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Young Ran Yang 5 Articles
Risk Perceptions of Noncommunicable Diseases among Cambodian Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study
Sung Heui Bae, Ok Nam Hwang, Ji Eun Jeong, Young Ran Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):259-268.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.259
  • 723 View
  • 31 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
In Cambodia, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 64% of all deaths. A lack of risk perception of NCDs leads to poor measures of their prevention and management. This study aimed to investigate Cambodians’ risk perceptions of NCDs based on the health belief model. Methods A cross-sectional design was used, and using convenience sampling, participants included 200 Cambodians aged 40 years or older. A face-to-face administered structured questionnaire was used to assess demographic characteristics, health behaviors, and risk perceptions of NCDs. Results Of the constructs of NCD risk perception, perceived severity (88.2%) and benefits (86.3%) were high, but relative to these, perceived cues to action (64.1%), barriers (63.5%), and self-efficacy (58.1%) were low. Conclusion It is important to improve perceived self-efficacy in government health promotion, outreach, and improvement programs and to reduce perceived barriers through medical tests either by facility-based delivery or via outreach health services in Cambodia.
Concept Analysis of Self-stigma in Patients with Tuberculosis
Seon Mi Yeom, Jeong Hee Kang, Young Ran Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(3):312-324.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.3.312
  • 483 View
  • 25 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Tuberculosis is an infectious condition with a high disease burden, and the stigma in patients with tuberculosis causes negative health outcomes. The purpose of this study was to define and clarify the concept of self-stigma among patients with tuberculosis.
Methods
The analysis was conducted using Walker and Avant’s conceptual approach. Twenty-seven studies met the selection criteria.
Results
Self-stigma in patients with tuberculosis can be defined by the following attributes: 1) self-esteem decrement; 2) fear; 3) negative emotions to oneself; 4) social withdrawal; and 5) discrimination. The antecedents identified were 1) inappropriate knowledge of tuberculosis, 2) spread of improper health information through media and social communications, 3) stereotypes and prejudices, 4) visibility due to symptoms appearing, 5) recognizing the risk of infection, and 6) low financial status. The consequences were 1) concealing the disease, 2) treatment delay, 3) poor treatment adherence, 4) poor quality of life, and 5) deterioration in or lack of social activities. Conclusion: The definition and attributes of self-stigma identified by this study can be applied to enhance the understanding of stigma in tuberculosis patients and to improve communications between healthcare providers and researchers. It can also be used to develop theories and measurements related to stigma in patients with tuberculosis.
Impact of Short Message Service (SMS) and Social Media on Sexual Intercourse of High School Students in Cambodia
Ji Hyon Pahn, Young Ran Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(2):150-160.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.2.150
  • 1,636 View
  • 9 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between short message service and social media use, and sexual intercourse of high school students in Cambodia.
METHODS
Four hundred and eighty-three high school students from three schools in rural provinces were interviewed with structured questionnaires.
RESULTS
Sexual intercourse was found significantly more frequent among male students than among female students (p=.001), among alcohol drinkers than among non-drinkers (p<.001), among those who were not taking pictures with mobile phones than among those who were (p=.045), and among those who were exchanging SMS between boyfriend and girlfriend than among those who were not (p=.006). The students who were sending SMS by mobile phones were 5.83 times as likely to have sexual intercourse as their counterparts (p=.020), who were taking pictures with mobile phone were 0.04 times as likely as those who were not (p=.045) and the odds ratio was 15.19 times as high in alcohol drinkers as in non-drinkers (p=.001).
CONCLUSIONS
Efforts should be made to encourage positive and effective use of social media among adolescents to maintain their sexual health.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Estimating the Prevalence and Identifying the Correlates of Sexting Behaviors Among Cambodian Male Adolescents
    Seonhwa Kim, Youngran Yang
    American Journal of Men's Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
Effects of Atopic Dermatitis on Suicidal Ideation, Plans and Attempts in Young Adult
Ji Young Kim, Young Ran Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(4):504-512.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.4.504
  • 625 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aims to investigate the effects of atopic dermatitis on suicidal ideation, plans and attempts in young adult.
METHODS
Data are from the Sixth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES VI,2013, 2015) in a sample of 2,983 respondents aged 19 to 39 years. Data were analyzed using Frequency, Percentage, χ2 test, Complex sample multivariate binary logistic regression analysis with SPSS version 18.0 software.
RESULTS
Firstly, factors affecting suicidal ideation are gender, education level, smoking, self-reported health status, asthma, depression and stress perception. Factors affecting suicidal plan are education level, self-reported health status, asthma and depression. Lastly, factors affecting suicidal attempt are gender, education level, smoking, self-reported health status, depression and stress perception. Compared to non-atopic group, the prevalence of suicidal ideation and plan of atopic group increased from odds ratio 2.14 to 2.48 and 1.90 to 2.50, respectively. Odds ratio for suicidal attempt was odds ratio 2.69 (10% error level).
CONCLUSION
The results show that atopic dermatitis in young adult affects suicidal ideation, plans and attempts. Therefore, it is necessary to identify atopic patients who have suicidal thoughts and plans and develop an intervention program to prevent and manage suicide in young adult.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effect of Paeonia Lactiflora Pallas on Atopic Dermatitis-Related Inflammation in HaCaT Cell
    Hye-In Lee, Eom Ji Kim, Dongbin Son, Byung Duk Joo, Youngjoo Sohn, Eun-Young Kim, Hyuk-Sang Jung
    Korean Journal of Acupuncture.2022; 39(2): 43.     CrossRef
Effects of Health Literacy and Knowledge on Diabetic Self-care in the Elderly with DM Living Alone
Nan Hui Kim, Young Ran Yang, Myung Ha Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(4):370-379.   Published online December 31, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.4.370
  • 750 View
  • 17 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of self-care adherence in the elderly with diabetes mellitus (DM) who have lived alone, and to investigate the association between health literacy, diabetic knowledge and self-care adherence.
METHODS
Descriptive research using the cross-sectional approach was conducted. Data was collected by using a convenience sampling of 201 participants who aged sixty-five years old or more and have lived alone. Statistical analysis was conducted by using an independent t-test, one-way ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
Mean scores of health literacy, diabetic knowledge and adherence of self-care were 4.41±3.54 points out of a possible 12, 6.22±2.55 points out of a possible 15, 58.56±17.28 points out of a possible 112, respectively. Adherence of self-care showed a statistical association with health literacy (r=.26, p<.001) and diabetic knowledge (r=.30, p<.001). Statistically significant factors in the regression model were monthly income, diabetic knowledge and exercise.
CONCLUSION
The level of self-care adherence in the elderly with diabetes living alone was relatively low. Diabetic knowledge was an important factor to improve the level of self-care adherence for the elderly with diabetes living alone.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Influencing factors on self-care of older adults living alone in a community during COVID-19: A cross-sectional study
    Heeyoung Woo, Minkyung Gu
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2023; 25(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • The effects of diabetes knowledge, self-efficacy, and depression on self-management in older patients with diabetes in the community: A cross-sectional study
    Hyeok Gyu Park, Myoung Jin Kwon
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2022; 24(4): 389.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Self-efficacy and Self-stigma on Self-care in People with Diabetes
    Kawoun Seo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2021; 32(1): 86.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Snack Control Education and Telephone Coaching on Self-Management, Social Support, Self-Efficacy, and Blood Glucose in Diabetes Patients
    Hye Eun Park
    The Journal of Korean Diabetes.2021; 22(4): 274.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy, Knowledge and Self-care Behaviors in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis Living in Community
    Seo Hui Yang, Eun Young Jung, Yang Sook Yoo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2020; 27(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • Intervention study of a foot‐care programme enhancing knowledge and practice among nurses and care workers at in‐home service providers
    Kashiko Fujii, Minna Stolt
    Nursing Open.2020; 7(4): 1039.     CrossRef
  • Readiness for utilizing digital intervention: Patterns of internet use among older adults with diabetes
    Sunhee Park, Beomsoo Kim
    Primary Care Diabetes.2020; 14(6): 692.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Health Literacy and Self-care Performance on Health Care Utilization of Medicaid Elderly
    Yun Hee Hwang, Ga Eon Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(4): 484.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Diabetic Foot Care Education for the Aged with Low Health Literacy
    Hyemin Kim, Ji Min Seo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(4): 560.     CrossRef
  • A new comprehensive diabetes health literacy scale: Development and psychometric evaluation
    Eun-Hyun Lee, Young Whee Lee, Kwan-Woo Lee, Moonsuk Nam, So Hun Kim
    International Journal of Nursing Studies.2018; 88: 1.     CrossRef
  • Relationships of health literacy to self‐care behaviors in people with diabetes aged 60 and above: Empowerment as a mediator
    Kyung Suk Shin, Eun‐Hyun Lee
    Journal of Advanced Nursing.2018; 74(10): 2363.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing