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Volume 18 (4); December 2007
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Original Articles
The Effects of a Self-Management Program on Successful Aging
Jee Won Park, Hye Ra Yoo, Bo Eun Kwon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):513-522.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge of successful aging for the Korean elderly and to identify the effects of an intervention program on the change of the knowledge.
METHOD
Data were collected from 134 elders from 3 schools for the elderly in H City. The Successful Aging Scale was used to collect data and modified CDSMP was applied as the intervention. Descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA and ANCOVA were used.
RESULTS
The total score of the knowledge of successful aging among the elderly cohort was 2.44 out of 3, and the scores of the factors making up old age were 2.66 for the success of children, 2.63 for self-control, 2.56 for self-efficacy, and 2.05 for happy marriage. Life satisfaction from the success of children and self-control were strongly correlated(r=0.7036, p=0.000).
CONCLUSION
The self-management program brought positive changes to the knowledge of successful aging through the self-control parameter, and although it could not change the degree of knowledge of the overall successful aging among the elderly cohort, the program represents the first Korean nursing intervention focused on self-management techniques needed for successful aging.
The Effects of a Tailored Health Promotion Program on Self Efficacy, Health Problems and Quality of Life of Rural Residents
Jeong Sook Park, Yun Jung Oh, Sang Min Kwon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):523-534.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to identity the effects of a tailored health promotion program on rural residents' self efficacy, health problems and quality of life.
METHOD
Data were collected from May 13th, 2006 to July 29th, 2006. The subjects were selected at Gajo-myeon, Geochang-gun, Gyeonsangbuk-do, Korea. Forty three residents were included in the experimental group and 39 in the control group. The 12-week health promotion program was given to the experimental group. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, chi2-test, t-test and ANCOVA test with the SPSS/Win 12.0 program.
RESULT
The experimental group showed higher scores of self efficacy and quality of life than the control group, and a lower score of health problem than the control group.
CONCLUSION
From the above results, it can be concluded that the tailored health promotion program for rural residents is an effective intervention for improving their self efficacy and quality of life and reducing their health problems. Therefore, it is necessary to spread the tailored health promotion program for residents in other rural areas in Korea.
The Effects of an Overweight Control Exercise Program in Elementary School Students
Young Aie Go, Hee Chong Baek, In Young Hwang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):535-542.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of an overweight control exercise program on body composition and blood lipids.
METHOD
This comparative study was conducted at an elementary school in Seoul, Korea. Pre and post body weight, BMI, PBF, and obesity degree as body composition and TC, HDL-C, LDL-C, and TG as blood lipids were tested. The aerobic exercise lasted 12 weeks from April to July, 2006. A total of 168 overweight 3rd grade to 5th grade school children attended and were divided into a walking exercise group (n=68) and a rope jumping exercise group (n=38). Data were analysed using SAS 8.12.
RESULT
At the end of the program, the participation rate was higher in the rope jumping exercise group than in the walking exercise group. Body weight, BMI, PBF, obesity degree, TC, and LDL-C were lower than those before the program, and HDL-C was higher than before the program.
CONCLUSION
The school-based overweight control exercise program was effective. Because of the participation rate was higher in the rope jumping exercise group than in the walking exercise group, rope jumping exercise is recommended for low grade children.
Obesity-Related Quality of Life in Overweight and Obese Female College Students
Seung Kyo Chaung, Chun Gill Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):543-551.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to compare obesity-related quality of life according to obesity classification by BMI (body mass index) and self-assessment.
METHODS
The participants were 286 female college students in J City. Data were obtained by measuring height, weight and BMI, and using a questionnaire for self-assessment of obesity, weight control, and quality of life. The quality of life was measured using 14 items of the Korean version of obesity-related quality of life (KOQOL).
RESULTS
Thirty five percent of the students assessed themselves as overweight and obese despite their BMI <23m2/kg(false overweight). True overweight students with BMI > or =23m2/kg who perceived themselves as overweight and obese were 23%. The total KOQOL score between true and false overweight students showed no significant difference. True overweight students had a lower total KOQOL score including psychosocial, physical, daily living, sex related, and food-related domains than true normal weight students.
CONCLUSIONS
The quality of life was not different between true and false overweight students. These results indicate that self-assessment about obesity affects the quality of life like as actual BMI in female college students. Therefore, it is necessary to care students who distort themselves as obese.
Factors Influencing Drinking Problems in Female University Students
Young Hee Mun
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):552-561.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the factors influencing drinking problems in female university students to provide basic data for a nursing intervention program to improve health and prevent drinking problems.
METHOD
Data were collected from September 17 to 21, 2007 through a questionnaire survey of 325 female college students in G City. Collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficients and stepwise multiple regression.
RESULT
The most powerful predictor of drinking problems was refusal self efficacy. The combination of the influence of friends, perceived stress, personality of novelty seeking, and alcohol expectancy accounted for 23.7% of the variance in drinking problems.
CONCLUSION
From the results, I recommend that refusal self efficacy, influence of friends, perceived stress, personality of novelty seeking, and alcohol expectancy should be contained in developing nursing intervention programs for preventing drinking problems in female university students.
The Effects of a Health Education Program on Health Promoting Behavior and Self-efficacy in University Students
So Young Min, Kyung Shin Paek
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):562-571.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to develop a health education program on the health promoting behavior and self-efficacy in university students and evaluate its effects.
METHOD
A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. The subjects were 148 students [experimental(N=80) and control(N=68) groups] from a university in J City. The experimental group members participated in thirteen sessions of a health education program for fifteen weeks and the degree of their health promoting behavior and self efficacy was evaluated. The instruments for this study were the health promoting lifestyle profile developed by Walker et al.(1987) and self-efficacy scale developed by Sherer & Maddux(1982). Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Chi-square tests, t-tests, and paired t-test using SPSS 10.0.
RESULT
The experimental group had a significantly higher health promoting behavior score(F=10.389, p=.002) than the control group, while no significant difference was found in the self-efficacy score(F=.481, p=.489).
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that the health education program can be utilized as an effective program to promote health promoting behavior in university students.
The Effects of Visiting Nursing Intervention on Self Care Behavior and Blood Pressure in Persons with High Risk of Cerebrovascular Diseases
Jeong Mo Park, Suk Jeong Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):572-582.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to evaluate the effects of visiting nursing intervention on self care behavior and blood pressure with high risk of cerebrovascular diseases.
METHOD
A one-group pretest-posttest was designed. Data collection was done in 150 participants from March, 2003 to November, 2003 at a public health center. Self care behavior was assessed by the scores of smoking, alcohol, diet, exercise, stress and medication compliance. The scores of knowledge related cerebrovascular diseases, blood pressure, blood glucose were estimated. The Participants were intervened in with basic assessment, emotional support, education. This program took a period ranging from 3 months to 7 months depending on the cerebrovascular risk level. The mean number of visiting times was 1.67 per month.
RESULT
1. Knowledge level was improved(t=-2.542, p=.012). 2. Systolic and diastolic pressure were lower(t=5.439, p<.001; t=4.966, p<.001). 3. Self care level was higher (t=-12.981, p=.001) after the intervention.
CONCLUSION
The visiting nursing intervention was found to have an effect on the scores of knowledge, self care behavior and blood pressure with high risk of cerebrovascular diseases. The results provided evidences for the importance of visiting nursing intervention in the high risk factor of cerebrovascular disease for self care.
Depression According to Health Perception and Health Practice Among the Aged in an Area
Yoon Young Hwang, Min Sun Chu
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):583-592.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was performed to understand health perception, health practice, and depression of the elderly and to identify their depression level according to health perception and health practice.
METHOD
The subjects were 463 elders who have lived in the Jeju Island, and data were collected from June to August in 2005. Data were analyzed by SPSS 10.0.
RESULT
The mean score of depression was 12.94 out of 30, and had a statistically significant correlation with educational level (F=2.943, p=.033), occupation (F=4.611, p=.010), and the number of chronic diseases (F=5.303, p=.001). When the cutoff of 18 points was applied based on Jung et al. (1997), the depression ratio was 12.4%, and when the cutoff parameter by Yesavage et al (1993) was applied, themoderate depression ratio was 74.8% and the severe depression ratio was 3.4%. In health recognition, consideration of usual health state had a significant correlation with depression (F=3.553, p=.007), but consideration of health state compared to the previous year wasn't. In health practice, sleeping was in a significant correlation with depression (F=3.574, p=.011), but smoking, alcohol drinking, exercise, and rest were not.
CONCLUSION
Based on above results, we need further study on another sample group and the development, application, and verification of health management, education, and counseling programs for the elderly. Also, additional research should be made on significant factors of elderly depression.
The Development of Community Health Service for the Demented Elderly in Cooperation Between Private Medical Facilities and Public Health Centers
Jin Joo Oh, Kyung Ae Kim, Jae Il Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):593-600.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This research was carried out to present an ideal cooperative model between the public and private health sectors for the management of community dementia patients.
METHOD
In this study a public-private cooperative council was formed, basic data for dementia patients and their families were collected, and a dementia service program was carried out in cooperation between the two sectors.
RESULTS
The survey data shows the majority of the registered patients were undergoing a chronic diseases which would make the dementia health service inefficient. The cooperative public-private council adopted the reinforcement of medical service to the public enrolled dementia patients. The intensive medical service program showed effects on the health status of the dementia patients.
CONCLUSION
The results of this study pointed out that change of the health insurance program supportive to the private sectors to be made; a referral system for the public health sector to the private sector should be established; and expanding the capacity of the visiting health program in the public health sector is needed.
Attitudes Toward General Elders and Elders with Dementia Among Baccalaureate Junior Nursing Students
Jung Hee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):601-610.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study investigated attitudes toward general elders and elders with dementia among nursing students before beginning the clinical practicum. In addition, students' characteristics differentiating the attitudes were examined.
METHODS
Attitudes were measured with questionnaires developed for Asian culture at the beginning week of the first semester of the junior year in two baccalaureate programs. Responses from 120 out of 121 students were analyzed using Pearson correlation coefficient, paired t-test, ANOVA, and Scheffe test.
RESULTS
Students held negative attitudes toward both types of elders except for generosity dimension toward general elders showing a neutral attitude. Elders with dementia were evaluated more negatively than general elders in all the dimensions of vitality, generosity and flexibility. Vitality and generosity toward general elders were different according to intimacy and the degree of communication with elders. Generosity toward general elders was also different according to students' religious beliefs. Students with interest in elders/issues showed more negative attitudes of vitality and flexibility toward elders with dementia.
CONCLUSIONS
Students in general had negative attitudes toward elders and more negative attitudes toward elders with dementia. We need to put more efforts into the entire nursing curriculum in order to improve attitudes toward elders with particular concern over attitudes toward elders with dementia.
Effectiveness of a Reducing Alcohol Intervention Program for Workers
Keum Ee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):611-623.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
To evaluate a reducing alcohol intervention program for workers.
METHOD
The intervention program employed one-group pretest-post-test design with repeated measuring by quasi-experimental study. The program was developed from literature review based on the Transtheoretical Model, and evaluated from April 6 to June 22, 2006. Sixteen white collar male workers participated. At the beginning, the subjects were at the pre-contemplation stage (50%) and contemplation stage (50%). The intervention was applied personally or in group twice a week for 9 weeks.
RESULTS
The scores of each stage of change in the post-test increased significantly compared with those in the pretest. The scores of process (cognitive and behavioral) of change in the post-test increased significantly compared with those in the pretest. The score of self-efficacy of change in the post-test increased significantly compared with that in the pretest. The score of pros-cons for drinking in the post-test decreased significantly compared with that in the pretest. The consumption of alcohol a week and a day in the post-test decreased significantly compared with that in the pretest. The levels in ALT, AST, GGT, total cholesterol, triglyceride, B.P. and BMI in the post-test did not decrease significantly compared with those in the pretest, but the level of FBS decreased significantly compared with that in the pretest.
CONCLUSION
The above result informs us that a stage-based reducing alcohol intervention program for workers has the effect of increasing the stages of change, the process of change (cognitive and behavioral) and self-efficacy, and decreasing pros-cons for drinking, alcohol consumption and FBS, and it also has a value as an effective means of nursing for workers.
The Development of a Structural Model on Work-related Musculoskeletal Disorders of Women Workers
Souk Young Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):624-633.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a structural model on work-related musculoskeletal disorders of women workers.
METHOD
Data were collected from 237 women workers from industries such as electronics, food production and garment production, and analyzed by LISREL 8.54.
RESULT
The fitness indices of the model are GFI=.87, NNFI=.91, PNFI=.74. Eight out of the ten paths were proved to be statistically significant: work environment-->social support, work environment-->health behavior, work environment-->WMSDs, domestic work-->health behavior, social support-->health behavior, social support-->job satisfaction, health behavior-->job satisfaction, and job satisfaction-->WMSDs. Work environment, social support, health behavior and job satisfaction significantly influenced WRMDs. WRMDs were accounted for 35% by the predictor variables.
CONCLUSION
In conclusion, this study identifies that work environment, social support, health behavior and job satisfaction are important factors affecting WMSDs. Therefore, in order to prevent WRMDs, it is most important to improve both physical work environment for female workers such as appropriate work station and tools fit for them and psychological environment such as less job demand and more decision latitude(worker control).
Subjective Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Disorders in Women Workers
Mee Young Gee, Jung Soon Moon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):634-642.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
To investigate subjective symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders in women workers.
METHOD
From February to April, 2006, 292 women workers working in 16 companies were surveyed using KOSHA CODE (H-30-2003).
RESULT
Of the workers, 84.0% had at least one musculoskeletal disorder. The mean score of the severity of musculoskeletal disorder symptoms was 7.41 out of 25. As for the prevalence rate by body part, shoulder was the most common and severe body part of musculoskeletal disorders, and significant differences were shown in neck, shoulder, and lower limb according to the type of working. The severity of married workers was significantly higher than that of unmarried ones. Significant difference was shown in the severity of disorders by the type of working and in body parts according to the type of working.
CONCLUSION
The self-reported symptoms of musculoskeletal disorders were very frequent in women workers, but the severity of the symptoms was relatively low, suggesting the early symptoms of disorders. Specifically, given the highly frequent self-reported symptoms in the shoulder part found in married women workers, intensive prevention is recommended. Furthermore, an ergonomic aspect should be concerned to consider physical characteristics of women workers.
Agricultural Accidents in Farm Workers
Hann Sook Kim, Yeon Hee Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):643-650.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to obtain information regarding to agricultural accidents in farm workers in the Kyungpook area.
METHODS
A questionnaire survey was carried out for 528 workers from the 1st to 31st of March, 2007. Frequency, percentage, mean and chi-square test with the SPSS program were used to analyze the data.
RESULTS
The causes of agricultural accidents include falling(29.0%), overseeing(18.9%), traffic accident(17.4%), putting between machinery(11.7%), crashing(5.3%), fire(0.6%) in the order of frequency. Injuries from agricultural accidents include fracture(44.7%) cerebral bleeding(10.4%), amputation(7.0%), airway obstruction(2.3%), burn(1.9%), drug addiction(1.9%) in the order of frequency. The largest proportion of the subjects of hospital treatment were in their 50s and belonged to the group of high-level economic state. Agricultural machinery collision was the most frequent cause among the subjects of hospital treatment.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that carelessness can be a potential risk factor for agricultural accidents in farm workers. These findings may give useful information for developing agricultural accident prevention programs for farm workers.
Functional Status and Related Factors of Disabled Persons Using WHODAS II
Eun Ok Park, Min Young Kim, Ji Yun Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(4):651-661.   Published online December 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was performed to identify factors affecting the functional status in disabled persons in the Jeju Province.
METHOD
Data were collected from 318 disabled persons in the Jeju province during the period from the 6th of July to the 11th of October in 2006. The functional status was assessed by the disability assessment schedule II(Whodas II) of the World Health Organization and collected data were analyzed using the SAS 8.0 program.
RESULT
The mean score of WHODAS II was 29.9. According to the results of multiple regression, factors affecting the functional status were perceived health condition(t=3.44, p<.001), brain disorder disability(t=2.55, p<.001), treatment status(t=-1.95, p=.05), drinking(t=2.09, p=.04), stress(t=-2.72, p=.01), depression(t=-2.70, p=.01), heart disease(t=2.62, p=.01) and anemia(t=2.20, p=.03).
CONCLUSION
The functional status was affected by health behaviors, diseases, and the type of disability. Thus, future efforts to promote the functional status of disabled persons may need to take into account all these factors.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing