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Joohee Shim 1 Article
Analyzing Factors Affecting Cognitive Function in the Elderly using Computerized Neurocognitive Tests
Joohee Shim, Seung Wan Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):107-117.   Published online June 30, 2017
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study is to examine the cognitive function in the elderly and to identify the influencing factors.
The design of this study was descriptive research design. A total of 139 elderly people (aged 65 years and over) visiting the electroencephalogram (EEG) center in Seoul, Korea were evaluated. Data were assessed by self-administered questionnaires and CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS). Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 23.0 for Windows.
There were significant differences in the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), executive functions and reasoning according to education level. K-MMSE, visual memory and executive functions were different depending on the jobs. Age was highly correlated with cognitive function. In addition, stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that the factor significantly associated with reaction time and visual memory was depression. Depression and Trait-Anxiety had significant impacts on executive functions and K-MMSE.
CNSVS enabled the accurate and objective measurement of cognitive function. Therefore, this study provides useful data to improve cognitive function of the community-dwelling elderly. The results suggested that there is need for comprehensive interventional programs that manage cognitive impairment.


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RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing