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The Effect of Dual Sensory Impairment on Cognitive Function Decline in the Elderly: The Moderating Effect of Social Support
Soo Jee Yang, Ju Young Yoon
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(3):217-227.   Published online September 27, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2023.00255
  • 1,445 View
  • 45 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study verified that the dual sensory impairment (DSI) in the elderly is associated with cognitive impairment (CI) and confirmed how change in cognitive function varies depending on the social support (SS).
Methods
For a study sample of Korean older people, data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing (KLoSA) from the 7th (2018) to the 8th (2020), were included in this cross-sectional descriptive study. Among people who responded in both 2018 and 2020, a total of 2,069 people of those who are 65 years of age or older, and have living children and normal cognitive function, were analyzed. X2 -test, t-test and logistic regression analyses were utilized.
Results
First, the number of elderly with visual impairment (VI), hearing impairment, and DSI increased on 8th data compared with 7th data. In addition, 22.9% of the 2,069 people showed a decrease in cognitive function. Second, compared to the elderly with normal sensory function, the cognitive function of the elderly with only VI was found to be more degraded, and the cognitive function of the elderly with DSI was found to be much more degraded. In addition, among SS, only participation in social gatherings was found to show significant change in cognitive function of the elderly with DSI. Third, the interaction effect of participating in social gatherings was not significant in the CI of the elderly with DSI.
Conclusion
VI and DSI effected cognitive function, but participation in social gatherings such as SS has not significant interaction effect on CI of the elderly with DSI.
The Relation among Uncertainty, Social Support, Care Burden of Mothers having Children with Developmental Disabilities
Kyoung Eun Jeong, Min Hyun Suk
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(2):117-126.   Published online June 30, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00346
  • 1,610 View
  • 81 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This descriptive correlation study aimed to confirm the relation among uncertainty, social support, care burden of mothers having children with developmental disabilities.
Methods
The participants were 111 mothers having children with autistic spectrum disorder or intellectual disability. The collected data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson’s correlation coefficient and multiple regression using IBM SPSS 23.0 in the study.
Results
Uncertainty and social support were significantly correlated to caregiver burden. As a result of multiple regression analysis, the factors affecting caregiver burden were children’s age, the expense for caring, the period suspected child disabilities, and uncertainty. These factors accounted for 40.8% of caregiver burden.
Conclusion
In order to reduce the burden of caring for mothers with children with developmental disabilities, it is necessary to establish a system that can detect children with developmental disabilities early and to develop and provide an integrated guide suitable for the growth and development stage of children with developmental disabilities.

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  • Spousal support, parent–nurse partnership and caregiver burden among parents of children with chronic diseases: A cross‐sectional study
    Jihye Kim, Heemin Chae, Yoonjung Kim
    Journal of Clinical Nursing.2024; 33(7): 2649.     CrossRef
A Path Analysis for Health-related Quality of Life in Long-term Care Insurance In-home Service Users
Je Hyun Kim, Seung Mi Park
Res Community Public Health Nurs. 2023;34(1):1-11.   Published online March 31, 2023
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/rcphn.2022.00283
  • 1,823 View
  • 121 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to construct and verify a path model for the factors affecting on quality of life in long-term care insurance in-home service users.
Methods
Total 246 participants using long-term care insurance in-home service were recruited from long-term care agencies. Data collection was conducted using a structured questionnaire from March 1st to March 31st 2021. The collected data were analyzed using SPSS 26 and AMOS 26 programs.
Results
The hypothetical path model was suitable for explaining the health-related quality of life in long-term care insurance in-home service users and has an explanatory power of 39.8%. Long-term care grade, depression, perceived health status, social support, age and living arrangement had a significant total effect on the quality of life in long-term care insurance in-home service users.
Conclusion
Long-term care insurance in-home service policies need to be expanded, such as screening and relieving depression, strengthening social support, and fostering a positive perception of health to improve the quality of life of the elderly.

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  • Prediction model of health-related quality of life in older adults according to gender using a decision tree model: a study based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
    Hee Sun Kim, Seok Hee Jeong
    Journal of Korean Biological Nursing Science.2024; 26(1): 26.     CrossRef
Effects of Depression, Social Support of Tuberculosis Patients on Self-care
Go Un Lee, Hye Kyung Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(4):456-464.   Published online December 31, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.4.456
  • 1,082 View
  • 65 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was by understanding the correlation between the depression, social support and self-care of tuberculosis patients and by identifying the factors that influence the self-care. Methods: The study subjects were 119 outpatients who were diagnosed with pulmonary and respiratory tuberculosis at a university hospital in D city. The survey questions measured depression, social support, self-care. Using the SPSS/WIN 23.0 program, the collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, ANOVA, Pearson's correlations and multiple regression analysis. Results: As a result of correlation analysis, there was a statistically significant negative correlation between self-care and depression (r=-.53, p<.001), and there was a significant positive correlation between self-care and social support (r=.68, p<.001). Factors affecting self-care of the subjects were social support (β=.51, p<.001), depression (β=-.32, p<.001), drug discontinuation experience (β=-.30, p<.001) and drug resistance (β=-.14, p<.001). These factors explained 62% of the variance. Conclusion: In order to improve the self-care ability of tuberculosis patients, it is necessary to develop education and nursing intervention programs that can lower patients' depression and strengthen social support.

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  • Factors Influencing the Medication Adherence in Patients with Pulmonary Tuberculosis in the COVID-19 Pandemic
    Bongsil Lim, Min Young Kim
    The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing.2023; 26(2): 87.     CrossRef
Influencing Factors on Health-related Quality of Life among Japanese Middle-aged Marriage-based Immigrant Women in South Korea: A Cross-Sectional Study
Keiko Asami, Duck Hee Chae
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2022;33(2):188-195.   Published online June 30, 2022
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2022.33.2.188
  • 711 View
  • 23 Download
  • 1 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
With the first generation of marriage-based immigrant women in East Asia now reaching their middle or old age, the need to focus investigations on their health-related quality of life has arisen. This study aimed to examine the extent to which physical and mental health, and psychosocial variables can predict health-related quality of life among Japanese middle-aged immigrant women. Methods This study has a descriptive cross-sectional design. A convenience sample of 197 Japanese middle-aged marriage-based immigrant women from two regions of South Korea were recruited between December 2017 and March 2018. Participants completed self-administered questionnaires on health-related quality of life, menopausal symptoms, depression, perceived health status, disease morbidity, social support, and acculturation. The data were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regression. Results Depression was the strongest predictor of health-related quality of life, followed by perceived health status, social support, and household income. Menopausal symptoms, presence of disease, and acculturation appeared to have no additional impact on participant’s health-related quality of life. Conclusion In times of rapid growth of global migration and the aging of immigrants in new destination countries, nursing interventions and public health policies for aging marriage-based immigrant women should be prioritized to improve their mental health by facilitating social support and disease management. In addition, social and employment policies that can help immigrant women transition to a healthy midlife are needed.

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  • Home-based walking intervention for middle-aged migrant women using 360-degree virtual videos and a wearable activity tracker: A mixed-methods pilot study
    Duckhee Chae, Keiko Asami, Jaseon Kim, Kukhyeon Kim, Jeeheon Ryu, Ardith Z. Doorenbos
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2024; 35: 10.     CrossRef
Perceived Social Support of Family Caregivers for People with Dementia: Concept Analysis
Aeri Kim, Jeong Yeon Kim, Kyung Mi Woo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(4):540-554.   Published online December 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.4.540
  • 971 View
  • 31 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Most of the currently used concepts and measurements of social support have been relevant for general population. The main purpose of this study is to conduct the concept analysis of perceived social support(PSS) of family caregivers for people with dementia. Methods: This study adopted the Walker and Avant concept analysis methodology. Results: Findings from this concept analysis suggested four defining attributes of PSS of family caregivers for people with dementia: 1) PSS is help or assistance that family caregivers perceive as available when needed; 2) PSS is offered through socio-ecological structure; 3) PSS has a specific function to meet the needs of family caregivers; and 4) PSS includes quality aspects where family caregivers choose, use, or evaluate it. Borrowing from the socio-ecological model, this study proposed the structural aspects of PSS. This study also identified functional aspects of PSS, such as emotional support, informational support, appraisal support, and practical support. Finally, this study assessed quality aspects of PSS, such as satisfaction, timeliness, usefulness, accessibility, and coordination. Conclusion: Focusing on family caregivers for people with dementia, we proposed a new model of PSS. The present study helped refine and clarify the concept of PSS of family caregivers for people with dementia. The results of this study may also contribute to promoting the development of more effective instruments for the concept.

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  • Examining Characteristics and Service Utilization of South Korean Home Health Care Patients: Secondary Analysis of 10-Year Data From a Tertiary Hospital
    Hana Lee, Aeri Kim, Hyunsook Heo, Jisoo Lee, Kyungmi Woo
    Home Health Care Management & Practice.2023; 35(1): 21.     CrossRef
  • Experience of family caregivers using dementia management programs for patients with dementia during COVID-19: Based on focus group interviews
    Doonam Oh, Jeonghae Hwang, Seonghee Jeong
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2022; 39(5): 101.     CrossRef
The Relationship between Parenting Stress and Health Promotion Behavior of Working Women: Mediating Effect of Supporting Resources
Gwijin Lee, Jin Hwa Lee, Bok Im Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(4):529-539.   Published online December 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.4.529
  • 579 View
  • 17 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to understand the parenting stress and health promotion behavior of working women, and to investigate the mediating effect of supporting resources. Supporting resources were set as social support of spouse and community, and institutional support of the organization to which the subject belongs based on previous studies and an ecological system theory.
Methods
The participants were composed of 214 female workers residing in 17 cities and provinces nationwide and having at least one child aged 1~12 years old. Data were collected online from February 19 to February 28, 2021. The collected data were analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 program to understand the level and correlation of the general characteristics and major variables, and to test the mediating effect, after controlling the variables significantly from univariate analysis, step regression analysis was performed.
Results
Among the supporting resources, the mediating effect of social support of spouse and community was statistically significant.
Conclusion
These findings suggest that it is necessary to seek ways to increase the social support of working women's spouses and people around them in order to increase the health promotion behavior of working women.
The Association between Social Support and Health Behaviors for Metabolic Syndrome Prevention among University Students: The Mediating Effect of Perceived Stress
Soo Yeon Park, Su Ah Cho, Eugene Lee, Sung Chul Choi, Jin A Choo
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(3):404-414.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.3.404
  • 889 View
  • 26 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
Health behaviors for metabolic syndrome (MetS) prevention should be emphasized from early adulthood. There is little information on psychosocial factors associated with health behaviors for MetS prevention. The aim of this study was to determine whether there would be a mediating effect of perceived stress on the association between social support and health behaviors for MetS prevention among university students.
Methods
This cross-sectional and correlation study was conducted with 502 university students in South Korea. Social support, perceived stress, and lifestyle evaluation for metabolic syndrome scales were used. Online questionnaire survey was conducted between November and December 2019. The mediating effect of social support on health behaviors for MetS prevention was analyzed using PROCESS macro program with bootstrapping method to test our hypotheses.
Results
Social support directly influenced perceived stress (β=-.35, p<.001) and health behaviors for MetS prevention (β=.14, p=.002). Health behaviors for MetS prevention was indirectly influenced by perceived stress (β=-.25, p<.001). The size of indirect effect of social support on health behaviors for MetS prevention was 0.06.
Conclusions
The association of social support and health behaviors for MetS prevention was partially mediated by perceived stress among university students. Therefore, a university-based nursing intervention should comprise social support strategies with stress management to promote health behaviors for MetS prevention.

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  • Factors Associated with Prevention of Metabolic Syndrome Among Middle-Aged Postmenopausal Korean Women: A Study Based on the Information, Motivation, Behavioral Skills (IMB) Model
    Yoonjung Kim, Sooyeon Park
    Patient Preference and Adherence.2023; Volume 17: 2279.     CrossRef
  • Causal model of health literacy in dietary supplement use and sufficient health behavior among working-age adults
    Ungsinun Intarakamhang, Pitchada Prasittichok
    Heliyon.2022; 8(11): e11535.     CrossRef
The Mediating Effect of Perceived Appraisal Support on the Relationship between Neuroticism and Occupational Stress in Firefighters
Yoon Jung Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(3):396-403.   Published online September 30, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.3.396
  • 592 View
  • 13 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study was to investigate the mediating effect of perceived appraisal support between neuroticism and occupational stress in firefighters.
Methods
The subjects of this study were 156 firefighters who worked at three fire stations in G province in Korea. The collected data were analyzed by t-test, ANOVA, and multiple regression analysis using Baron and Kenny’s method for mediation.
Results
There were significant relationships between neuroticism and perceived appraisal support (r=.30, p<.001), neuroticism and occupational stress (r=.42, p<.001), and perceived appraisal support and occupational stress (r=.36, p<.001). Perceived appraisal support showed partial mediating effects in the relationship between neuroticism and occupational stress.
Conclusion
The impact of neuroticism in firefighters was mediated by perceived appraisal support for occupational stress. This suggests that strategies for enhancing perceived appraisal support in fire fighters should be considered when developing neuroticism management interventions for decreasing their occupational stress.
Development and Evaluation of the Parenting Support Group Program for Mothers with Infants
Sun Hwa Park, Kyung Ja June
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2021;32(1):40-50.   Published online March 31, 2021
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2021.32.1.40
  • 709 View
  • 23 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the changes in parenting competency, parenting environment, and parenting stress by developing and applying parenting support group program based on the social support intervention model for mothers with infants.
Methods
In this experimental study, mothers with infants of 8~12 weeks old were recruited. 23 mothers were selected for analysis (11 in the experimental group and 12 in the control group). The parenting support group program was provided to the experimental group for seven sessions with 120 minutes per session.
Results
The experimental group showed that the parenting competency and parenting environment were significantly increased and the parenting stress was significantly decreased immediately after intervention. In the case of parenting environment, it was found to have a lasting effect until the point of further investigation.
Conclusion
The results indicate that the program as a social support intervention strategy for mothers rearing up infants is effective intervention in a universal context in the community.

Citations

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  • Motherhood as Experienced by Women in a Prenatal and Early-Childhood Home Visitation Program, and Associated Factors
    Ji Yun Lee, Young-Ho Khang, Yu-Mi Kim, Kyung Ja June, Sung-Hyun Cho, Hong-Jun Cho
    Journal of The Korean Society of Maternal and Child Health.2024; 28(1): 22.     CrossRef
  • An analysis of the very high level of maternal distress experienced by South Korean women with young children
    Ji Yun Lee, Sae Eun Park, Yu-Mi Kim, Hong-Jun Cho, Young-Ho Khang, Dylan A. Mordaunt
    PLOS ONE.2022; 17(9): e0274016.     CrossRef
The Structural Equation Model for Posttraumatic Growth of Firefighter: Based on the Calhoun and Tedeschi's model of posttraumatic growth
Yeo Ju Jeong, Mi Yang Jeon
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(4):459-471.   Published online December 31, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.4.459
  • 787 View
  • 21 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to construct and validate a posttraumatic growth structural model for firefighters based on Calhoun and Tedeschi’s model (2006).
Methods
The research data was collected from 200 firefighters working in Gyeongsang-do, Jeolla-do, and Gyeonggi-do. The participants completed an anonymous survey asking about ego-resilience, active coping, family support, organizational support, self-exposure, deliberate rumination, posstraumatic stress and posttraumatic growth.
Results
The model selected as a final model was the one that supports 10 hypotheses out of 13 hypotheses. In the final model, deliberate rumination (β=.59, p<.001) had a significant effect in the posttraumatic growth of firefighters. Active coping, organizational support, self-exposure, ego-resilience and posttraumatic stress had a significant indirect effect. The explanatory power of these variables was 36.0%.
Conclusion
The results of the survey show that it is important to develop a strategy to strengthen deliberate rumination. In addition, encouraging deliberate rumination through organizational support and self-exposure can promote posttraumatic growth of firefighters.

Citations

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  • A Structural Equation Model for Posttraumatic Growth among Cured Patients with COVID-19
    Soo Young An, Heejung Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2023; 53(3): 309.     CrossRef
  • Post-traumatic Growth and it’s associations with Deliberate Rumination, Self-disclosure, and Social Support among Intensive Care Unit Nurses
    Sae Mi Min, Hee Jun Kim, Chun-Ja Kim, Jeong-Ah Ahn
    Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing.2022; 15(2): 50.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Post-Traumatic Growth in Patients with Breast Cancer Based on a Model of Post-Traumatic Growth
    Hee Yeon Park, Ja Yun Choi
    Asian Oncology Nursing.2022; 22(2): 65.     CrossRef
Influence of Depression and Social Support on Health-related Quality of Life among Migrant Workers: The Mediating Effect of Health Promoting Behavior
Han Na Jung, Young Suk Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(3):360-374.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.360
  • 821 View
  • 22 Download
  • 6 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study aims to identify the mediating effect of health promoting behavior in the relationship between depression and health-related quality of life, and between social support and health-related quality of life among migrant workers.
Methods
Data were collected from 152 migrant workers working at companies in K and B metropolitan cities. The study conducted a survey from August 1 to September 30, 2019, and used self-report structured questionnaires that were translated into English and Korean. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson correlation coefficient, simple and multiple regression, Baron and Kenny’s method, and Sobel test.
Results
Depression was significantly negatively correlated with social support (r=-.29, p<.001), health promoting behavior (r=-.30, p<.001) and health-related quality of life (r=-.44, p<.001). And social support was significantly positively correlated with health promoting behavior (r=.50, p<.001) and health-related quality of life (r=.44, p<.001). And health promoting behavior was significantly positively correlated with health-related quality of life (r=.51, p<.001). Furthermore health promoting behavior showed partial mediating effects in the relationship between depression and health-related quality of life (Z=3.26, p<.001), and showed partial mediating effects in the relationship between the social support and health-related quality of life (Z=3.98, p<.001).
Conclusion
In this study, depression and social support were shown to mediate health promotion behavior to improve health-related quality of life. Therefore, in order to improve the health-related quality of life of migrant workers, it is necessary to focus on the health promotion behaviors, and effective strategies are needed to reduce depression, and support social support.

Citations

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  • Structural Equation Modeling of Health Promotion Behavior on Migrant Workers: A Multi-Group Analysis Based on the Period of Residence
    Hanna Jeong, Youngsuk Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2024; 54(1): 73.     CrossRef
  • Evaluation of bio-psycho-social and socio-cultural problems of Syrian elderly living in Turkey
    Emrah Apak, Taner Artan, Dogac Niyazi Ozucelik
    International Journal of Social Psychiatry.2023; 69(2): 454.     CrossRef
  • The Moderating Effect of Mental Health on the Relationship Between Cardiovascular Disease Awareness and Health Behaviors of Middle-Aged Korean Chinese Workers With Cardiovascular Risk Factors in Korea
    Yu Zhu Zhang, Seon Young Hwang
    Journal of Transcultural Nursing.2023; 34(2): 131.     CrossRef
  • Health-related quality of life of migrant workers: a systematic literature review
    Hyun-Jin Cho, Kyoungrim Kang, Kyo-Yeon Park
    BMC Public Health.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • What Determines the Health-related Quality of Life of Vietnamese Migrant Workers in Korea?
    Jihyon Pahn, Heesuk Kim, Youngran Yang
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 147.     CrossRef
  • Social Support for Acculturative Stress, Job Stress, and Perceived Discrimination Among Migrant Workers Moderates COVID-19 Pandemic Depression
    Youlim Kim, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Mikyung Lee
    International Journal of Public Health.2022;[Epub]     CrossRef
A Structural Model on the Post-Traumatic Growth of Police Officers
Seung Woo Han, Eun Suk Choi
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(3):348-359.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.348
  • 852 View
  • 17 Download
  • 3 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
The purpose of this study is to construct and test a structural model for the Post-traumatic Growth (PTG) of police officers. The conceptual model is based on Calhoun and Tedeschi’s PTG theory.
Methods
Data were collected from 269 police officers working at 10 police stations in Seoul from September 26 to October 9, 2017. The exogenous variable was traumatic experiences, and endogenous variables were pain perception, self disclosure, social support, deliberate rumination, and PTG. The collected data were analyzed in order to calculate the direct and indirect effects of factors affecting PTG using SPSS/WIN 23.0 and AMOS 21.0.
Results
The hypothetical model showed a good fit to the data: x2 /df=2.57, GFI=.90, CFI=.95, TLI=.91, RMSEA=.07, SRMR=.07. The hypothetical model showed a similar result with the data, and out of 10 paths, 7 were statistically significant. The model explained 36% of the variance in the PTG of police officers. The model confirmed that social support and deliberate rumination had a direct effect, and that self-disclosure had an indirect effect on police officers’ PTG. Conclusion: Nursing intervention programs to increase PTG of police officers should focus on deliberate rumination, social support, and self-disclosure. In addition, they should be accompanied by various crisis managements and consultations that can promote PTG.

Citations

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  • A Structural Equation Model for Posttraumatic Growth among Cured Patients with COVID-19
    Soo Young An, Heejung Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2023; 53(3): 309.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Post-Traumatic Growth in Patients with Breast Cancer Based on a Model of Post-Traumatic Growth
    Hee Yeon Park, Ja Yun Choi
    Asian Oncology Nursing.2022; 22(2): 65.     CrossRef
  • Post-traumatic Growth and it’s associations with Deliberate Rumination, Self-disclosure, and Social Support among Intensive Care Unit Nurses
    Sae Mi Min, Hee Jun Kim, Chun-Ja Kim, Jeong-Ah Ahn
    Journal of Korean Critical Care Nursing.2022; 15(2): 50.     CrossRef
The Effects of Social Participation Attitude, Social Support, and Empowerment on Ageism Experience in the Elderly Using Welfare Centers
Doo Ree Kim, Ju Hui Ryu, Hyo Won Moon, Su Hyeon Min, In Young Jeong, Shin Suk Park, Gi Ran Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(3):300-309.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.300
  • 598 View
  • 14 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study was conducted to investigate the factors affecting the discrimination of the elderly using welfare centers.
Methods
A cross-sectional study was conducted with 217 elderly people from a welfare center in D city. Data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire survey consisting of ageism experience, social participation attitude, social support, and empowerment. For data analysis, descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation coefficients, and multiple regression were performed using SPSS/WIN 21.0 program.
Results
As a result of analyzing the correlations among the variables, the discrimination experience of the elderly showed negative correlations in social participation attitude and child relationship support. The factors affecting the discrimination experience of the elderly include gender, job, smartphone use, and child relationship support had a significant effect. The explanatory power of the discrimination experience of these factors was 15.4%.
Conclusion
This study found that gender, job, social support, and smartphone use were factors influencing the discrimination experience of the elderly. It is hoped that public relations and policy measures should be considered.
Influence of the Meaning in Life, Depression, and Social Support on the Suicidal Ideation of Old Adult Hemodialysis Patients
Jin Hee Shin, Hye Been Sim, Eun Hee Cho
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2020;31(3):279-289.   Published online September 30, 2020
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2020.31.3.279
  • 932 View
  • 17 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
Purpose
This study is to identify how the meaning in life, depression, and social support influences the suicidal ideation of old adult hemodialysis patients.
Methods
A cross-sectional design was used. A descriptive correlative study was conducted through an organized and structured self-administrated questionnaire survey for 120 sampled old adult renal dialysis patients. The collected data were analyzed by t-tests, ANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and multiple linear regression analysis using the Stata 13.0 program.
Results
The suicidal ideation of participants was positively correlated with the meaning in life, and social support, and the depression was negatively correlated with the suicidal ideation. Significant factors influencing the suicidal ideation included the meaning in life, depression, social support, age, caregiver, monthly income, and smoking. These factors explained 68% of the variance.
Conclusion
The depression of old adult hemodialysis patients was a major risk factor that increased suicidal ideation, and the meaning in life and social support was a protective factor that reduced the suicidal ideation. These results suggest that health professionals should provide old adult hemodialysis patients with proper management of suicidal ideation, and depression as well as its meaning in life, and social support.

Citations

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  • Evaluation of Self-Sufficiency, Perceived Social Support, and Meaning in Life in Individuals Diagnosed with Serious Mental Illnesses
    İlknur KARAARSLAN, Yüksel CAN ÖZ
    Kocaeli Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi.2023; 9(1): 100.     CrossRef
  • Mediating Effect of Health Behavior between Meaning in Life and Happiness Related to Aging among Commuity-dwelling Older Adults During COVID-19: A Cross-Sectional Study
    Eun-Ju Mun, Jin-Hwa Park
    Journal of Korean Gerontological Nursing.2022; 24(3): 311.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing