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Jung Ae Kim 1 Article
Comparison of Preventive Health Behaviors in Adults Aged 50~64 in Korea and the United States
Chung Yul Lee, Jung Ae Kim, Su Hee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(2):161-171.   Published online June 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.2.161
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to compare Preventive Health Behaviors (PHBs) in adults in Korea and the United States and identify factors influencing PHBs.
METHODS
This was a secondary data analysis study using data from the 2008 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey and the 2008 USA Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. The PHBs were predicted using multiple linear regression analysis.
RESULTS
1) The total score of PHBs was significantly higher in American males (5.11) than in Korean males (4.78). There was also a significant difference between Korean females' total score (6.57) and American females'(6.75). 2) Age, marriage, monthly income, subjective health status, and cardiovascular disease were significant factors of PHBs in Korean males (p<.001). However, age, marriage, education, monthly income, health insurance, subjective health status, and cardiovascular disease were significant factors in American males (p<.001). In Korean females, only age and education were significant predictors (p<.001). However, six variables(age, marriage, education, monthly income, health insurance, and subjective health status) were significant predictors in American females (p<.001).
CONCLUSION
There were different variables in predicting PHBs between Koreans and Americans. Each country should focus on those significant predictors to promote the PHBs for adults.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing