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Volume 34 (2); June 2023
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Original Articles
The Burden Experience of Family Caregiver of Older Adults with Chronic Illness
Nova Yustisia, Titin Aprilatutini, Tuti Anggriani Utama, Mahmasoni Masdar
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):85-95.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00304
  • 3,114 View
  • 210 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study aims to find out further about the burden on families in undertaking caregiving for the elderly with chronic illnesses.
Methods
A qualitative study was developed using in-depth interviews with 12 family caregivers selected by purposive sampling in July 2022. The thematic analysis was then carried out using the Colaizzi method, and N-Vivo 12 Qualitative Data Analysis Software was used to assist with the content analysis.
Results
The result from the experience interview analysis of caregivers participating in this study were 54 codes which were categorized into thirteen categories. Then, they were derived into four themes, as follows: 1) Physical burden of the caregivers for the elderly with chronic illness, 2) Psychological burden of the caregivers for the elderly with chronic illness, 3) Obstacle of caregivers for the elderly with chronic illness, 4) The state of caregivers who perform caregiving for the elderly with chronic illness.
Conclusion
The experience of caregivers in undertaking caregiving for the elderly with chronic disease has many obstacles, such as physical, psychological, and economic burdens. Caregivers often find positive aspects of their experiences while caregiving for the elderly, although their burden also constantly increases. Health facilities should pay serious attention to family caregivers and facilitate programs that can help reduce the burden on family caregivers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Relationship between Care Burden and Health Anxiety in the Family Caregivers of the Older Adults with Alzheimer’s Disease
    Mohammad Sadegh Sargolzaei, Daniyal Kohestani, Tahereh Alsadat Khoubbin Khoshnazar, Hossein Asghari Asl
    Ageing International.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
The Prediction Model of Body Image Distortion in Korean Adolescent in the Era of COVID-19 Using Decision Tree Analysis
Myeunghee Han
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):96-107.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00052
  • 919 View
  • 40 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Body image distortion (BID) in adolescents is a crucial problem that causes both abnormal eating habits and unhealthy weight control behaviors. COVID-19 has had a negative impact on adolescents’ psychological and behavioral status, and this might influence the onset of BID in adolescents. This study aimed to develop a prediction model for BID in Korean adolescents using decision tree analysis.
Methods
The decision tree analysis was used to develop a prediction model for BID in Korean adolescents using the data of 2021 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey Web-based (KYRBS).
Results
In the present study, about one-third of the study subjects (31%, n=6,316) showed BID. The BID rate was higher in females (37.2%, node1) than in males (21.2%, node2). Female students with severe GAD-7 level and smartphone use on the weekend over 12h showed the highest rate of BID (66.9%). As to males, the BID rate was the highest (33.1%) among middle school male students who did strength training once a week or none.
Conclusion
In order to reduce BID, there is a need to develop a customized BID education and management programs.
Work Adaptation Experience of Vietnamese Workers in Korean Workplaces: Constructivist Grounded Theory
HyeJung Jun, GaEon Lee
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):108-116.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00150
  • 813 View
  • 38 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to find a nursing intervention plan by classifying the body pain areas of the Korean aged and analyzing related factors.
Methods
This study performed the latent class analysis, cross-analysis, and one-way ANOVA using the SPSS 25.0, M-plus 7.0 program on 4,388 older adults aged 65 or over using the data from the 2020 Aging Research Panel.
Results
As a result of the Latent Class Analysis, participants divided into four groups. Group 1 was the 'shoulder and low back pain group' with high shoulder and back pain, group 2 was the 'upper body pain group' with severe pain in the arms, wrists and fingers and chest, group 3 was the 'lower pain focused group' with high pain in the legs and knees, and finally, group 4 was the 'general low pain group' with low pain overall. The result of the study shows that the group that did not exercise regularly, the female group, and the low socioeconomic status group have more pain in general. The upper body central pain group showed a low level of life satisfaction.
Conclusion
This study discusses various nursing interventions for the prevention of chronic pain, especially for the aged female group who has diverse body pain areas, the aged with low socioeconomic status, and the aged who do not exercise.
The Relation among Uncertainty, Social Support, Care Burden of Mothers having Children with Developmental Disabilities
Kyoung Eun Jeong, Min Hyun Suk
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):117-126.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00346
  • 1,418 View
  • 68 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This descriptive correlation study aimed to confirm the relation among uncertainty, social support, care burden of mothers having children with developmental disabilities.
Methods
The participants were 111 mothers having children with autistic spectrum disorder or intellectual disability. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression using IBM SPSS 23.0 in the study.
Results
Uncertainty and social support were significantly correlated to caregiver burden. As a result of multiple regression analysis, the factors affecting caregiver burden were children’s age, the expense for caring, the period suspected child disabilities, and uncertainty. These factors accounted for 40.8% of caregiver burden.
Conclusion
In order to reduce the burden of caring for mothers with children with developmental disabilities, it is necessary to establish a system that can detect children with developmental disabilities early and to develop and provide an integrated guide suitable for the growth and development stage of children with developmental disabilities.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Spousal support, parent–nurse partnership and caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic diseases: A cross‐sectional study
    Jihye Kim, Heemin Chae, Yoonjung Kim
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2024;[Epub]     CrossRef
A Study on Outcomes of the Utilization of Visiting Nursing Service at the Integrated Visiting Nursing Center in Bucheon-si
Hyun-Kyung Park, Ae Jung Yoo, Ju Young Yoon, Jae Woo Choi
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):127-134.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00045
  • 1,438 View
  • 60 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The government has implemented a pilot project for community care for older adults and the integrated visiting nursing center in Bucheon-si operated by public fund of government to provide visiting nursing service for older adults. This study aimed to analyze the outcomes of the utilization of visiting nursing service at the integrated visiting nursing center in Bucheon-si.
Methods
This study linked the personal data from the pilot project for community care with the National Health Insurance data. The final subjects comprised 30 participants and 110 of the matched control group. The length of home stay, hospitalization, and the admission for long-term care facilities or convalescent hospitals were measured. Statistical analysis was performed through difference-in-differences analysis using generalized estimating equation and Cox proportional hazards model.
Results
The results indicated an increase of 28.2 days for length of home stay and a reduction of 69% in hospitalization from medical institutions and 81% in admission of long-term care facilities or convalescent hospitals among participants compared to the control group.
Conclusion
The visiting nursing service of the integrated visiting nursing center was effective in extending length of home stay and lowering the hospitalization of medical institutions and admission of long-term care facilities or convalescent hospitals.
Cyberbullying among University Students during the E-learning Transformation Era: The Role of the Student-Teacher Relationship and Virtual Classroom Community
Samiha Sayed, Lucy AbuElEla, Ahlam Sarhan, Doaa El Demerdash
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):135-146.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00038
  • 1,501 View
  • 76 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The current study assesses cyberbullying among university students and explores the role of the student-teacher relationship and virtual classroom community.
Methods
A descriptive exploratory study on four randomly selected colleges at Damanhour University/Egypt. Participants were recruited conveniently using an equal allocation of 150 students/college (600 students). The European Cyberbullying Intervention Project Questionnaire (ECIPQ), Rovai's Classroom Community Scale (RCCS), and the Student Version of The Teacher-Student Relationship Inventory (S-STRI) were used for data collection.
Results
Low cyber victimization was reported by 66.5% of the students, while 39.8% reported low cyberaggression behaviors. The highest percent reported average virtual class connectedness (77.3%), learning experience (70.3%), and overall virtual classroom community (80.8%). Besides, highly satisfying teacher relationships (82.3%); average (38.8%) and low (35.8%) instrumental help; low conflict (68.0%); and average total teacher-student relationship (70.5%). Regression analysis revealed that the increased scores of the total teacher-student relationship scale (p<0.05) with its two domains [satisfaction and instrumental help (p<0.01)] and the total classroom community scale (p<0.05) with its domains [connectedness (p<0.01) and learning experience (p<0.05)] decreased the likelihood of cyber victimization and cyberaggression. However, perceived conflicting teacher relationships increased the likelihood of cyber victimization (p<0.05) and cyberaggression (p<0.01).
Conclusion
Cyberbullying is a concern among university students, and the students’ perceived nature of their relationships with their teachers and sense of virtual classroom community play a pivotal role in shaping their involvement in cyberaggression and exposure to cyber victimization. Thus, developing mass media campaigns to enhance awareness about cyberbullying and cyber civility regulations is recommended.
What Determines the Health-related Quality of Life of Vietnamese Migrant Workers in Korea?
Jihyon Pahn, Heesuk Kim, Youngran Yang
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):147-157.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00066
  • 689 View
  • 26 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Over time, the number of migrant workers in Korea has shown a steady increase. Notably, among all migrant workers, those from Vietnam constitute the third largest group in Korea. The main objective of this study was to investigate the factors that influence the health-related quality of life of Vietnamese migrant workers. The study aimed to provide essential data for the development of customized nursing intervention programs and policy preparation in the future.
Methods
A total of 220 Vietnamese migrant workers aged between 18 and 64, who were employed in Korea through the Employment Permit System and had been residing in the country for more than 91 days, participated in this study.
Results
The study results revealed that physical activity (β=.19, p=.002), hope (β=.50, p <. 001), cohabitation with colleagues (β=.16, p =.003), and sleep hour (β=.11, p =. 031) had a statistically significant impact on health-related quality of life. The findings showed that higher levels of physical activity and hope were positively associated with higher health-related quality of life. Moreover, cohabiting with colleagues and sleeping for more than six hours were also significantly related to higher health-related quality of life.
Conclusion
Given these findings, it is imperative to develop programs that encourage physical activity and enhance the health-related quality of life of migrant workers from Vietnam. Policymakers and employers should also consider providing adequate living conditions that facilitate cohabitation with colleagues and sufficient time for sleep to improve the health and well-being of migrant workers.
Assessment of Metabolic Syndrome Risk Based on Body Size Phenotype in Korean Adults: Analysis of Community-based Cohort Data
Ji Young Kim, Youngran Yang
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):158-170.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00101
  • 1,136 View
  • 40 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Body size phenotypes can be regarded as an indicator of cardiovascular incidence risk factors. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence of metabolic syndrome among metabolically healthy adults according to body size phenotype using Korean Genome & Epidemiology Study [KoGES]-community based cohort from 2001-2002 to 2014.
Methods
A prospective population-based cohort including 5,068 adults aged 40-69 years free from metabolic syndrome was included and divided into three phenotypes: metabolically healthy normal weight (MHNW), metabolically healthy overweight (MHOW), and metabolically healthy obesity (MHO). The time dependent Cox’s proportional hazards regression model was used to estimate the incidence of the metabolic syndrome after a follow-up 14 years.
Results
In the demographic, health related variables-adjusted model (Model 3), the hazard ratio of the metabolic syndrome was 1.92 (CI 1.54-2.40) for MHOW, 2.88 (CI 2.32-3.58) for MHO among males, 1.89 (CI 1.51-2.37) for MHOW, 2.34 (CI 1.88-2.90) for MHO for females compared to MHNW, respectively.
Conclusion
In conclusion, MHOW and MHO in both males and females increased the risk of metabolic syndrome compared to MHNW. Obesity management should be considered even in the absence of metabolic syndrome. Programs and resources should be provided for prevention of cardiovascular diseases and better quality of life.
Review Article
Factors Related to Diabetes Self-Care among Immigrants in the United States: A Scoping Review
Jung Eun Kim
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):171-182.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00094
  • 887 View
  • 57 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this scoping review was to explore related factors in diabetes self-care among immigrants in the U.S. Diabetes is one of the fastest-growing chronic illnesses, but little is known about factors in self-care among minority immigrants in the U.S.
Methods
The Arksey and O’Malley (2005) methodological framework guided this review, which examined 16 articles, including qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods designs. PRISMA guidelines were used with five Databases. Search terms included: immigrants in the U.S., type 2 diabetes, self-care, and self-management.
Results
Factors related to diabetes self-care among immigrants were identified: (1) changed dietary lifestyle, (2) low economic and health insurance, (3) social support and resources, (4) low English proficiency, (5) psychological contexts, and (6) gender roles.
Conclusion
Given the culturally unique related factors in diabetes self-care among immigrants, healthcare professionals must be knowledgeable and responsive to the ethnic minority immigrants’ needs to promote effective diabetes self-care.

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing