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HOME > J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs > Volume 18(4); 2007 > Article
Original Article Effectiveness of a Reducing Alcohol Intervention Program for Workers
Keum Ee Kim

DOI: https://doi.org/
Published online: December 31, 2007
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Department of Nursing, Koje College, Korea. kekim@koje.ac.kr

PURPOSE
To evaluate a reducing alcohol intervention program for workers.
METHOD
The intervention program employed one-group pretest-post-test design with repeated measuring by quasi-experimental study. The program was developed from literature review based on the Transtheoretical Model, and evaluated from April 6 to June 22, 2006. Sixteen white collar male workers participated. At the beginning, the subjects were at the pre-contemplation stage (50%) and contemplation stage (50%). The intervention was applied personally or in group twice a week for 9 weeks.
RESULTS
The scores of each stage of change in the post-test increased significantly compared with those in the pretest. The scores of process (cognitive and behavioral) of change in the post-test increased significantly compared with those in the pretest. The score of self-efficacy of change in the post-test increased significantly compared with that in the pretest. The score of pros-cons for drinking in the post-test decreased significantly compared with that in the pretest. The consumption of alcohol a week and a day in the post-test decreased significantly compared with that in the pretest. The levels in ALT, AST, GGT, total cholesterol, triglyceride, B.P. and BMI in the post-test did not decrease significantly compared with those in the pretest, but the level of FBS decreased significantly compared with that in the pretest.
CONCLUSION
The above result informs us that a stage-based reducing alcohol intervention program for workers has the effect of increasing the stages of change, the process of change (cognitive and behavioral) and self-efficacy, and decreasing pros-cons for drinking, alcohol consumption and FBS, and it also has a value as an effective means of nursing for workers.


RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing