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Mi Young Roh 1 Article
Correlates of Physical Activity among Korean Navy Personnel: An Ecological Approach
Mi Young Roh, Hyeon Kyeong Lee, Chung Yul Lee, Gwang Suk Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):296-306.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.296
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to measure the relationships between ecological factors and Navy personnel's physical activity (PA) based on McLeroy's Ecological model.
METHODS
A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 184 Navy personnel working in 10 Navyships. A self-reporting questionnaire consisted of measures of intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational and community factors related to Navy personnel's PA. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi2-test, t-test, analysis of variance, and hierarchical multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 17.0 programs.
RESULTS
Their mean PA level was 2,848.1+/-3,344.5 MET-min/week, and mostly moderate level (50.5%). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that religion, working department, working type, perceived health status and community environment were significant PA correlates.
CONCLUSION
Community environmental factors as well as intrapersonal factors were significantly associated with Navy personnel's PA, indicating that community health nurses should expand an approach for individual-level behavioral change to incorporate Navy personnel specific community environmental barriers into PA interventions.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing