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Volume 26 (4); December 2015
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Original Articles
The Association between Bullying Experience related to Clinical Placement and Psychological Well-being in Nursing Students
Liping Ren, Hyun Li Kim, Mi Sook Jung
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):321-329.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.321
  • 803 View
  • 3 Download
  • 8 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study aimed to explore the prevalence of bullying and to examine the effect of bullying on psychological well-being including depression, self-esteem, and academic major satisfaction among nursing students during clinical training.
METHODS
Three hundreds one nursing students who were recruited from three universities in D City were assessed with self-report questionnaires of bullying experience and psychological well-being. Data analyses were performed using the SPSS 21.0 program, which included one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson's correlation, and multiple linear regression analyses.
RESULTS
More than three quarters of the participants experienced bullying during their clinical training, and their experience of being bullied was a significant predictor of psychological well-being even after controlling for perceived academic performance, relationship between nurses and students, teachers' or nurses' help to deal with bullying, and religion.
CONCLUSION
Bullying was an issue among nursing students during clinical placement. Bullying experience yielded negative psychological outcomes associated with high depression, low self-esteem, and low academic major satisfaction. Practical guidelines are required in nursing education to protect students from the possible harm of bullying in clinical settings during training.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Global prevalence and factors associated with workplace violence against nursing students: A systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression
    Farouq Bin Mohamed Mohamed, Ling Jie Cheng, Xiang Er Cherrie Chia, Hannele Turunen, Hong-Gu He
    Aggression and Violent Behavior.2024; 75: 101907.     CrossRef
  • Global prevalence of bullying and associated factors among nursing students during clinical practice: A systematic review and meta-analysis
    Jing Zhou, Yuqiang Wang, Qinglin Zeng, Yanli Zeng, Qin Liu, Shiliang Tan, Haiju Gang
    Nurse Education Today.2024; 133: 106090.     CrossRef
  • Bullying behaviors and intention to drop-out among nursing students: the mediation roles of sense of belonging and major satisfaction
    Hamid Sharif-Nia, João Marôco, Pardis Rahmatpour, Kelly A. Allen, Omolhoda Kaveh, Esmaeil Hoseinzadeh
    BMC Nursing.2023;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Incivility experiences and mental health among college nursing students: The moderating role of rumination
    Shaoping Qiu, Jie Fan, Naizhu Huang
    Journal of Psychology in Africa.2022; 32(5): 514.     CrossRef
  • The impact of bullying on the mental health and academic achievement of nursing students
    Enas M. Abdelaziz, Hana M. Abu‐Snieneh
    Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.2022; 58(2): 623.     CrossRef
  • Wellness among nursing students: A qualitative study
    Chonticha Amattayakong, Areewan Klunklin, Wipada Kunawiktikul, Kannika Kuntaruksa, Sue Turale
    Nurse Education in Practice.2020; 48: 102867.     CrossRef
  • Relationship between depression, anxiety, cognitive distortions, and psychological well‐being among nursing students
    Arzu Yüksel, Emel Bahadir‐Yilmaz
    Perspectives in Psychiatric Care.2019; 55(4): 690.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Bullying Experience on Psychological Well-Being Mediated by Conflict Management Styles and Psychological Empowerment among Nursing Students in Clinical Placement: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach
    Liping Ren, Hyunli Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2017; 47(5): 700.     CrossRef
Development of a Health Literacy Assessment Scale for Asian Immigrant Women in South Korea
Ji Sook An, Sook Ja Yang
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):330-341.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.330
  • 679 View
  • 5 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study developed a self-report measure for easy assessing of the health literacy of Asian immigrant women in South Korea.
METHODS
After a literature review, focus group interviews, and content validity evaluation, 14 preliminary items were generated. These were translated into Chinese, Vietnamese, and English. Data were collected from 229 Asian immigrant women. Validity and reliability tests were conducted.
RESULTS
Factor analysis yielded final 10 items in three factors: primary functional and interactive health literacy, secondary functional and interactive health literacy, and critical health literacy, which explained 61.90% of the total variance of health literacy. In known-group comparisons, health literacy was significantly lower in recent immigrants, those with a low education level, and those with low Korean language proficiency. For convergent validity, health literacy was positively associated with health specific self-efficacy and maternal health knowledge. For criterion-related validity, health literacy was positively associated with the REALM-SF. The overall reliability coefficient (Cronbach's alpha) of the instrument was .773.
CONCLUSION
The Health Literacy Assessment Scale for Asian Immigrant Women (HLAS) represents a multidimensional construct which encompasses functional, interactive, and critical health literacy. This self-report HLAS can be a useful and convenient method for appraising the health literacy of Asian immigrant women.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • A Multi-component Living Lab on Health Engagement for Advancing Self-care Agency among Migrant Workers in South Korea: A mixed methods study
    Youlim Kim, Hyeonkyeong Lee, Sookyung Kim, Junghee Kim
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 281.     CrossRef
  • Definitions and measurement of health literacy in health and medicine research: a systematic review
    Kristin Hjorthaug Urstad, Marit Helen Andersen, Marie Hamilton Larsen, Christine Råheim Borge, Sølvi Helseth, Astrid Klopstad Wahl
    BMJ Open.2022; 12(2): e056294.     CrossRef
  • Health literacy measures in South Korea: A scoping review
    Heeran Chun, Su Hyun Kim, Eunja Park
    Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion.2022; 39(4): 39.     CrossRef
  • A Study on the Reliability and Validity of the Korean Health Literacy Instrument for Late School-Aged Children
    Sook-Kyoung Park, Eun-Gyeong Kim
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2021; 18(19): 10304.     CrossRef
  • Trends and Level in Health Literacy Research on Immigrants in Korea: A Literature Review
    Soo Jin Kang, Na Kyum Hyung
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(3): 322.     CrossRef
  • Associations of health belief and health literacy with Pap smear practice among Asian immigrant women
    Yong-Sook Eo, Ji-Soo Kim
    European Journal of Oncology Nursing.2019; 42: 63.     CrossRef
  • Concept Analysis of Health Literacy for Patients with Cardiovascular Disease using Hybrid Model
    Jeong Eun Sim, Seon Young Hwang
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2019; 30(4): 494.     CrossRef
The Effect of Social Capital on Health-related Quality of Life of Residents in Integrated Changwon City: Using the Data of the 2013 Community Health Survey
Bo Hyun Park, Youn Jae Oh
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):342-354.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.342
  • 710 View
  • 3 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to examine social capital and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of residents who were living in the three regions(Masan, Jinhae, and Changwon) of integrated Changwon and to analyze the effect of social capital on HRQoL.
METHODS
This study used the Masan, Jinhae and Changwon data of the 2013 Community Health Survey. The social capital questionnaire consisted of three subdomains (trust, participation, and network). HRQoL was measured with the Korean-version EQ-5D. The effect of social capital on HRQoL was analyzed using multiple regression with controlling for general characteristics and health behavior.
RESULTS
The trust level of Masan citizen was highest among the three regions. Jinhae citizen showed the highest level of participation and network out of the three regions. Trust was not a significant influencing factor in any of the three models. Participation was a significant influencing factor in all of the three models. Network was a significant influencing factor only in the Masan model.
CONCLUSION
Participation was the most important factor for health among the three social capital subdomains. Strategies for encouraging social participation are needed for health promotion for the residents of integrated Changwon.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • The Effect of Stress and Anxiety Caused by COVID-19 on the Quality of Life of Small Business Owners in an Area
    Hae Ok Kim, Hyoen Jeong Kim, Hye Ji Jo
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2022; 33(3): 279.     CrossRef
  • Effects of Social Capital on Subjective Health in the Community Indwelling Elderly
    Hyeon Sik Chu, Young Ran Tak
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2018; 29(2): 184.     CrossRef
The Relationship among Subjective Health Status, Wisdom, and Self-care Agency in Korean Older Adults
Mi Jin Yu, Hee Jung Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):355-363.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.355
  • 367 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study identified the relationships among subjective health status, wisdom, and self-care agency of Korean older adults.
METHODS
The participants were 274 older adults from Daegu, aged over 65 years. Data were collected by visiting two social welfare centers, two senior welfare centers, and nine senior centers in Daegu from January 18 to February 5, 2013. Data were analyzed through one-way ANOVA, independent t-test, Pearson's correlation, and stepwise multiple linear regression using the IBM SPSS/WIN 19.0 statistical program.
RESULTS
A significant positive correlation was found among older adults' subjective health status, wisdom, and self-care agency. Self-care agency was affected by wisdom (47%, beta=.55), the physical component summary (18%, beta=.31) and mental component summary (1%, beta=.12) of subjective health status, and the absence of disease (2%, beta=.13).
CONCLUSION
This study suggests that nursing interventions to promote self-care agency in older adults should be developed based on the characteristics of their subjective health status and wisdom.
Factors Associated with Intention to Quit Smoking in Community-dwelling Male Adult Smokers
Hye Ran Ahn
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):364-371.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.364
  • 749 View
  • 0 Download
  • 10 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to identify the factors associated with intention to quit smoking in community-dwelling male adult smokers in Korea.
METHODS
This study was cross-sectional research that used data of 4,010 male smokers. Data from the 2013 Community Health Survey were analyzed through multiple logistic regression.
RESULTS
Of the male adult smokers, 65.64% reported that they had an intention to quit smoking. In the logistic regression analysis, age, amount of smoking per day, previous attempts to quit smoking, exposure to smoking-quitting campaigns, and toothbrushing after lunch were significantly associated with intention to quit smoking.
CONCLUSION
These factors should be considered in developing policies and population-based smoking cessation programs to increase smoking cessation among Korean men.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Analysis of Factors Associated with Subjective Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) among Older Adults Resident in the Community
    Eun Jeong Hwang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(16): 10387.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Quit Intentions among Adult Smokers in South Korea: Findings from the 2020 ITC Korea Survey
    Minjung Han, Donghee Seo, Yeol Kim, Hong Gwan Seo, Sung-il Cho, Sungkyu Lee, Sujin Lim, Susan C. Kaai, Anne C. K. Quah, Mi Yan, Steve S. Xu, Geoffrey T. Fong
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2022; 19(17): 10839.     CrossRef
  • E-cigarette and Combustible Cigarette Single Use, Ever Dual Use Pattern, and Amount of Nicotine Consumed among Korean College Students
    Young Hwa Lim, Keum Ji Jung, Jakyoung Lee, Jiwoo Baek, Heejin Kimm
    Journal of the Korean Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco.2022; 13(3): 93.     CrossRef
  • Effect of tobacco outlet density on quit attempts in Korea: a multi-level analysis of the 2015 Korean Community Health Survey
    Jaehyung Kong, Sung-il Cho
    Epidemiology and Health.2021; 43: e2021048.     CrossRef
  • The relationship between working hours and the intention to quit smoking in male office workers: data from the 7th Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2016–2017)
    Eui Hyek Choi, Dae Hwan Kim, Ji Young Ryu
    Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.2021;[Epub]     CrossRef
  • Influence of Dental Pain and Tooth Sensitivity on the Intention to Quit Smoking among Schoolchildren
    Muhammad Nazir, Hassan AlAbdullah, Muhanad Alhareky, Asim Al-Ansari, Jehan Alhumaid
    International Journal of Dentistry.2020; 2020: 1.     CrossRef
  • The Effects of Socio-Economic Status on Smoking Cessation Plans in Smokers
    Mi-Jin Gong, Yong-Woo Shim
    The Korean Journal of Health Service Management.2018; 12(2): 135.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Smoking Cessation Intention among Current Smokers with Diabetes: Analysis of the 2013 Community Health Survey in Korea
    Young-Hoon Lee, Jum Suk Ko
    Korean Journal of Health Promotion.2017; 17(3): 184.     CrossRef
  • Smoking Cessation Intention and Related Factors in Current Smokers Diagnosed with Coronary Artery Disease: A Cross-sectional Study Using the Community Health Survey
    Yu-Mi Lee
    Journal of Health Informatics and Statistics.2016; 41(2): 165.     CrossRef
  • Factors Affecting Smoking Cessation Intention of Female Workers: Using Community Health Survey, 2014
    Hye-Young Jang, Song Yi Han
    Korean Journal of Occupational Health Nursing.2016; 25(4): 352.     CrossRef
Successful Aging and the Influencing Factors in the Korean Elderly: Focused on Family Support
Song Yi Han, Soon Nyung Yun
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):372-379.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.372
  • 615 View
  • 6 Download
  • 7 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This research was conducted to examine the successful aging and identify factors influencing successful aging in the Korean elderly.
METHODS
The subjects were 4,507 elders and data were collected from the 4th Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing in 2012. The data were analyzed using frequencies, weighted percentage, chi2 test, and logistic regression.
RESULTS
The results of this study showed that 19.6% of the participants were categorized to successful aging. The domains of the absence of disease and disability and maintaining physical and mental functioning showed a high rate of achievement, while the domain of active engagement with life showed a low rate of achievement compared to others. Successful aging was influenced by gender, age, subjective economic status, subjective health status, and family support, particularly spouse's support.
CONCLUSION
Intervention programs to increase the prevalence of successful aging are required. Especially programs for strengthening spouse's support and enhancing subjective health status are required.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Factors Influencing Cardiovascular Disease Preventive Behaviors among Rural Residents Based on a Socio-Ecological Model in South Korea: A Mixed Method Research
    Bohyun Park, Juhyeon Yang, Youngsoo Kim, Gianpiero Greco
    Health & Social Care in the Community.2023; 2023: 1.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Successful Aging, Quality of Life, and Factors Related to Potential Stressors on Older Consumers’ Purchase of Private Health Insurance in South Korea: An Empirical Study Based on Proactive Coping Theory
    Jimin Lee, Hyeyoon Bae, Euehun Lee
    Journal of Applied Gerontology.2022; 41(1): 253.     CrossRef
  • Factors Associated with Successful Aging among Community-Dwelling Older Adults Based on Ecological System Model
    Hye-Young Jang
    International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.2020; 17(9): 3220.     CrossRef
  • Social networks, health-promoting behaviors, and health-related quality of life in older adults with and without arthritis
    Minjoo Hong, Hyewon Shin, Jennie C. De Gagne, Kenzie Latham-Mintus
    PLOS ONE.2019; 14(7): e0220180.     CrossRef
  • Relations of Sleep Quality, Lifestyle, and Successful Aging in the Elderly Attending a Senior Welfare Center
    Soomi Kim, Pilbong Kim, Seung Hee Lee, Eunyeong Lee, Jongeun Lee, Kyung Mi Kim
    The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing.2018; 21(1): 43.     CrossRef
  • The Effect of Basic Psychological Needs and Wisdom on Successful Aging in the Elderly
    Min-Jeong Nam, Young-Mun Cho
    Korean Journal of Adult Nursing.2018; 30(1): 70.     CrossRef
  • Prevalence and related factors of successful aging among Chinese rural elders living in nursing homes
    Menglian Wu, Yang Yang, Dan Zhang, Yaoyao Sun, Hui Xie, Jie Zhang, Jihui Jia, Yonggang Su
    European Journal of Ageing.2017; 14(4): 419.     CrossRef
Acculturative Stress and Depression of Vietnamese Immigrant Workers in Korea
Hye Jeong Jeon, Ga Eon Lee
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):380-389.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.380
  • 623 View
  • 6 Download
  • 9 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to investigate the correlation between acculturative stress and depression of Vietnamese immigrant workers in Korea.
METHODS
The subjects were 230 Vietnamese immigrant workers residing legally in B or K City. Data were collected from July 12, 2014 to August 3, 2014, and were analyzed using the SPSS PASW 21.0 program.
RESULTS
The average level of acculturative stress was 2.91 and there were significant differences in the score according to whether to have a religion, the number of homeland friends, and Korean language skill. The average depression level of the subjects was 15.3 and the level was different significantly according to whether to have a religion, the number of homeland friends, salary, working hours, and Korean language skill. Acculturative stress and depression showed a significant positive correlation with each other. The influencing factors of depression were acculturative stress and the number of homeland friends. The most significant factor was acculturative stress.
CONCLUSION
This result shows the necessity of various programs to diminish acculturative stress to control the depression of immigrant workers.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Work Adaptation Experience of Vietnamese Workers in Korean Workplaces: Constructivist Grounded Theory
    HyeJung Jun, GaEon Lee
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 108.     CrossRef
  • What Determines the Health-related Quality of Life of Vietnamese Migrant Workers in Korea?
    Jihyon Pahn, Heesuk Kim, Youngran Yang
    Research in Community and Public Health Nursing.2023; 34: 147.     CrossRef
  • Mediating effects of religious coping on acculturative stress and life satisfaction: Focus on Sri Lankan migrant workers in Korea
    Bu-Hyun Nam
    Asian and Pacific Migration Journal.2023; 32(2): 314.     CrossRef
  • Factors Influencing the Physical Activity of Foreign Workers: Based on a Health Promotion Model
    Jeong Eui Cho, Yeongmi Ha
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2021; 32(3): 344.     CrossRef
  • Argumentum ad hominem and coercive company culture influences on workaholism: Results and implications of a cross-cultural South Korea study
    Joon-ho Kim, Hyun-ju Choi, Jong-pil Yu, Jeong-hee Lim, Hyuck-jin Lee, Seung-hye Jung
    Journal of Psychology in Africa.2020; 30(2): 135.     CrossRef
  • Influential Factors of Psychological Well-Being of Migrant Workers
    Hanna Jung, Youngsuk Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(1): 54.     CrossRef
  • Influence of Depression and Social Support on Health-related Quality of Life among Migrant Workers: The Mediating Effect of Health Promoting Behavior
    Hanna Jung, Youngsuk Kim
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2020; 31(3): 360.     CrossRef
  • Job security and workaholism among non-permanent workers: The moderating influences of corporate culture
    Joon-ho Kim, Seung-hye Jung, Soo-yun Yang, Hyun-ju Choi
    Journal of Psychology in Africa.2019; 29(5): 443.     CrossRef
  • Associations of Acculturative Stress, Depression, and Quality of Life among Indonesian Migrant Workers in South Korea
    Dineva R Farah, Heeseung Choi
    Journal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.2019; 28(2): 172.     CrossRef
Practice-based Evidence for Health Promotion in Underserved Clients with Hypertension in Primary Health Care Settings
Woi Hyun Hong
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):390-397.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.390
  • 412 View
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AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purpose of this study was to explore practice-based evidence for health promotion in vulnerable populations with hypertension in primary health care settings.
METHODS
Two methodological procedures were adopted for this triangulation study. In the first phase, the sample was obtained from the computerized clinical data repository of a community nursing center. A total of 286 clients were assessed for hypertension as an actual circulation problem as coded in the Omaha System. In the second phase, a qualitative focus group was surveyed through semi-structured interviews conducted by nine advanced practice nurses who had been serving the hypertensive patients.
RESULTS
The community nurses provided essential primary healthcare services including health teaching guidance and counseling, and surveillance to vulnerable populations living in medically underserved community. There was a significant positive correlation between knowledge and behavior (r=.53, p<.01), between knowledge and health status (r=.40, p<.05), and between behavior and health status (r=.48, p<.01).
CONCLUSION
This triangulation study encompassed not only quantitative findings from the computerized records of clients but also other information acquired from advanced practice nurses. This study contributes to understanding the importance of health promotion nursing interventions even with populations already diagnosed with chronic diseases such as hypertension.
The Effects of a Group Educational Intervention on the Prevention of Osteoporosis in Breast Cancer Patients
Bong Hae Ma, Chai Soon Park, Hee Chong Baek
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):398-404.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.398
  • 492 View
  • 0 Download
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
This study was conducted to examine the effects of osteoporosis prevention education on Korean breast cancer patients' knowledge and health promoting behavior.
METHODS
The participants in this study included breast cancer patients who were registered at a self-help group organized by the Breast Cancer Center of a university hospital in Seoul, Korea. The intervention group received 60 minutes'didactic instruction followed by 30 minutes' interactive session, and reinforcement education with leaflets was given three weeks after the group intervention. In order to measure the effects of the intervention, this study used valid and reliable scales on the knowledge of osteoporosis and health promoting behavior for preventing osteoporosis. A post-test was conducted 12 weeks after the intervention.
RESULTS
The results showed significant improvement in three of the five factors of osteoporosis knowledge including bone physiology, the characteristics of osteoporosis, and preventive behaviors in the intervention group. Overall health promoting behavior for preventing osteoporosis had significantly increased in the intervention group compared to the control group.
CONCLUSION
Osteoporosis preventive education improved breast cancer patients' knowledge of osteoporosis and health promoting behavior for preventing osteoporosis by inducing their voluntary participation in self-care activities.
The Effects of Home Visit Healthcare Using a Complex Program on Community-dwelling Frail Elders' Strength, Frailty, and Depression
Hee Gerl Kim
J Korean Acad Community Health Nurs. 2015;26(4):405-414.   Published online December 31, 2015
DOI: https://doi.org/10.12799/jkachn.2015.26.4.405
  • 566 View
  • 2 Download
  • 2 Citations
AbstractAbstract PDF
PURPOSE
The purposes of this study were to examine the effects of home visit healthcare using a complex program on community-dwelling frail elders' physical strength, frailty, and depression and to compare the effects among three regions.
METHODS
This study was conducted as a quasi-experimental study using one-group pretest-posttest design. A total of 86 subjects were sampled from three regions (metropolis, small city, and rural area). The program was applied for 14 weeks. This program consisted of disease management by a visiting nurse, exercise with a visiting nurse, self exercise, telephone monitoring, health education, counseling, providing handbook, and incentive. Physical strength was measured by balance, upper-limb, and lower-limb muscle strength. Frailty was measured by the Korean Frail Scale and depression was measured by the Geriatric Depression Scale. Paired t-test and ANCOVA were used to analyze the effects.
RESULTS
Physical strength, frailty, and depression were significantly improved after applying the complex program. There were not differences among the regions.
CONCLUSION
Home visit healthcare using a complex program was effective in improving frail elders' physical strength, frailty, and depression. There were not differences among the regions. Therefore, home visit healthcare using a complex program needs to be expanded to other regions.

Citations

Citations to this article as recorded by  
  • Effects of a Customized Health Promotion Program on Depression, Cognitive Functioning, and Physical Health of Elderly Women Living Alone in Community: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
    Ye Ri Ja Park, Kyeong-Yae Sohng
    Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing.2019; 49(5): 515.     CrossRef
  • Effects of a Health Promotion Empowerment Program Using a Resident Volunteer as a Lay Health Leader on Frail Elders' Health and Empowerment
    Jeong Sook Park, Yun Jung Oh
    Journal of Korean Academy of Community Health Nursing.2018; 29(3): 335.     CrossRef

RCPHN : Research in Community and Public Health Nursing