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Koung Oh Chang 4 Articles
Effects of a Self-help Management Program at Public Health Centers on Self-efficacy, Self-esteem, Knowledge of Stroke, and Family Supports in Stroke Patients
Koung Oh Chang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):388-397.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.388
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine effects of a self-help management program at public health centers on self-efficacy, self-esteem, knowledge of stroke and family supports in stroke patients.
METHODS
Based on a quasi-experimental design, 44 persons with stroke were assigned to the experimental group (n=21) or the control group (n=23). Data were analyzed through the descriptive statistics, t-test, chi2-test and Mann-Whitney test with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program.
RESULTS
The experimental group showed significant improvement in its members' self-efficacy, self-esteem, knowledge of stroke and family supports.
CONCLUSION
The self-help management program can be an effective nursing intervention to help stroke patients improve their self-efficacy, self-esteem, knowledge of stroke and family supports. That program is also meaningful in that it can contribute to more effective implementation of established programs for stroke patients in public health centers.
The Effects of Knowledge about the Harmfulness of Smoking and Attitude Toward Smoking Temptation for Middle School Students
Koung Oh Chang, Eun Kyung Byun, Nae Young Lee, So Young Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2010;21(4):522-531.   Published online December 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2010.21.4.522
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  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking and attitude toward smoking temptation for middle school students.
METHODS
A survey was conducted in this study on 745 students from 12 middle schools in the Y City. Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 12.0 using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANCOVA, Scheffe's test and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
There was statistically significant difference in knowledge about the harmfulness of smoking (F=2.88, p<.05) and attitude toward smoking (F=54.61, p<.001). And there was statistically significant difference in smoking temptations among tempting factors such as negative mood of individual (F=63.61, p<.001), positive mood of social situation (F=67.08, p<.001), habitualness (F=57.68, p<.001), weight control (F=33.01, p<.001), and others' smoking (F=73.13, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that smoking-cessation programs to enhance the effectiveness of nursing interventions should be tailored to the level of smoking temptation and that educational programs should be developed for middle school students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors affecting Attempts to Quit Smoking in Korean Adolescents
    Jeeyeon Park
    Journal of the Korean Society of School Health.2016; 29(3): 277.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Relationship between Smoking Habits, Eating Habits and Lifes Satisfaction of the High School Male Students
    Jeong-Sill Lee
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition.2016; 29(6): 878.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Relationship between Level of Cigarette Consumption, Eating and Mental-psychological State among Adolescents : Based on 2013 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey
    Yeon-Hee Choi, Jung-Hwa Chae
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(11): 7321.     CrossRef
  • Impacts of Sexual Knowledge and Sexual Self-Efficacy on Sexual Autonomy among Middle School Students in a Rural Area
    Yang Heui Ahn, Young Mi Lim, KiYon Kim, Ki-Kyoung Kim, Hee Young Song
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2015; 29(1): 90.     CrossRef
The Effects of an Aquatic Exercise Program on Pain, Fatigue, Physical Fitness, Disability in ADL, and Psychological Variables in Women with Arthritis
Koung Oh Chang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(1):87-95.   Published online March 31, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of aquatic exercise on pain, fatigue, physical fitness, disability in ADL, and psychological variables in women with arthritis.
METHODS
With a quasi-experimental design, 46 women who has arthritis were assigned into an experimental group (n=23), or a control group (n=23). Data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN using descriptive statistics, t-test and ANCOVA.
RESULTS
The mean age of the subjects was 60.9 years in the experimental group and 59.8 years in the control group. The pretest scores of theoutcome variables were similar between the two groups except fatigue and waist flexibility. After controlling fatigue and waist flexibility, the experimental group showed more improvement than the control group in Rt shoulder flexibility score (F=4.36, p=.04), sit-up score (F=32.34, p=.00), and muscle strength score (F=30.78, p=.00). The score of disability in ADL decreased in the experimental group (F=5.49, p=.02). The depression score decreased in the experimental group (F=12.01, p=.00), and self-efficacy was improved more than the other variables(F=8.88, p=.00).
CONCLUSION
Aquatic exercise is likely to be an effective nursing intervention to improve physical fitness, to reduce pain, fatigue, and disability in ADL, and to enhance psychological functions in women with arthritis.
Workers' Experiences in Shift Work
Young Hea Kim, Young Mi Kim, So Hee Kim, Koung Oh Chang, Mi Jee Koo, Nea Young Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(2):284-292.   Published online June 30, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to explore and understanding the nature of the shift workers' experience in industries requiring 24 hours-a-day service provision and support. For the purpose, the present researcher made a research question, "What are workers' experience in the shift work?" METHODS: In the study, 5 male shift workers, 3 female shift worker and a woman (key informant) whose husband is a shift worker participated. Then profound interviews with the participants were made after their agreement.
RESULTS
The researcher classified the significant statements under 6 theme clusters, 1) sense of difference; 2) worries about health; 3) draining of emotion; 4) anxiety; 5) sadness; and 6) being comfortable.
CONCLUSIONS
Shift work which is inevitable in modern society may have severe influences on shift workers' physical, mental and psychological aspects by causing their work cycle rhythm to be unbalanced. Finally, the researcher hopes that the results of the study would help understand workers' life and increase social concern and support to the workers.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing