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Su A Kim 1 Article
Factors Influencing Middle-aged Women's Depression
So Ja Jun, Hee Kyung Kim, Sun Mi Lee, Su A Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2004;15(2):266-276.   Published online June 30, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study purposed to supply basic data for nursing intervention plan for middleaged women healthcare and for finding solutions to nursing problems through understanding middle-aged women's depression, and to examine whether middle-aged women's depression is related with self-concept, self-efficacy, physical condition and social support.
METHOD
The subjects were 200 middle-aged women aged between 35 and 60 and living in Daejon city and K city in Chungcheongnam-do, and the questionnaire survey was conducted from the 15th of August to the 18th of September in 2003 using a structured questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULT
Middle-aged women's depression was found to be in a negative correlation at a statistically significant level with self-concept (r=-.679, p=0.000), self-efficacy(r=-.489, p= 0.000), physical condition(r=-.650, p=0.000) and social support(r=-.526, p=0.000). The most significant variables of middle-aged women's depression was self-concept(46.2%). Combining with physical condition(13.2%) and self-efficacy(0.9%), the three variables together explained 60.3% of middle-aged women's depression.
CONCLUSION
The results show that middle-aged women's depression is closely related with self-concept, self-efficacy and physical condition. Thus this study suggests that the goal of nursing intervention for middle-aged women to overcome depression should be to help them to have positive self-concept, high self-efficacy and sound physical condition.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing