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Mi Jeong Park 1 Article
The Effect of Music Therapy on the Elderly People's Depression and Life-Satisfaction
Mi Jeong Park, Young Chung
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005;16(3):241-248.   Published online September 30, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This research was carried out to examine if music therapy is effective in decreasing elderly people's depression level and in increasing their life satisfaction level.
METHODS
This study used the quasi-experimental design with nonequivalent control group and the pre-test and post-test design, and was conducted from the 26th of July to the 26th of September in 2004. Data were collected using a questionnaire developed by Y.esavage et al. (1983) to measure depression level and one developed by Yoon (1982) to measure life satisfaction level. The subjects were 80 elderly people who were the members of an elderly welfare center in G city. The subjects were divided into an experimental group (n=40) and a control group (n=40).
RESULTS
The first hypothesis' The depression level will be lowered in the experimental group who received music therapy' was supported (t=3.856, p=.000). The second hypothesis' The life satisfaction level will be raised in the experimental group who received music therapy' was supported (t=2.040, p=.045). The results above suggest that music therapy can be an effective nursing intervention for reducing the depression level and increasing the life satisfaction level of elderly people.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing