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Volume 23 (3); September 2012
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Original Articles
Health Status and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II of North Korean Immigrants
Young Sil Kang, Yeong Mi Ha, Young Eun
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):231-243.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.3.231
  • 819 View
  • 12 Download
  • 13 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationships between health status including objective health status and subjective health perception and Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile II in North Korean immigrants.
METHODS
During August 2011 to November 2011, a convenience sample of 96 subjects aged 19 to 65 years were recruited from two centers and one public health center in Gyeongnam. The subjects were interviewed face to face by trained people with a survey questionnaire.
RESULTS
Approximately 40% of North Korean immigrants rated their health status as 'poor', and the prevalence of health problems in them was 81.3%. The average level of health-promoting lifestyle profile II was 1.78+/-0.35. Females with normal weight or overweight, and have stayed for over 1 year in South Korea were related to the lower score of health-promoting lifestyle profile II.
CONCLUSION
Considering North Korean immigrants' health background and health behaviors, customized health care program focusing on musculoskeletal disorder and psychological problems are required, and at the same time health behavior change program to achieve lifetime wellness should be developed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of diet quality of adults from North Korea: using nutrition quotient (NQ) for Korean adults
    SaeByeol Kwon, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Moon-Kyung Shin
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2023; 56(2): 217.     CrossRef
  • The influence of North Korean defectors’ oral health service experience on oral health behavior
    Siwoo Kim, Yuri Lee, Jae-Sung Kwon, Saran Kim, Jungtae Kim, Steacey Kim, Jae Hoon Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Oral Health.2022; 46(3): 115.     CrossRef
  • Influence of health promoting lifestyle on health management intentions and behaviors among Chinese residents under the integrated healthcare system
    Chi Zhou, Weijun Zheng, Fang Tan, Sihong Lai, Qi Yuan, Enamul Kabir
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(1): e0263004.     CrossRef
  • The Utilization of Dental Hygienists in Oral Healthcare Exchanges between the South and North Korea
    Eunsuk Ahn, Ji-Hyoung Han, Kyung-Hee Kang, Young-Eun Jang, Ki-Ha Jeon, Jeong-Ran Park
    Journal of Dental Hygiene Science.2021; 21(1): 63.     CrossRef
  • Social networks and health-promoting behaviors among North Korean refugees in South Korea
    Chung Hyeon Jeong, Mee Young Um, Joan P. Yoo, Lawrence A. Palinkas
    Social Work in Health Care.2020; 59(9-10): 738.     CrossRef
  • Influencing factors on purchase intention for smart healthcare clothing by gender and age
    Heejung Han
    The Research Journal of the Costume Culture.2019; 27(6): 615.     CrossRef
  • Health-Promoting Behavior and Influencing Factors in Young North Korean Refugees (NKRs) Living in South Korea
    Jumin Park, Young Dae Kwon, Hyunchun Park, Shi Eun Yu, Jin-Won Noh
    Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health.2018; 20(6): 1355.     CrossRef
  • Health‐seeking experience of North Korean women defectors in South Korea
    Chong‐Hee Chung, Hee‐Young Kang, Pamela K. Lake
    Public Health Nursing.2018; 35(3): 192.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy and Its Related Factors in North Korean Refugees
    Youn Jung Son, Hyun Joon Kim, Hye Jin Jeong, In Young Hwang, Moo Young Kim, Soo Hyoung Lee, Ki Hyun Park, Kee Ho Park, Chae Bong Kim, Hyang Im, Ji Young Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2017; 17(2): 71.     CrossRef
  • The Trends in Research on the Health of North Korean Refugees
    Hyun-Ju Lim, Guna Lee, Sook-Ja Yang
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(2): 144.     CrossRef
  • A Study of Predictive Factors Affecting Health: Promoting Behaviors of North Korean Adolescent Refugees
    Jin-Won Noh, Hyo-Young Yun, Hyunchun Park, Shi-Eun Yu
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2015; 48(5): 231.     CrossRef
  • Importance and Performances of Visiting Nurse Services Provided under the Long Term Care Insurance System for the Elderly
    Do Hwa Byeon, Hye Jin Hyun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2013; 24(3): 332.     CrossRef
  • Influencing Factors on the Health Promotion Behaviors of North Korean Refugee Adolescent in a Specialization School
    Eunkyoung Jun, Jinhwa Lee, Soon-Lae Kim, Min-Jeoung Kang, InSook Kwon
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2013; 30(3): 13.     CrossRef
The Process of Female University Students' Experiences in Healthy Dieting
Jeong Soo Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):244-255.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.3.244
  • 820 View
  • 1 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to describe and develop the female university students' healthy dieting.
METHODS
The data were collected from 9 female students sampled from two universities. The grounded theory of Strauss and Corbin (1990) was applied.
RESULTS
As a result, 40 concepts, 16 subcategories, and seven categories were deduced from open coding. Emerged seven major categories were as followings: (1) Recognizing of general health condition, (2) Try to actively participate on social activities, (3) Searching for continuous healthy exercising methods, (4) Utilizing of social support system for healthy dieting, (5) Making an individual healthy rhythms, (6) Exhibiting abilities of self-control, (7) Charging self-confidences. The periods of process were divided into 4 stages, the phase of facing self-health, the phase of searching living conditions, the phase of developing individual strategies, and the phase of forming self-confidence. The core variable, "discovering self competencies" incorporated the relationship between and among all categories and explained the process.
CONCLUSION
This study had described the process of healthy dieting of female university students in Korea. These findings have important implications for health promotion of the female university students and can be utilized as material for developing health programs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The influence of diet behavior on self-esteem according to the body image of workers in Republic of Korea: Mediating role of diet behavior
    Bohee So, Ki Han Kwon
    Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.2024; 34(4): 584.     CrossRef
  • Differences in body image, dieting behavior, and self-esteem regarding the weight-loss experience of the Republic of Korean workers
    Bohee So, Ki Han Kwon
    Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.2024; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Weight Loss Experience of Highly Obese Young Adult Who Underwent Bariatric Surgery
    Hoim Lee, Hyoju Jeong, Suhye Kwon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2023; 53(2): 260.     CrossRef
  • A qualitative study on the failed weight-loss experiences of college students with obesity and overweight
    Sook Youn Lee, Keum Bok Ko, Nahyun Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2020; 37(2): 43.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Health-Related Behaviors of Adult Korean Women at Normal BMI with Different Body Image Perceptions: Results from the 2013–2017 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHNES)
    Seyeon Park, Jieun Shin, Seunghui Baek
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(15): 5534.     CrossRef
  • Relations of Advertising Regulations and Consumer Damages: Focusing on Weight-Loss Food Advertisements on the Internet
    Hye Jin Kim, Seung Sin Lee
    Family and Environment Research.2016; 54(1): 27.     CrossRef
  • Experiences in Healthy Dieting of Male College Students with Obesity in Korea
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2015; 6(1): 59.     CrossRef
  • Experiences in Appearance Management With Esthetic Treatment of Female College Students
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2014; 28(2): 359.     CrossRef
  • Development of Health Dieting Competency Scale for College Students
    Jeongsoo Kim, Yumi Lee
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2014; 26(3): 300.     CrossRef
  • Ethnographic Analysis on Health-related Behavioral Patterns of Male College Students in a Weight-control Program
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2013; 27(2): 241.     CrossRef
  • Experiences in Self-dieting Program of Obese Male College Students
    Jeong Soo Kim
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2013; 25(5): 504.     CrossRef
Agitation in Home-dwelling Persons with Dementia and Coping Behaviors in Primary Care-givers to the Agitation
Hye Suk Kim, Hee Ok Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):256-265.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.256
  • 360 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate agitation in home-dwelling persons with dementia and coping behaviors of primary family care-givers to agitation.
METHODS
The research was designed as a descriptive study. A total of two hundred and five subjects had participated in this study. To measure agitation in persons with dementia, Cohen-Mansfield Agitation Inventory was used. To measure coping behaviors of primary family care-givers to the agitation, a questionnaire was used. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test were used to answer the research objectives.
RESULTS
'Repetitive mannerisms' and 'repeating sentences' were the most commonly occurred agitation in home-dwelling persons with dementia. 'Leaving the situation', 'allowing certain time', and 'soothing by talking' were the most common coping behaviors occurred in primary care-givers.
CONCLUSION
The findings of the current study would provide meaningful data to develop nursing programs to control agitation for home-dwelling persons with dementia and education programs for primary care-givers to cope with persons' agitation.
The Knowledge, Awareness and Preventive Behaviors of Pneumococcal Vaccination for the Elderly
Jeong Sil Choi, Chul Gyu Kim, Seung Mi Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):266-275.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.266
  • 241 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to ascertain current status of pneumococcal vaccination for the elderly and their knowledge, awareness and preventive behaviors for the vaccination and to verify the relationship between results.
METHODS
This cross-sectional study was performed using a questionnaire. Data were collected from 114 elderly people over 65 years at one community center from October to November in 2011. Collected data were analyzed using SPSS.
RESULTS
The vaccination rate of the elderly was as low as 19.3%. The most common reason for no vaccination was 'Because I did not know about it' (64.0%), and the intention to vaccination was to ascertain in 77.2%. The scores of knowledge, awareness and preventive behavior for vaccination were 0.31/1, 1.15/3 and 1.48/2, respectively. The knowledge for vaccination was significantly different by gender and education. The awareness of vaccination showed statistically significant difference by religion, perceived health status and experience of vaccination. A positive correlation was observed between both knowledge and awareness and awareness and preventive behavior for vaccination.
CONCLUSION
The pneumococcal vaccination rate of the elderly was relatively low. To develop, therefore, the educational program for improving awareness and preventive behavior regarding pneumococcal vaccination of the elderly is necessary.
Depression Health Literacy and Help-seeking Intention of the Aged Receiving Customized Home Visiting Health Care Services
Doo Nam Oh, Ji Yun Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):276-285.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.3.276
  • 714 View
  • 3 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to understand levels of both mental health literacy of depression and intention of help-seeking, and then to identify the relationship of them in Korean older adults.
METHODS
Participants in this cross-sectional survey were 395 persons over 65 years old receiving customized home visiting health care services at Chungnam province. Data were collected through interviews by visiting nurses in 2011.
RESULTS
The proportion of participants with depression was 61.8% (6.7+/-3.6). 78.2% of subjects appeared to have help-seeking intention for solving depression. The proportions of participants with ability to recognize depression was 69.1%. Although the level about knowledge and belief in self-help interventions were varied according to questionnaires, subjects understood self-help intervention of smoking accurately (86.3%) and physical activity (85.5%). Ability to recognize depression, knowledge and belief about self-help managements, and opinion of medication for treatment among health literacy variables measured in this study were related to help-seeking intention. In addition, women, visual impairment, and lower depression scores were related to help-seeking intention.
CONCLUSION
Results demonstrate that it is necessary to improve depression health literacy to manage effectively depression of vulnerable elderly in communities. These results could be used in developing mental health literacy programs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health Literacy: An Evolutionary Concept Analysis
    Sungeun Kim, Jina Oh, Yunmi Lee
    The Journal of Korean Academic Society of Nursing Education.2013; 19(4): 558.     CrossRef
The Factors Affecting Cultural Competency of Visiting Nurses and Community Health Practitioners
Soon Ok Yang, Myung Soon Kwon, Seung Hee Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):286-295.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.286
  • 255 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the level of cultural competency of visiting nurses and community health practitioners and explore factors that are related with their cultural competency.
METHODS
The subjects of this study were 113 visiting nurses and 103 community health practitioners working in Gangwon-do. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire on May 24, 2011. The SPSS/WIN 17.0 program was used for data analysis.
RESULTS
The average score for cultural competency of visiting nurses was 2.76+/-0.60 and that of community health practitioners 2.91+/-0.51. Most of subjects received no multicultural education (78.0% for nurses, 85.7% for community health nurses). Factors influencing cultural competency were number of service experience for multicultural clients and participation of multicultural education.
CONCLUSION
It is necessary to develop systematic educational programs to enhance the cultural competency of nurses.
Correlates of Physical Activity among Korean Navy Personnel: An Ecological Approach
Mi Young Roh, Hyeon Kyeong Lee, Chung Yul Lee, Gwang Suk Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):296-306.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.296
  • 293 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to measure the relationships between ecological factors and Navy personnel's physical activity (PA) based on McLeroy's Ecological model.
METHODS
A cross-sectional survey was conducted with a convenience sample of 184 Navy personnel working in 10 Navyships. A self-reporting questionnaire consisted of measures of intrapersonal, interpersonal, organizational and community factors related to Navy personnel's PA. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi2-test, t-test, analysis of variance, and hierarchical multiple regression using SPSS/WIN 17.0 programs.
RESULTS
Their mean PA level was 2,848.1+/-3,344.5 MET-min/week, and mostly moderate level (50.5%). Hierarchical multiple regression analysis showed that religion, working department, working type, perceived health status and community environment were significant PA correlates.
CONCLUSION
Community environmental factors as well as intrapersonal factors were significantly associated with Navy personnel's PA, indicating that community health nurses should expand an approach for individual-level behavioral change to incorporate Navy personnel specific community environmental barriers into PA interventions.
Factors Influencing the Drinking Behavior in Female University Students
Hyun Sook Ryu, Min Ja Baek
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):307-315.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.3.307
  • 847 View
  • 2 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing the alcohol drinking behavior in female university students.
METHODS
The subjects were 298 female university students at three universities in J Province and G city. Data were collected using a structured questionnaire and analyzed by SPSS/PC+ 15.0.
RESULTS
The variables that affected the drinking behavior of female university students were smoking status, pocket money, coping strategy of problem solving, positive expectancy of alcohol drinking and negative expectancy of alcohol drinking. These factors could explain 30.4% of the drinking behavior. Stress did not affect the drinking behavior of subjects.
CONCLUSION
Drinking behavior of the subjects was slightly higher than average for all women. In order to decrease the drinking behavior, the development of drinking reduction programs is needed and it can lead healthy life for female university students.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Binge Drinking and Obesity-Related Eating: The Moderating Roles of the Eating Broadcast Viewing Experience among Korean Adults
    Jiye Kim, Saegyeol Choi, Hyekyeong Kim, Soontae An
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(15): 8066.     CrossRef
  • Development and Effect of a Logotherapeutic Program for Problem Drinking in Female College Students
    Soohee Lee, Sungjae Kim
    Perspectives in Nursing Science.2019; 16(1): 25.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Factors Influencing Change Stages in Balanced Diet among Female University Students in Korea and China
    Mi Yeon Park, Chong Yu Ding, Pil Sook Park
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2017; 28(1): 45.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Problem Drinking in Korean College Women
    Jin Young Park, Sun Ah Kim, Sangeun Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2017; 26(3): 291.     CrossRef
  • Survey on Body Image Perception, Dietary Habits and Nutrient Intakes according to Interest Level in Health of Female University Students in Gyeongnam Area
    Eun-Hee Seo
    The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition.2015; 28(2): 281.     CrossRef
  • Drinking Motivation, Daily Stress, and Problem Drinking Behavior of Female University Students
    Mi-Kyung Kang, In-Kyung Kim
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2014; 15(8): 5053.     CrossRef
  • Development of an Assessment Tool for Drinking Motives and Problem Drinking in Female University Students
    Seoung Uk Wie, Moon Hee Jung
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2014; 25(4): 225.     CrossRef
Factors Associated with Stages of Exercise Behavior Change of Residents in a Community
Kyung Shin Paek
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):316-326.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.316
  • 360 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to identify the factors associated with stages of exercise behavior change of residents in a community on the basis of the Transtheoretical Model.
METHODS
Data were collected from 520 residents of a community using a self-report questionnaire. The survey variables comprised the stages of exercise behavior change, the process of change, decisional balance and self efficacy.
RESULTS
There were significant differences in the process of change, decisional balance and self efficacy by the stages of exercise behavior change. The factors associated with transition from pre-contemplation to contemplation were consciousness raising and self efficacy; regarding those from contemplation to preparation, cons of the decisional balance and social liberation; regarding those from preparation to action, dramatic relief and counter conditioning; regarding that from action to maintenance, cons of the decisional balance.
CONCLUSION
TTM would be applicable to explain the exercise behavior of some residents in a community, which suggested that the programs for improving exercise behavior of residents in a community need to be developed.
Effectiveness of School-based Smoking Prevention Program on Ecological Model in Adolescents
Yeon Hee Choi, Young Sun Ha, Min Ah Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):327-337.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.327
  • 365 View
  • 2 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study examined the effectiveness of an adolescent school-based smoking prevention program.
METHODS
The study was done with a nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design. The subjects of the present study were 399 non-smoking high school students in Kyongbuk province. The subjects were divided into 184 experimental group members in G city who participated in a school-based smoking prevention program and 216 control group members in K city who did not participate. Data were collected from June to November 2011. collected data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 18.0 through chi2-test, independent t-test and ANCOVA.
RESULTS
The experimental group had significantly increased knowledge of smoking, knowledge of smoking prevention program, attitude of smoking, skill of smoking prevention in comparison to the control group.
CONCLUSION
The school-based smoking prevention program delivered to non-smoking adolescents is an effective method of encouraging smoking prevention and can be utilized as an effective nursing intervention for non-smoking adolescents.
Effects of Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP) on Depression and Quality of Life among Community-dwelling Korean Elderly Persons
Hung Sa Lee, Chun Mi Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(3):338-346.   Published online September 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.3.338
  • 354 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine the association between oral health impact profile, depression and quality of life among community-dwelling elderly persons in South Korea.
METHODS
The design of this research was cross-sectional descriptive study. The participants were 266 community-dwelling individuals aged 65 and older. Data were collected from November 20 to December 20, 2011. The measurements for assessing the subjects' oral health, depression, quality of life were OHIP-14, GDS-SF and QOL. Data were collected using self-administered or interviewer-administered questionnaires. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson's correlation coefficient and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
The participants' mean age was 77.68, and 86.5% were female, 42.9% were living-alone elders. Pearson's correlation coefficient analysis found that oral health impact profile was significantly associated with depression (r=-.622, p<.001), QOL (r=-.400, p<.001), number of disease (r=.298, p<.001), age (r=.198, p=.002), education (r=-.149, p=.015), eating habit (r=.185, p=.003). The QOL was explained 54.7% by depression (beta=-.619), oral health impact profile (beta=-.127), number of benefited welfare service (beta=.235), perceived health (beta=-.327), eating habit (beta=-.094) using stepwise multiple regression analysis.
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that the intervention program of oral health promotion for community-dwelling elders is needed from now on.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing