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Mi Suk Jeon 1 Article
The Effects of Self-efficacy and Social Support on Depression in Elementary School Children
Mi Suk Jeon, Hyeon Ok Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(3):272-280.   Published online September 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.3.272
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of self-efficacy, social support, and depression in elementary school children.
METHODS
The participants of this study were 619 students from seven elementary schools located in Jollabuk-do Province, Korea. The methods included data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression using SPSS/WIN version 15.0.
RESULTS
The mean scores of self-efficacy, social support, and depression were 2.9+/-0.58, 3.2+/-0.44 and 14.0+/-7.32, respectively. There was a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and social support (r=.517, p<.001). Significant negative correlations were observed between self-efficacy and depression (r=-.557, p<.001) and between social support and depression (r=-.571, p<.001). The variables of depression in elementary school children were self-efficacy and social support, which explained 42.7% of the cases.
CONCLUSION
The findings from this study suggest that current intervention programs are not sufficient to curb depression in elementary school children and therefore it is needed to develop nursing intervention programs to promote self-efficacy and social support.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Influential Factors for Happiness of Adolescents Who Use Community Child Centers
    Young Mi Park, Jung Yee Kim, En Joo Jo, Ji Hyun Lee, Kyung Mi Woo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(1): 34.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Self-Efficacy on Adolescents’ School Adjustment: The Mediating Effects of Depression and Aggression
    Soyoun Kim, JongSerl Chun
    Korean Journal of Child Studies.2015; 36(4): 193.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing