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Song Whi Noh 1 Article
Job Analysis of Visiting Nurses in the Process of Change Using FGI and DACUM
Ji Eun Kim, In Sook Lee, Jin A Choo, Song Whi Noh, Han Na Park, So Hyeon Gweon, Kyung Hee Lee, Kyoung Ok Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(1):13-31.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.1.13
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AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study conducted a job analysis of visiting nurses in the process of change.
Methods
Participants were the visiting nurses working for the Seoul Metropolitan city. On the basis of the Public Health Intervention Wheel model, two times of the focus group interview (FGI) with seven visiting nurses and one time of the Developing a Curriculum (DACUM) with 34 visiting nurses were performed. A questionnaire survey of 380 visiting nurses was conducted to examine the frequency, importance and difficulty levels of the tasks created by using the FGI and DACUM.
Results
Visiting nurses’ job was derived as the theme of present versus transitional roles. The present role was categorized as ‘providing individual- and group-focused services’ and ‘conducting organization management’, while the transitional role was categorized as ‘providing district-focused services’ and ‘responding to new health issues’. The job generated 13 duties, 28 tasks, and 73task elements. The tasks showed the levels of frequency (3.65 scores), importance (4.27 scores), and difficulty (3.81 scores). All the tasks were determined as important, exceeding the average 4.00 scores. The group- and district-focused services of the tasks were recognized as more difficult but less frequent tasks.
Conclusion
The visiting nurses exert both present and transitional roles. The transitional roles identified in the present study should be recognized as an extended role of visiting nurses in accordance with the current changing healthcare needs in South Korea. Finally, the educational curriculum for visiting nurses that reflects the transitional roles from the present study is needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Community Health Nursing During the COVID-19 Pandemic in Korea: Consequences, Challenges, and Directions
    Eunjoo Kim, Ju Young Yoon, Hyori Kim
    Journal of Community Health Nursing.2023; 40(2): 79.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing