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Original Article
Comparative Study on Health Promoting Behavior in Working and Non-working Mothers with Infants and Toddlers
Hee Chong Baek
Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing 2014;25(4):282-290.
Published online: December 31, 2014

Red Cross College of Nursing, Chung-Ang University, Seoul, Korea.

• Received: September 16, 2014   • Revised: December 17, 2014   • Accepted: December 22, 2014

© 2014 Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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  • Purpose
    The purpose of this study was to compare health promoting behavior between working and non-working mothers with infants and toddlers, and to investigate factors affecting the mothers'health promoting behavior.
  • Methods
    This descriptive study was conducted through conveniently sampled 403 women who visited the child health clinics at two public health centers. The questionnaire included the Health Promoting Life Style Profile (HPLP) and a visual analogue scale for subjective health status. ANCOVA, one-way ANOVA, correlation analysis, and stepwise multiple regression were conducted using SPSS ver. 21.
  • Results
    Working mothers' average HPLP score (2.30±0.37) was higher than non-working mother's (2.15±0.37). The score of the physical activity subscale was lowest among the subscales and there was a difference between the two groups. Subjective mental health status was the only predictor of working mothers'health promoting behavior, and it explained 23.2% of variance in health promoting behavior. Subjective mental health status, education, and age were the predictors of non-working mothers' health promoting behavior and they explained 27.2% of variance in health promoting behavior.
  • Conclusion
    According to the findings, both working and non-working mothers' health promoting behaviors were low. To promote mothers' health, it is necessary to develop diverse community health promotion programs to support mothers.
Table 1
General Characteristics and Health Status of the Subjects (N=403)

Fisher's exact test.

Table 2
Comparison of Health Promotion Lifestyle Profile Scores between Two Groups (N=403)
Table 3
Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile Scores according to Characteristics of the Subject (N=403)
Table 4
Correlation between Health Promoting Behavior and Subjective Health Status


Table 5
Factors Predicting Health Promoting Behaviors


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