contiero San Martini, Daniela de Assumpção, Marilisa Berti de Azevedo Barros, Josiemer Mattei, Antônio de Azevedo Barros Filho
    Revista Paulista de Pediatria.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Age and gender differences in misperceptions of body shape in a Taiwanese population
    Hui-Ching Weng, Sheng-Mao Chang, Jason C. Hsu, Yung-Ning Yang, Chung-Ying Lin
    Journal of Eating Disorders.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with the Weight Bias Internalization of the Girls in Early Adolescence
    Jin Suk Ra, Soon Ok Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2021; 32(2): 140.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing