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Volume 24 (4); December 2013
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Original Articles
Factors related with Health Literacy in Asian Immigrant Women in Korea
Ji Sook An, Hye Ryun Kim, Sook Ja Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):377-387.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.377
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  • 1 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to identify health literacy levels of Asian immigrant women in Korea and factors related with health literacy in them among other sociodemographic characteristics.
METHODS
Data were drawn from 671 immigrant women who came from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, and other Asian countries (M age=28.1+/-5.89) using REALM-R, which consisted of 8 medical words and was translated into Korean (score range: 0~8). Data were analyzed using SPSS/WIN 20.0 program for descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffe test and multiple regression.
RESULTS
The average score of health literacy was 5.0+/-2.61. Time since immigration, country of origin, education level, and Korean language proficiency significantly predicted levels of health literacy in Asian immigrant women (adjusted R square=.200, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
When health care professionals provide health care services and health education, they should consider levels of health literacy and factors related with health literacy in Asian immigrant women.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Influence of Perceived Health Status, Perceived Barrier, Cultural Acculturation on Empowerment in Married Migrant Women
    Yong-Sook EO, Yeon Hee LEE
    JOURNAL OF FISHRIES AND MARINE SCIENCES EDUCATION.2020; 32(5): 1308.     CrossRef
  • Health literacy among Saudi population: a cross-sectional study
    Mohamed M M Abdel-Latif, Sherif Y Saad
    Health Promotion International.2019; 34(1): 60.     CrossRef
  • Associations of health belief and health literacy with Pap smear practice among Asian immigrant women
    Yong-Sook Eo, Ji-Soo Kim
    European Journal of Oncology Nursing.2019; 42: 63.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of Psychosocial and Educational Prenatal and Postnatal Care Interventions for Married Immigrant Women in Korea: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
    Sun Kyung Kim, Seyeon Park, Sukhee Ahn
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2017; 29(5): 351.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Validity and Reliability of the Health Literacy Index for Female Marriage Immigrants (HLI-FMI)
    Sook Ja Yang, Yeon Kyung Chee, Jisook An, Min Hee Park, Sunok Jung
    Asia Pacific Journal of Public Health.2016; 28(4): 368.     CrossRef
  • Evidence-based health literacy improvements: trends on health literacy studies in Korea
    Soo Jin Kang, Mi Sook Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2015; 32(4): 93.     CrossRef
  • Health Literacy and Its Associated Factors in Korean-Chinese and Other Asian Immigrant Women in Korea
    Sook Ja Yang, Yeon Kyung Chee, Jisook An, Min Hee Park, Sunok Jung
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2014; 28(2): 211.     CrossRef
  • A Study on Health Education Needs of the Multicultural Family as Perceived by Visiting Nurses
    Young Sil Kang, Eunyoung Hong
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2014; 28(3): 445.     CrossRef
Effects of a Self-help Management Program at Public Health Centers on Self-efficacy, Self-esteem, Knowledge of Stroke, and Family Supports in Stroke Patients
Koung Oh Chang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):388-397.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.388
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine effects of a self-help management program at public health centers on self-efficacy, self-esteem, knowledge of stroke and family supports in stroke patients.
METHODS
Based on a quasi-experimental design, 44 persons with stroke were assigned to the experimental group (n=21) or the control group (n=23). Data were analyzed through the descriptive statistics, t-test, chi2-test and Mann-Whitney test with the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program.
RESULTS
The experimental group showed significant improvement in its members' self-efficacy, self-esteem, knowledge of stroke and family supports.
CONCLUSION
The self-help management program can be an effective nursing intervention to help stroke patients improve their self-efficacy, self-esteem, knowledge of stroke and family supports. That program is also meaningful in that it can contribute to more effective implementation of established programs for stroke patients in public health centers.
Effects of a Clonorchiasis Prevention Education Program for Clonorchiasis Prevention Lecturers
Chun Mi Kim, Kyung Ja June, Ae Young So
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):398-406.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.398
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  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The study was conducted to clarify effects of a clonorchiasis prevention education program for clonorchiasis prevention lecturers.
METHODS
The research adopted a single group pretest-posttest design to see effects of the educational program to prevent Clonorchis sinensis infection. The subjects of this study were 74 clonorchiasis prevention lecturers from primary health care facilities. The pretest was conducted before the clonorchiasis prevention education program and the post test was done after the 2-day program in August, 2011. Descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA were conducted to analyze the data.
RESULTS
The confidence level in Clonorchiasis management activities was improved significantly from 4.1+/-0.53 points before the education to 4.4+/-0.46 points after the education (t=-5.117, p<.001). The knowledge level about prevention of Clonorchis sinensis was improved significantly from 16.1+/-2.72 points before the education to 18.3+/-1.14 points after the education (t=-6.629, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that the education program was effective in improving the confidence and knowledge levels in Clonorchiasis management activities for the clonorchiasis prevention lecturers. Based on the results of this study, continuous research on how the increased knowledge and confidence levels of Clonorchis sinensis prevention affect the prevalence of Clonorchis sinensis infection.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Prevalence and Related Factors of Clonorchiasis among Five Major Riverside Residents in South Korea
    Chunmi Kim, Kyung Ja June, Shin Hyeong Cho, Kyung Soon Park, Hung Sa Lee, Ji Yeon Park
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2016; 27(4): 346.     CrossRef
Effects of Violence Victimization on Mental Health of Children and Adolescents: Analysis of Mediating Effects of Self-concept
Kyung Mi Sung, Han Ju Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):407-418.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.407
  • 571 View
  • 2 Download
  • 4 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to clarify mediating effects of self-concept on mental health of children and adolescents who fell victim to violence.
METHODS
A survey was conducted on 4th, 5th, and 6th graders from 2 elementary schools and 1st, 2nd, and 3rd year students from 3 middle schools (n=2,391). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and AMOS.
RESULTS
The mean scores of mental health and self-concept in the subjects were 4.5 and 184.9 respectively. The rate of poor mental health in students who had fallen victim to violence was more than twice as high as that in students who had never experienced it. The self-concept of students who experienced violence had a tendency to decline. Violence experience and self-concept accounted for 47.7%(43.0% for boys and 53.4% for girls) of the changes in mental health. The indirect mediating effects of self-concept were significant.
CONCLUSION
Based on the findings, the following is suggested. Schools should offer a self-concept improvement program for students with a distorted self-concept caused by falling victim to violence. It could help such adolescents have a positive self image and improve their mental health.

Citations

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  • The Moderating Effect of Help-Seeking on the Relationship between Experience of School Violence and Internalizing Behaviors
    Seon Ok Son, Hyunyong Park
    STRESS.2022; 30(1): 15.     CrossRef
  • Effectiveness of KOICA mental health project for adolescents in Peru using difference in differences analysis
    Jaewon Lee, Bimala Sharma, Hyeyeon Jo, Eun Woo Nam
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2019; 36(3): 51.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Factors influencing Academic and Social self-concept between Multicultural and General children
    Eun Jin Oh, Kyung Mi Sung
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(12): 8596.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Program to Enhance Ego-development on General Mental Health, Self-concept, and Depression in Elementary and Middle School Students from Low Income Families
    Kyung Mi Sung
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2015; 24(2): 73.     CrossRef
Factors Influencing Medication Adherence in Patients with Hypertension: Based on the 2008 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Eun Hee Cho, Chung Yul Lee, In Sook Kim, Tae Wha Lee, Gwang Suk Kim, Hyeon Kyeong Lee, Ji Sook Ko, Kyong Eun Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):419-426.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.419
  • 747 View
  • 2 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine factors influencing medication adherence in patients with hypertension.
METHODS
This study carried out a secondary analysis of data from the 2008 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES). Stratified sampling was used to select a participant sample that was representative of patients with hypertension throughout the country. Using the SPSS/WIN 18.0 program, data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chi2 test, t-test, and logistic regression.
RESULTS
Of the patients with hypertension, 8.8% had showed non-adherence to medication. Medication adherence was associated with age, spouse, Medicare insurance, number of other diseases, and current smoking status. The cases with older age, a spouse, Medicare insurance, higher number of other diseases, and no current smoking status showed significantly high medication adherence.
CONCLUSION
Nursing interventions and further studies are needed to achieve high levels of medication adherence based on factors influencing medication adherence such as age, spouse, Medicare insurance, number of other disease, and current smoking status.

Citations

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  • Factors Influencing the Control of Hypertension According to the Gender of Older Adults
    Hye Young Choi, Eunha Kim
    Healthcare.2023; 11(11): 1595.     CrossRef
  • Association between Patient Experience and Medication Compliance of Dyslipidemia: Using Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2015)
    Ho-Hyoun Yim, Hwan-Sik Hwang, Hoon-Ki Park, Kye-Yeung Park, Miso Park
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2021; 42(2): 116.     CrossRef
  • Medication Adherence and Effective Management of Hypertension
    Seung-Won Oh
    Korean Journal of Family Medicine.2021; 42(2): 89.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing 1-Year Medication Adherence of Korean Ischemic Stroke Survivors
    Gye-Gyoung Kim, Duck-Hee Chae, Man-Seok Park, Sung-Hee Yoo
    International Journal of Behavioral Medicine.2020; 27(2): 225.     CrossRef
  • Real-World Effectiveness and Safety of a Single-Pill Combination of Olmesartan/Amlodipine/Hydrochlorothiazide in Korean Patients with Essential Hypertension (RESOLVE): A Large, Observational, Retrospective, Cohort Study
    Sung-Ji Park, Si Jae Rhee
    Advances in Therapy.2020; 37(8): 3500.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Awareness, Treatment, and Control Rate of Hypertension among Korean Young Adults Aged 30–49 Years
    Yong Woo Jeon, Hyeon Chang Kim
    Korean Circulation Journal.2020; 50(12): 1077.     CrossRef
  • Psychological Resistance to Drug Therapy in Patients with Hypertension: A Qualitative Thematic Analysis
    Jiyeon Kang, Yeon Jin Jeong
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2020; 32(2): 124.     CrossRef
  • Health Behaviors and Quality of Life in the Elderly with High Blood Pressure
    So-Youn Bang, Sa-Sang Hyeon
    Journal of Digital Contents Society.2018; 19(11): 2159.     CrossRef
Effects of a Cognition Activation Program for the Institutionalized Old-Old in Korea
Hung Sa Lee, Dohyun Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):427-437.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.427
  • 654 View
  • 1 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to test effects of a cognition activation program on ADL, cognitive functions, depression, and QOL in the institutionalized elderly.
METHODS
The subjects were 40 elders who were admitted to a nursing home, with 20 of them in the experimental group and the other 20 in the control group. Data were collected from September 1 to December 17, 2012. The experimental group participated in a 12 week intervention program. ADL, cognitive functions, depression, and QOL were measured before and after the intervention. Data were analyzed by t-test and regression analysis of the SPSS and AMOS programs.
RESULTS
ADL (t=2.468, p=.017), depression (t=-2.625, p=012), and QOL (t=2.428, p=.020) were more significantly improved in the experimental group than in the control group, but there were no statistical differences in cognitive function between the two groups. Cognitive functions had positive effects on ADL (CR=-2.263, p=.024) and depression affected QOL (CR=-7.248, p<.001).
CONCLUSION
The intervention program had positive effects on ADL, depression, and QOL except cognition. Cognitive functions of elders dramatically decrease after age 85, and it takes too much time to improve it. Therefore the program for the improvement of cognitive functions should be provided as early as possible.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effects of a Positive Psychology Improvement Program on Elders' Depression and Death Anxiety
    Seung Joo Lim, Hung Sa Lee, Chunmi Kim, Young Go
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2015; 26(3): 238.     CrossRef
Acculturation, Social Network, and Health-related Quality of Life in Korean-Chinese Immigrants
Meen Hye Lee, Hyeon Kyeong Lee, Sue Kim, Yeon Soo Jang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):438-450.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.438
  • 625 View
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  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to identify relationships between acculturation, social network, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among Korean-Chinese immigrants.
METHODS
A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted with 147 Korean-Chinese immigrants who were residing more than 1 year in Korea. Physical and mental dimensions of HRQOL were assessed by Short Form-12 Health Survey that consisted of a physical component summary (PCS) and a mental component summary (MCS). Data were analyzed with Pearson's correlation and multiple regression.
RESULTS
The mean PCS score was 41.14+/-10.72 and the mean MCS score was 49.09+/-11.31 (possible range 10-70). Depression (beta=-6.43) and Social network frequency (beta=2.44) explained 28.4% of the variance in PCS while depression (beta=-11.54) and visiting clinic/hospital (beta=-4.00) explained 34.3% of the variance in MCS. Acculturation was not significantly associated with HRQOL.
CONCLUSION
This study confirmed that the social network frequency influences HRQOL among Korean-Chinese Immigrants. The findings suggest that social network analysis should be considered in the process of developing health intervention strategies for Korean-Chinese immigrants.

Citations

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  • Influencing Factors on Health-related Quality of Life among Japanese Middle-aged Marriage-based Immigrant Women in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Keiko Asami, Duckhee Chae
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2022; 33(2): 188.     CrossRef
  • Health‐related quality of life among migrant workers: The impact of health‐promoting behaviors
    Sunghye Cho, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Eui Geum Oh, Gwang Suk Kim, Yong‐Chan Kim, Chang‐gi Park
    Nursing & Health Sciences.2020; 22(2): 318.     CrossRef
  • Factors on Healthcare Utilization by Asian Immigrants in the United States
    Aeyoung So, Jennie C. De Gagne, Jina Oh
    Journal of Korean Public Health Nursing.2015; 29(1): 53.     CrossRef
Effects of a Health Education Program based on Social Cognitive Theory on the Health Promotion of University Students with Metabolic Syndrome
Hee Gerl Kim, Jin Hwa Lee, Ji Yun Kim, Hyun Ju Park, Hyun Sook Oh, Won Jae Lee, Eun Aae Kim, Hye Kyung Jung
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):451-460.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.451
  • 604 View
  • 4 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to evaluate effects of a health education program based on social cognitive theory on university students with risk factors for metabolic syndrome.
METHODS
A nonequivalent control group pretest-posttest design was used. Participants were 88 students who had at least 2 risk factors for Metabolic Syndrome (47 students for the experimental and 41 for the control group). The health education program consisted of thirteen sessions. Knowledge regarding smoking and alcohol drinking, self-efficacy and self-esteem were evaluated. t-test, chi2-test, Fisher's exact test, and paired t-test were conducted to analyze the data. SPSS/WIN 19.0 Statistics program was used.
RESULTS
There was a statistically significant increase in self-efficacy in the experimental group compared to the control group. No significant changes in knowledge and self-esteem were found.
CONCLUSION
The results suggest that the health education program for university students was partially effective. Further work is required to develop more effective health education programs.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Levels of Health and Subjective Life Expectancy among Community-dwelling Elders in Korea
    Ji Yeon An
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2018; 20(1): 22.     CrossRef
Factors Influencing Subjective Quality of Life in Male Baby Boom Generation Men
Hee Sook Kim, Kwang Za Yu
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):461-470.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.461
  • 514 View
  • 2 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study examined factors influencing subjective quality of life in baby boom generation men.
METHODS
This was a descriptive survey study. Data were collected from 279 baby boom generation men from September to October 2012. The instruments used included a subjective quality of lifescale, a self-esteem scale, a spiritual well-being scale, a communication with spouse scale, a social support scale, and a job satisfaction scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA and Scheffe test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and Hierarchical multiple regression.
RESULTS
All variables were positively correlated with subjective quality of life. As a result, factors influencing subjective life of quality were self-esteem (beta=.21, p<.000), social support (beta=.20, p<.002), job satisfaction (beta=.19, p<.001), communication with spouse (beta=.15, p<.004), spiritual well-being(beta=.16, p<.004), and family income (beta=.15. p<.023). These factors accounted for 61% of the total variances.
CONCLUSION
The findings indicate a need to develop nursing intervention programs for community health nurses in consideration of these variables to improve the subjective quality of life for baby boom generation men.

Citations

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  • Factors Related to the Life Satisfaction of Elderly Baby Boomers: An Analysis of the 2020 Korean National Survey of Elderly
    Soo-Ji Jin, Yeon-Hwan Park
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2023; 35(2): 184.     CrossRef
  • Risk of suicide death in psychiatric patients according to the level of continuity of care and area deprivation: A population-based nested case-control study
    Doo Woong Lee, San Lee, Sarah Soyeon Oh, Hin Moi Youn, Dong-Woo Choi, Sun Jae Jung, Sung-In Jang, Eun-Cheol Park
    Journal of Psychiatric Research.2022; 151: 279.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Family Support, Social Support and Workplace Spirituality of Quality of Life on Middle Aged-male
    Young-sook Seo, Chu-young Jeong
    Journal of Korean Clinical Health Science.2016; 4(4): 782.     CrossRef
  • Attitude Styles toward Holistic Health in Male Baby Boomers using Q-methodology
    Hyun-Ok Jung, Eun-Jeong Shin, Kyung-Ran Park, Kwang-Za Yu, Hee-Sook Kim
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2016; 28(5): 501.     CrossRef
  • Health-related Quality of Life and Its Influencing Factors according to Gender in Baby Boomers
    Min-Jeong Park, E. Eunyoung Suh, Mi Young Chung
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2015; 27(3): 314.     CrossRef
Factors affecting Smoking Middle School Students' Intention to Quit Smoking: On the Basis of the ASE Model
Young Sook Seo, Young Im Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):471-479.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.471
  • 717 View
  • 3 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify factors for smoking middle school students' intention to quit smoking on the basis of the social influence and self-efficacy [ASE] model.
METHODS
Data were collected from 2,015 students from five middle schools in Daegu with a structured questionnaire in March, 2013 and analyzed by using chi2-test, ANOVA, pearson's correlation and multiple regression analysis.
RESULTS
The smoking rate was 6.1% among the total subjects and 85.4% of the smokers had intention to quit smoking. The mean value of attitude toward quitting smoking was 2.15+/-0.34, that of social influence 3.38+/-0.65, and that of self-efficacy 2.84+/-0.95. The multiple regression analysis showed an explanatory power of 24.7%, and experience of trying to quit smoking was the strongest factor affecting the intention to quit smoking (beta=.34, p<.01), followed by school years and social influence.
CONCLUSION
In order to increase smoking middle school students' intention to quit smoking, intervention strategies are needed to increase positive social influence or to offer public information to younger smoking students in low school years.

Citations

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  • Analysis of Factors Affecting the Intention to Quit Smoking in Stroke Patients
    Junghee Youn, Mee Kyung Shin
    The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing.2021; 24(1): 78.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of multidimensional factors in attempts to quit using tobacco by Korean adolescents
    Mi-Jung Kang, Hyunjin Lee, Mirae Jo
    Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine.2020;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Effects of an Experiential Learning Activities-Focused Smoking Prevention Program in Elementary School Students: On the Basis of the Attitude-Social Influence-Efficacy Model
    Jin Hee Na, Jina Choo
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2019; 19(2): 96.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Strength Based I-Change Smoking Cessation Program for Smoking Middle School Boys
    Jung Hee Kim, Yeon Hee Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2017; 47(2): 164.     CrossRef
  • Attitude, Knowlege, and Social Influence as Factors of Smoking Intention among Nonsmoking Middle School Students
    Young Sook Seo, Young Im Kim, Chang Hyun Lee
    Journal of the Korean Society of School Health.2016; 29(2): 81.     CrossRef
  • Influencing Factors on Nicotine Dependency of Smoking in Middle School Students
    Jung-Hwa Chae, Yeon-Hee Choi
    Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society.2015; 16(3): 2109.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Attitude, Social Influence, and Self-Efficacy Model Factors on Regular Mammography Performance in Life-Transition Aged Women in Korea
    Chang Hyun Lee, Young Im Kim
    Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention.2015; 16(8): 3429.     CrossRef
A Study on the Relationship among Family Functioning, Empathy, and Aggression by High School Students
Hee Jung Choi, Eun Sun Lim, Jang Hak Yoo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):480-487.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.480
  • 465 View
  • 1 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship among family functioning, empathy and aggression by high school students.
METHODS
This was a descriptive study. The survey participants were 467 high school students from M city. Data were collected from November 29 to December 7, 2012 and self-report questionnaires including a Family Adaptability Cohesion Evaluation Scale, Interpersonal Reactivity Indexes, and an Aggression Questionnaire. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, independent-samples t-test, ANOVA, stepwise multiple regression.
RESULTS
The majority of the subjects were 2nd graders (42.0%) and female (57.2%). 59.7% of the subjects had religion, 84.8% were living together with parents. The mean ages of their fathers and mothers were 49.90+/-0.20 and 46.85+/-0.19 respectively. Aggression was found to have a statistically negative correlation with family functioning and empathy. Stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed that the most powerful predictor of aggression was empathic concern. Empathic concern, family cohesiveness, perspective taking, personal distress and gender accounted for 16.7% of the variances.
CONCLUSION
It is necessary to provide aggressiveness reduction programs for high school students that consider their family functioning and empathy.
Latent Mean Analysis of Health Behavior between Adolescents with a Health Problem and Those without: Using the 2009 Korean Youth Health Behavior Survey
Jeong Mo Park, Mi Won Kim, Yoon Hee Cho
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2013;24(4):488-497.   Published online December 31, 2013
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2013.24.4.488
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to identify the construct equivalence of the general five factors of health behavior and to compare the latent means between adolescents with a health problem and those without in Korea.
METHODS
The 2009 KYRBS (Korean Youth Risk Behavior Survey) data were used for the analysis. Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis was performed to test whether the scale had configural, metric, and scalar invariances across the existence of health problems in adolescents.
RESULTS
Configural, metric, and factor invariances were satisfied for the latent mean analysis (LMA) between adolescents with health problem and those without. Adolescents with health problem and those without were not different in the LMA of all factors.
CONCLUSION
Health providers should give more interest to the group of adolescents with health problems and consider prudential school life to the same group.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing