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Original Articles
Relationships of Self-leadership, Working Environment, and Professionalism among School Health Teachers
Joohee Kim, Young Ko
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(4):294-306.   Published online December 29, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00297
  • 905 View
  • 31 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study was conducted to examine the relationships of self-leadership, working environment, and professionalism, and to identify the factors that influence professionalism among school health teachers.
Methods
This study was a descriptive research study to identify the relationships of self-leadership, work environment, and professionalism among school health teachers. Data were collected from 198 people via an online survey using a structured questionnaire. The data were collected from February 7 to 24, 2023. The relationships of self-leadership, working environment, and professionalism were analyzed using multiple regression analysis.
Results
The score of self-leadership of school health teachers was 3.97 points out of 5, working environment was 3.28 points out of 5, and professionalism was 4.12 points out of 5. Professional accountability and competency development were influenced by behavioral strategies of self-leadership, cognitive strategies of self-leadership, and working environment. These variables explained 35.0% and 29.5% of professional accountability, respectively. Autonomy was influenced by age, cognitive strategy of self-leadership, and working environment, and these variables explained 19.2% of the variance of autonomy. Social recognition was influenced by behavioral strategy of self-leadership, and working environment, and these variables explained 28.0% of social recognition.
Conclusion
To enhance the professionalism of school health teachers, it is necessary to cultivate self-leadership that can overcome difficulties in work and properly self-criticize. Improving the working environment would help enhance the professionalism of school health teachers.
Perceived Discrimination and Workplace Violence among School Health Teachers: Relationship with School Organizational Climate
Joohee Kim, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(4):432-445.   Published online December 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.4.432
  • 874 View
  • 24 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to identify the relationship of the school organizational climate with perceived discrimination and the workplace violence among school health teachers. Methods: The research design was a cross-sectional study. The subjects of the study were 350 school health teachers with more than one year of teaching experience. Data were collected online using a questionnaire. Research variables are general characteristics, organizational climate, perceived discrimination, and workplace violence. The relationship between organizational climate and perceived discrimination and the relationship between organizational climate and workplace violence were analyzed using regression analysis. Results: The score for organizational climate of health teachers was 3.10 out of 5 points, the score for perceived discrimination was 2.85 out of 5 points, and the experience rate of workplace violence was 16.9%. School organizational climate was related to both workplace violence and perceived discrimination. The subcomponents of organizational climate affecting perceived discrimination of health teachers were interrelationship and the level of compensation. The subcomponents of organizational climate affecting workplace violence of health teachers were interrelationship and autonomy. Conclusion: The improvement of the school's organizational climate can reduce the level of workplace violence and discrimination against health teachers. It is important to establish an appropriate evaluation system for health teachers and to recognize the role and expertise of health teachers. In addition, it is necessary for school administraters to actively support health teahcers and to create an organizational climate where they can be friendly and communicative.
Effects of the Subjective Family Class on the Suicide Ideation of Adolescents: Double Mediating Effect of Social Support and Sense of Coherence
Ji Youn Kim, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(3):269-278.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.269
  • 694 View
  • 9 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The study was conducted to identify the relationship between subjective family class and suicidal ideation and to determine the double mediating effect of social support and sense of coherence on their relationship.
Methods
Secondary analysis of data from 2015 Korean Psycho-social Anxiety which was a population-based representative was performed. Double mediating effects of social support and sense of coherence on suicidal ideation were analyzed using the PROCESS macro (model 6) with bootstrapping methods.
Results
Subjective family class directly influenced social support (β=.20, p<.001) and sense of coherence (β=.10, p<.001). Subjective family class directly influenced suicide ideation (β=-.08, p<.001). Sense of coherence was directly influenced by social support (β=.28, p<.001). Suicide ideation was indirectly influenced by subjective family class through social support (β=-.22, p<.001) and sense of coherence (β=-.36, p=.001). The size of direct effect of subjective family class on suicide ideation was 0.24 and the total size of indirect effect was 0.12.
Conclusion
Intervention to improve social support and sense of coherence is needed to prevent the suicide among adolescents.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Perceived Social Status and Suicidal Ideation in Maltreated Children and Adolescents
    Kelli L. Dickerson, Helen M. Milojevich, Jodi A. Quas
    Research on Child and Adolescent Psychopathology.2022; 50(3): 349.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Experiencing Bullying Victimization on Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors in Korean Adolescents
    Jiyoun Kim, Young Ko
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(20): 10853.     CrossRef
Factors Influencing Participation in National Health Screening Program among Korean Older Adults by Cognitive Function Level
Song Yi Han, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(4):508-517.   Published online December 31, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.4.508
  • 718 View
  • 8 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The aim of this study was to identify the participation rate of the National Health Screening Program (NHSP) and its influencing factors by cognitive function level in Korean older adults.
METHODS
This study was a secondary analysis using data from the survey of the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging in 2016. The data were analyzed using χ² test and multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS
The participation rates of the NHSP in the mild cognitive impairment group (79.6%) and the suspected dementia group (58.0%) were lower than the normal cognitive function group (88.1%). The factors influencing NHSP varied by cognitive function level. Especially, in the suspected dementia group, higher participation rates of the NHSP were associated with living in rural areas, enrollment in private health insurance, no depressive symptoms, participation in social activities, and no living with children. Depression and participation in social activities influenced participation in NHSP in all groups.
CONCLUSION
This study suggests that interventions differentiated by cognitive function level are important for increasing the participation in the health screening.
Effects of Multifactorial and Follow-up Programs Applying a Capacity Building Strategy: Focusing on Older Adults Living in a Urban-rural Complex Area
Song Yi Han, Young Ko, Hee Ryang Kim, Ji Youn Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2019;30(2):243-255.   Published online June 30, 2019
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2019.30.2.243
  • 1,053 View
  • 6 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine effects of a multifactorial program for preventing the frailty of older adults and effects of a follow-up program applying a capacity building strategy.
METHODS
A quasi-experimental pretest-posttest design was used for the nonequivalent control group. The follow-up group (n=75) and non-follow-up group (n=68) received the same multifactorial program comprising muscle strength exercise, cognitive training, and psychosocial programs for 12 weeks. After completion of multifactorial program, the follow-up group took follow-up programs applying the capacity building strategy for following 12 weeks. The data of physical function, cognitive function, and psychological function, and self-rated health were collected from both groups three times: before intervention, after intervention, and 12 weeks after intervention. The data were analyzed using χ2 test and t-test.
RESULTS
In comparison with the non-follow-up group, the scores of Timed Up & Go Test, and physical activities energy expenditure were significantly improved in the follow-up group.
CONCLUSION
These results indicate that a multifactorial program with follow-up adapting the strategies of capacity building for the older adults group is feasible to prevent the physical frailty in community.
Factors Influencing Activities-specific Balance Confidence in Community-dwelling Old Adults
Hee Ryang Kim, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2018;29(4):520-529.   Published online December 31, 2018
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2018.29.4.520
  • 1,058 View
  • 2 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to identify factors influencing activities-specific balance confidence in community-dwelling older adults.
METHODS
This is secondary analysis of data from an intervention study for improving cognitive function. The data were collected from March 2 to September 30, 2017 at a senior center. Data of 131 older adults were included for this secondary analysis, and were analyzed by using t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression.
RESULTS
The mean score of activities-specific balance confidence is 65.08 out of a possible range of 0–100. The significant factors affecting activities-specific balance confidence among old adults include ‘more than 85 years old’, ‘waist circumference’, ‘depressive symptoms’, ‘activity restriction due to fear of falling’, and ‘self-rated health’ which explained 52.8% of the variance.
CONCLUSION
The study results indicate that psychologic factors as well as physical condition should be considered for interventions to increase activities-specific balance confidence.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of Virtual Reality Program on Glycated Hemoglobin, Static and Dynamic Balancing Ability, and Falls Efficacy for Diabetic Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Yi-Rang Yim, Myung-Haeng Hur
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2023; 30(2): 155.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Physical Exercise Program on Physiological, Psychological, and Physical Function of Older Adults in Rural Areas
    Sunmi Kim, Eun-Jee Lee, Hyeon-Ok Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(16): 8487.     CrossRef
The Death Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms among Poor Older Women in Rural Areas: The Moderating Effect of Social Support
Seung Joo Lim, Young Ko, Chun Mi Kim, Hung Sa Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(4):440-449.   Published online December 31, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.4.440
  • 865 View
  • 4 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify the moderate effect of social support on the relationship between death anxiety and depressive symptoms among poor older women in rural areas.
METHODS
This was a secondary analysis of the data from 209 women who were participated in the intervention study to evaluate the effectiveness of depression prevention program. Data were collected between April and September 2012. The data were analyzed using moderate multiple regressions.
RESULTS
Among these poor older women, depressive symptoms were associated with death anxiety and social support. Self-esteem support had a moderating effect on the relationship between death anxiety and depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSION
The results indicate that the self-esteem support was effective in decreasing depressive symptoms and death anxiety in poor older women. In order to reduce their depression and make positive changes in their lives, self-esteem improvement programs are needed.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The influence of tai chi on the death anxiety of elderly people living alone: the chain mediating effect of social support and psychological capital
    Jiali Zhou, Baoyuan Wu, Lining Su, Xiujie Ma
    Frontiers in Psychology.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Death anxiety, self‐esteem, and health‐related quality of life among geriatric caregivers during the COVID‐19 pandemic
    Xia Zhao, Weihua Zhang, Yonggang Su, Yanping Song, Huaxin Si, Lifeng Zhu
    Psychogeriatrics.2022; 22(2): 236.     CrossRef
  • Death Depression Among Older Adults: A Concept Analysis Utilizing An Evolutionary Approach
    Ameneh Yaghoobzadeh, Rebecca H. Lehto, Leila Mardanian Dehkordi, Mohammad Ali Cheraghi, Shahzad Pashaeipour
    Research and Theory for Nursing Practice.2022; 36(3): 265.     CrossRef
  • Cohort profile: Korean Urban Rural Elderly (KURE) study, a prospective cohort on ageing and health in Korea
    Namki Hong, Kwang-Joon Kim, Su Jin Lee, Chang Oh Kim, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yumie Rhee, Yoosik Youm, Jin-Young Choi, Hyun-Young Park
    BMJ Open.2019; 9(10): e031018.     CrossRef
Activities of Daily Living, Depression, and Self-rated Health and Related Factors in Korean Elderly: Focused on Socioeconomic Status and Family Support
Sei Eun Oh, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(2):140-149.   Published online June 30, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.2.140
  • 801 View
  • 2 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify activities of daily living, depression and self-rated health and related factors for Korean Elderly.
METHODS
Data from the survey for the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging in 2010 were used. The data were analyzed using frequencies, weighted proportions, and hierarchical multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS
Significant difference was observed in health status induced by socioeconomic status between men and women, but not among age groups. Socioeconomic status was strongly associated with self-rated health among male and female elders. Being unschooled and low net family asset were significantly related with dependency in activities of daily living and depressive symptoms among men. Only low net family asset was significantly related with depressive symptoms among women. Family support provides a slight decrease to the negative relationship between socioeconomic status and health status, especially depressive symptoms.
CONCLUSION
This study suggests that interventions to reduce health inequalities should target elderly with lower socioeconomic status and with poor family support, using a gender-specific approach.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors affecting the health status of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving insulin treatments: A multi‐mediation path analysis
    Kang Sun Lee, Hye Young Kim, Heung Young Jin
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2022; 31(9-10): 1285.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Participation in National Health Screening Program among Korean Older Adults by Cognitive Function Level
    Song Yi Han, Young Ko
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(4): 508.     CrossRef
  • The Death Anxiety and Depressive Symptoms among Poor Older Women in Rural Areas: The Moderating Effect of Social Support
    Seung Joo Lim, Young Ko, Chunmi Kim, Hung Sa Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(4): 440.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Convergent Factors on Subjective Health Status of Patients with Depression
    Myoung-Jin Kwon, Young-Ju Kim
    Journal of Digital Convergence.2016; 14(6): 309.     CrossRef
  • Successful Aging and the Influencing Factors in the Korean Elderly: Focused on Family Support
    SongYi Han, Soon-Nyung Yun
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(4): 372.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Socio-demographic Factors, Acculturation Stress and Resilience on Depression among Mothers-in-law in Multicultural Families
    Dong-Hee Kim, Sang-Hwa Lee, Young-Sil Bae, Yi-Kyung Ha
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(3): 221.     CrossRef
Effectiveness of Community-based Case Management for Patients with Hypertension
Soon Nyoung Yun, In Sook Lee, Jin Hyun Kim, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2014;25(3):159-169.   Published online September 30, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.3.159
  • 628 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of case management for patients with hypertension on their health status and medical service utilization.
METHODS
This study was a secondary analysis of data collected for a larger study of chronic disease management in 2008 using the National Health Insurance Corporation database. A total of 12,944 patients who received case management for hypertension were included in this analysis. The subjects of case management were classified into subgroups, namely, over-use, under-use, and non-use groups according to the amount of medical service utilization. To compare the medical service utilization, a control group was selected randomly. The data were analyzed through descriptive statistics, McNemar test, and ANOVA.
RESULTS
All the subgroups displayed significant differences in blood pressure, self-management, social support, and their characteristics of medical service utilization. The total medical expense of the under-use and non-use groups increased after case management. However, there was no decrease in the medical expense of the over-use group.
CONCLUSION
This finding suggests that there is a need to re-examine why patients overuse medical services and to supplement specific strategies for encouraging appropriate medical service utilization, and enhancing case management efforts for the over-use group.
A Study on Factors Influencing Elders' Suicidal Ideation: Focused on Comparison of Gender Differences
Chun Young Koo, Jung Soon Kim, Jung Ok Yu
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2014;25(1):24-32.   Published online March 31, 2014
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2014.25.1.24
  • 879 View
  • 9 Download
  • 29 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to describe the prevalence of suicidal ideation and to investigate related factors contributing to suicidal ideation in elderly people with focus on comparison of gender differences.
METHODS
From the database of the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES-IV), the researchers selected 3,164 old adults aged over 65. The original study was a population-based epidemiological survey of health and nutrition in a stratified multistage clustered probability design. Data were analyzed by using chi2-test and t-test and multiple logistic regression with the SPSS/WIN18.0program.
RESULTS
Suicidal ideation in women (37.5%) occurred more frequently than men (17.5%). Depression, stress, restriction on activities and quality of life were significant variables of suicidal ideation in both the men and women aged 65 over. Low educational levels and economic states were significantly associated with suicidal ideation in men but not in women.
CONCLUSION
The development of a suicide prevention program for elders requires different approaches to the genders respectively. It is also recommended that programs be developed that can help control the variables identified in this study along with a follow-up study for verifying the model.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of health-related quality of life and long-term care insurance infrastructure on suicidal ideation among older Korean adults
    Changsook Lee, Sun-Young Heo
    Asia Pacific Journal of Social Work and Development.2023; 33(2): 101.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence of Suicidal Behaviors in Residents of Long-Term Care Facilities: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
    Syeda Beenish Bareeqa, Syeda Sana Samar, Yasir Masood, Mustafa M. Husain
    OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying.2023; : 003022282311763.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Suicidal Ideation by Gender and Age Group in Korean Adults
    Eun Young Kim, Yong Whi Jeong, Jihye Lim, Dae Ryong Kang
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Changes in the Suicide Rate of Older Adults According to Gender, Age, and Region in South Korea from 2010 to 2017
    Kyu-Hyoung Jeong, Ji-Yeon Yoon, Seoyoon Lee, Sunghwan Cho, Hyun-Jae Woo, Sunghee Kim
    Healthcare.2022; 10(11): 2333.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Suicidal Ideation and Prediction of High-Risk Groups among Youngest-Old Adults in South Korea
    Eungyung Kim, Jee-Seon Yi
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(16): 10028.     CrossRef
  • A comparison of health-related quality of life and personal, social, and environmental factors of older adults according to a residential area: a propensity score matching analysis
    Jungmi Yun, Yeongsuk Lee, Hyun-Ju Lee
    Quality of Life Research.2022; 31(9): 2631.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of risk factors affecting suicidal ideation in South Korea by life cycle stage
    Ji-Young Hwang, Il-Su Park
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2021; 12(5): 314.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing Suicidal Ideation and Attempts among Older Korean Adults: Focusing on Age Discrimination and Neglect
    Young Ko, Song Yi Han, Hye-Young Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(4): 1852.     CrossRef
  • Landscape of Elderly Suicide in South Korea: Its Trend According to Age, Gender, and Educational Attainment
    J. W. Kim, H. Y. Jung, D. Y. Won, Y. S. Shin, J. H. Noh, T. I. Kang
    OMEGA - Journal of Death and Dying.2020; 82(2): 214.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Suicidal Ideation in Community-dwelling Older Adults: A Gender Comparison in Old-Old Adults
    Jeong Eun Yang, SeolHwa Moon
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(3): 248.     CrossRef
  • Risk Factors of Suicide Ideation in Younger-Old and Older-Old Persons: Using Data from the Korea Health Panel Survey
    Sun Mi Kim, Gyungjoo Lee
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2020; 22(4): 281.     CrossRef
  • Gender-Specific Predictors of Suicidal Ideation Among Korean Older Adults: A 2-Year Prospective Study
    Jiyoung Lyu, Yeon Ok Lim, Young Bum Kim
    SAGE Open.2020; 10(3): 215824402095702.     CrossRef
  • Influence of the Meaning in Life, Depression, and Social Support on the Suicidal Ideation of Old Adult Hemodialysis Patients
    Jinhee Shin, Hyebeen Sim, Eunhee Cho
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(3): 279.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Cognition, Daily-living Stress, and Health-promotion Behavior on Subjective Memory Complaints by Community-dwelling Elders
    Eun Hee Hwang, Kon Hee Kim
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2019; 21(3): 135.     CrossRef
  • Identification of High-risk Groups of Suicide from the Depressed Elderly using Decision Tree Analysis
    Sehoon Hong, Dongwon Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(2): 130.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Variables Influencing Acceptability and Perception Towards Suicide among the Elderly in the City of Bucheon
    Doeun Lee, Soyoung Irene Lee, Jeewon Lee, Shin-Gyeom Kim, Han-yong Jung
    Journal of Korean Neuropsychiatric Association.2018; 57(3): 252.     CrossRef
  • Age, Period, and Cohort Effects on Suicide Mortality in South Korea, 1992–2015
    Soonjoo Park, Yeong-Jun Song, Jinseob Kim, Myung Ki, Ji-Yeon Shin, Young-Man Kwon, Jiseun Lim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2018; 15(8): 1580.     CrossRef
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    Sounghoon Chang, E. Eunyoung Suh, Heejung Choi
    The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing.2017; 20(2): 111.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between Perceived Social Class and Suicidal Ideation in Korean Elderly
    Sun Hee Park, Jung JeKarl, Kwang Kee Kim
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2017; 42(3): 250.     CrossRef
  • Effects of the Health Status and Health Behavior on Health-related Quality of Life of the Elderly Living Alone and Living with Their Families: Using Data from the 2014 Community Health Survey
    Kyung-Sook Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2017; 28(1): 78.     CrossRef
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    Si Eun Lee, Gwi-Ryung Son Hong
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2016; 25(3): 217.     CrossRef
  • The influence of daily stress and resilience on successful ageing
    J. Byun, D. Jung
    International Nursing Review.2016; 63(3): 482.     CrossRef
  • Suicidal Ideation in Older Adults with Osteoarthritis: Data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hyunjoo Na, Sun Hyoung Bae, Minju Kim
    Journal of muscle and joint health.2015; 22(2): 138.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Abuse Experience and Coping Styles on Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly
    Jeong Hee Jeong, Jung Soon Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(1): 42.     CrossRef
  • Regional Disparities of Suicide Mortality by Gender
    Eun-Won Seo, Jin-Mi Kwak, Da-Yang Kim, Kwang-Soo Lee
    Health Policy and Management.2015; 25(4): 285.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Job Stress and Depression on Suicide Ideation of Women-workers in Service Industries
    Hyun Ju Lee, Hye-Sun Jung
    Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.2014; 23(3): 189.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Suicidal Ideation of the Low-income Elderly Living Alone
    Hee Chong Baek, Jinhwa Lee
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2014; 25(3): 180.     CrossRef
  • Influencing Factors and Trend of Suicidal Ideation in the Elderly: Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey(2001, 2005, 2010)
    Ryoung Choi, Byung-Deog Hwang
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2014; 31(5): 45.     CrossRef
  • Effects of the Social Network Structure on Suicidal Thoughts of Elderly Single and Couple Households in Korea: Supportive and Conflictual Networks
    Young Eun Oh, Jeong Hwa Lee, Hyo Yeon Shin
    The Korean Journal of Community Living Science.2014; 25(4): 511.     CrossRef
Clusters of Health-Promoting Schools in Middle and High Schools Based on the WHO Guidelines
Young Ko, In Sook Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(3):282-291.   Published online September 30, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.3.282
  • 583 View
  • 2 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the Clusters of health promoting schools in middle and high schools for the Korean Youth Risk Behaviors Web-based Survey.
METHODS
The tool of health promoting school was developed based on a framework for action for health promoting schools in World Health Organization and Schools Health Index for middle and high schools in the United States by 2 professionals and 2 health teachers and revised as a result of the preliminary study. Data were collected with a questionnaire from teachers who attended the conference run by Korean Centers for Communicable Disease Control and Prevention in 2009. The data of 363 schools were analyzed using descriptive analysis, t-test, and ANOVA.
RESULTS
As a result of comparing the scores of health promoting schools, three Clusters were identified. The Clusters differed significantly in presence of health teacher, location, and type of schools (p<.05).
CONCLUSION
These results are a good reference in developing tailored strategies for health promoting schools, which will help improve health-promoting schools.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Educational Effect of Human Body Exploration Camp on Health Promotion of Elementary Students
    Hee Kyoung Im, Jeonghyun Park
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(8): 5111.     CrossRef
  • The Relationship between School Health Education Experience and Health Risk Behaviors in Adolescents: Results of the 2013 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey
    Gyu Young Lee
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2015; 29(2): 257.     CrossRef
  • DACUM Job Analysis on Elementary Health Teachers' Roles
    Chung Ran Yi, Hae-Deok Song
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2014; 25(3): 187.     CrossRef
Evaluation of KDSQ-C's Reliability and Validity between the Subject Elderly and Caregiver
In Sook Lee, Kwang Ok Lee, Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(4):446-450.   Published online December 31, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2012.23.4.446
  • 675 View
  • 1 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study is exploratory research to check the survey instrument KDSQ-C used to measure cognition for agreement between the elderly and their caregivers.
METHODS
Elderly persons from 170 families, who are aged over 65, have never been diagnosed with dementia, and who have caregivers in S City and K City were randomly selected by their nurses. A survey was conducted in the time from September to November, 2009 through personal interviews using a questionnaire.
RESULTS
In terms of consistency among items, there was high consistency (0.813) in the responses regarding complex task competence for the statement 'it is hard to reach a destination alone with public transportation'. There was relatively low consistency (0.63) in the responses regard memory for the statement 'they forget an appointment'. When the subject elderly and caregiver live together, as when their children or spouses responded, consistency was greater than when the caregiver lived in a different home.
CONCLUSION
KDSQ-C showed high agreement in measurement between the subject elderly and their caregivers, demonstrating that it can be used as a measurement scale for cognition which can be directly applied to the subject elderly.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Self‐ and informant‐reported cognitive functioning and awareness in subjective cognitive decline, mild cognitive impairment, and very mild Alzheimer disease
    Seon Young Ryu, Ahro Kim, SangYun Kim, Kyung Won Park, Kee Hyung Park, Young Chul Youn, Dong Woo Lee, Jun‐Young Lee, Jun Hong Lee, Jee Hyang Jeong, Seong Hye Choi, Hyun Jeong Han, Semi Kim, Seunghee Na, Misun Park, Hyeon Woo Yim, Dong Won Yang
    International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry.2020; 35(1): 91.     CrossRef
  • Screening for Normal Cognition, Mild Cognitive Impairment, and Dementia with the Korean Dementia Screening Questionnaire
    Sun-Ju Lee, Jung-Hoon Han, Jung-Won Hwang, Jong-Woo Paik, Changsu Han, Moon Ho Park
    Psychiatry Investigation.2018; 15(4): 384.     CrossRef
  • Correlation between Subjective and Objective Cognitive-Linguistic Tests in Older Adults
    Mi-Sook Lee
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2016; 17(5): 548.     CrossRef
Evaluation of the Effects of a Frailty Preventing Multi-factorial Program Concentrated on Local Communities for High-risk Younger and Older Elderly People
In Sook Lee, Young Ko, Kwang Ok Lee, Eun Shil Yim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2012;23(2):201-211.   Published online June 30, 2012
DOI: https://doi.org/10.0000/jkachn.2012.23.2.201
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PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of a local community based multi-factorial program for high-risk younger and older elderly people.
METHODS
The quasi-experimental research design (pretest-post test) was employed. Participants were recruited in Seoul and a total of 98 elders completed an 8-week multi-factorial program for preventing frailty. Descriptive statistics, chi2-test and GLM were used in the data analysis with SPSS/WIN 15.0.
RESULTS
The high-risk elderly people in the younger and older stages showed differences in IADL, TUG and BMI, and after being provided with the multi-factorial program for preventing frailty, some effects were shown on improving the total score of frailty, a physical function, TUG, BMI, depression, subjective feeling of health, and social interaction.
CONCLUSION
The 8-week multi-factorial program for preventing frailty had positive effects on improving physical, emotional and social functions of the high-risk elderly people. It is necessary to evaluate the effects after individual intervention as well as group intervention and to evaluate the effects of the program by setting a control group in the future.
Cost-benefit Analysis of Home Visiting Care for Vulnerable Populations with Hypertension
Young Ko, In Sook Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2011;22(4):438-450.   Published online December 31, 2011
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2011.22.4.438
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was to investigate the effect of home visiting care service and to evaluate the effect from the cost-benefit perspective.
METHODS
Target participants were enrolled in 2007~2008 for home visiting care and provided with a home visiting nursing service for more than 18 months in J Ward of S City. Of 391 participants, 244 who satisfied the inclusion criteria were used in the final analysis. Cost-benefit analysis was done using the net benefit and benefit/cost ratio.
RESULTS
After providing the home care nursing service, the blood pressure control rate increased from 50.8% to 75.4%. Of the subjects, 39.8% maintained their blood pressure level within the target range. As a whole, the net benefit of home visiting care per person ranged from 434,964.86 to 447,112.43 won and the benefit/cost ratio ranged from 2.82 to 2.84.
CONCLUSION
Home visiting care for vulnerable populations with hypertension was effective in both maintaining blood pressure and reducing blood pressure to the target range. Therefore these results are especially useful for establishing the value of home visiting services for policy makers as well as for prioritizing vulnerable populations.

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Family Functioning Perceived by Caregiver Who Support the Elderly
Young Ko
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2009;20(3):361-370.   Published online September 30, 2009
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study attempted to identify family functioning recognized by caregiver who support the elderly.
METHODS
Data was collected from 264 caregivers who live with elderly using questionnaires. The performance, satisfaction and importance of family functioning was assessed using the modified FFFS by Kang (1987) consisted of three dimension-'Relationship between Individual Family Members', 'Relationship between family and subsystem' and 'Relationship between family and broader social units'. The data was analyzed using SPSS/WIN by descriptive statistics, ANOVA and pearson's correlation.
RESULTS
The subjected Families showed a median level of performance (mean 4.06 +/- 0.65) and a high level of satisfaction (mean 1.04 +/- 0.71) in family functioning. Families recognized importance of family functioning above median level (mean 4.65 +/- 0.99). There was statistically significant difference in family functioning according to and duration of illness, illness and ADL of the elderly. In dimension of the relationship between individual family members and relationship between family and subsystem, there are significantly positive correlation among all aspect of family functioning. In relationship between family and social units, there are negative correlations between performance and importance (r = -.215) and between satisfaction and importance (r = -.194) while there are positive relationship between performance and satisfaction.
CONCLUSION
Considering the results of this study, family-focused nursing interventions for families with the elderly need to be developed.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing