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Nam Hyun Cha 17 Articles
The Effect of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Depression on the Life Satisfaction of the Elderly Living Together during the Daytime in the Rural Areas
Jin Kim, Jeong In Bae, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(1):96-104.   Published online March 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.1.96
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  • 22 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to identify the factors affecting the life satisfaction during the communal life of the elderly in rural areas.
Methods
A total of 143 subjects were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected in self-reporting questionnaires from 1 August to 30 August 2019. The data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 23.0.
Results
The Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) was significantly different according to age, education, and cohabitation. Depression was significantly different according to gender, age, education, and cohabitation. Life satisfaction was significantly different according to age, education, religion, and cohabitation. There was a positive correlation between Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and depression, except for life satisfaction. 41.0% of life satisfaction was explained by depression, religion, and IADL.
Conclusion
The results of this study may be useful in understanding the life satisfaction level of elderly communal life and developing more specific programs for mental activity programs, and depression management strategies are required.

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  • Dual Mediating Effect of Electronic Device Utilization and Life Satisfaction on the Relationship between Instrumental Activities of Daily Living and Depression in Older Adults
    Hwa-Soo Koong, Mihye Lim, Kawoun Seo
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(17): 10617.     CrossRef
Effects of a Physical Activity Program on Physical Fitness of Intellectually Disabled Persons
Mi Seo Park, Mi Whoa Kim, Jin Hee Jeong, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(1):88-97.   Published online March 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.1.88
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  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of a physical activity program on the physical fitness in persons with intellectual disabilities.
METHODS
The study design was an equivalent control group pre-post test. The treatment group received ths physical activity program five times per week for 20 weeks. Data were collected from the treatment group at two time points: Week 1 and Week 20 following the initiation of the treatment protocol. Data were collected from the control group at the ends of week 1 and Week 20. Data analysis was performed using the IBM SPSS v.21.0 software program.
RESULTS
The experimental group showed a significant reduction of physical fitness: basic of physical fitness (t=-2.07, p=.041), flexibility (t=2.25, p=.027), muscular strength (t=2.70, p=.009), agility (t=-3.35, p=.001), except for sense of balance (t=-0.91, p=.368), while control group showed no change in these variables.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study suggest that the physical activity program has proved to be a stable and physically active intervention program for physical activity in intellectually disabled persons.

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  • The Association Between Physical Activity and Health Care Risk Management in Individuals With Disabilities
    Ilsu Park, Eunshil Yim, Minsook Lim, Jinhyung Lee
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of Tai Chi therapy on body mass index and physical index of intellectual disability
    Nam‐Hyun Cha, Ga‐Eul Jeon, Youngmi Cho, Sohyune R. Sok
    Japan Journal of Nursing Science.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Relationships between Academic Stress and Adjustment at University Life in Korean University Students
Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2016;27(2):124-131.   Published online June 30, 2016
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2016.27.2.124
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  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this paper was to identify the correlations among academic stress and adjustment at university life in university students.
METHODS
A total of 489 subjects aged 17 and 36 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self reported questionnaire from September 2 to November 30, 2015. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN.
RESULTS
There were statistical differences between academic stress and adjustment at university life. Academic stress were significantly different according to gender, grade, economic status, health status major department of study, drinking and smoking. Adjustment at university life were significantly different according to gender, economic status, health status. 25.4% of variance in adjustment at university life were explained by academic stress, major department of study, health status.
CONCLUSION
The finding of this study may be useful in understanding the academic stress expression of university students and developing more specific programs on adjustment at university life.

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  • Factors Influencing Spiritual Health among Nursing Students in the Prolonged COVID-19 Situation
    Juhyun Jin
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2023; 20(4): 3716.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Learned Helplessness on College Life Adjustment of Health College Students during the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Jeong Mi Park, Song Yi Han
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2023; 48(1): 7.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between faculty interactions, sense of belonging, and academic stress: a comparative study of the post-COVID-19 college life of Korean and international graduate students in South Korea
    Dongil Kim, Yeyoung Woo, Jusuk Song, Subin Son
    Frontiers in Psychiatry.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Estrés académico y adaptación a la universidad en estudiantes de primer semestre de una universidad pública en Ecuador
    Ivonne Nataly Moya Lara, Joel Santiago Barreno López, Mateo Alberto Álvarez Maldonado
    LATAM Revista Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales y Humanidades.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Academic Stress and Its Influencing Factors among Medical and Non‐Medical Students
    Anna Seong, Suyeon Heo, Jeonggyo Yoon, Ji Yeon Lee, Min Gi Choi, Jong ha Jeon, Jae Hoon Kim, Kwi Hwa Park, Jeong-Soo Im, Kwang-Pil Ko, Jaehun Jung, Yoon-Hyeong Choi
    Korean Medical Education Review.2021; 23(2): 128.     CrossRef
  • Mediating effect of goal adjustment on the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism and academic burnout
    Eunbi Chang, Sang Min Lee
    Psychology in the Schools.2020; 57(2): 284.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Scales(Elements) of Life of Ophthalmic Optics Students
    Ki-Hun Ye, Seon-Ahr Cho
    The Korean Journal of Vision Science.2020; 22(1): 41.     CrossRef
  • Alcohol Consumption Frequency of Parents and Stress Status of Their Children: Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007–2016)
    Serin Kim, Wonjeong Chae, Seung Heon Min, Yerim Kim, Sung-In Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2019; 17(1): 257.     CrossRef
  • Relationships among Lifestyle, Depression, Anxiety, and Reproductive Health in Female University Students
    Ju-Hee Nho, Sung-Hee Yoo
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2018; 24(1): 80.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Factors Influencing Change Stages in Balanced Diet among Female University Students in Korea and China
    Mi Yeon Park, Chong Yu Ding, Pil Sook Park
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2017; 28(1): 45.     CrossRef
The Relationship between Anger Expression and Self-esteem in Nursing College Students
Nam Hyun Cha, Eun Ju Seo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(4):451-459.   Published online December 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.4.451
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  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between anger expression and self-esteem in nursing college students.
METHODS
A total of 297 subjects aged between 18 and 28 were selected through convenience sampling. Data were collected from March 2 to 25, 2011 using a self-reporting questionnaire. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 15.0.
RESULTS
Differences in anger expression according to general characteristics were as follows. There were significant differences in violent attitude depending on gender (t=3.003, p<.01). Violent actions differed significantly depending on year in school (F=3.279, p<.05) and whether there is a dual income families (t=-2.23, p<.05). There were significant differences in self-esteem depending on year in school (F=4.553, p<.01), school record (F=15.18, p<.001) and the economic status of the parents (F=4.878, p<.01). There were positive correlations between violent attitude and violent actions, except between violent actions and self-esteem. 10.3% of the variance in violent actions was explained by violent attitude, self-esteem and school in year and perceived acceptance.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study may be useful in understanding the anger expression of nursing college students and developing more specific programs to improve personality and self-control of the mind.

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  • Effect of Clinical Practice Stress and Anger Expression on Assertive Behavior in Nursing Students
    Eun-Ju LEE, Gyu-Li BAEK
    JOURNAL OF FISHRIES AND MARINE SCIENCES EDUCATION.2022; 34(1): 104.     CrossRef
  • Attachment, emotion regulation and anger expression in adolescent depression: Did comorbid anxiety disorder not have a role?
    Gonca Özyurt, Yusuf Öztürk, Merve Onat, Caner Mutlu, Aynur Akay
    Current Psychology.2021; 40(2): 751.     CrossRef
  • Validity and Reliability of Metacognitive Rating Scale for Nursing Students
    Kyunghee Lee, Youngjin Heo, Mihwa Han, Mijung Kim, Hyunseok Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2021; 30(3): 269.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Anger Expression on Communication Competence of Nursing Students
    Soonyang JANG
    JOURNAL OF FISHRIES AND MARINE SCIENCES EDUCATION.2020; 32(2): 511.     CrossRef
  • Comparing anger, anger expression, life stress and social support between Korean female nursing and general university students
    Won Hee Jun, Gyungjoo Lee
    Journal of Advanced Nursing.2017; 73(12): 2914.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Anger Expression on Self-Esteem in Dental Hygiene Students
    Yang-Keum Han, Ji-Su Yu, Han-Hong Kim
    Journal of dental hygiene science.2016; 16(3): 210.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Korean Enneagram Program on the Ego-identity, Interpersonal Relationship, and Self-leadership of Nursing College Students
    Weon-Gyeong Kim, Hyang-In Cho Chung
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing Administration.2015; 21(4): 393.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Learned Helplessness in Undergraduates
    Jung Choi, Bo Kyoung Cha
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2014; 28(3): 509.     CrossRef
  • Effects of College Life Characteristics on Depression, Anxiety, and Somatic Symptoms among Freshmen
    Mijeong Park, Jihea Choi, Eun Young Lee, Miyoung Park
    The Journal of the Korea Contents Association.2014; 14(1): 346.     CrossRef
  • The Association of Self-esteem and Social support with Depressive symptoms in College Students
    Eun-Mi Ji, Young-Chae Cho
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2014; 15(5): 2996.     CrossRef
  • Depression, self‐esteem and anger expression patterns of Korean nursing students
    N.H. Cha, S.R. Sok
    International Nursing Review.2014; 61(1): 109.     CrossRef
Relations between Fatigue and Work-related Factors in Workers
Eun Sook Jung, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(4):420-428.   Published online December 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.4.420
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relations between fatigue and work-related factors in workers.
METHODS
A total of 204 subjects aged between 21 and 59 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self-reported questionnaire from May 20 to 31, 2011. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 17.0.
RESULTS
Difference in fatigue according to general characteristics was significant according to duty type. Difference in fatigue according to occupational characteristics was significant according to work intensity, work speed, demand of work concentration, work space, physical environment, largest weight by hands, vibration, visual demand of work, difficulty of work practice, work stress, and rest hours in holiday. There was a positive correlation between fatigue and occupational characteristics. Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that educational level, work intensity, and rest hours in holiday were the strongest factors associated with fatigue (R2=.363 p<.001). These factors explained fatigue by 36.3%.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study may be useful in understanding workers' fatigue and developing more specific fatigue relief programs.

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  • Effects of Fatigue Reduction Program on Female Employees in One Food Production Company
    Eun-Sook Jung, Jong-Eun Lee, Tae Yeon Kim
    Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.2015; 24(1): 11.     CrossRef
A Study on Yangsaeng in Korean Elders
Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2010;21(3):293-302.   Published online September 30, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2010.21.3.293
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  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to survey yangsaeng in Korean elders.
METHODS
A total of 250 subjects aged between 60 and 88 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self-reported questionnaire from April 1 to 30, 2009. Collected data were analyzed with SPSS/WIN 15.0.
RESULTS
Differences in yangsaeng according to general characteristics were as follows. Total yangsaeng and all of yangsaeng categories except seasonal yangsaeng were significantly different according to self-perceived health. Diet yangsaeng was significantly different according to cohabitation, house ownership and self-perceived health. Activity and rest yangsaeng was significantly different according to age, gender, job, successful aging and self-perceived health. Exercise yangsaeng was significantly different according to gender and self-perceived health. Seasonal yangsaeng was significantly different according to successful aging and self-perceived health. Sleep yangsaeng was significantly different according to age, gender, job and self-perceived health. Sex life yangsaeng was significantly different according to all of the variables except religion and successful aging. There was a positive correlation between yangsaeng and the variables.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study may be useful in understanding the health status of community-dwelling elders and developing more specific health promotion programs.

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  • A Conceptual Analysis of Korean Elders' Yangsaeng in Nursing
    Min Kyung Gu
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(1): 1.     CrossRef
  • A Trend Analysis of the Journal of Korean Nursing Research related with Yangseng
    Yunyoung Kim, Hye-Ju Park, Eunsu Jang
    Journal of East-West Nursing Research.2016; 22(1): 10.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Daily Living Abilities, Self-efficacy and Yangsaeng Behavior in Elderly Men (Yangsaeng; traditional oriental health promotion)
    Oh-Gye Kwag, Yunhee Kwon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2013; 24(1): 11.     CrossRef
  • Validation of a Path Model on Elderly Women's Yangsaeng (Yangsaeng; traditional oriental health promotion)
    Yeong Sook Park, Hwa Yean Lee, Yunhee Kwon
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2011; 22(3): 325.     CrossRef
Factors Influencing Productive Activity and Physical and Psychological Ability in Korean Elders
Nam Hyun Cha, Eun Ju Seo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2010;21(1):128-138.   Published online March 31, 2010
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2010.21.1.128
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to identify the relation between productive activity and physical and psychological ability in elders.
METHODS
A total of 294 subjects aged between 60 and 92 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected with a self-reported questionnaire from May to June, 2008. Collected data were analyzed by SPSS/PC Win. 15.0.
RESULTS
Of variance in productive activity, 13.3% was explained by house ownership, number of diseases, and successful aging. Of variance in physical and psychological ability, 25.4% was explained by house ownership, perceived health, number of diseases, and successful aging. The correlation coefficient between productive activity and physical and psychological ability was significant (r=.32, p<.001) CONCLUSION: Findings of this study may be useful in understanding the health status of community-dwelling elders and developing more specific health promotion programs.

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  • Effect of health consciousness behavior and health-promoting behavior on the quality of life in elders in South Korea
    Nam Hyun Cha
    Journal of Physical Therapy Science.2020; 32(11): 717.     CrossRef
A Study on Characteristic Factors Related to Low Back Pain and Mental Health of Pregnant Women
Myoung Ja Wang, Sang Won Lim, Sun Hye Jun, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(3):381-389.   Published online September 30, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The study was to explore the level of low back pain and characteristic factors influencing low back pain (LBP) and mental health during pregnancy.
METHODS
The subjects were a total of 383 healthy pregnant women in S City and K-Do. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson's correlation.
RESULTS
82.5% of the pregnant women answered the existence of LBP and 19.7% of them had high LBP. The preferred method of controlling LBP was 'Just endure' (42.3%). There were significant differences in pregnancy level (p < .05) and discomfort condition related to pregnancy (p < .01) according to low back pain. There were significant differences in pain intensity according to mental health. The correlation between pain level and pregnancy weeks (p < .001) and BMI in previous pregnancy (p < .001) was significant. The correlation between mental health and age was significant (p < .001).
CONCLUSION
The majority of the pregnant women experienced LBP during pregnancy. However, they were not offered the best method of controlling the pain. Thus, for preventing LBP during pregnancy, we recommend regular exercises and BMI control.
A Study on Self-Achievements and Related Factors in Elders
Myoung Ja Wang, Eun Ju Seo, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(1):23-30.   Published online March 31, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to identify the relationship among self-management, economic stability, self-esteem, self-achievement and predictor of the self-achievements in elders.
METHODS
A total of 294 subjects aged between 60 and 92 were selected through convenient sampling. Data were collected by self-reported questionnaire from May to June, 2008. Collected data were analysed by the SPSS/WIN 15.0 program.
RESULTS
Self-management, economic stability, self-esteem, self-achievement were positively correlated. The most significant predictor of self-achievement in elders were self-management and self-esteem.
CONCLUSION
These findings suggest that self-achievement is influenced by self-management and self-esteem and needed for aged well.
The Effects of Auricular Acupressure Therapy on Abdominal Pain and Dysmenorrhea in Female University Students
Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2008;19(2):280-289.   Published online June 30, 2008
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was carried out to investigate the effects of auricular acupressure therapy on the relief of dysmenorrhea and abdominal pain in female university students.
METHOD
This study was designed as non-equivalent control group research. Data were collected from 44 of the female university students(Exp.: 22, Cont.: 22) from October, 2007 to December, 2007. Collected data were analysed through chi2 test, Fisher's exact test, Mann-Whitney U test and Wilcoxon signed rank test.
RESULT
Abdominal pain was significantly decreased partially in the experimental group compared to that of the control group(p=.008). Dysmenorrhea was significantly decreased in the experimental group compared to that of the control group(p=.000).
CONCLUSION
It was proven that auricular acupressure therapy was effective for abdominal pain and dysmenorrhea.
The Effect of Oriental Self-help Group Program for the Living Alone-Aged Inhabiting Rural Region
Myoung Ja Wang, Shin Ae Park, Tae Ok Myung, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(2):242-251.   Published online June 30, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of an Oriental self-help group program on living-alone elders in rural areas.
METHOD
A one-group pretest-post test design was used. The subjects of the experimental group participated in the oriental self-help program, health education, feet bathing in hot water, cupping therapy, and foot-reflexology. The obtained data were analyzed using the Wilcoxon signed rank test and Pearson correlation coefficients of SPSS.
RESULTS
1) The level of blood triglyceride, SGOT and glucose decreased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. 2) The scores of depression and stress decreased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. 3) The score of Yangsaeng increased significantly in the experimental group compared to the control group. 4) Depression was higher when the score of stress was high, and the score of depression and stress were lower when the score of Yangsaeng was high.
CONCLUSION
Considering the results of this research, the program is effective in improving physiological indexes partially, emotional indexes and Yangsaeng. Therefore this program can be implemented as a community-based self-help group program for living-alone elders in rural areas.
A Study on the State of Recognition and Experience of Love; Sex Knowledge; and Self-esteem of Youths
Shin Ae Park, Myung Ja Wang, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2006;17(2):242-252.   Published online June 30, 2006
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Difference of Physical Symptoms, PWI and JCQ according to Sasang Constitutions for Industrial Workers
Nam Hyun Cha, Myung Ja Wang, Jeong Ah Kim, Ki Nam Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005;16(4):508-516.   Published online December 31, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to analyze industrial workers' stresses from physical symptoms, PWI, JCQ and tasks in classification of Sasang constitutions.
METHOD
Data were collected from industrial workers in J Province from May 2003 to June 2003. Questionnaires were distributed and collected on the day of their physical examination. Collected data were analysed through chi2-test.
RESULT
Health-related characteristics showed that most of smokers and drinkers were Taeumins and this result was statistically significant. Physical symptoms related to constitutions indicated that GI and neurologic symptoms are significantly more frequent in Soeumin. The percentage of subjects with moderate risk was high in order of Soyangin, Taeumin and Soeumin while the percentage of subjects with high risk was high in order of Soeumin, Taeumin and Soyangin.
CONCLUSION
Through this study, Lee Jae Ma's theory was be confirmed compatible with disease characteristics. However, research with more various subjects and variables needs to be made.
An Analysis of the Effect of Self-foot Reflexology on Level of Hypertension
Myung Ja Wang, Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2003;14(1):5-15.   Published online March 31, 2003
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to analysis the effect of self-foot reflexology(SRM) program on level of hypertension.
METHOD
A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. For the experimental group, SRM was applied three times a week for 8wks. Test was done by measured x2-test, t-test, repeated measures ANOVA test.
RESULT
There were significant decreases in systolic, diastolic blood pressure and difference of pretest and post test and between the experimental group and control group.
CONCLUSION
Findings indicate that this study will contribute to develop nursing strategies for the regulation of the blood pressure.
Effects of Self-foot Reflexology Shown in Hypertension Workers
Nam Hyun Cha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(1):17-29.   Published online March 31, 2002
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AbstractAbstract PDF
This study was carried out to investigate the effect of Self-foot reflexology (SFR) on the hypertension of workers. The purpose of the research was to evaluate: levels of knowledge, physical and emotional condition, work stress and fatigue on the hypertension of employees in the workplace. Quasi-experimental study was designed in the setting of a nonequivalent control and experimental Group applied by the pre and post test. The total subjects undertaken in the study were total of 34 employees working in three companies in Seoul. The SFR program was consisted of 6 phases. There were 2 minutes for preparation, 4 minutes for slow down, 26 minutes for base reflex, symptoms of a disease reflex and excretion reflex stimulation. Finally, there was 20 minutes relaxation in a comfortable posture and drinking hot water after blood pressure was checked in the order. This program was running 55 minutes a day everyday three times a week during the entire 8 week course. The finding showed blood pressure was reduced significantly. Moreover, the level of total cholesterol, high and low density lipoprotein cholesterol, depression, work stress, and fatigue were decreased in the study. But, they were not statistically significant except as it related to Group comparisons in time. The level of state anxiety was statistically significant between 2 Groups, but not in the time comparison of both Groups. As a summary of the study results, the SFR program was regarded as contributing to the physical and emotional promotion of employees. It had partially increased body circulations of functional organ related to the SFR sites. And, it improved relaxation of physical and mental condition through energy movement 'Chi'. Therefore, the SFR technique should be considered as an effective skill of a nursing program. Furthermore, it can be newly adopted as a nursing curriculum as a part of alternative treatment. However, it still needed to testify its effects through the review study.
Family Support : a Review of Nursing Literature on its Trends and Implementations
Shin Ae Park, Kyung Sook Kang, Mi Young Jeong, Nam Hyun Cha, Soon Young Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(3):639-646.   Published online December 31, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study is to analyze the trend of nursing research related to family support and to provide an effective direction for future research by conducting a review of the Korean nursing literature from 1980 to 2000. A total of 73 studies were analyzed with the following results. 1) The number of studies related to family support has been rapidly increasing since 1984, and 77% of those were conducted in the 1990s. 48 studies, 65% of those analyzed, were degree-based research including 4 doctoral theses (4%) and 45 master's theses (62%). 2) Based on the objective frame of study types developed by Lee et al. (1991), the types of studies were analyzed: 56 studies, 76.6% of those reviewed, belonged to factor-relating; 9 studies (12.4%) belonged to factor-isolating; 7 studies (9.6%) belonged to situation-producing; and only 1 study (1.4%) belonged to situationrelating research, respectively. 3) In terms of research design, most studies of analyzed (90.4%) were conducted by non-experimental design, and 7 studies (9.6%) were conducted by experimental design. But, qualitative research related to family support was not found. 4) In terms of research subjects, target populations of experimental studies were patients with arthritis, mental disorder, tuberculosis, coronary artery disease and hypertension. In correlational studies, 51 studies, 69.9% of those analyzed, were conducted to patients with renal failure, cancer and hemiplegia, and 5 studies (6.8%) were conducted to aged people and adolescents. 5) Study concepts used in correlational studies were quality of life, anxiety and depression, self-esteem, hope, role behavior, compliance and self-care activities. The quality of life was most often used among studies with 12.5% of those analyzed. 6) Nursing interventions, including diet therapy, family involving education and supportive care, used in experimental studies mostly showed positive effects on client involvement and home health improvement. However, the nursing interventions of mental health rehabilitation and resistance exercise showed neutral and negative results. The findings of this study provide evidence that more empirical research including experimental or qualitative studies should be conducted actively to improve nursing practice related to family support. Also, to promote more diverse nursing interventions, a family assessment tool especially for Korean families needs to be developed.
Effects on the Frequencies of Self-foot Reflex Massage Seen in the Physical Index and Anxiety Level of Hypertension Workers : The pilot study
Nam Hyun Cha, Shin Ae Park
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(2):375-389.   Published online September 30, 2001
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AbstractAbstract PDF
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Self-foot Reflex Massage (SRM) programme on the physical condition and anxiety level of hypertension workers. The research was designed in the pre and post-test. Sample test was done in five workers with essential hypertension. They were divided in two groups:- Group A and Group B. The Self-foot Reflex Massage (SRM) was applied three times a week for Group A and five times a week for Group B. The SRM was given in 40 minutes each time for 4 weeks from the 1st of January to the 30th of April in 2001. In order to evaluate the effect on SRM, blood pressure, total cholesterol, triglyceride, HDL cholesterol and LDL cholesterol were measured as physical parameters and state trait anxiety inventory was used twice each time between before and after the exercise. The collected data was analysed by Mann-Whitney test with SPSS program. The results were as follows: 1. Average age for the subjects were 39.8 (ranged from thirty-two to fifty-three) and average period of hypertension history was 42 months (ranged from twenty to eighty-four). 2. There was no significant difference between two examined groups in blood pressure. But, there was a significant difference in SRM of pre and post-test for two groups. 3. There was no significant difference in blood cholesterol between two groups and between pre and post-test. 4. State trait anxiety showed significant difference between pre and post-test except the results between two groups. This result suggests that SRM is effective on the decrease of systolic and diastolic pressure and the relief of state trait anxiety except for the blood cholesterol. Therefore, blood cholesterol is needed further evaluation in large subjects and longer period. Further research is regarded as necessary to evaluate and to compare the precise effects of SRM on the foot reflex massage (FRM) in anxiety.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing