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Shin Jeong Kim 14 Articles
A Survey on the Use of Visiting Nurses in Child Day Care Centers
Soon Ok Yang, Shin Jeong Kim, Myung Soon Kwon, Seung Hee Lee, Sung Hee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(2):87-99.   Published online June 30, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.2.87
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to contribute children's health care and health promotion by surveying the use of visiting nurses in child day care centers.
METHODS
This study is a descriptive study, and the study period covers July to September, 2010. The research subjects were 27 public health center managers, 166 visiting nurses and 137 child care teachers.
RESULTS
Teachers' need of visiting health care services and visiting nurses' work performance of were statistically significantly different. The teachers' need of visiting health care was higher in all areas (health examination, health life practice, infectious disease control, safety accidents and disaster management, emergency measures and linkage, nutrition, parent education) but the visiting nurses had a low level of work performance.
CONCLUSION
Child care teachers are not health professionals for child health care, and therefore they are in need of professional help. Thus, for the current public health centers in need of customized visit health care, new visiting nurses in charge of professional child health care need to be developed. Also, new models need to be developed for visiting nurses and child care teachers through the connection of community child health care.
A Study on the Relationship between Self-Esteem and Meaning of Life in Higher Grade Elementary School Students
Kyung Ah Kang, Shin Jeong Kim, Mi Kyung Song
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(3):269-276.   Published online September 30, 2009
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship between self-esteem and meaning of life in higher grade elementary school students.
METHODS
Four hundred eighty four elementary school students in their 4 ~ 6th-grade at S, G and C City were recruited by convenient sampling. Data were collected from August to October, 2008 using a self-reported questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by the SPSS/WIN 12.0 program with mean, standard deviation, t-test, ANOVA, Duncan's test, and Pearson's correlation.
RESULTS
The average score of meaning of life was 3.07 +/- 0.38 and that of self-esteem was 3.43 +/- 0.62. There were significant differences in self-esteem according to variables region and religion, and in meaning of life scores according to variables region, grade, sex and religion. There was a significant positive correlation between self-esteem and meaning of life.
CONCLUSION
Self-esteem and meaning of life should be considered as important factors for healthy development in the elementary school period. Self-esteem should be considered as a main content in developing programs for finding meaning of life for higher grade elementary school students.
The Relation between Social Support and Loneliness in Migrant Workers
Soon Hee Lee, Shin Jeong Kim, Young Joo Lee, Sook Young Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(1):67-74.   Published online March 31, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the actual condition of social support and loneliness and to examine of the relation between social support and loneliness in migrant workers.
METHODS
One hundred and thirty migrant workers were sampled from two churches located at Seoul and Gyeonggi-do in order to collect basic data onmigrant workers from August to December, 2007 using a questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed using mean, standard deviation, t-test and ANOVA test.
RESULTS
1) The average scores of social support and loneliness were 3.73 +/- 0.31 and 2.57 +/- 0.31, respectively. 2) With respect to the general characteristics of subjects, there was no statistically significant difference in social support, but there was a significant difference in loneliness according to religion (t=2.586, p=.001). 3) The correlation coefficient between social support and loneliness was not significant (r=-.010, p=.929).
CONCLUSION
Social support should be considered in nursing intervention to decrease the level of loneliness in migrant workers. More studies are needed to identify variables influencing social support and loneliness in migrant workers.
The Effect of a Physical Exercise Program Using Elastic Bands in the Attitude of Physical Exercise and the Degree of Joint Pain
Shin Jeong Kim, Geum Hee Jeong, Soon Ok Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2007;18(1):79-89.   Published online March 31, 2007
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of a physical exercise program using elastic bands in rural area women.
METHOD
This study adopted a pre-post test design. The subjects were 89 rural area women who were selected from four community health care centers. The physical exercise program was executed 30 times for 10 weeks (3 times a week) from August 23 to October 31, 2003.
RESULTS
There was a significant difference in the attitude of physical exercise (t=-5.517, p=.000). In the degree of joint pain, there were significant differences in the flextion and extension of the shoulder joint (t=2.557, p=.020; t=5.625, p=.000), and there was a significant difference in the flextion of the knee joint (t=4.747, 0=.000) but there was no significant difference in the extension of the knee joint (t=1.795, p=.083).
CONCLUSION
Physical exercise programs need to be implemented and spread continuously.
A Study on BMI, Self-esteem and Attitude toward Body Shape Perceived by Obese Adults
Hwan Suk Choi, Sook Young Kim, Sun Young Moon, Shin Jeong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2006;17(4):501-511.   Published online December 31, 2006
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AbstractAbstract PDF
No abstract available.
Content Analysis of Difficulties in Families with Terminal Cancer Patients
Kyung Ah Kang, Shin Jeong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005;16(3):270-281.   Published online September 30, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The objective of this study was to understand the caring experience of families with terminal cancer patients.
METHOD
This was designed to be an inductive and descriptive study. Forty-seven families with terminal cancer patients were interviewed in depth and collected data were examined through content analysis.
RESULT
The main categories of difficulties found in this study were "suffering of patient", "emotional suffering of family", "bereavement of patient", "difficulties in coping", "problems in treatment", "incurable situation", "family problems", "relationship with other people", "economic problems", "spiritual problems", "problems in the future", "informing patients of their condition", "preparing death", "emotional unstability", "meaninglessness", "unkindness of medical teams", "poor environment for treatment", "difficulties in hospital environment" and "economic burden".
CONCLUSION
The main point found from this result was that families taking care of terminal cancer patients are suffering emotionally from watching the patients' pains and had difficulties in coping with the patients' situation and treatment. In addition, they had negative experiences in medical teams attitude and hospital environment. This result can be used as an important guide for nurses to assess families' needs in the terminal care setting.
Contents Analysis of Textbook Related to Safety Education in Elementary School
Mi Kyung Song, Jung Eun Lee, Sun Young Moon, Sook Ja Yang, Shin Jeong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2005;16(2):205-220.   Published online June 30, 2005
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to provide basic data to develop safety education programs in elementary school.
METHOD
Analysis is made based on textbooks for 1st-6th-grade elementary school students published by Korea Ministry of Education & Human Resources Development.
RESULTS
1) Among the textbooks. only , , , and courses dealt with safety education. 2) The contents of safety education included traffic safety, water safety, indoor and outdoor safety, fire, emergency measures, misuse and abuse of drug, smoking, toy safety, sports safety, leasure safety and disasters. However, the contents were theoretical, fragmentary, local and limited.
CONCLUSION
These results suggest that the consents of safety education must be strengthened, and more practical and more behavior-oriented in consideration of activities.
The Need for Hospice Care in Families of Patients with Cancer
Kyung Ah Kang, Shin Jeong Kim, Young Soon Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2004;15(4):639-647.   Published online December 31, 2004
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to analyze the need for hospice care programs in families of patients with cancer.
METHOD
The study surveyed 98 families who were taking care of patients with cancer. This survey was conducted from August 2004 to October 2004 at two general hospitals in Seoul. The data were collected through a self-reporting questionnaire of 22 items. The items were classified into five areas by factor analysis to identify the construct validity. The reliability of the tool was established by Cronbach's alpha as .93 and the data collected were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test and ANOVA.
RESULTS
1) The degree of need for hospice care of the subjects showed a high average of 3.26 (+/-3.7). The need for 'emotional care of patients showed the highest mean (M=3.47), 'management of terminal physical symptoms' (M=3.34), 'control of secondary physical problems' (M=3.26), 'acceptance of the family's difficulty' (M=3.12), 'spiritual care for preparing for death' (M=2.96), respectively. 2) With respect to the demographic characteristics of the subjects, there were statistically significant differences in hospice care needs, according to the onset of diagnosis (F==3.110, p=.030).
CONCLUSION
Hospice care must be provided considering the needs of families of patients with cancer. In this sense, this country's needs as well as hospice nurses' higher concern and support for hospice care of patients require further education and program development to meet the current demands.
The Experience of Life of the Physically Handicapped Adolescents
Kyung Ah Kang, Shin Jeong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(4):767-777.   Published online December 31, 2002
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The purpose of this study was to construct a grounded theory as the basis for developing future nursing interventions by describing and analyzing the holistic lives of the physically handicapped adolescents. The subjects were 10 physically handicapped adolescents who were attending a rehabilitation school located in Kyunggi region and could understand and respond to the questions. The aim and purpose of the study were explained to the subjects and only those who accepted to participate in the study were selected as the actural study subjects. The study data were collected from July to November 2000. The investigators provided detailed explanations to the subjects about keeping the anonymity of the subjects name and confidentiality of the information provided by the study subjects. The subjects recevied in-depth interviews by the investigators. Each interview took about 40 minutes to 1 hour and 30 minutes. and each subject received interviews with the range of one to 3 rimes. All interviews were recorded under the permission of the subjects The investigators formed field notes after finishing each interview. In the process of data analysis 'Realizing the difficulty due to physical handicap' was found to be the causal condition whereas 'acceptance of physical handicap' was identified as th context. Then we identified awaring as the valuable being as the core phenomenon support from family and social group and spiritual help as the intervening condition effort for adaptation as the strategy and finding the meaning of life as the consequence. Through the theoretical model derived from this study an important aspect the lives of physically handicapped adolescences was identified that awaring as the valuable being help them cope better and find the meaning of life in spite of suffering they experience.
Attitude Type about Smoking of Smoking Middle School Students
Kyoung Soon Han, Sun Young Moon, Yong Hee Choi, Bok Chang Oh, Shin Jeong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(3):481-492.   Published online September 30, 2002
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The purpose of this study was to understand and analyze the subjective structure of attitude The method was based on a Q-Methodological approach. The results of this study, there were four categories of smoking middle school students' attitude about smoking. The first type named Self Belief type that this type didn't sensible of their surrounding persons when they were smoking and they also were responsible for strong opinion at their behavior. The second type named Other's Awareness type that they were seen the behaviors they always have to see other person when they were smoked, but if they didn't smoke or have tobaccos they feel heavy and are restless. The third type named Solving of Anxiety type. They first used to smoke when they wanted to solve their anxiety, stress, awkwardness and angry. The fourth type named A Sense of Belonging Group type. This type followed if their friends were smoking they also did it with them. As to grasping of their motivation to smoking of middle school of students with smoking, they felt some intimacy and same quality each other. In consideration of various types of attitude about smoking, it was very necessary important to grasp the meaning because we were known about attitude, belief etc. And then Through getting hold of the meaning, we could understand with their thought and value of Students in middle school. Besides, as a substitute for the students were depending on smoking purposelessly will fix right self-confidence.
Knowledge and Attitude toward Smoking Behavior in Male Middle School Students
Soon Ok Yang, Shin Jeong Kim, Eun Jin Choi, Sung Sook Baek, Soon Bun Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(2):387-398.   Published online June 30, 2002
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This study was conducted to provide basic data to develop a smoking prevention and non-smoking education program. Data were collected, using a questionnaire, from 438 male middle school students living in Chunchon, Kwangwon-do. The data collection period was from September 2 to 30, 2000. The questionnaire used to measure the subjects' knowledge and attitude toward smoking was based on the guideline for the contents of tobacco smoking surveys for the general population designed by WHO. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS-Win program. The results were as follows. 1. The subjects' average score for smoking knowledge was 58.52 out of 100 points. 2. The subjects' average score for attitude toward smoking was 63.54 out of 100 points. 3. Smoking knowledge of the subjects was significantly different by their grade (F=9.187, p=.000), father's smoking behavior (t=2.261, p=.024), aware of harmfulness of smoking (F=8.911, p=.000). The subjects' attitude toward smoking was significantly different by mother's smoking behavior (t=-2.557, p=.011), brother's smoking behavior (t=-3.959, p=.000), having a smoking friend or not (t=-4.422, p=.000), subjects' smoking experience (t=-8.304, p=.000), present smoking behavior (t=7.001, p=.000), quantity of smoking (F=3.297, p=.041), abstinence period of smoking (F=3.858, p=.013), thinking about smoking behavior (F=20.999, p=.000), aware of harmfulness of smoking (F=20.964, p=.000), and amount of drinking (F=8.316, p=.000). 4. There was a significant correlation between subjects' knowledge and attitude toward smoking (r=.514, p=.000).
The Actual Condition of Smoking among University Students
Shin Jeong Kim, Sun Young Moon, Kyoug Soon Han
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2002;13(1):147-160.   Published online March 31, 2002
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The purpose of this study was twofold: one, to provide basic data to prevent smoking among university students and two, to develop an effective no smoking program for university students. Two hundred and ten 210 university students who smoked were enrolled in the study. Data were collected from September, 1999 to January, 2000 using a questionnaire. The data collected were scored by using mean and standard deviation according to the motivations for smoking, the psychological characteristics and the motivation for not smoking. Each item was analyzed as an independent variable by the t-test and the ANOVA test. The results were as follows: 1. The average score of subjects' smoking motivation and psychologic characteristics was 2.59. 2. The average score of subjects' no smoking was 3.18. 3. With the respect to the general characteristics of subjects' smoking motivation and psychologic characteristics, there were significant difference in allowance for the month (F=6.197, P=.002), smoking reason (F=4.196, P=.003), smoking type(F=2.34, P=.035), father's smoking(F=3.119, P=.027), and smoking of close friend (F=4.430, P=.013). In subjects' no smoking motivation, there were significant difference in age (F=3.469, P=.033) and starting time of smoking(F=2.834, P=.039) 4. There was a significant correlation (r=.190, p=.007) between subjects' smoking motivation, psychologic characteristics and no smoking motivation.
How Healthy is the Health related Informations brocated by TV News?
Shin Jeong Kim, Jung Eun Lee, Shin Dong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2001;12(2):513-531.   Published online September 30, 2001
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Television news programs are becoming significant source of health information. This study aims at investigating the current state of health coverage of the prime time news program in Korea. Data were collected from KBS 9 o'clock news in the period of thirteen months, from December 1, 1998, to November 1, 1999. The data were analyzed using content analysis method, and the reliability degree was 99.7% according to the Holsti's inter-coder reliability test. The current research classified 489 health related news items into 49 sub-categories and five health categories through content analysis. Some of the basic results of this study are as follows. 1. The frequency according to health category, health maintenancepromotion(57.3%) topped followed by disease prevention(23.2%), disease treatment(14.9%), life ethics(4.0%), and growthdevelopment(0.6%). 2. According to human developmental age, for the most part(80.1%) is applicable to the entire range of human developmental age. 3. Health maintennancepromotion category take top of health category by the rate of 57.3% and contain 20 sub-categories. 4. News items in the life ethics category, which had six sub-categories, occupied only four percent of the total health related news. News in the growthdevelopment category included two sub categories and occupied 0.6% of the total news items. 5. In disease prevention and disease treatment category, infectious disease(33.2%) showed the highest percentage according to the WHO's international disease classification system. Disease prevention occupied 23.2% and contained eleven sub-categories while disease treatment occupied 14.9% and included ten sub-categories. Television news coverage on health showed a wide variety of selection in terms that they are reporting various issues. This study, however, found that some news items were confusing and failing in presenting scientific evidences. It is suggested that the television coverage on health could be beneficial to most of viewers in receiving important health information and guidelines, only if they are utilizing their own sound discretion in consuming those news.
Sexual Knowledge and Attitude in Middle School Students
Soon Ok Yang, Seong Sil Kim, Geum Hee Jeong, Shin Jeong Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2000;11(2):591-605.   Published online December 31, 2000
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With the improvement of nutritive conditions and the influence of abundant information as well as various cultural aspects imported from foreign countries, puberty develops more rapidly in the body today. This study was conducted to suggest some ideas that are useful in planning sexual education programs in middle schools with ultimate aim being to promote sexual health. The subject of this survey consisted of 534 fifth graders from 4 schools in Hongchon. The major findings are summarized as follows: 1. The degree of sexual knowledge of adolescents showed a low average 31.00 and the degree of sexual attitude showed an average of 62.0. 2. With respect to demographic characteristics, there were statistically significant differences in sexual knowledge according to the following: living with parents (t=5.913. p=.015), father's education(F=3.213, p=.041), economic status (F=5.073 p=.007); and in sexual attitudes. there were statistically significant differences according to father's education (F=3.912. p=.002), and interest in the other sex (F=3.292, p=.038). 3. The level of sexual knowledge and sexual attitude of adolescents was correlated at significant levels(r=.354. p=.000). The findings of this study indicated that a variety of systematic sexual education programs suitable for each stage of adolescence should be developed along with family, society, and the country's higher concern and enlightenment.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing