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Volume 33 (2); June 2022
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Original Articles
The COVID-19 Correspondence Work Experience of Community Health Practitioners
Jae Hyun Ha, Hyun Ju Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):139-152.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.139
  • 574 View
  • 28 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study aims to describe and understand the meaning and nature of community health practitioners’ coping with COVID-19. Methods In-depth interviews were conducted with 12 community health practitioners from August to October 2021, to describe and understand the nature of their coping with COVID-19. The collected data were examined and described based on Colaizzi’s phenomenological method. Results 16 theme clusters and five categories were derived from the community health practitioners’ experience of coping with COVID-19. The categories derived were: a war that began without notice, a variety of correspondence tasks assigned, struggling to fulfill given roles, correspondence tasks becoming more systematic, and a fight that has not yet ended. Conclusion Community health practitioners handled various response tasks related to COVID-19, and faithfully fulfilled their professional roles while performing the primary task of medical care. Hence, attention is required on issues related to the establishment of the national emergency healthcare system and improvement of professional competence of community health practitioners even after the COVID-19 pandemic is over. Furthermore, it is necessary to make ceaseless efforts to address those issues and, in order to do so, social interest and institutional support are needed.
A Preliminary Study for the Curriculum Development of Community Care Coordinators: Educational Needs Analysis
Han Nah Park, Ju Young Yoon, Soong Nang Jang, Hye Jin Nam
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):153-163.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.153
  • 794 View
  • 39 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
A care coordinator is an emerging nursing professional role in South Korea. The purpose of this study was to identify educational needs and priorities for care coordinators among nurses. Methods An online survey was conducted on 661 current or retired nurses from January 30 to February 28, 2021. A total of 17 essential competencies for care coordinators, recognized based on literature review, were used to analyze the educational needs. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, a paired t-test, and one-way analysis of variance with SPSS 25.0. The educational needs analysis was conducted by using a paired t-test, the Borich Needs Assessment Model, and the Locus for Focus Model. Results Five contents were identified as the first priorities for educational needs: ‘Health program planning and evaluation’, ‘Care planning’, ‘Coordinating community-based services’, ‘Case management’, and ‘Transitional care’. The second priorities for educational needs included 'Population health management' and'Welfare resource linkages via communicating with social workers’. Conclusion The priority items derived from this study offer underpinning insights for the development of care coordination training program.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Needs assessment of community health practitioners for community care competency of older adults
    Na Bee Yoon, Hyeon Kyeong Lee, Haesun Lee, Sang Woo Park
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 32.     CrossRef
The Relationships between Rural Elderly’s Suicide Literacy, Suicide Stigma and Coping Advice for Suicide Prevention: The Moderated Mediation Effect of Social Expectations for Experiencing Negative Emotions
Soon Tae An, Han Nah Lee, Jeong Hee Cho
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):164-174.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.164
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  • 26 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of the rural elderly suicide literacy level upon suicide stigma and coping advice with suicidal crises (recommending professional help for a suicidal person). In particular, this study investigates the role of cultural norms (perceived social expectations for the experience of negative emotions) on suicide stigma and coping ability. Methods A survey was conducted addressing elderly people (N=119) living in rural areas. Regression analysis using SPSS PROCESS macro was used to examine the relationships among the key variables. Results Participants with higher suicide literacy showed lower suicide stigma, and this perception had a significant effect on enhancing their coping advice with suicidal crises. Also, perceived social expectations significantly influenced the relationship between suicide stigma and coping advice. With lower levels of social expectations, the mediating effect of suicide stigma on the relationship between suicide literacy and recommending professional help did not exist whereas the indirect effect was significant when it pertained to high levels of social expectations. Conclusion This result signifies that suicide stigma serves as a barrier deterring Koreans from reaching out for professional help regarding their mental health. Moreover, these findings underscore the importance of cultural psychological factors such as perceived social expectations in terms of developing suicide prevention strategies.
Contract Employment Experiences of Visiting Nurses at Public Health Centers in the Metropolitan Area: Focused on Employment Type and Treatment
Hee Gerl Kim, Soong Nang Jang, Young Ran Chin, Jung Yi Hur, Ryoun-Sook Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):175-187.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.175
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  • 14 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study was conducted with a focus group interview that drew out experiences, limitations, and difficulties in the workplace according to the employment conditions of visiting nurses in the public health centers. Methods A total of 12 visiting nurses are those working in the public sector in Seoul and Gyeonggi province who were willing to participate in the interview. Analysis categories and coding were divided into three categories: compensation system, occupational status, and opinions to improve their treatment. Using the content analysis method, the current working status and compensation system of visiting nurses were described. Results The main themes derived from the significant statements of visiting nurses were ‘Ten years of frozen salary system’, ‘Full-time workers of their own league’, ‘Excluded from performance benefits’, ‘Every visiting nurses are virtually precarious’, ‘Experience of exclusion and discrimination’, and ‘Reasons and barriers to be a full-time worker’. All of the visiting nurses working in the community insisted on having equal treatment for work of equal value. Visiting nurses in the public health sector wanted to be set to the same payment system and the fair allowance system as well. It is necessary to continuously seek solutions to the problems left in insisting on the civil service of visiting nurses. Conclusion Visiting nurses who were working in a precarious job position felt job insecurity, and experienced discrimination, alienation, and exclusion. Legal and institutional reform is needed to improve the treatment of visiting nurses.

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  • Welfare Program Recommendation by Conditional Variational Autoencoder and Collaborative Filtering
    Sungeun Kim, Mingi Ji, Il-Chul Moon, Weonyoung Joo
    Journal of the Korean Institute of Industrial Engineers.2023; 49(1): 28.     CrossRef
Influencing Factors on Health-related Quality of Life among Japanese Middle-aged Marriage-based Immigrant Women in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study
Keiko Asami, Duck Hee Chae
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):188-195.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.188
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  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
With the first generation of marriage-based immigrant women in East Asia now reaching their middle or old age, the need to focus investigations on their health-related quality of life has arisen. This study aimed to examine the extent to which physical and mental health, and psychosocial variables can predict health-related quality of life among Japanese middle-aged immigrant women. Methods This study has a descriptive cross-sectional design. A convenience sample of 197 Japanese middle-aged marriage-based immigrant women from two regions of South Korea were recruited between December 2017 and March 2018. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires on health-related quality of life, menopausal symptoms, depression, perceived health status, disease morbidity, social support, and acculturation. The data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression. Results Depression was the strongest predictor of health-related quality of life, followed by perceived health status, social support, and household income. Menopausal symptoms, presence of disease, and acculturation appeared to have no additional impact on participant’s health-related quality of life. Conclusion In times of rapid growth of global migration and the aging of immigrants in new destination countries, nursing interventions and public health policies for aging marriage-based immigrant women should be prioritized to improve their mental health by facilitating social support and disease management. In addition, social and employment policies that can help immigrant women transition to a healthy midlife are needed.
Influencing Factors on COVID-19 Preventive Behaviors among College Students
Hye Seung Kim, Yun Hee Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):196-206.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.196
  • 534 View
  • 19 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to identify health belief, subjective norms, social stigma, and sense of community affecting COVID-19 preventive behaviors among college students, and provide basic data for the development of preventive programs to improve COVID-19 preventive behaviors. Methods This study used a cross-sectional study design. The study recruited a total of 170 college students, through an online survey from three online communities which are mostly used by college students. Data were collected from July 24 to August 9, 2021. The SPSS 21.0 program was used to analyze the data using simple multiple regression. Results In simple multiple regression, the perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits and subjective norms were found to have a significant association with COVID-19 preventive behaviors of college students. These variables explained the 55.1% variance in COVID-19 preventive behaviors of college students (p<.001). Conclusion The results of this study showed that the perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and subjective norms were significant factors affecting COVID-19 preventive behaviors of college students. Based on the results of this study, it is expected to develop COVID-19 preventive programs and strategies that increase perceived susceptibility, perceived benefits, and subjective norms to improve the COVID-19 preventive behaviors of college students.
Family and Community Factors Associated with Life Satisfaction of the Urban Community-dwelling Elderly across Age Groups: Focusing on the Importance of Social Capital
Hyeon Sik Chu, Han Yi Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):207-216.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.207
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  • 29 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The aim of this study was to identify differences and influencing factors in the level of life satisfaction among the urban community-dwelling elderly by age group. Methods The study was conducted utilizing the secondary data of 2017 Seoul Survey in a cross-sectional design. Of 42,688 participants in total, the data of 7,927 adults aged 65 or older were analyzed. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, chi-square test, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression. Results There were significant differences between age groups, and it was found that the old elderly groups had significantly higher life satisfaction than the oldest elderly group (t=8.37, p<.011). In common, family and community factors influencing life satisfaction in the two age groups were companion animals (old elderly: β=.03, p=.002; oldest elderly: β=.06, p=.021), social network (old elderly: β=.10, p<.001; oldest elderly: β=.08, p=.008), and social support (old elderly: β=.05, p<.001; oldest elderly: β=.08, p=.005). Conclusion Based on these results, social welfare and nursing care services focusing on social capital and age group-specific interventions are needed to improve life satisfaction of the elderly. This study might provide the possibility and evidence for a program to improve life satisfaction for the urban community-dwelling elderly, including social capital elements.
Burnout, Secondary Traumatic Stress, and Compassion Satisfaction of Military Officers Responding to COVID-19
Seo Young Baek, Sin Woo Hwang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):217-227.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.217
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  • 11 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify individual and occupational factors influencing burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion satisfaction in military officers who experienced supporting civilians in responding to COVID-19. Methods This descriptive study was conducted on 140 special forces’ military officers who experienced responding to disasters within 3 months. Data were collected through an online survey from September to November 2021. Results The mean scores for burnout, secondary traumatic stress, and compassion satisfaction were 21.67±6.03, 20.54±8.21, and 39.72±8.12 out of 50, respectively. The significant factors that influenced burnout and secondary traumatic stress were ‘higher passive stress copying styles’ (B=0.17, p<.001; B=0.31, p=<.001, respectively) and ‘lower social support (B=-0.11, p=.031; B=-0.10, p=.001, respectively). The compassion satisfaction was more significantly associated with ‘higher self-efficacy’ (B=0.37, p=<.001), ‘higher active stress copying styles’ (B=0.19, p=.006), and ‘education responding to disasters’ (B=2.04, p=.029). Conclusion The results suggest that the strategies to increase social support, self-efficacy, and active stress coping styles should be considered in developing educational programs for military officers responding to disasters to minimize burnout, secondary traumatic stress and to improve compassion satisfaction.
Factors Affecting Suicidal Ideation in Multicultural Adolescents: The Mediating Role of Happiness
Kyung Ah Nam, Hun Ha Cho
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):228-236.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.228
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  • 23 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the mediating effect of happiness in the relationship between internet addiction, depression and suicidal ideation among adolescents from multicultural families. Methods 1,065 adolescents from multicultural families who participated in the 16th (2020) Adolescent Health Behavior Survey were selected as the final subjects for the study, and were analyzed with descriptive statistics, independent t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression. Results There was a fully mediating effect of happiness in the relationship between internet addiction and suicidal ideation of the adolescents from multicultural families (F=6.65, p<.001). There was a partial mediating effect of happiness in the relationship between depression and suicidal ideation of the adolescents from multicultural families (F=10.01, p<.001). Conclusion To mitigate the suicidal ideation of adolescents from multicultural families, it is necessary to develop and apply a positive psychological treatment program that enhances happiness for adolescents from multicultural families who are experiencing internet addiction and depression.
The Relationship between 5-year Overall Survival Rate, Socioeconomic Status and SEER Stage for Four Target Cancers of the National Cancer Screening Program in Korea: Results from the Gwangju-Jeonnam Cancer Registry
Jeong Hee Kang, Chul-Woung Kim, Sun Seog Kweon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):237-246.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.237
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  • 18 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the 5-year survival rate, socioeconomic status, and SEER (Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results) stage of stomach, colorectal, breast and cervical cancer patients. Methods A total of 11,770 cases of four target cancers, which were diagnosed during 2005-2007, were extracted from the database of Gwangju-Jeonnam Regional Cancer Registry. The subjects of the study were 11,770 including stomach (n=5,479), colorectal (n=3,565), breast (n=1,516) and cervical cancers (n=710). Cox’s proportional hazards model was used to obtain the hazards ratio (HR) according to the SEER stage and socioeconomic status. Results Stomach cancer had a significantly higher HR in the medical aid recipients (HR=1.39), and the group below 20% (HR=1.20) compared to the group with the highest income level. Colorectal cancer had a significantly higher HR in the medical aid recipients (HR=1.26) than in the group with the highest income level. In addition, stomach, colorectal, breast and cervical cancers had a significantly higher HR according to the SEER stage in regional direct (stomach=4.10, colorectal=1.76, breast=12.90, cervical=3.10), regional lymph only(stomach=2.58, colorectal=2.33, breast=4.32, cervical= 4.43), regional both (stomach=6.74 colorectal=3.04, breast=15.57 cervical=6.50), and regional NOS (Not Otherwise Specified)/distant (stomach=17.53, colorectal=11.53, breast=25.34, cervical=26.51) than in situ and localized only. Conclusion In order to increase the cancer survival rate, a support system for early detection and early treatment of cancer should be established for groups with low individual income levels, and regular health checkups and management measures should be actively implemented through the National Cancer Screening Program.
Factors Influencing on Core Competencies in Disaster Nursing by University Hospital Nurses’ Experiences of Caring for Patients with COVID-19
Bo Won Choi, Yeong Mi Ha
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):247-258.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.247
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  • 44 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Considering that nurses perform critical roles for caring for patients during the COVID-19 pandemic, it is important to investigate core competencies in disaster nursing. This study aimed to identify influencing factors on core competencies in disaster nursing by examining relationships between attitudes toward disaster management, disaster preparedness, and core competencies in disaster nursing in university hospital nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with COVID-19. Methods The participants were nurses working in two university hospitals who had either experiences of caring for patients with COVID-19 or no experiences. A questionnaire was distributed to 198 participants between October and November 2021. Results The findings of multiple regression analysis demonstrated that the factors related to core competencies in disaster nursing in the participants were disaster preparedness (β=.80, p<.001) and nurses’ experiences of caring for patients with COVID-19 (β=.11, p=.007). Specifically, the factors related to core competencies in disaster nursing in those having experiences of direct caring for patients with COVID-19 were disaster preparedness (β=.84, p<.001) and marital status (β=.16, p=.001). The factors related to core competencies in disaster nursing in those with indirect caring for patients with COVID-19 were disaster preparedness (β=.75, p<.001) and an intention to participate in disaster response (β=.16, p=.037). Conclusion Based on this study, it is important to develop disaster nursing education programs focusing on the full spectrum of disaster management including disaster preparedness, disaster response, and disaster recovery training.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Influences of Nursing Professionalism and Nursing Intention on Disaster Nursing Competency among Nurses when a Disaster Occurs in a Community: Response to COVID-19
    Hyun-Jung JANG, Yoon-Jung KOO, Sun-Yeon HONG, Jeong-Eon PARK, Soo-Jin BAE, Suk-Jin PARK
    THE JOURNAL OF FISHERIES AND MARINE SCIENCES EDUCATION.2023; 35(2): 276.     CrossRef
  • Influence of COVID 19 on Nursing Students’ Career Identity: A Cross-sectional Study
    Na-geong Kim, Hye-Ryeon Park
    The Open Nursing Journal.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of an online training program for improving nurses’ competencies in disaster risk management
    Jamileh Farokhzadian, Hojjat Farahmandnia, Asghar Tavan, Gülcan Taskiran Eskici, Faezeh Soltani Goki
    BMC Nursing.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • The Influence of Infection Control Fatigue and Compassion Competence on Disaster Nursing Core Competencies of Nurses at COVID-19 Designated Hospitals
    Jae-Hyun Ha, Hyun-Ju Lee, Ki-Ryeon Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2022; 29(4): 461.     CrossRef
Risk Perceptions of Noncommunicable Diseases among Cambodian Adults: A Cross-Sectional Study
Sung Heui Bae, Ok Nam Hwang, Ji Eun Jeong, Young Ran Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):259-268.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.259
  • 723 View
  • 31 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
In Cambodia, noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) account for 64% of all deaths. A lack of risk perception of NCDs leads to poor measures of their prevention and management. This study aimed to investigate Cambodians’ risk perceptions of NCDs based on the health belief model. Methods A cross-sectional design was used, and using convenience sampling, participants included 200 Cambodians aged 40 years or older. A face-to-face administered structured questionnaire was used to assess demographic characteristics, health behaviors, and risk perceptions of NCDs. Results Of the constructs of NCD risk perception, perceived severity (88.2%) and benefits (86.3%) were high, but relative to these, perceived cues to action (64.1%), barriers (63.5%), and self-efficacy (58.1%) were low. Conclusion It is important to improve perceived self-efficacy in government health promotion, outreach, and improvement programs and to reduce perceived barriers through medical tests either by facility-based delivery or via outreach health services in Cambodia.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing