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Volume 28 (2); June 2017
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Original Articles
Analyzing Factors Affecting Cognitive Function in the Elderly using Computerized Neurocognitive Tests
Joohee Shim, Seung Wan Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):107-117.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.107
  • 884 View
  • 2 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to examine the cognitive function in the elderly and to identify the influencing factors.
METHODS
The design of this study was descriptive research design. A total of 139 elderly people (aged 65 years and over) visiting the electroencephalogram (EEG) center in Seoul, Korea were evaluated. Data were assessed by self-administered questionnaires and CNS Vital Signs (CNSVS). Data were analyzed using SPSS Statistics 23.0 for Windows.
RESULTS
There were significant differences in the Korean Mini-Mental State Examination (K-MMSE), executive functions and reasoning according to education level. K-MMSE, visual memory and executive functions were different depending on the jobs. Age was highly correlated with cognitive function. In addition, stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that the factor significantly associated with reaction time and visual memory was depression. Depression and Trait-Anxiety had significant impacts on executive functions and K-MMSE.
CONCLUSION
CNSVS enabled the accurate and objective measurement of cognitive function. Therefore, this study provides useful data to improve cognitive function of the community-dwelling elderly. The results suggested that there is need for comprehensive interventional programs that manage cognitive impairment.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of an Eye-Tracking Linkage Attention Training System on Cognitive Function Compared to Conventional Computerized Cognitive Training System in Patients with Stroke
    Sung-Jun Moon, Chan-Hee Park, Sang In Jung, Ja-Won Yu, Eun-Chul Son, Hye Na Lee, Hyeonggi Jeong, Sueun Jang, Eunhee Park, Tae-Du Jung
    Healthcare.2022; 10(3): 456.     CrossRef
  • A Longitudinal Study of Changes in Cognition Among Older Thais: Studying From the Kanchanaburi Demographic Surveillance System
    Natchaphon Auampradit, Patama Vapattanawong, Sureeporn Punpuing, Malee Sunpuwan, Tawanchai Jirapramukpitak
    Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine.2019; 5: 233372141986288.     CrossRef
The Effects of Health Behavior and Health Status on Heath-related Quality of Life in Older People: Gender Analysis by using the 2012 Korea Health Panel Data
Min Jeong Park, So Eun Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):118-128.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.118
  • 978 View
  • 7 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to measure health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and to investigate the affecting factors according to gender in older adults by using the 2012 Korea Health Panel data.
METHODS
The Korea Health Panel data 2012 were collected from February to August 2012 by Korea Institute for Health and Social Affairs and National Health Insurance Corporation and the number of respondents were 1,921. The data were analyzed by t-test, chi-square, Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression using SPSS/WIN program.
RESULTS
The limitation of activity was the most influential factor for health-related quality of life of both male and female. For male, the affecting factors on HRQoL were hearing problems and frustration. For female, the affecting factors on HRQoL were eating problems, depression and suicidal impulses. Drinking, moderate physical activities, vision problems and stress had a significant effect on HRQoL for both male and female.
CONCLUSION
Health care providers should consider the differences between male and female when they design a program in order to improve HRQoL of older people.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Comparison of the health behavior and nutrition status of young-old women according to the vitality in their quality of life: based on the 2019, 2021 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Jiyoung Jeong, Yoon Jung Yang
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2023; 56(5): 496.     CrossRef
  • Benefits of sustained physical activity from middle age to early old age on quality of life in early old age
    Mikyung Lee, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Kijun Song, Young-Me Lee
    Scientific Reports.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with levels of health-related quality of life in elderly women: secondary data analysis of the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2019
    Miseon Son
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2022; 28(3): 187.     CrossRef
  • Association between healthy lifestyle score changes and quality of life and health-related quality of life: a longitudinal analysis of South Korean panel data
    Fatima Nari, Wonjeong Jeong, Bich Na Jang, Hyeon Ji Lee, Eun-Cheol Park
    BMJ Open.2021; 11(10): e047933.     CrossRef
  • Quarantine Hotels: Integration between Hospitality and Healthcare Services to Promote Health Behavior and Quality of Life
    Ahmed Abdulaziz Alshiha
    American Journal of Health Behavior.2021; 45(6): 1059.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of the Types and Affecting Factors of Older People's Health-related Quality of Life, Using Latent Class Analysis
    Sun-Hee Jang, Dong-Moon Yeum
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(2): 212.     CrossRef
  • Poor People and Poor Health: Examining the Mediating Effect of Unmet Healthcare Needs in Korea
    Youngsoo Kim, Saerom Kim, Seungmin Jeong, Sang Guen Cho, Seung-sik Hwang
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2019; 52(1): 51.     CrossRef
  • Analysis of Levels of Health-related Quality of Life and Its Related Factors of Traditional Market Merchants
    Keung-Mi Shin, Young-Sil Bae
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(4): 437.     CrossRef
  • Health Behavior, Health Service Use, and Health Related Quality of Life of Adult Women in One-person and Multi-person Households
    Hyun Ju Chae, MiJong Kim
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2019; 25(3): 299.     CrossRef
Qualitative Analysis of Tele-healthcare Systems based on the Diffusion of Innovation Model
Myung Soon Kwon, Ji Hye Jang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):129-143.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.129
  • 731 View
  • 2 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to explore factors which influence adoption, implementation and continued use of tele-healthcare systems.
METHODS
Qualitative research was conducted by in-depth interviews with 17 professionals from various fields of organizations involved in developing and implementing tele-healthcare systems. Data were analysed thematically, using a conceptual model of diffusion of innovations.
RESULTS
The system users were reacted positively to the 3 attributes out of 9 which decided the adoption of innovation. In addition, it is required to redesign the tele-health care system simpler and easier so that the system users can access to the system much more easily regardless of space and time limitations. From the design stage on an individual level, it is necessary to conduct detailed needs analysis and listen to users who are at the center of innovation diffusion. On an organizational level, it is necessary to actively prepare for possible problems during system implementation, educate the users and build communication channels continuously.
CONCLUSION
This study has identified the factors affecting the innovation of tele-health care systems and contributed to the understanding of the operation of tele-health care systems by the diffusion of innovation theory in community health posts.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Tele-Treatment Application Design for Disable Patients with Wireless Sensors
    Alberto Arteta Albert, Luis Fernando de Mingo López, Nuria Gómez Blas
    Applied Sciences.2020; 10(3): 1142.     CrossRef
  • A study on the experience of mHealth based on health belief model: Focus group interview
    Na Young Park, Jeong Hae Hwang, Yun-Kyoung Choi, Seong-Hi Park, Yeon Kyung Lee
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2019; 36(3): 97.     CrossRef
The Trends in Research on the Health of North Korean Refugees
Hyun Ju Lim, Gun A Lee, Sook Ja Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):144-155.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.144
  • 759 View
  • 7 Download
  • 11 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aims to identify the general characteristics, subjects, and methods of research on the health of North Korean refugees through a systematic literature review.
METHODS
A total of 140 studies on health were reviewed using the analytical framework developed by the researchers.
RESULTS
The quantitative research comprised 90.7% of the studies, whereas the qualitative research were 7.9% of them. Approximately 81.4% of those reviewed have publication dates spanning 2006 to 2015. Only 13.6% of the studies were conducted with the approval of an institutional review board. The subjects of studies were psycho-social health (151.8%), behavioral health (28.5%), cognitive health (15.0%), physical health (12.2%), integrated health (7.8%), and spiritual health (2.8%). Within the quantitative studies reviewed, the most commonly used study design was survey research (86.0%). The two sampling methods used most often were convenience sampling (53.5%) and snowball sampling (19.4%), and the most commonly used data-collection method were questionnaires (94.6%). As for the qualitative studies, the most commonly used study design was phenomenology.
CONCLUSION
The results suggested that the reviewed studies focused on physical health more than psycho-social health, and physiological measurement more than questionnaires. Ethical considerations need to be expanded.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Assessment of diet quality of adults from North Korea: using nutrition quotient (NQ) for Korean adults
    SaeByeol Kwon, Kyoung-Nam Kim, Moon-Kyung Shin
    Journal of Nutrition and Health.2023; 56(2): 217.     CrossRef
  • Health and Integration of North Korean Refugees in South Korea
    Hye-Seung Wee, Daehwan Kim
    SSRN Electronic Journal.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • How do North Korean refugees in South Korea utilize social support to cope with acculturative stress?
    Soim Park, Jennifer A. Wenzel, Pamela J. Surkan
    SSM - Mental Health.2023; 4: 100272.     CrossRef
  • Health and Labour Market Outcomes of North Korean Refugees in South Korea
    Hyeseung Wee, Daehwan Kim
    Global Economic Review.2023; 52(4): 251.     CrossRef
  • North Korean arrivals’ medical service usage in South Korea, 2015–2019
    Hee Jung Lee, Chunhoo Cheon, Jinwon Kim, Kyung Won Kwon, Bo-Hyoung Jang
    Journal of Public Health Policy.2022; 43(4): 560.     CrossRef
  • Comparison of Growth and Nutritional Status between Children in North Korean Refugee Families and South Korean Children
    Kyung-Ae Park, Seong-Woo Choi
    Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health.2022; 26(1): 20.     CrossRef
  • Trend of Disease Burden of North Korean Defectors in South Korea Using Disability-adjusted Life Years from 2010 to 2018
    Keun A Kim, Yoon-Sun Jung, Chae-Bong Kim, Ki-Beom Kim, Seok-Jun Yoon
    Journal of Korean Medical Science.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Seroprevalence of scrub typhus, murine typhus and spotted fever groups in North Korean refugees
    Jihye Um, Yeonghwa Nam, Ji Na Lim, Misuk Kim, Yeonsu An, Se Hee Hwang, Jun-Sun Park
    International Journal of Infectious Diseases.2021; 106: 23.     CrossRef
  • Social networks and health-promoting behaviors among North Korean refugees in South Korea
    Chung Hyeon Jeong, Mee Young Um, Joan P. Yoo, Lawrence A. Palinkas
    Social Work in Health Care.2020; 59(9-10): 738.     CrossRef
  • Systematic review of evidence on public health in the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea
    John J Park, Ah-Young Lim, Hyung-Soon Ahn, Andrew I Kim, Soyoung Choi, David HW Oh, Owen Lee-Park, Sharon Y Kim, Sun Jae Jung, Jesse B Bump, Rifat Atun, Hee Young Shin, Kee B Park
    BMJ Global Health.2019; 4(2): e001133.     CrossRef
  • An Analysis of Infectious Disease Research Trends in Medical Journals From North Korea
    Do-Hyeon Park, Min-Ho Choi, Ah-Young Lim, Hee Young Shin
    Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health.2018; 51(2): 109.     CrossRef
The Level of Pain, Gait Speed, and ROM in Community-dwelling Older Adults with Knee Joint Pain
Kye Ha Kim, Jin Min Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):156-164.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.156
  • 914 View
  • 0 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study is to investigate the level of pain, gait speed, and ROM (Range of motion) in community-dwelling older adults with knee joint pain.
METHODS
A convenience sample of 160 participants living in G city were recruited. Elderly people who suffer from knee joint pain with a pain level ≥5 during the last one year on a visual analogue scale were included in the study. The data were collected from June to August 2016. All statistical analyses were performed using IBM SPSS ver. 22.0.
RESULTS
Participants' pain was 6.81 by VAS. The mean gait speed was 13.9 sec/10m. The ROM of left knee and right knee were 54.06° and 56.50°, respectively. The level of pain was different according to gender (t=-4.87, p<.001), economic status (t=3.51, p=.032), diseases (t=5.23, p<.001), diagnosis of arthritis (t=3.86, p<.001), region of knee joint pain (F=9.30, p<.001), duration of pain occurrence (F=13.82, p<.001), and limp (F=3.58, p<.001). The level of knee joint pain and gait speed had significant correlations.
CONCLUSION
The gait speed in older adults is an important variable that should be taken into account in the assessment of their level of knee joint pain.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The impact of low back pain and disability on frailty levels in older women: longitudinal data from the BACE-Brazil cohort
    Vitor Tigre Martins Rocha, Amanda Aparecida Oliveira Leopoldino, Bárbara Zille de Queiroz, Renata Antunes Lopes, Silvia Lanziotti Azevedo da Silva, Juliano Bergamaschine Mata Diz, Daniele Sirineu Pereira, Leani Souza Máximo Pereira
    European Geriatric Medicine.2023; 14(1): 181.     CrossRef
Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success during 4-week Smoking Cessation Program for University Students
Sang Mee Koo, Jeong Hee Kang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):165-172.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.165
  • 1,105 View
  • 3 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Smoking cessation interventions are important because university students are vulnerable to smoking and good health practices during their university lives greatly affects their health status. The purpose of this study is to investigate the factors affecting smoking cessation success among the university students who participated in the 4-week smoking cessation program.
METHODS
This study was conducted with 101 university student smokers. To identify the factors affecting the success of smoking cessation, a logistic regression analysis was performed.
RESULTS
In Model 1, without the smoking cessation aids variable, when the frequency of face-to-face counseling was greater, the success rate of smoking cessation was 1.70 times higher. In Model 2, including the smoking cessation aids variable, when the nicotine dependence score was higher, the success rate of smoking cessation was 0.72 times lower, and when the number of smoking cessation aids used was greater, the success rate of smoking cessation was 1.40 times higher.
CONCLUSION
Smoking cessation aids are essential to increase the success of short-term smoking cessation, and face-to-face counseling and telephone counseling should be provided continuously to maintain long-term smoking cessation.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Initial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic on tobacco use among college students in California
    Bhagvat J. Maheta, Afroze Khan, Samantha Skinner, Melanie S. Dove
    Journal of American College Health.2023; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Factors related to failure of quitting smoking among Korean woman using national smoking cession service
    Dahyeon Lee, Kang-Sook Lee, Ahnna Lee, Hyeju Ahn, Hyun Kyung Lee, Hyekyeong Kim, Jakyoung Lee, Hong Gwan Seo
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2022; 39(2): 65.     CrossRef
  • Intention to quit electronic cigarette smoking among university students who are e-cigarette users
    Jina Choo, Songwhi Noh, Jihyun Moon, Jinah Park, Yoonjoo Jeoung, Wonji Song
    Journal of American College Health.2022; : 1.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with smoking cessation success at four weeks by the disabled
    Jong Ju Park, Seung Eun Lee, Hyo-Bin Im, Chul-Woung Kim
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2020; 37(5): 1.     CrossRef
  • Towards a Smoke-Free Society
    Hae-Wol Cho
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(5): 215.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Success of Heavy Smokers Registered in the Intensive Care Smoking Cessation Camp (Data from the National Tobacco Control Center)
    Hansol Yeom, Hee-Sook Lim, Jihyun Min, Seoni Lee, Yoon-Hyung Park
    Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives.2018; 9(5): 240.     CrossRef
The Relationships between Sexual Intercourse and Health Risk Behaviors in Korean and US Adolescents
Yeong Mi Ha, Seung Jin Lee, Hyun Kyung Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):173-181.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.173
  • 632 View
  • 2 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Early sexual intercourse is associated with poor health outcomes in adolescents. It is known that sexual intercourse coincides with other health risk behaviors such as smoking, drinking, and using drugs. The purpose of this study is to identify the relationships between sexual intercourse and health risk behaviors among Korean and US adolescents using nationally representative data.
METHODS
Data were collected from the 2011 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey (29,676 students) and 2011 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System (10,135 high school students). Logistic regression analysis was performed.
RESULTS
In Korea, students who had sexual intercourse accounted for 7.0% in total. Among these, 9.7% were male and 4.2% were female students. In the US, a total of 51.3% students had sexual intercourse, and the proportion of the US male (49.3%) and female (53.4%) students who had sexual intercourse was similar. Korean and US students who experienced sexual intercourse were more likely to smoke, drink alcohol, and use drugs.
CONCLUSION
Since the results of this study show the relationships between sexual intercourse and health risk behaviors, it is necessary to develop comprehensive sex education programs with effective strategies to reduce health risk behaviors in adolescents.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Relationship Between Sexual Intercourse Before the age of 13 and Alcohol, Tobacco, and Other Drug use among High School Students
    Michael Dunn, John Yannessa
    Journal of Drug Education.2022; 51(1-2): 3.     CrossRef
  • Factors Related to Sexual Intercourse Among Korean Middle and High School Students
    Joohee Shim, Jihyun Baek, Seungwoo Han
    Frontiers in Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Gender Differences and Relationships among Lifestyle and Reproductive Health in University Students
    Ju-Hee Nho, Hee Sun Kim
    Korean Journal of Women Health Nursing.2019; 25(4): 446.     CrossRef
The Emergency Care Experience and Demand for Support of School Nurse
Jae Hee Yoon, In Sook Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):182-195.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.182
  • 972 View
  • 14 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study explores school nurses' emergency care experiences and their needs for systemic institutional support.
METHODS
Data were collected in 2016 from the interviews with five focus groups comprising thirty school nurses. Qualitative content analysis was then performed using the collected data.
RESULTS
The study found that school nurses were vulnerable to over-reaction in uncertain situations as the school's sole health service provider. The study's findings are divided into ten categories. 1) Major obstacles to overcome as the sole health service provider, 2) Assessing an uncertain situation and making appropriate decisions, 3) Providing limited first aid while maintaining control over the situation, 4) Referring or transferring a student to a hospital that creates tensions and raises cost, 5) Becoming an advocate for information disclosure and treatment, 6) Ensuring follow-up actions and proper transfer of responsibility, 7) Making preparations for future emergency, 8) Responding to conflicts arising from over-reaction as a safeguard and professional expertise, 9) Need for the development of standardized manual for school emergency care, 10) Need for practical case-based training.
CONCLUSION
The findings of this study should contribute to the development of the programs aimed at improving school emergency care and the professional competence of school nurse.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Health teachers’ ethical conflict experiences in the COVID-19 situation: a qualitative content analysis
    Kyoung Mi Lim, Sohyune Sok
    Frontiers in Public Health.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Expert school nurses' experiences of reopening schools during the COVID-19 pandemic: A qualitative study
    Ji Eun Kim, Hyun-Ju Seo, Jaehee Yoon
    Journal of Pediatric Nursing.2024; 76: 16.     CrossRef
  • School Nurses’ Perception of Job Performance Difficulties, Job Stress, Job Identity and Job Satisfaction
    Eun Kyo Cho, Hyun Jung Moon
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 43.     CrossRef
  • Development of emergency nursing care competency scale for school nurses
    Jaehee Yoon
    BMC Nursing.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with School Nurses’ Triage Competency in South Korea
    Jaehee Yoon, Heesook Son
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(16): 8279.     CrossRef
  • Experience of Senior Center Nurses' Emergency Management
    Soo Jin Lee, Xianglan Jin
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2020; 22(2): 153.     CrossRef
  • Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA) to Improve Emergency Care for Novice Nurses
    Hayoung Park, Yoojin Kim, Sang Hui Chu
    Journal of Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing.2019; 26(3): 155.     CrossRef
Effects of Clay and Drawing Art Program on Self-expression and Depression in Elderly Patients at a Long-term Care Hospital
Dong Hee Kim, Young Sil Bae, Sang Ho Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):196-205.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.196
  • 862 View
  • 10 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
Art program has been found to enhance mood such as increasing motivation, self-expression and decreasing depression in older adults. This study was conducted to investigate the effects of clay art and drawing on depression and self-expression among elderly people at a long-term care center.
METHODS
The research was a pre-test and post-test non-equivalent design. Sixty older patients (clay art program=28. Drawing art program=32) over the age of 65 were recruited from 2 long-term care hospitals to participate in the 5 weeks program. Each group was scheduled with 10,120-minute evaluation sessions, twice per week. Test measures were completed before and after the 5 week intervention period for all participants. The data was collected from April 27 to May 29, 2015. It was analyzed with SPSS 22.0 using chi-square, t-test and paired t-test.
RESULTS
There were no significant difference in the levels of depression (t=0.21, p=.830) and total score of self-expression (t=-0.10, p=.919) between the two groups. However, the pre-post scores of self-expression in the clay art program (t=0.22, p=.826) were improved compared to the drawing art program (t=0.80, p=.430).
CONCLUSION
Further studies are needed to evaluate the effectiveness of clay art program for extended senior care applications.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The effects of visual art therapy on adults with depressive symptoms: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
    Bingyue Han, Yong Jia, Guannan Hu, Linquan Bai, Hayley Gains, Simiao You, Rendong He, Yongliang Jiao, Kexin Huang, Lianzhi Cui, Li Chen
    International Journal of Mental Health Nursing.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Evaluation of Feasibility and Predictive Validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument: Using the 2008 and 2011 Living Profiles of Older People Survey in Korea
Eun Mi Oh, Gwi Ryung Son Hong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):206-215.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.206
  • 837 View
  • 10 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aimed to verify the predictive validity of Comprehensive Korean Frailty Instrument (CKFI) among older adults.
METHODS
A secondary analysis of data from a prospective cohort study was conducted. Frailty was determined in older adults (N=9,188) according to the data in 2008 and the effects of frailty on adverse outcomes (such as institutionalization and death) were evaluated according to the data in 2011. The Cardiovascular Health Study (CHS) index was used to compare with the predictive validity of CKFI.
RESULTS
The prevalence of frailty was 26.3%. With the CKFI, the frail group had a higher risk of negative health outcomes compared to the robust and pre-frail groups after three years. The two of the highest risks identified using the CKFI and CHS index were institutionalization (5.522 times higher) and mortality (3.210 times higher). For both instruments, the survival analysis revealed that the risk of death increased as the degree of frailty increased.
CONCLUSION
The CKFI consisting of self-report items and multidimensional aspects of frailty can be used as a simple instrument for assessing the frailty of older adults residing in a local community in Korea.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Frailty assessment using routine clinical data: An integrative review
    Arum Lim, JiYeon Choi, Hyunju Ji, Hyangkyu Lee
    Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics.2022; 99: 104612.     CrossRef
  • Impact of Frailty, Depression, and Loneliness on Ego-Integrity in Community-Dwelling Elderly
    Seon Ju Song, Sung Hee Ko, Ji Young Kim, Hyun Kyung Kim
    STRESS.2022; 30(3): 139.     CrossRef
  • Factors associated with frailty among community-dwelling older adults by age group: A multi-dimensional approach
    Lee Seyune, Kim Hongsoo, Jung Young-il, Hong Yun-chul
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2018; 35(2): 89.     CrossRef
The Influence of Self-care Behaviors, Empowerment and Social Support on Glycosylated Hemoglobin in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes
Hwa Kyung Oh, Eun Ju Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2017;28(2):216-225.   Published online June 30, 2017
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2017.28.2.216
  • 1,052 View
  • 5 Download
  • 5 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of the study was to analyze the effects of self-care behavior, empowerment, and social support on glycosylated hemoglobin in patients with type 2 diabetes.
METHODS
The data were collected during the period of July 1 to July 31, 2016. In total, 172 participants were recruited from outpatients who had been diagnosed with type 2 diabetes at a health care center, a health promotion center at National Health Insurance Corporation, and a tertiary hospital. Statistical data were analyzed with SPSS 20.0 using frequency analysis, t-test, ANOVA, Scheffé test, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and hierarchical regression analysis.
RESULTS
The study results showed that self-care behavior (β=−.34, p<.001), empowerment (β=−.34, p<.001), and social support (β=−.20, p=.018) were found to be influential factors affecting glycosylated hemoglobin, with an overall descriptive power of 69%.
CONCLUSION
Self-care behavior, empowerment, and social support are considered to be important factors in blood glucose management for the patients with type 2 diabetes. Therefore, self-caring blood glucose programs and internal synchronizing education through social support and empowerment need to be improved.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Relationships Among Health Literacy, Self-Efficacy, Self-Management, and HbA1c Levels in Older Adults with Diabetes in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Geun Young Jang, Soo Jung Chang, Jun Hee Noh
    Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare.2024; Volume 17: 409.     CrossRef
  • Factors affecting the health status of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus receiving insulin treatments: A multi‐mediation path analysis
    Kang Sun Lee, Hye Young Kim, Heung Young Jin
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2022; 31(9-10): 1285.     CrossRef
  • Multimodal Diabetes Empowerment for Older Adults with Diabetes
    Keumok Park, Youngshin Song
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(18): 11299.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Self-efficacy and Self-stigma on Self-care in People with Diabetes
    Kawoun Seo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2021; 32(1): 86.     CrossRef
  • Relationships of health literacy to self‐care behaviors in people with diabetes aged 60 and above: Empowerment as a mediator
    Kyung Suk Shin, Eun‐Hyun Lee
    Journal of Advanced Nursing.2018; 74(10): 2363.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing