Skip Navigation
Skip to contents

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing


Author index

Page Path
HOME > Browse articles > Author index
Min Young Jung 1 Article
Hand Hygiene Compliance among Visitors at a Long-term Care Hospital in Korea: A Covert Observation Study
Min Young Jung, Ja Hyun Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(1):99-107.   Published online March 31, 2019
  • 1,150 View
  • 24 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
This study aimed to assess hand hygiene (HH) compliance among visitors at a long-term care hospital in South Korea.
The study was conducted at a 502-bed long-term care hospital located in Gyeonggi-do Province. From July 1 to August 15, 2017, including more than 6 weekends and one holiday, a trained observer covertly assessed visitors' HH at all five units (360 beds in total) of the study hospital building until the completion of 1,000 HH opportunities (i.e., 200 opportunities per unit). The modified World Health Organization (WHO) HH observation form was used. Instead of professional categories and the “before clean/aseptic procedure” moment, the estimated age range for each visitor were recorded in four categories: children (<14 years old), adolescents (14~18), adults (19~64), and the elderly (≥65). The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 22.0.
A total of 1,000 HH opportunities were observed from 766 visitors (an average of 1.31 per visitor) and the overall HH compliance rate was 20.3%. Overall, 53.7% of the HH cases were performed with soap and water. Among the 4 HH moments, the “after body fluid exposure risk” moment showed the highest compliance rate (83.5%); 93.9% used soap and water. The most commonly exposed potential body fluid among visitors was saliva (48.1%).
For hospital visitors in long-term care hospitals, HH education programs including HH moments need to be developed and implemented. Further studies are necessary to evaluate visitors' HH compliance in various hospital settings and find the related variables influencing visitors' HH.


Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Compliance of patient companions and visitors with hand hygiene: an observational study
    H.N. Kaya, B. Süslü, R. Aydın, S. Atay
    Journal of Hospital Infection.2023; 136: 85.     CrossRef
  • Hand Hygiene Compliance of Caregivers for Hospitalized Patients in Liver Transplant Wards at a Tertiary-care Hospital in Korea
    Songhee Namgung, JaHyun Kang, Mina Yun, Younjin Kim, Seonhee Kwon
    Korean Journal of Healthcare-Associated Infection Control and Prevention.2023; 28(2): 233.     CrossRef
  • Exploring factors influencing the compliance of patients and family carers with infection prevention and control recommendations across Bangladesh, Indonesia, and South Korea
    Ji Yeon Park, Jerico Franciscus Pardosi, Titik Respati, Eka Nurhayati, Md. Saiful Islam, Kamal Ibne Amin Chowdhury, Holly Seale
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Examining the inclusion of patients and their family members in infection prevention and control policies and guidelines across Bangladesh, Indonesia, and South Korea
    Ji Yeon Park, Jerico Franciscus Pardosi, Holly Seale
    American Journal of Infection Control.2020; 48(6): 599.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing