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Eun Kyung Byun 2 Articles
Factors Affecting Social Problem-solving Ability of Community-residing Alcohol-dependent Patients: Focused on Gender Differences
Eun Kyung Byun, Mi Young Kim, Jung Hee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(3):313-323.   Published online September 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.3.313
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to investigate factors affecting social problem-solving ability of alcohol-dependent patients with a focus on gender differences.
METHODS
Participants were 250 alcohol-dependent people(men 140, women 110) who were living in B, G and Y cities. Data were collected from January 10 to March 31, 2017 using self-report questionnaires. Abstinence self-efficacy, alcohol insight, unconditional self-acceptance, and social problem-solving ability were investigated. For data analysis, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple regression were employed.
RESULTS
Factors influencing social problem-solving ability for men were unconditional self-acceptance and age. The explanatory power was 28%. Factors influencing social problem-solving ability for women were unconditional self-acceptance, stress, religiousness, age, occupation and abstinence self-efficacy and the explanatory power was 72%. Unconditional self-acceptance and age were significant variables of social problem-solving ability in both men and women. Stress, occupation, religiousness and abstinence self-efficacy were significantly associated with social problem-solving ability in women but not in men.
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that it is necessary to consider gender characteristics in order to develop effective management programs for social problem-solving ability in alcohol-dependent people.
The Effects of Knowledge about the Harmfulness of Smoking and Attitude Toward Smoking Temptation for Middle School Students
Koung Oh Chang, Eun Kyung Byun, Nae Young Lee, So Young Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2010;21(4):522-531.   Published online December 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2010.21.4.522
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking and attitude toward smoking temptation for middle school students.
METHODS
A survey was conducted in this study on 745 students from 12 middle schools in the Y City. Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 12.0 using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANCOVA, Scheffe's test and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
There was statistically significant difference in knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking (F=2.88, p<.05) and attitude toward smoking (F=54.61, p<.001). And there was statistically significant difference in smoking temptations among tempting factors such as negative mood of individual (F=63.61, p<.001), positive mood of social situation (F=67.08, p<.001), habitualness (F=57.68, p<.001), weight control (F=33.01, p<.001), and others' smoking (F=73.13, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that smoking-cessation programs to enhance the effectiveness of nursing interventions should be tailored to the level of smoking temptation and that educational programs should be developed for middle school students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors affecting Attempts to Quit Smoking in Korean Adolescents
    Jeeyeon Park
    Journal of the Korean Society of School Health.2016; 29(3): 277.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Relationship between Smoking Habits, Eating Habits and Lifes Satisfaction of the High School Male Students
    Jeong-Sill Lee
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition.2016; 29(6): 878.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Relationship between Level of Cigarette Consumption, Eating and Mental-psychological State among Adolescents : Based on 2013 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey
    Yeon-Hee Choi, Jung-Hwa Chae
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(11): 7321.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of Sexual Knowledge and Sexual Self-Efficacy on Sexual Autonomy among Middle School Students in a Rural Area
    Yang Heui Ahn, Young Mi Lim, KiYon Kim, Ki-Kyoung Kim, Hee Young Song
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2015; 29(1): 90.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing